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Meiosis

Fatin Amira

Appreciating the Movement of Chromosomes during Mitosis and Meiosis


Sarah

{ Meiosis }
L Definition

Process of nuclear division that reduces the number of chromosomes in new cells to half the number of chromosomes in the parent cell
Haploid cells

{ Divisions of Meiosis }

L Consists of two separate divisions

{ Necessity of Trait Inheritance


L Sexual Reproduction

Haploid(n = 23)
Ovum (n)

Involves L Fusion of two Haploid gametes Result in L Formation of a Diploid zygote


Ovary

Sperm (n)

Testis

Diploid

Means ( 2n = 46 ) L Offspring (child) will inherit traits from both parents to continue life. Multicellular diploid adults
( 2n = 46 )

{ Location }

Meiosis takes place in:


Human

Male : Testes Female : Ovaries


Plant

Anthers Ovaries

} Flowers

{ Comparison between Meiosis and Mitosis }

Both have cytokinesis that occurs during telophase Both use spindle fibers (microtubules) to separate the chromatids from each other Both occurs only in eukaryotic cells.

{ Comparison between Mitosis and Meiosis }


Mitosis Properties Meiosis Occurs during interphase before mitosis begins
One

DNA replication
Number of divisions

Occurs during interphase before meiosis begins


Two

Does not occur

Synapsis of homologous chromosomes

Occurs along with crossing over between non-sister chromatids in prophase I


Four haploid (n) daughter cells, each containing half as many chromosomes as the parent cell. Daughter cells are genetically different from the parent cell and each other

Two diploid (2n) daughter cells that are genetically identical to the parent cell

Number of daughter cells and genetic composition

Produces cells for growth and repair

Role in the animal body

Produces gametes and assures genetic diversity in sexual reproduction

{ The stages of Meiosis I and II }

{ Meiosis Stage }

{ Importance }

L Of mitosis and Meiosis

To ensure the continuity of life

{ Why should chromosome seperation be precisely controlled during cell division ?

If the chromosome number is not precisely distributed in each daughter cell: In the case for mitosis,

: The cell may result in death


: May lead to formation of tumour cells.

{ Why should chromosome seperation be precisely controlled during cell division ?

If the chromosome number is not precisely distributed in each daughter cell: In the case for meiosis, : The offspring might have mental retardation, slanted eyes, short stature and others.

{ Mistakes in Mitosis I, II,Meiosis I , and II }

{ ENJOY ! } ;)

* Meiosis Speed-Note Song