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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESS IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Presented By: Prabodh Sai Dutt R 1st Sem M.Tech; CAMS VVCE, Mysore Under the guidance of: Sri Thamme Gowda C.S. Prof. Dept of Mechanical VVCE, Mysore
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Gears are toothed members which transmit power / motion


between two shafts by meshing without any slip.
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Wooden Gears in olden wind mills

Plastic gears

Compact Gears in modern wind mills

STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Asymmetric Gears
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Pressure Angle:
It is the angle at a pitch point between the line of pressure which
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is normal to the tooth surface, and the plane tangent to the pitch

surface.

Pressure Angle and Profile Angle

Gear Tooth with different pressure angles


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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Peaking effect:
It is the phenomenon in which the top land of gear becomes smaller with the increase in pressure angles and the tooth shape
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becomes more and more pointed.

Pointed gear tooth

STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

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Table 1: Tip thickness for different pressure angles

STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Comparison between symmetric and Asymmetric


Gears
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Meshed gear tooth

Stress distribution on gear tooth

STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Gear model (drive/coast) 20/20 25/20 30/20 35/20

von mises, N/mm2 47.06 44.21 41.03 37.98

Total deformation, mm 0.0038312 0.0035160 0.0033565 0.0031818

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Von Mises stress and distribution for symmetric and asymmetric gears
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Effect of module and number of teeth of a gear on the bending stress


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Sl. No.
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Description Number of teeth on pinion 18

Value 25 32

2 3

Module

2mm 4mm

6mm

Pressure angle, Coast side 200 fixed

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5

Pressure angle, Drive side 200-350 increment by 10


Back up ratio 1.2
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Gear tooth parameters with different module and teeth

STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

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Tooth thickness at the critical section for different modules.

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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

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Bending stress at the critical section for different number of teeth.

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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

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Bending stress at the critical section for different modules


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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

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Displacement at the gear tooth root for different number of teeth.

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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Potential Applications:
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Automotive engineering Aerospace engineering Agriculture machines Medical instruments

Toys
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

Advantages of Asymmetric Gears:


Contact stress reduction on the drive flanks Higher torque density (load capacity per gear size) Reduced Weight & Size Reduced Noise
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Reduced Vibration

Disadvantage:
It can only be used for unidirectional power transmission Higher cost of production
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

CONCLUSION
Asymmetric

gears have better performance in terms of load

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bearing capacity compared to symmetric gears

Tooth peaking effect and safe contact ratio limits the degree of asymmetry that can be achieved.

The bending stress in asymmetric gears decrease with the


increase in module The bending stress decreases with the increase in number of teeth of asymmetric gears
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STUDY ON FACTORS AFFECTING BENDING STRESSES IN ASYMMETRIC GEARS

References
1. Effect of Pressure Angle on Bending Stress and Deformation of Asymmetric Spur Gear Using FEA- MR. K. D. DADHANIYA, PROF. K. P. HIRPAR, MR.
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K. M. VYAS - IOSR Journal of Engineering Apr. 2012, Vol. 2(4) pp: 616-620

2. Improvement of Load Caring Capacity of Spur Gear by Asymmetric Teeth - D.

A. Patel, P. A. Vaghela, 5th International Conference on Advances in


Mechanical Engineering 2011

3. Parametric analysis of Asymmetric Spur Gear Tooth - G. Mallesh, Dr. V B Math, Venkatesh, Shankarmurthy H J, Shiva Prasad P, Aravinda K NaCoMM09, December 2009. Pg no 398-403
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Thank You

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