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Nastar function

Catalogue
1
Nastar Functions Overview

2
3 4

Nastar Routine optimization functions introduction


Nastar Terminal analysis function introduction Nastar Geographic analysis function introduction

Nastar VIP complaint analysis function introductio

Network Topology
The Nastar is deployed on the distributed network in Client/Server mode and is connected to the network management system. ATAE servers together with the SAUs deployed on BSCs or RNCs can manage a maximum of 50,000 UMTS cells.

Function Solution

User assurance Optimization based on geographic observation

Service resource analysis

Coverage

Neighboring Cell

Frequency

UE analysis Routine network optimization

Scenario

Overview of Nastar Functions (UMTS)


Functions Description
Coverage analysis Neighboring cell analysis Pilot pollution analysis Uplink interference analysis Cell performance analysis Provides MR-based analysis on network downlink coverage problems. Provides intra-RAT neighboring cell analysis and inter-RAT neighboring cell analysis. Provides MR-based frequency optimization analysis. Identifies and analyzes interfered UARFCNs and interfering sources. Analyzes exception causes and user distribution based on cells. Manages VIP users and provides periodic performance analysis for VIP users. Quickly collects user complaint information, and provides complaint analysis support based on exceptions. Displays service analysis results on maps.

Routine network optimization

User assurance

VIP analysis Complaint analysis support Network geographic observation UE analysis

Optimization based on geographic observation UE analysis

Analyzes the performance of each type of terminals on the live network.

Service resource analysis

Data service analysis

Provides data service resource analysis and displays the results on maps.

Source Data for Nastar UMTS Analysis Themes

Source data analyzed by the Nastar is as follows: Network performance data (such as MR data): used for coverage analysis, neighboring cell analysis, and pilot pollution analysis. RTWP data: used for uplink interference analysis. CHR data: used for complaint analysis support, VIP analysis, terminal analysis, cell performance analysis, and data service analysis. Network performance data and CHR data: used for geographic observation and data service analysis.

Catalogue
1 Nastar Functions Overview
Nastar Routine optimization functions introduction Coverage analysis Neighbor analysis Pilot Pollution analysis UL interference analysis Cell performance analysis

3 4 5

Nastar Terminal analysis function introduction Nastar Geographic analysis function introduction

Nastar VIP complaint analysis function introductio

The Nastar provides the UMTS coverage analysis function. With this function, you can analyze the measurement reports (MRs) sent by UEs to check the coverage of test cells and detect cells affected by weak coverage, coverage overlapping, and poor service quality on the live network. An MR contains the downlink RSCP, Ec/No, and propagation delay (TP) when the UE accesses a cell. After the analysis conditions are set, the Nastar starts to analyze the coverage of selected cells and displays the analysis results in a 2-dimensional chart, 3dimensional chart, and table. The 2-dimensional displays the AMR, VP, BE, AMR+BE, and other services and the RSCP_DL, Ec/Io_DL, and TP counters. The 3-dimensional chart displays the PS and CS services and the RSCP_DL, Ec/Io_DL, and TP counters. The summarized analysis table lists the summary of all counters corresponding to the services in the 2-dimensional chart. Coverage analysis results can be exported as CSV or XLS files. You can optimize network coverage based on these analysis results.

UMTS Coverage Analysis

Coverage Analysis Theme Network Assessment


Assess network coverage based on the call information of UEs. The network coverage is good (RSCP > -100 dBm and ECNO > -12 dB in 85% cases)
As shown in the figure, the network coverage is good. The RSCP is above -100 dBm in 90% cases.

ECNO is poor.

Both are good.

As shown in the figure, the network coverage is good. The ECNO is above -12 dB in 90% cases.

Both are poor.

RSCP is poor.
Generally, the network coverage is about 1 km.

The network coverage can be assessed based on the thresholds of two counters.

UMTS Coverage Analysis Problem Locating


Service Type AMR BE Total Number of TP Measurement Reports 81 7039 Total Number of RSCP Measuremen t Reports 234 11945 Total Number of ECNO Measurement Reports 234 11945 Average TP 5 3 Average RSCP (dBm) -91 -103 Average ECNO (dB) -8 -11.5

A user complains that the network service is unavailable in an area, which is covered by the Weixing 31 cell. By analyzing the UMTS coverage data, you can see that the RSCP and ECNO of PS services in the cell are poor. If no neighboring cell of the cell is missing, check whether the antenna downtilt of the cell can be adjusted.

View the 2-dimensional chart of the BE service. UEs are averagely 600 m distant (TP = 3 in 70% cases). View the 3-dimensional chart (PS: ECNO VS TP, PS: RXCP VS TP). When TP is 3, both RSCP and ECNO are poor. The RSCP is averagely above -102 dBm, and the ECNO is about -11 dB.

Overview of UMTS Intra-Frequency


Neighboring Cell Analysis
The information in the measurement reports (MRs) provided by UEs reflects the actual propagation of wireless signals. With the UMTS intra-frequency neighboring cell analysis function, you can summarize and analyze the MRs and events sent by UEs to detect missing and redundant neighboring cells and neighboring cells whose priorities need to be adjusted and solve network quality problems due to redundant and missing neighboring cells and incorrect priorities. The process of intra-frequency neighboring cell analysis is as follows:
1. 2. 3. 4. Identify, analyze, and optimize the cells affected by low handover success rate and high call drop rate, cells frequently complained by users, and cells in VIP areas. Add neighboring relationship for the obviously missing neighboring cells. Delete neighboring relationship for the obviously redundant neighboring cells (distant and seldom accessed). The missing of some neighboring cells may be caused due to network coverage problems. Therefore, observe the relative geographic position as well as the antenna height, azimuth, downtilt, and serving region of the site. These problems may be caused due to coverage overlapping, reverse connections of antennas, or micro cell leakage. Implement the optimization scheme and assess the optimization effect.

5.

Case 1 of UMTS Intra-Frequency Neighboring 1. A neighboring cell is obviously missing. Cell Analysis 2. The antenna is blocked or the NodeB cannot function
normally. 3. The azimuth of the antenna is inappropriate or coverage overlapping occurs.

1.

Large quantities of tier-1 neighboring cells of the Yanqiao 12 cell are missing.

4.

The Zhongding 31 cell and Yanqiao 12 cells are obviously facing each other, but they are considered as redundant neighboring cells. Check whether the antenna of the Zhongding 31 is blocked or whether the Zhongding 31 cell functions normally.

3.

There is serious coverage overlapping: The NodeB of the No. 1 defined neighboring cell (Beiai 12) is 40 m high, and its antenna downtilt is only 1 degree. The Yanqiao site is 25 m high. As a result, the coverage of the Beiai 12 site is overlapping. You are advised to increase the downtilt of the Beiai 12 antenna to control its coverage.

2.

The directions of the Beiai 22 and 32 cells are opposite to that of the Yanqiao 12 cell, and therefore these neighboring cells are obviously redundant, as shown in the GIS window. The Zhongjiaquan 12 cell is a reverse tier-2 neighboring cell of the Yanqiao 12 cell, the activation times of this cell is 0, and this cell reports 0 1A1C event. Therefore, the neighboring relationship can be deleted.

UMTS Pilot Pollution Analysis


The Nastar provides the UMTS pilot pollution analysis function, can analyze daily call information to identify the cells affected by pilot pollution, source of pollution, and severity of pollution. The Nastar can display the analysis results on a map for you to view details, which saves the drive test time and improves the accuracy of The principles of the function are as follows: problem locating. The Nastar analyze the intra-frequency measurement information in each MR. If the number of intra-frequency cells whose difference in strongest signals is lower than a preset threshold exceeds three in an MR, the MR is considered as a pilot-polluted MR. The optimal cell in the activation set of the MR is considered as a pilot-polluted cell, and the cells in the non-activation set of the MR and meeting a preset threshold are -60 considered as pilot-polluting cells.
-65
RSCP (dBm)

Margin

-70 -75 -80 -85 -90 SC1 SC2 SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6 Not Pilot Pollution -62 -64

-66

-68

-69 -81

Active Set

Pilot Pollution

UMTS Pilot Pollution Analysis Viewing


Analysis Results
Switch between the pilotpolluted cell list and pilotpolluting cell list.

Top n pilotpolluted cells

Pilot-polluting cell list of top n pilotpolluted cells

Geographi c observatio n of Pilot Pollution


Display pilot-polluted and pilot-polluting cells in the GIS window.

UMTS Uplink Interference Analysis


The Nastar provides the UMTS uplink interference analysis function. Using this function, you can manage UMTS uplink interference analysis tasks and query UMTS uplink interference analysis reports. UMTS uplink interference analysis is based on the Received Total Wideband Power (RTWP) data reported by NodeBs. Locate the NodeBs that suffer uplink interference according to the interference order. Check whether the value of the main Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) is normal based on the main interference signal strength and trend chart to analyze the characteristics of interference. View the main interference difference layout chart to check whether the antenna has any problem in reception.

Case 1 of UMTS Uplink Interference Analysis


Interference is detected.
Uplink interference is detected, and the strength of the typical interference signal is about -85 dBm.

The uplink antenna is faulty.


Check the maindiversity level layout. If the layout is obviously unbalanced (> 5 dB), a branch of the reception channel is faulty.

Main - diversity

Normal

Abnormal

Case 2 of UMTS Uplink Interference Analysis


Cell id 62231 & 62233 having main and diversity swap, RTWP Trend of sector1 Main RX is similar with sector3 Diversity RX

A one-time cell performance analysis task is created on the Nastar. Then, the SAU connected to the RNC retrieves abnormal call records occurring in the specified period and specified cell from mass call records and performs exception analysis on the abnormal cell.
Exception class analysis result

UMTS Cell Performance Analysis

Abnormal object selection area

Bottom analysis: Exception type analysis result summarization area BottomN cell analysis BottomN user analysis BottomN terminal analysis

Catalogue
1 2
3

Nastar Functions Overview

Nastar Routine optimization functions introduction


Nastar Terminal analysis function introduction

4 5

Nastar Geographic analysis function introduction

Nastar VIP complaint analysis function introductio

UMTS Terminal Analysis Application Scenarios


Terminal penetration analysis Periodically analyzes the penetration of each type of terminals on the network and obtains information about subscribers consumption behaviors to provide information for market strategy making.

Terminal capability analysis

Assesses a terminal supporting a capability on the network to provide basis for telecom operators to deploy a network supporting a feature.

Terminal performance analysis

Analyzes network problems caused by a certain type of terminals and helps telecom operators check the network performance of newly launched terminals.

Page 20

UMTS Terminal Analysis Principle

IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identity) An IMEI, which is globally unique, consists of 15 digits and maps to one mobile terminal.

TAC
Type approval code, sixdigit, indicating equipment type Final assembly code, two-digit, indicating vendors

FAC

SNR

SP
Check code, onedigit, which is spare currently

Sequence number, six-digit, identifying equipment indicated by a TAC and FAC

You can use only the first eight digits of an IMEI to identify the vendor and model of a mobile terminal. Nastar obtains IMEI information reported by the mobile equipment, measures and analyzes the number of terminals, traffic, and performance KPIs based on the terminal type, to solve terminal performance problems.

Page 21 Page 21

UMTS Terminal Analysis Result Penetration Analysis


Terminal penetration analysis can be performed in the following dimensions: IMEITAC_OS_version OS_version OS vendor Terminal model Terminal network type Terminal type Data transmission Supporting Wi-Fi

Number and proportion of terminals

Assess the penetration of each type of brand terminals on the live network to provide information for building network and making market strategies.

UMTS Terminal Analysis Result Terminal Capability Analysis


NE scope

Proportion of terminals supporting a capability

Terminal capabilities

Assess the proportion of terminals supporting a capability to provide basis for telecom operators to deploy a network supporting a certain feature.

UMTS Terminal Analysis Result Terminal Performance Analysis


Terminal performance KPIs

Terminal performance counter set

Performance KPIs of cells and bearers

Assess performance counters of terminals on the live network to identify terminals where problems occur on the network.

UMTS Network Geographic Observation Functional Principle


Network structure Network geographic observation

Event map
RNC
Data

Traffic map

M2000
Data

Coverage map
City map
Based on the radio link measurement information about actual users,

Nastar
1. Measurement information collection and position locating 2. Network assessment and geographic observation

and information about users' calls, on the live network, as well as a


feature database generated by using a planning tool based on coverage prediction, the Nastar locates the positions of calls or events and displays the coverage, traffic, and event distribution of the radio network on grid maps in the GIS.

Catalogue
1 2 Nastar Functions Overview

Nastar Routine optimization functions introduction

3
4

Nastar Terminal analysis function introduction


Nastar Geographic analysis function introduction

Nastar VIP complaint analysis function introductio

UMTS Network Geographic Observation Locating Principle


Matching based on the feature database

CHRs
MRs (Online users) Call logs

Locating algorithm Configuration and engineering parameters CellID + delay +

Data preprocessing Geographic observation of locating results

Coverage prediction or AGPS


Note: 1. Feature databasebased locating requires that a feature database containing information such as the levels of all cells on the network be established in advance. The locating precision increases with the improvement of the accuracy of the database information. 2. Distance predictionbased geometric locating requires that the MRs contain sufficient information about neighboring cells and delays. It is inapplicable in certain scenarios, and cannot meet the requirement on high precision.

UMTS Network Geographic Analysis


Result Viewing
Geographic observation of analysis results

Statistical results of grid counters

Legend

Select a service counter.

View grid details to further analyze a problem.

UMTS Network Geographic Analysis Cell


Coverage Analysis

If analysis results are displayed in GIS-based grid map layers, you can right-click a cell to view the grids covered by the cell on a certain layer. This helps network optimization engineers rapidly and easily perform coverage analysis on a single cell.

UMTS Network Geographic Analysis MultiLayer Association Analysis


Start multi-layer association

Select multi-layer association at the association analysis layer

Note: Nastar can combine layers such as the coverage, quality, and traffic layer in multiple windows simultaneously as required. Multiple types of information about an area can be displayed by means of association based on its latitude and longitude. This facilitates problem analysis and improves work efficiency.

UMTS Network Geographic Analysis Call Drop Analysis


In areas where call drops occur, coverage quality is poor and traffic is high.

Catalogue
1 2 Nastar Functions Overview

Nastar Routine optimization functions introduction Nastar Terminal analysis function introduction

3 4

Nastar Geographic analysis function introduction


Nastar VIP complaint analysis function introduction VIP KPI analysis
VIP complaint support analysis

UMTS VIP Analysis Application


Scenarios

Application Scenario 1: Routine VIP user or VIP group performance monitoring Periodically monitor the service usage of VIP users or VIP groups and identify active cells during routine network O&M to detect network problems, improve the experience of VIP users or VIP groups, and retain key user groups. Application Scenario 2: Analysis of service activity and experience trends

of VIP users or VIP groups


Monitor changes and trends in service activities and experience of VIP users or VIP groups over a long period of time to provide custom services.

Application Scenario 3: All-signaling analysis of calls of VIP users

Analyze the release and service experience of calls of very important VIP users.
The Nastar provides a dedicated all-signaling analysis function.

UMTS VIP Analysis - Principles


During a call, the mobile terminal reports the IMSI, start time and end time of the call, and cells that are accessed and released during the call. An IMSI is a 15-digit number. It is the internationally unique identity of each mobile subscriber.
The first 3 digits are the Mobile Country Code (MCC). For example, 460 indicates People's Republic of China. The following 2 digits are the Mobile Network Code (MNC), indicating the mobile network to which the mobile subscriber belongs. The remaining 10 digits are the Mobile Subscription Identification Number (MSIN) used for identifying the mobile subscriber on the mobile network.

Create a one-time or periodic VIP analysis task on the Nastar. After this task is started, the SAU that connects to the RNC will filter the large quantities of call history records (CHRs) of specific IMSIs within specific cells and periods based on the IMSIs of VIP users and obtain all CHRs of VIP users. CHRs of normal calls that occur before and after the abnormal call are also collected, which may be required in the analysis of certain abnormalities.

UMTS VIP Analysis - Specifications


No. Specifications 1 2 UMTS VIP analysis Maximum number of VIP users supported by an analysis report (VIP level: common) UMTS VIP analysis Maximum number of VIP users supported by in-depth record analysis (VIP level: common) UMTS VIP analysis Maximum number of VIP users supported by all-signaling analysis (VIP level: important) Minimum period supported by a periodic analysis task Maximum storage duration of analysis results V600R011 30,000 30,000

3 4 5

100 0.5 hours 30 days

Note: The all-signaling analysis capability depends on the equipment version. RAN10.0 to RAN12.0 Not supported RAN13.0 100 RAN14.0 100

UMTS VIP Analysis Security


Management

VIP user information is very sensitive. To ensure the security of VIP user information, the Nastar provides integrated security management and control functions.

Sensitive VIP user information

Sensitive VIP user information includes the IMSI of a VIP user, MSISDN/mobile phone number, VIP analysis results, and active cell information of the VIP user.

Security management and control means


No VIP user information (such as SMS messages or call contents) can be captured on networks. A stricter scheme for fully encrypting IMSI and MSISDN is provided. A stricter scheme for partially encrypting the reserved IMEI-TAC is provided. Rights control is added for VIP group management and viewing, which is precise to the VIP user level.

Rights control is added for VIP analysis theme operations and viewing.
Sensitive VIP information (such as IMSI) is removed from the GUI that displays VIP analysis results. Rights control is added for automatic email sending of VIP analysis results. Rights can be authorized by VIP group or VIP user. In this way, different accounts can use the same VIP group or VIP user. Operation rights and viewing rights are under separate control.

Secure and flexible rights setting

UMTS VIP Analysis Viewing Analysis


Results by User Level
Summarized analysis table

Select the VIP object. Active cell analysis table of specified VIP groups or users Select the service type.

Select counter sets.

The display pattern of analysis results is improved: Analysis results are displayed in tables, which makes it more convenient for engineers to quickly detect abnormal VIP users based on counters. Analysis results can be filtered flexibly by VIP group, service type, and counter set. While retaining the function of in-depth analysis of a specified VIP user, Nastar V600R010 also provides the function of in-depth analysis of a specified VIP user based on specified abnormal counters.

UMTS VIP Analysis Viewing Analysis


Results by Network Level
Summarized analysis table

Select NEs. Active cell analysis table of VIP users of a specified NE

Select the service type.

Select counter sets.

Provides the function of analyzing active cells of abnormal VIP users by network level. Analysis results are displayed in tables, which makes it more convenient for engineers to quickly detect the active cells where VIP users are abnormal based on counters. Analysis results can be flexibly filtered by NE, service type, and counter set.

UMTS VIP Analysis All Signaling Analysis


In-depth analysis can be performed on the whole signaling procedures of the calls of important VIP users who have subscribed to the required data. 1. Two analysis modes are provided: table and flowchart. 2. Signaling messages at the Uu, Iu, Iub, Iur, and Iupc interfaces can be analyzed.
Tip: Double-click a signaling message. The Signal Detail Information dialog box is displayed.

Tip: Click a signaling message. The associated signaling message data in the flowchart and table is displayed.

UMTS VIP Analysis Analysis VIP


An periodic VIP analysis task can be set to analyze the trends of VIP services by VIP user, time period, and counters. With this task, engineers can monitor the changes in counters and user behaviors and detect the problems that cannot be detected through a one-time analysis task.

Trend

Set complicated conditions for filtering the VIP users that are constantly affected by small problems. Two analysis modes are supported.

Trend analysis chart

Select VIP objects. Select the service type.

Select counter sets.

UMTS Complaint Analysis Support Result Overview

Service selection area

Signaling procedure analysis area Summarized information analysis area

Selection area based on user or cause type

Special function analysis area Mobility analysis Measurement report analysis Service usage analysis

User information analysis area Access/ release process analysis area Statistics information analysis area

UMTS Complaint Analysis Support Summary Report


Fields indicating exception causes: provides exception analysis results based on related information

Release cause field analysis Exception causes recorded by equipment

Select the service type to be viewed Abnormal calls are displayed.

Select the user & abnormal object to be viewed

Nastar V600R011 provides the following functions: Filtering and viewing analysis results based on a selected service type Analyzing exceptions for various types of services

UMTS Complaint Analysis Support MR


Analysis
Measurement information before call release is as follows: 1. IF MR data is provided: Analysis on measurement information in the whole procedure is provided. If MR data is not provided: For complaints made by a common user, analysis on a small quantity of measurement information before call release is provided. For complaints made by a VIP user, analysis on measurement information in the whole procedure is provided. 2. The measurement information analysis function provides two analysis modes: measurement information table and measurement information trend chart.

Tip: Key measurement indicates the radio link environment before call release.

Tip: With the help of the neighboring cell, MR, frequency, and uplink interference analysis, complaints can be handled more efficiently.

Measurement information before call release is displayed in chart: Serving cell + neighboring cell: Ec/No Serving cell + neighboring cell: RSCP Serving cell: UE TX Power Inter-RAT neighboring cell GSM: RSSI Inter-RAT neighboring cell LTE: RSRP and RSRQ

UMTS Complaint Analysis Support Service


Analysis (RAB-Level)

For RAN14.0 and later versions, Nastar V600R011 provides the RAB-level service analysis function for engineers to: Quickly obtain the use of multiple RAB services during one RRC connection setup. Identify the setup and release of combined services to locate exceptions caused by combined services. Analyze service quality trend during RAB services.

UMTS Complaint Analysis Support Access Failure Analysis Case Signaling analysis:
2011-04-26 16:33:27 UE made a PS interactive call in cell 43481 2011-04-26 16:33:28 CN sent the RAB Assignment request to RNC, then RNC sent the RB setup message to UE 2011-04-26 16:33:33 UE failed to send the RB setup complete after 5 seconds (timer expired), so RNC sent the IU release command to release the resource.

MR analysis:
2011-04-26 16:33:27 At the time of accessing, the EcNO of the cell43481 is 8dB 2011-04-26 16:33:28 At the time of RB setup, the EcNo of the cell43481 is 15dB and the RSCP is -112. It is very week signal.

Conclusion:
UE failed to setup the RB when the coverage of the serving cell is very bad (EcIo is -15dB and RSCP is -112).

UE sometimes cannot browsing internet website, then after a short period (around 30s) user are able to browsing internet again.
Investigation by Nastar:
1. Checking the signaling flow, found that: UE send the service request but CN didnt send RAB request to RNC ; after waiting 30s, UE initiate PDP de-active. 2. During this waiting period, CN initiate PDP modify procedure and this procedure take around 8s which is abnormal, so because of this abnormal PDP Mod delay, CN didnt send RAB assignment.

Root cause: 1.

Many Update PDP Context Request/Response between SGSN and GGSN , We found sometime that GGSN does not send Update PDP Context Response to SGSN because the same Sequence Number for different TEID user are sent from SGSN nearly same time. 2. Huawei SGSN completely complies with the protocol 3GPP TS 29.060 , The Sequence Number value in the response message is copied from the request message. That is, the sequence number is assigned by the request transmitting Solution : side and the response transmitting side does not care 1. R&D to the optimize the SGSN implementation about Sequence Number value. for using different
sequence number to resolve the problem. The patch already release 20th May , TWA&CWDC1&SUK already upgraded and active DT function.

VIP Complaint HSUPA throughput low


Investigation by Nastar:
1. User established PS DL in HSDPA but UL in R99 PS at CELL ARE1W21 2. User Uplink throughput is very low around 1kbps (2s transmit 292bytes) 3. RF condition of serving cell is acceptable, EcIo is -8dB; RSCP is -86dBm 4. User suffer SHO fail, reason is HSUPA User Number congestion in target cell 5. Nastar Traffic Map show high traffic in this area

VIP Complaint HSUPA throughput low


Based Nastar initial analysis, involved Cell is done 1. performance During the complaint period, site suffer congestions, active Users numbers are very high
2. 3. HSUPA user number already reach the maximum (F1 max is 6, F2 is 20, F3 is 20) Low throughput is because of high load of this site.

Solutions:
1. Split this site to 4 sectors to expand the capacity.

AIS BKK Plan new site in Phase 2 ( Total #688 Sites in Batch 6-10 )