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Is Limiters
Introduction to Is Limiters
STEP Fault Limiting Scheme
Tripping Criteria
Blocking Logic
Inter-tripping to Bus Section
Breakers
Interlocking
Control Supply
Is Limiter LV Compartment Alarm
and Status Signals
Testing
Is Limiter Control Panel
Is Limiter Simulation

# • It does not clear the fault. The fault is cleared by the protection device closest to the fault.

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Operation of Is Limiter

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Fault Current IEC Definitions

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Interrupting Devices
Circuit
breakers
Fuses
Is Limiters

# same as circuit breaker.

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Interrupting Device Ratings
Circuit Breaker Ratings:
Breaking :
Symmetrical
Asymmetrical
Zero crossing is required to interrupt
current
Making
Short time rating
Fuse Ratings:
Cut off current
Let through energy
Is Limiter Ratings:
Max short circuit current (initial
symmetrical)
Max rate of rise. For ACG limiters it is
44.429 kA/ms

# Technical data

• 140 kA RMS

• 210 kA RMS

• 210 kA RMS

• 140 kA RMS

• 140 kA RMS

• 140 kA RMS

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Total operating time of the circuit breaker:
i
T 0 : Response time of the protection relay:
30 -
40
ms
T 1 : Operating time of the protection relay:
30 -
40
ms
T 2 : Operating time of the circuit breaker:
40 -
80
ms
T 3 : Arc duration:
10 - 20
ms
t
Total operating time of the I S -
limiter:
T : 5 - 10 ms
T 0
T 1
T
2
T 3
T

=

## Breaking of a short-circuit current with I S-limiter

T 1

=

T 2

i
i = i 1 + i 2
without I S -limiter
u
i = i 1 + i 2
with I S -limiter
i
1
i
2

126 kA

I K = 25 kA

I K = 25 kA

i i i
1 1 1
I kperm. = 25 kA
i
i
2
2
i = i
i = i 1 + i 2
+ i
1
2
=

Single line diagram of a busbar system with I S -limiter

63 kA

t

Current curve at the short-circuit location

## Detection of the Short-circuit current

i
1
Short-circuit current
1
without I S -limiter
2
Short-circuit current
– I S -limiter tripped –
3
Over current
– I S -limiter not
tripped –
4
Peak value of
service current
2
3
(
di
) 2
(
di
) 3
dt
dt
i
Limit
4
t
i limit ^ ( di / dt )

## INTRODUCTION (Cont….)

Schedule for tripping of the I s -limiter
i
T 0 : Reaching time for tripping criteria
(instantaneous value and di /dt).
T 1 : Response time of the electronic
approx. 15 µs
i
C
T 2 : Time for opening the bursting bridge
and for commutating the
current to the fuse element
T 3 : Melting time of the fuse element
approx.
85 µs
i
B
approx. 500 µs
i
A
T 4 : Arc duration
i A : Tripping criteria are reached
(instantaneous value and di /dt).
i B : Current at beginning of fuse element's melting
i C : Let-through current
.
t
T 0
T 1 T 2
T 3
T 4