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it is the worlds 7th largest telecommunication company largest public sector units in India it provides telecom services with

th ICT application in rural and urban areas offers wide ranging and most transparent tariff schemes lends a helping hand to the government for egovernance projects

Cell phones: 267.23 million (April 2008) Land Lines: 39.42 million (March 2008) Yearly Cell phone Addition: 83 million (2007) Broadband connection: 3.47 million (Feb 2008)

Reliance was the first to introduce cellular system in the year 2000

Till date estimated users has raised to 201.29 million GSM operates in the range of 900 MHz Provides e-mail, pictures, games, music, internet security including text messaging Includes national and international roaming

has been a dominant technology for both voice and data communication there is a communication path between two stations circuit switching is applied in telephone networks an end to end signal is established and data is transmitted through full duplex connection

during heavy traffic, calls are not blocked has greater efficiency in comparison to circuit switching to stations of different data rate can exchange packets it can carry out data rate conversion

BTS in mobile communication can connect to the public switched network on the internet open BTS relies on licensed bandwidth world first large scale community LAN network was built ten years ago at burning centre
Components of BTS network and switching subsystem base station subsystem operations support subsystem General architecture Trans-receiver Power amplifier Combiner Duplexer Antenna alarm extension system and control function

ISI54 standard specifies traffic on digital voice channels initial implementation triples the calling capacity of AMPS systems capacity improvements of 6 to 15 times that of AMPS are possible many blocks of spectrum in 800 MHz and 1900 MHz are used all transmissions are digital

is a digital air interface, claiming 8 to 15 times the capacity of analog employs a commercial adaptation of military, spread spectrum and single side band technology every CDMA cell site can use the same 1.25 MHz band has soft capacity limit

First Generation technology

EVOLUTION was launched in Japan by NTT in 1979 it covered the areas of Tokyo over 20 million with 23 base stations TECHNOLOGY based on analog signaling and circuit switched technology uses multiple cell sites APPLICATION designed for voice and not for data designed for transferring call from one site to another

EVOLUTION first implemented on 1991 operating in about 140 countries estimated about 248 million users TECHNOLOGY based on low band digital data signaling it is a combination of FDMA and TDMA uses a 25 MHz frequency spectrum in the 900 MHz band APPLICATION were digitally encrypted and provides high speed introduction of data services such as e-mail and SMS

EVOLUTION it is available to at least one provider in several parts of USA from 2009 TECHNOLOGY uses OFDM AND OFDMA TECHNOLOGIES bandwidth flexibility between 5 to 20 MHz LTE and Wi-Max also comes under the brand of 4G technology APPLICATIONS it may allow roaming with wireless local loop it may interact with digital video broad casting systems

EVOLUTION yet to come TECHNOLOGY will use the router and switch technology will provide with 25 Mbps connectivity speed will provide bi-directional large bandwidth shaping APPLICATION offers high resolution for cell phone users traffic statistics makes it more accurate also supports virtual private network

it can travel as packets over any equipment that supports

packet based communication it is the current standard for data networks it allows slow transition from direct, connection based communication to VoIP communication central office of VoIP will connect to an IPV6 internet backbone, which will then connect to the destination office

it includes location registration, paging and handover it should be able to access services at any location global roaming should be provided with the help of WLANs need not do location registration every time can instead do concatenated location registration