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Betty Schrampfer Azar Stacy A.

Hagen

Teacher Resource Disc


Slide shows for use with PowerPoint presentation software

Laurette Poulos Simmons


Copyright 2007 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS
16-1 16-2 16-3 16-4 16-5 16-6 16-7 16-8 Comparisons: using the same (as), similar (to), Comparisons: using like and alike The comparative: using -er and more The superlative: using -est and most Using one of + superlative + plural noun Using but Using verbs after but Making comparisons with adverbs

16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR (TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

Maura and Laura are the same.

16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR (TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

THE SAME (AS)

Maura and Laura are the same. Maura is the same as Laura.

Maura

Laura

16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR (TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

SIMILAR (TO)

Nan and Jan are similar. Nan is similar to Jan.

Nan

Jan

16-1 COMPARISONS: USING THE SAME (AS), SIMILAR (TO), AND DIFFERENT (FROM)

DIFFERENT (FROM)

Elias and Hannah are different. Elias is different from Hannah.

Elias

Hannah

16-1 Lets Practice

D is ___________ different from A.


A B E

the same (as) similar (to) different (from)

16-1 Lets Practice

B is ___________ the same as E.


A B E

the same (as) similar (to) different (from)

16-1 Lets Practice

C is _________F. similar to
A B E

the same (as) similar (to) different (from)

16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

Your bag is like my bag.

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16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

I have a brown bag with two straps. You have a brown bag with two straps.

(a) Your bag is like my bag. (b) Your bag and my bag are alike. (c) Our bags are alike.

like = similar to alike = similar

same meaning
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16-2 COMPARISONS: USING LIKE AND ALIKE

(a) Your bag is like my bag. This + be + like + that. (b) Your bag and my bag are alike. This and that + be + alike.

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16-2 Lets Practice

like alike

Arthurs car

Adelles car

Adelle and Arthur have similar cars. In other words, their cars are _____. alike
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16-2 Lets Practice

like alike

A bus is ____ like a train in some ways.

a bus

a train
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16-2 Lets Practice

like alike

These girls are sisters. They look ____. alike

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

Nicola is taller than Bradley.

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(a) Nicola is taller than Bradley.


Nicola is more tall than Bradley. ?

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(b) Happiness is more important than money.

Happiness is importanter than money. ?

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

(a) Nicola is taller than Bashir.

(b) Happiness is more important than money. To compare two persons or things:

adjective +

-er + than more

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE

big cheap old funny pretty

er g er er funn ier y y prettier

ADJECTIVES THAT END IN -Y

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16-3 THE COMPARATIVE: USING -ER AND MORE

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES WITH famous important TWO OR MORE interesting SYLLABLES more famous more important more interesting

IRREGULAR COMPARATIVE FORMS

good bad far

better worse farther/further


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16-3 Lets Practice

old

Ivana is older ____ than Paris.


Paris 17 Ivana 19

Justine 15

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16-3 Lets Practice

important

more important than money. Family is _____________

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16-3 Lets Practice

happy

The woman with the smile looks happier ______ than the woman with the frown.

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

We have a big family. My brother is older than me. Grandpa is the oldest of all. My brother

Me

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

(a) COMPARATIVE

My brother is older than me.


(b) SUPERLATIVE

Grandpa is the oldest of all.

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

old
ADJECTIVES WITH ONE SYLLABLE

older

the oldest

big

bigger

the biggest

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

pretty
ADJECTIVES THAT END IN -Y

prettier

prettiest

easy

easier

easiest

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE ADJECTIVES WITH TWO OR MORE SYLLABLES

more the most expensive expensive expensive more the most important important important

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16-4 THE SUPERLATIVE: USING -EST AND MOST

ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE

IRREGULAR FORMS

good

better

the best

bad
far

worse
farther/ further

the worst
the farthest/ furthest
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16-4 Lets Practice

tall

Justine is ______ taller than Paris. Ivana is the ____________ tallest of all the sisters.
Paris Ivana Justine

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16-4 Lets Practice

expensive A good bicycle is expensive. A motorcycle is more expensive. A car is ______________________. the most expensive (of all)

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16-4 Lets Practice

heavy

A horse is ________than a dog. heavier An elephant is __________ the heaviest of all.

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16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN

Kyung is one of the cutest babies I know.

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16-5 USING ONE OF + SUPERLATIVE + PLURAL NOUN

(a) Kyung is one of the cutest babies I know.

(b) Angel Falls is one of the most beautiful


waterfalls in the world.

(c) Jackson is one of the best students


in school.

one of + superlative + plural noun

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16-5 Lets Practice

Tahiti in the world

beautiful places most

_________ is one of the __________________ Tahiti most beautiful places ______________. in the world

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16-5 Lets Practice

Bos Barbeque in this town restaurants worst ____________ worst restaurants Bos Barbecue is one of the ______________ _________________. in this town

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16-5 Lets Practice

buildings the Eiffel Tower tallest in France

_____________ The Eiffel Tower is one of the ______________ tallest buildings _________________. in the world
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16-6 USING BUT

Janet is sad, but Kendall is happy.

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16-6 USING BUT

(a) Janet is sad, but Kendall is happy.


(b) He likes classical music, but she likes jazz.

but = This is the opposite of that. , but

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16-6 Lets Practice

Imelda is tall, but Jana is _____. short thirsty short difficult funny delicious

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16-6 Lets Practice

The first test was easy, but this test is

_________ . difficult
thirsty short difficult funny delicious

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16-6 Lets Practice

The dinner wasnt very good, but the dessert was ________. delicious

thirsty short difficult funny delicious

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

AFFIRMATIVE + VERB (a) Kendall is happy, (b) Giraffes are tall, (c) I was reading, (d) Ali rides a bike,

but + but but but but

NEGATIVE VERB Janet isnt. lions arent. Lea wasnt. Lisa doesnt.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

AFFIRMATIVE + VERB (e) They like candy, (f) Jay brought gum, (g) Adults can cook, (h) Ann will jump rope,

but + but but but but

NEGATIVE VERB we dont. Alexi didnt. babies cant. Janet wont.

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

NEGATIVE VERB (i) Janet isnt happy, (j) Lions arent tall,

but + AFFIRMATIVE VERB but but Kendall is. giraffes are. I was. Ali does.

(k) Ana wasnt reading, but (l) Lisa doesnt sing, but

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

NEGATIVE VERB

but + AFFIRMATIVE VERB but but but but they do. Ramona did. adults can. Zoe will.

(m) We dont like tea, (n) Alexi didnt laugh, (o) Babies cant cook, (p) Janet wont play,

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16-7 USING VERBS AFTER BUT

Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt happy.


Kendall is happy, but Janet isnt.

but

shortened verb phrase

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16-7 Lets Practice

This dog is on a leash, but that dog ____. isnt

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16-7 Lets Practice

Yung wont go on an airplane, but her friend ___. will

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16-7 Lets Practice

Some people love pet goldfish,

dont but I ____.

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

Jake works harder than Hal (does).

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE

(a) Jamie works more quickly than Pat (does).


SUPERLATIVE

(b) Ben works the most quickly of all.

COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE adverbs adverbs ending ending in in --ly ly the more most carefully the more most neatly the more most slowly
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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE

(c) Angie works faster than Debbie (does).


SUPERLATIVE

(d) Melissa works the fastest of all.

-er and -est with irregular adverbs

hard, fast, early, late

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16-8 MAKING COMPARISONS WITH ADVERBS

COMPARATIVE

(e) Most people sing better than I (do).


SUPERLATIVE

(f) Steve sings the best of all.

better best

forms of well

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16-8 Lets Practice

Sully had a good score on the English test.


COMPARATIVE

English Test
Paula 100%
Merna Sully

Merna had a ______ better score.


SUPERLATIVE

88% 75%

Paula had _______ the best score of all.

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16-8 Lets Practice

I have to get up early on Monday.


COMPARATIVE

I have to get up _______ earlier on Tuesday.


SUPERLATIVE

I have to get up _________ the earliest on Friday.

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16-8 Lets Practice

Simone can run quickly.


COMPARATIVE

Majid can run ____________. more quickly


SUPERLATIVE

Larry can run the _______________ of all. most quickly

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PHOTO CREDITS

Images used under license from: Shutterstock, Inc. Clipart.com

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