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Social Institutions


Family and Society

A group of two or more persons related by marriage, blood or adaptation who reside together. (Duvall) Provides unit that maintains a common culture, derived from the general culture which members learn and practice expected social roles.(Cavan) An organi ation or social institution with continuity(past, present and future) in which there are certain behaviors in common that affect each other! sharing goals and identity, mutual concern for physical and emotional needs, and patterns of response that do not re"uire the person to be constantly on guard.(#esser)

Social Institutions
Are defined as a set of widely shared beliefs, norms, or procedures for satisfying the members$ basic needs. (%enshin, &''() )hey are also an organi ed system of relationships, which embody certain common values to meet certain basic needs of society.

Purpose of Family
)o perpetuate the springs by providing the union of male and female to produce offsprings (biological). )o assure their nurture and training within a given society (social). )o satisfy respective emotional needs (psychological). )o provide for economic needs (economical).

Types of Family
1. Traditional * composed of parents and children living in the same households and characteri ed by the traditional gender roles. . Nuclear * consists of parents and children, who are usually offsprings of their parents or who may also be adopted or receiving foster care. .Patriarchal * headed by a man. .#atriarchal * headed by a woman. . Blended * occurs when children from one or both spouses are combined into one family! may also include the half+ siblings if the couple has other children. . Extended * consists of a nuclear family plus blood+related relatives sharing common privileges and responsibilities within a household.

2. Single parent * consists of one parent and his or her children. 3. Social Contact * consists of unmarried couples of the opposite sex who love to be together and may bear children. 4. Communes * large groups of individuals residing in close proximity and sharing the same values and goals

Varieties of the Family

Those who marry ha e! in e""ect! two "amilies# $amily o" orientation. )he family in which the couples grew up. $amily o" procreation. )he family which the couples establish through marriage.

Mate Selection
)he selection of partner depends, too, on the society$s norms regarding what partners are appropriate, 1.Exogamy. Cultural norms prescribing that people marry outside their social group or category. 2.Endogamy. Cultural norms prescribing that people marry within their social group or category. -orms governing the number of mates a person may have, 3.%onogamy. A marriage between two partners, usually a woman and a man. 4.&olygamy. )he concurrent marriage of a person of one sex with two or more members of the opposite sex. .orms of polygamy, . &olygyny * the concurrent marriage of one man with two or more women. . &olyandry * the concurrent marriage of one woman with two or more men.

Rules of Residence
1. &atrilocal 'esidence. )he custom of a married couple living in the same household or community with the husband$s family. 2. %atrilocal 'esidence. )he custom of a married couple living in the same household or community with the wife$s family.

Rules of escent and Inheritance

3. &atrilineal descent. A system of tracing descent through the father$s side of the family. 4. %atrilineal descent. Descent is traced through the line of the mother$s family.

Rules of Authority
(. &atriarchal $amily. A family structure in which authority is held by the eldest male usually the father. ). %atriarchal $amily. A family structure in which authority is held by the eldest female usually the mother. *. Egalitarian $amily. A family structure in which both partners share power and authority e"ually.

!ther Functions of Family

/. &. 2. (. 3. 4. 5. 0exual regulation 1eproduction Protection 0ociali ation Affection and Companionship Providing of social status 6conomic and Psychological support 7. 6motional 0ecurity

A normal or characteristic action expected or re"uired of someone in a given situation. All functions of the family can be reduced to two basic roles, /.8nsuring a physical survival of species &.)ransmitting the culture, thereby insuring man$s essential humanness

Types of Family Functions"

2. Physical .unction (. Affectional .unction 3. 0ocial .unction

Tas+s * a function assigned to a person done as part of one$s own duties.

Family e#elopment Tas$ %i&ht 'asic Tas$s for Families

/. &. 2. (. 3. Providing physical necessities Allocation of resources Division of labor 0ociali ation of family members 1eproduction, recruitment into the family, release of new members for society 4. #aintenance of order through effective communication and patterns of interaction 5. Placement of members into the larger society 7. #aintenance of motivation and morale

Phases and Sta&es of the Family L ife (ycle"

,. Esta-lishment &hase * begins with the couple at marriage and continues until they become aware of the fact that the wife is pregnant. B. Expecting &hase * starts with the awareness that the wife is pregnant and continues until the birth of the first child. C. Child Bearing Stage * begin with the birth of the /st baby and continues until the /st born is in pre+school. .. &re/School Stage * includes elements of the childbearing stage and considerations for a family with a child between & /9& and 3 years of age. E. School ,ge Stage * starts when the /st child goes at school, at 3+4 years of age, and continues until he or she becomes a teenager at /2.

$. Teenage Stage * continues from the time the /st born child is /2 years of age until he departs from the home as a young adult. 0. 1aunching Stage * heralded by the event of the /st born child leaving home for a :ob, college, and military service or in some cases of marriage. 2. %iddle 3ears * extends from the launching of the last child until retirement or death of one of the spouses. 4. ,ging 3ears * the final stage of the family life cycle, which begins with the wage earner$s retirement and encompasses the death of one spouses and finally death of the other.

The Filipino Family

Structural and $unctional Characteristics# /. )he .ilipino family is -;C<6A1. &. 6xtra members are included, the husband$s relatives predominate 2. 8n the barrios, son and daughters marry within the community so that adults are closely related. ,uthority in the $amily (. )he .ilipino family is PA)18A1C%A<. 3. )he husband plays the role of breadwinner and the mother plays the house=eeper and manager of the family$s income. 4. )he traditional domain of the man lies outside of the home.

The Filipino Family

1ineage .escents /. Descent is >8<A)61A<. &. Property is usually ac"uired through inheritance and e"ual distribution is one basic principle. 2. Parents can not completely cut+off any of the children even through a will, although a parent may indicate preference for one or another of the children. &atterns o" 'esidence (. )he ideal is to set up an independent household immediately after marriage. 3. )he couples will more li=ely stay with the parents of the husband until the coming of the first child.

The Filipino Family

2appiness 5rientation /. )he .ilipino finds his family as his chief source of happiness. &. Children are the most common source of happiness. 2. )he family is the best insurance against old age (. 0ibling relationships are also very strong, extending after marriage.

Family (ode of the Philippines

Chapter 8, Article 8 of the new family code provides that, Marriage is a special contract of permanent union between a man and a woman entered into in accordance with the law for the establishment of conjugal and family life. It is the foundation of the family and an inviolable social institution whose nature, consequences and incidents are governed by law and not subject to stipulation, expects that marriage settlements may fix the property relations during the marriage within the limits provided by this code. 6ssential 1e"uisites of #arriage (Art.&) #arriages 6xempted from <icense 1e"uirement (chapter & articles &5+2() ?oid and ?oidable #arriage(Chapter 2 Article 23+(/) Annulment of #arriage <egal 0eparations