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HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT

POOJA AGNIHOTRI CIVIL ENGINEERING FINAL YEAR

1. HAZARDOUS WASTE DEFINITION


Hazardous Waste is a waste which could potentially threaten human health or the environment. Hazardous Waste is defined in Title 22 CCR section 66261.3. This includes waste which exhibit one of four hazardous characteristics: Ignitability (flammability) Corrosively Reactivity (oxidizer) Toxicity (poison)

IGNITABILITY
A waste exhibits the characteristic of Ignitability (flammability) if it: has a flash point less than 60 C (140 F). is a solid capable of causing fire through friction, absorption of moisture/water or spontaneous chemical change It is an oxidizer as defined in 49 CFR Section 173.151 It is an ignitable compressed gas as defined in 49 CFR section 173.000.

CORROSIVITY & REACTIVITY


A waste exhibits the characteristic of Corrosively if it is:
aqueous and has a PH less than or equal to 2 or greater than or equal to 12.5 corrodes steel at a rate greater than 6.35 mm (0.250 inch) per year Solid when mixed with an equivalent weight of water has a PH less than or equal to 2 or greater than or equal to 12.5.

A waste exhibits the characteristic of Reactivity (e.g. Oxidizer) if it is:


Normally unstable Reacts violently with water/moisture Forms an explosive mixture with water Generates toxic gases when mixed with water Capable of detonation when subject to a strong initiating force Readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition or reaction at a standard temperature and pressure.

TOXICITY
A waste exhibits the characteristic of Toxicity (e.g. poison) if it: Contains a listed carcinogen at a concentration greater than or equal to 0.001% by weight.

EXAMPLE
WASTE GENERATOR WASTE TYPES

Chemical manufacturers Printing industry Petroleum refining industry Leather products manufacturing Paper industry

Acids and bases Reactive waste Waste inks Solvents Wastewater containing benzene &other hydrocarbons Toluene & benzene Paint waste containing heavy metals

WASTE GENERATOR

WASTE TYPES

Construction industry Metal manufacturing

Ignitable paint wastes Strong acids & bases


sludges containing heavy metals , cyanide wastes , paint wastes

OBJECTIVES
To ensure the correct identification and classification of a hazardous waste To prevent hazardous waste entering the environment illegally. To implement cradle-to-grave principles by means of planned waste management strategies

To manage hazardous waste until it is safely disposed of, by setting minimum requirements at crucial points in its life cycle

APPROACHES
WASTE MANAGEMENT(minimizing the impact) Manage , Minimize WASTE PREVENTION(minimizing the volume) Reduce , Recycle

DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE

DUMPING OF WASTES AT SEA UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL USUALLY OF RADIOACTIVE WASTES LANDFILLING OF SOLID WASTES INCINERATION OF INFLAMMABLE ORGANIC WASTES