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TIPS ON WRITING SENTENCES

* Vocabulary * Grammar * Sentence Construction

Question 22 - Expansion of Notes

Read the instructions very carefully

Study the picture / pictures in detail and visualise the story


Read and understand the given notes

Determine the tenses to be used in the construction of sentences


i. Identify the verbs ii. Find the time markers

5.

Do not omit any given words

not necessary all dashes to be added words Need not follow the words or pictures in sequence e.g. flashback
6.
7. 8.

Use new words in sentences adverbs and adjectives


Go beyond the boundary of notes given Write creatively and freely rules of genres

Orientation / introduction
Variety of tenses Closure opinion, moral value
9. Use interesting expressions e.g. idioms, similes
10. Use a variety of sentences 11. Write legibly

SUMMARY
Avoid making mistakes
Write simple sentences

Sentences should be clear and easily understood Legible handwriting

MAKING SIMPLE SENTENCES

SAMPLE 1 2 PARTS OF A SENTENCE SUBJECT Suzie Dogs A snake VERB cried bark hisses

SAMPLE 2 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) Who/What


I

VERB (action words)


am

OBJECT (Noun) Who/what


a girl

Samy
He Encik Amin and Puan Rokiah

enjoyed
visits are

the show.
his grandparents. English teachers.

SAMPLE 3 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) Who/What I Teck Hooi Juana Encik Amin and Puan Rokiah is is

VERB (action words) am happy. honest.

ADJECTIVE (how)

young and beautiful. very hardworking.

are

SAMPLE 4 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) Who/What


My mother

VERB (action words)


is going to school.

PLACE (Where) in Sungai Petani.


to the post office. in the pool.

He
I They

lives
went were swimming

SAMPLE 5 3 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT (Noun) Who/What I My parents Alicia The baby

VERB (action words) come went dreamt cried every day. yesterday. last night. just now.

TIME (When)

SAMPLE 6 4 PARTS OF A SENTENCE

SUBJECT Who/What They He I They

VERB (action words) were plays went are

ADJECTIVE/ OBJECT/ PLACE

TIME (When) yesterday. every afternoon. this morning. today.

at school football to the post office happy

WH - TECHNIQUE 6 1 Who What Which Aini Yesterday Aini 2 Action Words (Verbs) went or went to Gurun. 3 Who What Which 4 5 6

When

How

Where
to Gurun

When
yesterday.

VERB

PRONOUNS ARTICLES

NOUN

PARTS OF SPEECH

QUANTIFIERS ADJECTIVES & ADVERBS

CONJUNCTIONS PREPOSITIONS

GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION


1. my he, him, his, she, her, her, it, it, its, they, them their, we, us, our, I, me,

SUBJECT I You We They He She VERB me us

OBJECT my our

NOUN friend parents house bicycles hobbies classroom

you your them their him his her her

It
Examples : I play with them every day. She goes with him to the party. We love them. You will buy it.

it

its

tail

Examples : Salman is my friend. They came to our house. Fahmi and Roslan found their bicycles. The cat licked its tail.

GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION


2. am, is, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, can, do, does, did

SUBJECT I You We They He She

VERB am, was, have, had, will, can, do, did are, were, have, had, will, can, do, did

is, was, has, had, will, can, does, did

It
Examples : I am hungry. I was late yesterday We have English every day. We can play after the class. Examples : He is always late. She was early yesterday. She has Science class today. It does not like milk.

GROUP OF WORDS FOR SENTENCE CONSTRUCTION

3. of 4.

a, an, the, a few, a little, much, many, some, any, a lot in, on, under, near, to, from, for, with, by, in front of, beside, next to, against,

5. and, but, so, because, when, until, before, after, since, if 6. likes, loves, enjoys, wants, helps, decided, used, + to/ ing e.g. She loves to play badminton . He enjoys swimming in the river. They decided to join them for the party. We used the rake to gather the dried leaves. 7. always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, never

Haji Marzuki owns restaurant Jitra - big

opens 10 a.m. 11 p.m. 3 cooks 3 helpers - help

customers come lunch dinner delicious

Haji Marzuki owns restaurant Jitra big

TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

ADJECTIVE/OBJECT/PLACE TIME

SUBJECT

VERB

ADJECTIVE/OBJECT/PLACE

Haji Marzuki The restaurant It

owns is

the Rampai restaurant Sri Sri Rampai Restaurant Restaurant in Jitra. in Jitra. big very a very big. big restaurant.

Haji Marzuki owns Sri Rampai Restaurant in Jitra. It is a very big restaurant.

opens 10 a.m. 11 p.m. 3 cooks 3 helpers - help

SUBJECT

VERB

ADJECTIVE/OBJECT/PLACE

TIME

He He

opens has to help

his restaurant

from 10 a.m. until 11 p.m.

three cooks and three helpers him.

He opens his restaurant from 10 a.m. until 11 p.m. He has three cooks and three helpers to help him.

customers come lunch dinner delicious

SUBJECT

VERB

ADJECTIVE/OBJECT/PLACE

TIME

Many customers The food

come to have is

lunch and dinner there.

delicious. very delicious.

Many customers come to have lunch and dinner there there. The food is very because thedelicious. food is very delicious.

DRAFT 1

Haji Marzuki owns the Sri Rampai Restaurant in Jitra. It is a very big restaurant. He opens his restaurant from 10 a.m. until 11 p.m. He has three cooks and three helpers to help him. Many customers come to have lunch and dinner there because the food is very delicious.

DRAFT 3 2

Haji Marzuki lives who lives in my in neighbourhood. my neighbourhood He owns the Sri Rampai Restaurant. Restaurant in It Jitra. is a very It isbig a very and big famous and restaurant wellknownin restaurant. Jitra. HisHis restaurant restaurant is isvery very clean clean and beautifully decorated. He opens his restaurant from from 10 10 a.m. a.m. until until 11 11 p.m. p.m He has He daily. 3 very hasgood 3 very cooks good and cooks helpers and to helpers help him. to help him. There are always many customers at his restaurant. There Most are of always them usually many come customers to have atlunch his and dinner there. restaurant. Most of He them serves usually many come kinds to of have food lunch and drinks. and dinner The there. customers He serves love to many eat kinds at his of restaurant food and because the drinks. Thefood customers is very delicious. love to eat Haji atMarzuki his restaurant and his workers are because thealso foodvery is very friendly delicious. and polite. Haji Marzuki and his workers are also very friendly and polite.

Avoid the following common errors

WRONG USE OF PRONOUNS MISSING VERBS

We ask he to show we the way. Mawar Flat is near ours school. He went with her parents. She went to Taiping with his. I and my family love local fruits. Salimah honest girl. The lady in pain. You must helpful to the girls. The dancers very beautiful.

SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT PREPOSITIONS

He have an idea. The prizes is good. He are going to Alor Setar. I were cycling to school. Her parents loves her. At there we saw many animals. You have a chance to visit to Sabah. She thanked to Ahmad for his help. He jumped in to the river.

MODAL WORDS

He can comes with you to my house. At first I cannot saw the lions. My father did not went with me. She does not plays netball every afternoon. Betty will writes the letter.
Use base words after

do, does, did

infinitive - to Modal words


can, could may, might shall, should must will, would

DOUBLE VERBS

The lady was fell into the river.


We are must clean the drain every day.

Later he was crashed into the ditch. There have many ways to become clever.
I very like to listen to music. There very many many people at concert.
They go picnic last week with teacher they. Muthu was not go to school because he did not feeling well.

POOR SENTENCE STRUCTURES

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