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PRESENTED BY

D.srilatha
G.Maheshwari K.priyanka K.sangeetha

Under the guidance of


Mrs. R.Vanitha Rani
HOD of ECE dept.

VITS WOMENS ENGINEERING COLLEGE

Abstract
Introduction

of project Block diagram Hardware tools Software tools Embedded system Conclusion Future scope Bibilography

The project aims in designing of a system which is capable of tracking the location of cardiac patients and also monitoring of heart rate. The system monitors patient's health status, such as heart rate, co and body temperature. The values obtained like heart rate, co and body temperature is also displayed on to the attached LCD in alphanumerical form

Now

a days technology is running with time it completely occupied the life style of human beings . In India 18.8% of the deaths are caused due to heart diseases. Surviving a cardiac patient depends on the treatment that is given within the initial stage . Most common reason for treatment delay is patient unawareness.

In this project we are making use of technology to sense serious health problems.

So that efficient medical Services can be provided to the patient in appropriate time.

Regulated power supply


HEART Beat SENSOR
M I C R O C O N T R O L L E R

LCD
RS232

TEMPERATU RE SENSOR

MAX 232 IC
RS232

GPS GSM

CO

MAX 232 IC

INPUT

Regulated power supply Heart beat sensor Temperature sensor Gas Sensor GPS
GSM LCD

OUT PUT

CONTROL

UNIT

Microcontroller

A regulated power supply is an embedded circuit, or standalone


unit, the function of which is to supply a stable voltage (or less often current), to a circuit or device that must be operated within certain power supply limits. The output from the regulated power supply may be alternating or unidirectional, but is nearly always DC

The

blood level circulation during contraction and expansion of the heart is sensed by the heart rate sensor

Temperature

sensors are the devices that sense the temperature of the object This sensors senses the senses the temperature and generates the output signals In one of the two forms: change in voltage or change the resistance

LM35

is a precision IC temperature sensor with its output proportional to the temperature (in oC). The operating temperature range is from -55C to 150C. The output voltage varies by 10mV in response to every oC rise/fall in ambient temperature, i.e., its scale factor is 0.01V/ oC.

Pin No 1 2

Function Supply voltage; 5V (+35V to -2V) Output voltage (+6V to -1V)

Name Vcc Output

Ground (0V)

Ground

The

general equation used to convert output voltage to temperature is: Temperature ( oC) = Vout * (100 oC/V)
The output voltage varies linearly with temperature.

gas detector is a device which detects the presence of various gases within an area, usually as part of a safety system. Gas detectors can be used to detect combustible, flammable and toxic gases, and oxygen depletion.

MAX232 is a voltage level converter which converts transistor transistor logic to recommended standard 232 logic MAX232 is connected between external device and the microcontroller The external modules works on different voltages (rs232) The microcontroller should have 5v to run and works on TTL logic The MAX232 is in ic form

RS-232

(Recommended Standard - 232) is a telecommunications standard for binary serial communications between devices. It supplies the roadmap for the way devices speak to each other using serial ports. The devices are commonly referred to as a DTE (data terminal equipment)and DCE (data communications equipment); for example, a computer and modem, respectively.

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions. The GPS project was developed in 1973. GPS was created and realized by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and was originally run with 24 satellites. It became fully operational in 1994.

GPS

Space Segment

Control Segment

User Segment

Here's how GPS works in five logical steps The basis of GPS is "triangulation" from satellites. It's really "trilateration.

To "triangulate," a GPS receiver measures distance using the travel time of radio signals. To measure travel time, GPS needs very accurate timing which it achieves with some tricks. Along with distance, you need to know exactly where the satellites are in space. High orbits and careful monitoring are the secret. Finally you must correct for any delays the signal experiences as it travels through the atmosphere.

Ionosphere and troposphere delays Signal multipath Receiver clock errors Orbital errors Number of satellites visible Satellite geometry/shading Intentional degradation of the satellite signal

WHAT IS LCD?
A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals.

microcontroller is a single silicon chip with memory and all input or output peripherals on it. Hence Microcontroller is also popularly known as a single chip computer.

8kbytes of flash program memory. 368 bytes of Data memory (Ram). 256 bytes of EEPROM Data memory.

33 input and output pins.


20 MHz operating speed (200 ns instruction cycle). High performance RISC CPU. Only 35 Simple word instruction.

Power on reset(POR).

Low power high speed CMOS 8-bit flash microcontroller. Wide operating voltage range(2.0-5.56) volts. Low power consumption. Analog to Digital convertor(ADC). Serial communication: UART,SPI,I2C. Timers and counters(8 and 16 bits). Watch dog timers.

o o o o

Or CAD
Or

CAD is a proprietary software tool suite used primarily for electronic design automation. The software is used mainly by electronic design engineers and electronic technicians to create electronic schematics and electronic prints for manufacturing printed circuit boards. The name Or CAD is a portmanteau, reflecting the company and its software's origins: Oregon + CAD.

PCW is a feature rich Integrated Development Environment (IDE) and two PIC-C Compilers for the Microchip PIC Microcontroller. PCW is literally the stand-alone PCB and PCM. PIC compilers seamlessly combined with a powerful Windows IDE. This IDE/compiler combination is the perfect companion to our PIC Prototyping Board.

Flash Magic is a PC tool for programming flash based microcontrollers from NXP using a serial or Ethernet protocol while in the target hardware. FEATURES Straight forward and intuitive user interface Five simple steps to erasing and programming a device and setting key options Programs Intel Hex Files Automatic verifying after programming Use high-speed serial communications on devices that support it.

The REMOTE MONITORING OF HUMAN HEALTH AND ALERT SYSTEM FOR CARDIAC PATIENTS USING GSM AND GPS has been successfully designed with innovative features and its performance is tested. In our experiments data concerning heart rate, respiratory rate and body temperature levels were gathered simultaneously in real time and with minimal data losses The refinement of our system will be of benefit in medical applications where patients need monitoring continuously in various environments.

In

future improvements can be made to the Health Monitoring system by introducing new sensors and by integrating alarm triggering algorithms and advanced security techniques.

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me/My%20Documents/Downloads/lm35.htm