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Chapter 1

Birthdays
Topics

 Birthdays: C1
 The Sentence: Word order of subject
and verb
 Types of Sentences
 Punctuation and Capitalization
 Writing personal information
Birthdays
Vocabulary:
 Gather around: to stand together in a group
 One breath: the amount of air that you take into your
body and then let out again
 Customs: the habits of a country or group
 Flag: a piece of cloth with special colors for a country
 Lucky: helping good things happen by chance
 To celebrate: to do something special and fun for a
reason.
 Flavors: special tastes
Birthdays

 Answer the questions. Use complete


sentences.
2. What color is the flag of your country?
3. What other days do people celebrate?
4. What is your favorite flavor of ice
cream?
5. What is a birthday custom in PR?
The Sentence
A sentence is a group of words that tells a
complete thought.
 A sentence always has a subject and a verb
 Many sentences also have an object.
 The sentence order in English is usually as
follows:
 Subject -- verb– object
 Examples
The Sentence
 Exercise: Write sentence if the group of
words is a sentence. Write not a
sentence if it is not a sentence.
2. My brother John.
3. We went fishing.
4. Caught a huge fish.
5. I cooked the fish.
6. The fish was very tasty.
The Sentence
 Exercise: Write a sentence for each group of
words
 A bird.
 Hiked through the woods.
 A small black bear.
 Alone in the woods.
 Strange sounds.
 Swam in the cool lake.
EX: In
Types of Sentences

 Statements and Questions


 A statement is a sentence that tells
something. It ends with a period (.)
 A question is a sentence that asks
something. It ends with a question mark
(?).
 Every sentence begins with a capital
letter.
Statements and Questions
 Exercise: Is each sentence a statement or a
question? What end mark should follow each
sentence.
2. The flight attendant welcomed the
passengers.
3. I pushed my small brown bag under the seat.
4. Have you fastened your seat belts
5. Can you see out the window
6. What city is below
Statements and Questions

6. The cars look like ants


7. Now everything looks foggy
8. Are we flying through a cloud
9. How high will the plane climb
10. We will land in about an hour
11. Is this your first flight
12. They built their first plane in 1903
Commands and Exclamations
A sentence that tells someone to do
something is a command. A command
ends with a period.
 A sentence that shows strong feeling
such as surprise, excitement, or fear is
an exclamation. It ends with an
exclamation point (!).
 Remember to begin every sentence with
a capital letter.
Commands and Exclamations

 Exercise: Write each command or


exclamation correctly.
2. let me help you with your books
3. be sure to bring your water bottles
4. how tired I am
5. i am so excited
6. what a good idea that is
The Subject

 The subject tells whom or what the


sentence is about.
 The subject is usually a noun, pronoun,
or a phrase with a noun.
 It tells us who is doing the action and
usually comes before the verb.
The Subject- Exercise

1. The professor told our class about Valentines


Day.
2. Valentine’s Day has an interesting history.
3. Romans held this festival on February 15.
4. The oldest known Valentine’s Day card dates
from 1415.
5. Many people show their feelings with
presents.
The Verb

A verb is a word that can show action.


 When a verb tells what people or things
do, it is called an action verb.
 Some verbs are not action verbs; they
are linking verbs.
 E:\UMET\Power Point Presentations\Kinds of
Verbs.ppt
Writing personal information

 Writingpersonal information.
 Answer these questions with complete
sentences. (pg. 12)