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Human Resource Planning

(Micro)
 HRP is the process by which an
organisation ensures that it has the
right number and kind of people, at
right place, at right time, capable of
effectively and efficiently completing
those tasks that will help the
organisation to achieve its overall
objectives. Decenzo & Robbins
 Manpower planning is the process of
determining manpower requirements
and the means for meeting those
requirements in order to carry out
the integrated plan of the
organisation.
scope
 Listing of current manpower with the
organisation.
 Assessing the extent to which the current
manpower is utilized to the advantage of
the organisation.
 Phasing out the surplus manpower, if any.
 Analysing the requirements of manpower
in future in the light of expansion plan,
retirements of personnel etc..
 Making manpower requirement plans
 Designing training programmes for
different categories of manpower.
Process
 ** Org. objectives,
plans, policies

HRP

Forecasting Forecasting
needs for HR supply for HR

Identification
of HR gap

Surplus HR Shortage of HR

Action plan for


bridging gap
Macro level HR Planning
 Macro level HRP focus on
development of human resources at
the national level.
 It is long term objective of the govt.
 Issues happening at macro level are
uncontrollable.. (population,
education, health etc.)
 Aggregative HRP is influenced by
employment-unemployment,
demographic changes, legal control
1. Population planning & control:
 To enforce control over
population explosion to avert
economic imbalances and
unproductive population.
 National population policy (2000)…-
to ensure population stabilization,
increased quality of life by
enhancing primary & secondary
education, proper sanitation,
drinking water, housing, transport,
communication, empowering
1. Literacy and education:
 Govt had adopted a national policy
on education in 1986
 setup to remove illiteracy.
 It made primary level education
compulsory to all.
 Secondary, technical, university
education is also promoted from
elementary level
1. Health & Medical care
 It is very depressive in state level
compared to central level.. It resulted
in regional disparity.
 Diseases are still not under expected
level of control.
 Still more than 50% of population is
not having access to basic health
care.
 In case of water supply & sanitation
are not at the expected level of
1. Hous ing
 National housing & habitat policy,
1998 had adopted by govt.
 Aim is to achieve sustainable
development of housing
infrastructure.
 Housing and Urban Development
Corporation (HUDCO).
Sectors or schemes of govt. to
enhance social security

 Jawahar gram samridhi yojana:


 launched w.e.f 1.4.99 to ensure
development of rural infrastructure
(village level). It was one of the major
wage employment programs. It was the
single largest wage employment program
implemented in all the villages of the
country through the Panchayati Raj
Institutions.
 It helps to generate wage employment for
the unemployed poor in rural areas.
 Employment assurance scheme:
 Restructured w.e.f from 1.4.99, its
objective is to create additional wage –
employment opportunities during the
period of acute shortage of
employment.
 Ratio of sharing sponsorship among
central & state is 75:25.
 Reducing unemployment within next 10
years.
 It is open to all who need of wage –
employment especially BPL candidates.
 National assistance program.
 Aims at ensuring minimum national standard
of social assistance in addition to the benefit
that states are already providing.
 Eg: national old age pension scheme
 national family benefit scheme
 national maternity benefit scheme
 Nehru rozgar yojana.
 Setting up micro enterprises and providing
training & infrastructure support for urban
poor beneficiaries.
 Scheme of wage employment for Creation of
socially & economically useful public
 Prime ministers rozgar yojana.
 Provides employment to educated
unemployed youths by setting up of
micro enterprises. This scheme targets
educated youths with minimum
qualification of 8th.
 special reservation for women, SC/ST
and for other backward classes.
Limitations
 Complex and dynamic process.
 Still exists imbalance in supply and
demand for human resources.
 A big problem of unemployment
 Shortage of skilled manpower
(migration to other countries).
Labour markets
 Labour market analysis includes
investigating markets for
knowledgeable and skilled workers,
differentiating supply demand forces
in the markets, geographic and
industrial motilities, unemployment
and wage patterns.
 Analysis of labour markets are
carried out for different occupational
segments like market for blue-collar
workers, market for white collars,
 Recently macro changes in wages
and unemployment over a given
period of time, both within the
country and across the countries are
also studied to synthesize the facts
of the labour markets with the basic
principles of economics.
 In india these studies are
institutionally being carried out by
Indian Society of Labour Economics
(ISLE). It publishes Indian Journal of
Stocktaking
 Stocktaking is the periodic and
annual attempts to continuosly asess
the extent to which the work as well
as learning oppurtunities have been
optimally availed by the managee.
Inputs to stocktaking come from the
performance plan and the monitoring
and mentoring record.
 Performance and potential
 Managee’s performance as planned
 Managee’s performance as modified
during the year
 Managee’s actual performance
recorded during the year
 Actual overall performance of the
managee’s workgroup during the
year.
 Qualifications achieved during the
year.