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Traffic Administration

Traffic Administration

The OMN:EXCH-TR comprises the functions to be


carried out in the exchange within the scope of traffic
data recording. Traffic data recording is divided into the
following :
1. Traffic Measurement
2. Traffic Data Monitoring
3. Traffic Structure Measurement
4. Traffic observation
5. Directory Number Observation
Traffic Administration

1. Traffic Measurement
Measures events and status duration, e.g.,
-Number of successful seizures of CRs in an LTG
-Number of delays during the seizures of code receivers
in an LTG
-Number of incoming seizures from subscriber without
dial signal etc.
Task:
Traffic measurement provides data for the planning
and operation of the exchange and the network.
Traffic Administration

2 Traffic Data Monitoring


Periodically compares software meter status with
predefined threshold value. If the threshold value is
exceeded, messages and data will be displayed that may
indicate the call-processing problems.
Task:
Traffic overload may be prevented by traffic
management measures.
Traffic Administration
• Traffic Structure Measurement
Collects the data of individual calls in the form of data
records, or records data concerning traffic flow.
Task:
The purpose of traffic structure measurement is to
supply information about the volume, distribution and
success of switching operations.
Traffic structure measurement is divided into:
-Trunk group traffic structure measurement
-Total traffic structure measurement
-Originating traffic structure measurement
Traffic Administration
4. Traffic observation
Records call-related data & utilisation of affected objects.
Task:
The objective of traffic observation is to record and output
values and data observed during the processing of
statistically selected calls to analyse the following:
- system and network behaviour
- system performance
- grade of service
- quality of service
- traffic structure
- subscriber or signalling behaviour
Traffic Administration  
5. Directory Number Observation
Records call related data of subs. or PBX lines under obs. by
ordinary calls or subs. controlled inputs,e.g.:
- Directory number
- Local area code
- Types of line
- Seizure time
- Call duration
- Traffic type
- Service
- Subscriber feature
 Task :
The objective of directory number observation is to get a closer
analysis of subscriber behavior.
Traffic Measurement
• The traffic measurement for single objects is
activated via traffic measurement orders.
• The measured data is object-related.
• Measurements may be taken on the following
objects:
Traffic Object Command to initiate the
traffic measurement
Destinations REC DEST
Announcement groups REC ANGRP
Private branch exchange REC PBX
Subscriber REC SUB
DLU REC DLU
Traffic Measurement
Trunk group REC TGRP
LTG REC LTG
Discarded CCS7 message signal units REC C7 DCD MSU
CCS7 destination point traffic data REC C7 DP
CCS7 route set traffic REC C7 RSET
CCS7 signaling link grade of service REC C7 GOS
CCS7 signalling link load REC C7 L LOAD
Co-ordination processor REC CP
Traffic flow REC TRAFLOW
Peak hour ENTR ADPH MEAS
Traffic Measurement
Service application REC SAF
frequency
Exchange grade of service REC EXCH

V5.2 interfaces REC V5IF

Subscriber REC DN

Load on D-channel REC IBADCH


Procedure for Traffic measurement
-Call processing programs count the events and measure the
status duration in the GP and CP, e.g. no. of seizures in GP.
-The call processing programs transfer the collected data to a
buffer (traffic data saving).
-The traffic measurement recording programs read out the
buffered data from the traffic data buffer and transmit it to the
system disk
File name = TS.<object>.I<increment>
TS.<object>.<weekday><increment>
or edit and transmit the data to the assigned
operating equipment
Procedure for Traffic measurement

-To specify the destination equipment as a disk or operating equipment.


REC <object> : UNIT = MDD/OMT, .... ;
-Traffic data are normally evaluated by means of post processing. The
traffic measurement files may be copied onto magnetic tape/ magneto
optical disk for this purpose
-The traffic measurement data may be edited and logged on the input
device with GET TRAFILE.
-Furthermore, an overview of the traffic measurement files and traffic
measurement orders may be displayed.
To create Groups of Traffic Objects
•Objects to be subject to Traffic Administration can be compiled in
Traffic Object groups.
•These groups may be assigned any name.
•The group type is selected in accordance with the objects to be
observed.
CR TR O GRP: GRP = <group name>,
GRPTYP = {DEST, PBX, TGRP, etc.}
To add traffic objects in a group so defined,
ENTR TRO PBX : GRP = ,
DN = , LAC = ; or
ENTR TRO DEST: GRP = ,
DOCODE = , [DLAC = ] ;
To create Groups of Traffic Objects

•Upto 50 groups may thus be formed. An Object Group for


destination area may contain upto 512 objects. Similarly an
Object Group for PBXs may contain upto 256 PBXs.

• To display the created Object Groups,


DISP TRO GRP;

• To display all the objects in a specific Object Group,


DISP TRO : GRP = group name;
MML commands for traffic Measurement

1. To activate traffic measurement,


REC <object>:
Name of Traffic Object / Traffic Object Group,
UNIT = OMT/ MDD - single/ MDD - daily,
BEG = <yy> - <mm> - <dd>, job begin within a month
TER =<yy> - <mm> - <dd>, job termination within a year
IV = hh1 - mm1 - hh2 - mm2,
PER = SU/MO/ ……. /SA/WO/HO;
• Job is accepted only when the system time is secure.
• Up to 16 traffic measurement orders may be entered, 8 of which
may refer to the same object.
2. To list running traffic measurement
jobs,
DISPTRAMORD: STATUS=All;
ALTTC/A39336D0032/INDCPVIV6642-775/000/OMT-01/SKJ97-03-03 16:31:31
6076 2893/ 00894
Job No. Rec Command B:Begin Interval Period Filename
Object E:End
5 Cmd :RecCP B:97-03-04 (Unit = OMT)
IntTim = 180
5507 Cmd :RecGP B:97-03-03 TS.GPXX.MO 1
LTG = 0-01&&0-06
5518 Cmd :RecGP B:97-03-03 TS.GPXX.MO 2
LTG = 0-07&&0-09
5525 Cmd :RecGP B:97-03-04 TS.GPXX. I 01
LTG = 0-07&&0-09
5939 Cmd :RecSub B:97-03-04 (Unit = OMT)
LAC = 0575
DN =5300000 &
5300026 &
5300027
5962 Cmd :RecGP B:97-03-04 (Unit = OMT)
LTG = 0-01&&0-05
MML commands for traffic Measurement

1. To display the measured Traffic figures


The traffic measurement data may be edited and logged on the input
device with GET TRAFILE.
Furthermore, an overview of the traffic measurement file characteristics
orders may be displayed by DISP TRAFICH

• To cancel a Traffic Measurement job


A traffic measurement order is stored in the system as a
semipermanent job.
Semipermanent means the jobs are stored on the disk and are restarted
automatically after recovery.
A Traffic Measurement Job can be cancelled before the entered
termination date by using the command CAN JOB.
To measure the Exchange Traffic, BHCA, CCR
< GETTRAFILE: FILE = TS.GOSX.SA2, SEL = EXCH, IV = 09-00-23-00;
NOIDA/A39336D0029/INDCPVIV6640-508/010/OMT-01/SDE94-12-12 10:54:57
3 2893/06159
DATE TIME TC(dErl) TOTAL SUCCESSFUL ANSWERED DATA
CALLS CALLS CALLS QUALITY
94-12-10 09.15 2403 3228 2067 1096 Secure
94-12-10 09.30 2684 3772 2386 1308 Secure
94-12-10 09.45 2731 4251 2660 1342 Secure
94-12-10 10.00 2944 4561 2928 1486 Secure
94-12-10 10.15 3281 5336 3302 1652 Secure
94-12-10 10.30 3350 5022 3387 1626 Secure
94-12-10 10.45 3354 4979 3454 1630 Secure
94-12-10 11.00 3575 5745 3898 1713 Secure
94-12-10 11.15 3513 5763 3910 1698 Secure
94-12-10 11.30 3473 5712 3972 1659 Secure
94-12-10 11.45 3474 5562 3856 1618 Secure
94-12-10 12.00 3485 5607 3865 1579 Secure
Determining the Busy Hour
-The daily peak hour is the hour of a day when the highest traffic measured on
TGRP/PBXs is recorded.

-ADPH Measurement is used to calculate the average values of the daily peak
hours during a period of 14 days

-The EWSD determines the traffic load values in the busy hour by the "Average
of Daily Peak Full Hour" method (ADPFH).

-The recorded data are output in daily files. Files are created for two weeks.
-The ADPFH measurement records following measured data, among other things:
- the beginning of the hour with the highest traffic intensity
- the traffic intensity (total incoming and outgoing)
- the sliding mean value of the traffic intensity
- the time during which all trunks are busy
- the number of cases when all trunks are busy
Average Daily Peak Hour Traffic
Measurement (ADPHMEAS) jobs
-Up to 200 trunk groups (TGRP) and up to 600 PBXs can be
included in the ADPFH measurement.
-New measurement objects can be included in the measurement
at any time & measurement objects can be cancelled. For new
measurement objects, measurement begins at 0:00 hours on the
next measurement day.

-To enter measurement objects in the ADPFH job list


ENTR ADPHMEAS:
TGNO = <trunk group number>,
GRP = <traffic object group>,
DN = <PBX directory number>,
[LAC = <local area code>] ;
Average Daily Peak Hour Traffic
Measurement (ADPHMEAS) jobs
-To display ADPFH job data
DISP ADPHMEAS:
STATUS = <status> ,
TGNO = <trunk group number>,
GRP = <traffic object group>,
DN = <PBX directory number>,
LAC = <local area index>;

-To activate ADPFH measurement job


ACT ADPHMEAS:
TGNO = <trunk group number>,
GRP = <traffic object group>,
DN = <PBX directory number>,
PER =
Traffic Data Monitoring
1. Traffic Monitoring for Trunk groups

-It is started by entering ENTER TRAMON.


-The measurement is activate either for all the trunk groups in an exchange or
for up to 4 traffic object groups .
-The threshold values entered define the interval in which Load or ATBT lies.
-One to three threshold levels for each function can be entered.
-The O/P will be done to the disk file every 15 minute every time the job is
activated, with a range indicator which shows in which interval the value is
placed.
-A Display of the measured data for the last interval can be obtained with
DISPTRAMON: ….., ACTREC =Y;
-Traffic monitoring can be can be cancelled with CAN TRAMON.
Traffic Data Monitoring

2. Traffic Monitoring of the CP

-There is a measuring of all processors of the CP (BAP,CAP).


-The CP load is defined as the sum of the processor leads of all active
processors divided by the sum of the active processors.
-The output of the measured values will be done to disk file every 15
minuted every time the job is active with range in indicator that shows
in which threshold range the value is placed.
Traffic Data Monitoring

3 Coinbox Traffic Monitoring


The feature “Coinbox Monitoring”can be used to detect public
coinboxes that are out of service i.e. no chargeable call has been
originated from there during the last monitoring period of 15 minutes.
First of all a traffic object group must be created. A maximum of 512
coinboxes can be the members of one group.
4 DLU Traffic Monitoring
The feature can monitor the behaviour of entire DLU concerning
No. of rejected call set ups because of lack of DLU-LTG time slot, lack
of LTG-SN speech channels . The parameter BLKTHR (0…99999)
defines the threshold for blocked calls per 15 min interval.
The duration of all speech channels busy or all time slots busy,the
parameter ACHBTTHR (0…900) defines the threshold.
TRAFFIC DATA MONITORING (TRUNK GROUPS)

ALTTC/A39336D1999/INDCPZ1V13313519/010 05-03-18 15:18:40


3437 OMT-00/ALTTC2 2900/00007
ENTRTRAMON:MTYP=TGRP,MNAME=ALTTC,ALLTGNO=Y,LOADTHR=500-700-
900,ATBTTHR=50-100-150; EXEC'D
END JOB 3437
ALTTC/A39336D1999/INDCPZ1V13313519/010 05-03-18 15:20:09
3455 OMT-00/ALTTC2 2970/02698
DISPFILE:FILE=MD.; EXEC'D
USED SPACE : 3200 PAGES FOR 1 FILES
FILE GEN SIZE VSN000 VSN001 CLASS TYPE
--------+--------+-------+-------------+-------------+----+----
MD.TG.FR 3200 X NOT AVAILABLE PP SAM
END JOB 3455
TRAFFIC DATA MONITORING (TRUNK
GROUPS)
3526
<DISPTRAMON:MTYP=TGRP;
ALTTC/A39336D1999/INDCPZ1V13313519/010 05-03-18 15:29:14
3526 OMT-00/ALTTC2 2904/07468
MASKNO:07468
TRAFFIC MONITORING TASK: MTYP TGRP MASKNO:07469
MNAME ALTTC
DATE 05-03-18 TIME 15:18:40 STATUS A MASKNO:07470
BEG
TER MASKNO:07471
IV MASKNO:07472
PER MASKNO:07473
MASKNO:07485
ALLTGNO LOADTHR ATBTTHR
---------+-----------+-----------
500-700-900 50-100-150 MASKNO:07479
END JOB 3526
TRAFFIC DATA MONITORING (TRUNK GROUPS)

ALTTC/A39336D1999/INDCPZ1V13313519/010 05-03-18 15:45:05


0086 2909/07468
ACTUAL RECORDED REPORT DATE 05-03-18 TIME 15:45:00
DATA QUALITY: SECURE MASKNO:07676
MASKNO:07480
TGNO : OCDOT BCDOT7 ODX1 OMEERT ODX2
OPMODE : OG BW OG OG OG
----------+------+------+------+------+------+------+------
LOAD 0 1000 0 362 0 MASKNO:07483
LOADRG 1 4 1 1 1 MASKNO:07481
ATBT 900 900 900 320 900 MASKNO:07482
ATBTRG 4 4 4 4 4 MASKNO:07481
ATBN 0 0 0 1 0 MASKNO:07483
TC IC 10 MASKNO:07689
CAL IC 0
TC OG 0 0 0 7 0
CAL OG 0 0 0 5 0
C%UNSUCC 0 0 0 60 0 MASKNO:07482
C%ANS 0 0 0 100 0
MHT 0 0 0 326 0
CON LI 15 31 30 2 30 MASKNO:07483
BLO LI 15 30 30 0 30
BLO TIME 0 0 0 0 0 MASKNO:07482
Traffic Structure Measurement
Unlike traffic measurement, traffic structure measurement is call-
related, not object-related.
Traffic structure measurement may be related to the Trunk Group,
Total Traffic, Originating Traffic, DLU or PA.
Traffic structure measurement is performed randomly. Thus, data is
collected for every nth call only. The factor ‘n’ is specified as the
parameter F, during order activation .
Once the ICTST buffer is full, its contents are transferred to the cyclic
file IA.ICTST. The buffer data may also be transferred upon request
using the command TRANS BUFFER.
MML commands for Traffic Structure Measurement

To activate traffic structure measurement


ENTR TRST: TGNO = <trunk group number> or
GRP = <traffic object group>
TRST = ALL/ INC/ ORIG
DLU = < DLU number>
PA = < PA name >
V52IF = < V5.2 Interface Number >
F = <factor>,
BEG = begin date,
TER = termination date,
IV = hh1 - mm1 - hh2 - mm2,
PER = MO/ TU/ ………….. / SU/ WO/ HO ;
( max. 8 trunk groups for direct input, max.3 object groups may be linked)

Related Commands: DISP TRST, CAN TRST


Directory Number Observation

Like in traffic observation call related data is recorded but for each
call.
The collected values provide the basis of subscriber behaviour.
Subsequently the required resources and the expected flow of traffic
can be estimated.
The directory number observation is performed on analog subscribers,
PBX or ISDN subscribers
Once the ICDNB buffer is full, its contents are transferred to the cyclic
file IA.ICDNB. The buffer data may also be transferred upon request
using the command TRANS BUFFER.
MML commands for Directoty Number
Observation
ENTR DNOBS:
GRP = ,
RREC = <requested records>
BEG = <yy> - <mm> - <dd>,
TER = <yy> - <mm>- <dd>,
IV = <hh1> - <mm1> - <hh2> - <mm2>,
PER = MU,

SU
WO
HO
Related Commands: DISP DNOBS, CAN DNOBS