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Industrial Relations

ILO relationships between state on one hand and the employers and employees organizations on the other hand or with the relationships among the occupational organizations themselves Involves the study of State, the legal system Workers and Employers organisation at institutional level Patterns of industrial organisation Capital structure Compensation of labour force Market forces

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Objectives of IR
1. To safe guard the interests of labour and management by securing the interest at the highest level of mutual understanding and goodwill 2. To avoid industrial conflict or strike and develop harmonious relations 3. To raise productivity to a higher level 4. To establish and nurture growth of Industrial Democracy based on labour partnership, in sharing the profits and managerial decisions 5. To eliminate as far as possible and practicable strikes, lockouts and gheraos by providing reasonable wages 6. To establish a govt control of all loss making units

Participants/Variables in IR
1. Workers and their organisation 2. Managers and their organisation 3. Role of government Or

1. The workers organisations 2. The employers organisations 3. The government

Industrial Dispute
Industrial Disputes Act of 1947: any dispute or difference between employers and employers or between employees and employees or between employers and employees which is connected with the employment or non employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of work of any person

Industrial Dispute
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Forms of Industrial Disputes Strikes Go-slow tactics Token strikes Sympathetic strikes Pen-down strikes Hunger strikes Bandhs Gheraos Lockouts

Industrial Dispute
Procedure for settlement 1. State the level at which an issue should first be raised 2. Laydown the items and the limits for each stage of procedure 3. Preclude a strike, lockout or any other form of industrial action Stages 1. Employee representatives raise the issue with management at the level which is competent to deal with it 2. Failing represent to a higher authority 3. Still not solved go through negotiations and arbitrations by mutual agreement

Industrial Dispute Statutory machinery


Works committee: should be there where more than 100 persons are employed Equal number of employees and employers Offer advice, guidance to workers and management Conciliation Officers and Board of Reconciliation: Appointed by Govt for a specified purpose or for an industry or for an area Patch up differences between employers and workers Courts of enquiry may setup Agreements are binding for the employers and employees

Industrial Dispute Statutory machinery


Labour Courts and Industrial tribunals: Disputes in central sphere Labour courts deal with interpretation, application and violation of Standing Orders like wrong discharge of workers, illegality of strike and lock out Tribunal deals with wages, bonus, allowances, gratuity, provident fund, retrenchment of workers etc. National Tribunals Adjudicate on disputes referred by government Once referred no tribunal or court will have any jurisdiction

Industrial Dispute Statutory machinery


Trade Unions Act Act of 1926 gave legal status It provides registration, protection to members and officers from any criminal liability for legitimate trade union activities