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POLYTECHNIC UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES

College of Architecture and Fine Arts


Sta.Mesa Manila

INDUSTRIAL PLANNING DESIGN STANDARDS &


GUIDELINES

DELA CRUZ , MA . GINELLI D . C .


FORONDA , EMMAN A .
VASQUEZ , JEMARIE S .
VASQUEZ , REYMHAR V .

BSARCH 5 - 2D

ARCHT . REY S . GABITAN


INDUSTRIAL PLANNING
DEFENITION
&
CLASSIFICATION
INDUSTRIAL SUBDIVISION
ØA track of land partitioned into lots for sale or lease to
establishments engaged primarily in industrial
production and services.
ØThe degree of the development may be limited to the
provision of the utilities and allocation of areas for
industrial buildings, facilities and amenities.

INDUSTRIAL PLOT
ØAlso called “factory plot”, an allocated lot within
industrial subdivision intended for industrial or factory
used and where such factory is located
INDUSTRIAL ESTATE
A form of industrial subdivision characterized by three
basic features:

1. It is developed according to a comprehensive


plan
2.Continuing management of the entire area is left
to a single controlling body
3.Screening industries is undertaken prior to
development.
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION

LIGHT INDUSTRIAL
ØNon-pollutive, non-hazardous industries
ØCustomary support facilities for industries such as
housing, community, utilities, and services
ØBuilding/structure with lesser negative environmental
impact
ØCharacterized mainly as low rise but sprawling building
Example:
-ice plants/cold storage
-power plants (thermal, hydro or geothermal)
-pumping plants
-factories & workshop using incombustible or
non-explosive materials

Ø
MEDIUM INDUSTRIAL
ØStorage and hazardous industrial
ØPollutive/non-hazardous industries and
pollutive/hazardous industries only.
ØA medium industrial use or occupancy, characterized
mainly as low rise but sprawling building for medium
intensity manufacturing or production activities.

MEDIUM INDUSTRIAL DISTRIBUTION


vMedium Industrial which shall include storage and
handling of hazardous and highly flammable materials
Example:
-storage tanks, building for storing gasoline,etc.
-Armories, arsenals, munitions factories
-match and fireworks factories
-plastics processing plants
-all type of large complexes for public utilities
Ø

Ø
vMedium Industrial which shall include storage and
handling of hazardous and flammable materials
Example:
-dry cleaning plants using flammable liquids
-paint stores with bulk handling
-paint shops with spray painting rooms
-sign and billboard painting shops

vMedium industrial buildings for wood working


activities, paper cardboard manufacturers, textile and
garments factories
Example:
-wood working establishments
-planning mills and sawmills
-textile and fiber spinning mills
-grain and cement silos
-garment and undergarment factories
Ø

Ø
vMedium Industrial for repair garages and engine
manufacturers
Example:
-repair garages and shops
-factories for engines and turbines and
attached testing facilities

vMedium industrial for aircraft facilities


Example:
-Hangars
-manufacturers and assembly plants of
aircraft engines
-Repairs and testing shops for aircraft
engines and parts

Ø
CLASSIFICATION OF INDUSTRIES
1. ACCORDING TO RESOURCE
•Resource-Oriented Industries. These are characterized
by the large proportion of raw materials value to total
production value. They are located in areas where resources
are available, thus minimizing added cost to the
transportation of raw materials.
•Market-Oriented Industries. These include processing
which usually adds bulk and weight to the products. Hence,
Ø
distribution costs and other related problems are minimized
if they are located near marketing centers.
•Footloose Industries. These industries are second-stage
users where processing cost of materials count more than
transfer costs. Thus, they are located where their linkages
are greatest.
2. ACCORDING TO CAPITALIZATION

Cottage Industry. An activity with total assets not exceeding


P500,000.

Small Scale Industries. Total assets should be P500,000 to


P5,000,000.
Ø Scale Industries. Total assets should be
Medium
P5,000,000 to P20,000,000.

Large Scale Industries. Total assets should be over P20


million.
3. ACCORDING TO HAZARD/RISKS

Hazardous Industries. These are fire and health hazards.


Non-hazardous industries discharge negligible amounts of
combustible or toxic wastes.

Pollutant Industries. These industries discharge large


amounts of air, water or solid pollutants. Pollutant industries
emitØlittle or negligible amounts of these pollutants.
Light. Non-pollutive / non-hazardous; non-pollutive/
hazardous
Medium. Pollutive / non-hazardous; pollutive/ hazardous
Heavy. Highly pollutive / non-hazardous; highly pollutive /
hazardous; highly pollutive/ extremely hazardous
4. ACCORDING TO EMPLOYMENT SIZE

Cottage Industries. Industries with an employment of


less than 10 workers.

Small Scale Industries. Industries with 10 to 99 employees.

Ø Scale Industries. Industries with 100 to 199


Medium
employees.

Large Scale Industries. Industries with 200 or more


employees
INDUSTRIAL PLANNING
SITE
CONSIDERATIONS
AND
GUIDELINES
SITE PLANNING CONSIDERATION
ØSITE CRITERIA
- Shall be located in areas classified as based on site
inspection guidelines issued by the commission

SITE SELECTION CRITERIA


- PHYSICAL - UTILITIES
- ECONOMIC - LOCAL LIVING FACILITIES
- LEGAL ASPECT - LOCAL EDUCATION
- SOURCEOF MATERIALS - ACCESSIBILITY
- CLIMATE - POPULATION GROWTH
- LAND TOPOGRAPHY - SOIL CONDITION
- SOURCE OF MATERIALS
ØLAND ALLOCATION
- Allocation of land shall be based on the needs of
prospective clients or tenants and the provision of
minimum facilities/utilities

ØLAND REGULATION
- Type and mixture of industrial activities to be
undertaken including the bulk and height of the building
to be establish in the site
-The regulation would be in conformity with the
existing zoning regulations and other pertinent laws
INDUSTRIAL SITE DESIGN STANDARDS
ØPLOTS
-Minimum plot size shall be 500 square
meters
-The length and width of plot shall be
adequate to provide off-street service and
parking facilities
- For Regular shaped plots, the plot frontage shall
not be less than half the depth of the plot
- For Irregular Shaped plots, the minimum plot
frontage shall be 10 meters and the depth shall not be
more than thrice
- All plots shall front of the street
- If the plots contains an existing or proposed
across highway, expressway or railroads, plots shall
not front such transportation lines unless provided with
a service road
ØBLOCKS
- The length of the blocks shall not exceed 500
meters
-Each blocks shall be design to provide adequate
spaces for buildings and accessories; convenient
but economical access utility run and proper
circulation

ØSETBACKS
- Minimum setbacks requirements and setbacks of
the building from the property lines shall be in
accordance with the National Building Code and the
local zoning ordinance
.
ØEASEMENT
It shall be subject for public use as stipulated in
the implementing rules and regulations of water code.

- 3 METERS SETBACKS FOR URBAN USERS


- 20 METERS EASEMENTS FOR ALL AGRICULTURAL USES
- 40 METERS EASEMENTS FOR ALL FOREST USERS

ØBUFFERS
-Buffers strips of at least 10 meters wide along the
entire stretch of the subdivision where its abuts
conflicting uses shall be maintained
-Such buffer strips may be in form of a perimeter
road, parking area or preferably strip to planted
trees.
ØROADS
It shall be follow the hierarchal systems and shall
be classified as main, secondary and service, all of
which shall be concrete pavements

-Main road shall have a minimum right-of-way of 20


meters, a 14 meters carriage way, 2 meters sidewalk
and 1 meter planting strip both sides

-Secondary road shall have a minimum right-of-


way of 17 meters, a 12 meters carriage way, 1.5
meters sidewalk and 1 meter planting strip both
sides.
-
- Service road shall have a minimum right-of-way, a 7
meters carriage way, 1.5 meters sidewalk and 1 meter
planting strip both sides.
ØPATHWAYS
The separation of pedestrian and vehicular traffic
shall be encourage.
-Pathways shall have a minimum width of 4 meters
and shall paved to connect to the road network, factory
buildings and facilities within the subdivisions.
-
ØENTRANCE AND EXITS POINTS
- It shall be strategically for security and emergency
consideration
ØPARKING,LOADING & UNLOADING AREAS
-Land shall be allocated for off-street loading
and unloading. Loading and Unloading bays
shall be located as to cause minimum traffic
obstruction on the road

-
ØPHYSICAL DESIGN GUIDELINES
1. For parking in front and one side of the building,
provide 12.00 to 15.00 m for the delivery and parking stalls.
2. If parking is allowed both sides of the driveway,
provide 18.00 to 20.00 m space
3. Warehousing operation can be successful with 26
meters of truck docking and maneuvering depths
4. For parking and landscaping of one aisle and parking
stall on either side,23.0 meters will be sufficient
5. The ratio of parking spaces required for building is
proportional to the number of employees commuting habits
7. Building coverage above 50% can be allotted for
warehouses while offices and light manufacturing with
ample parking space requires 30% of building area
coverage.
-
ØSERVICES/UTILITIES
Ø
WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM
- Itshall be connected to an approved public or
community water supply system provided such connection
would not be prejudicial to the needs of the locality.
- If the pressure of delivery is insufficient to allow
distribution, the owner shall develop additional source of
water supply in accordance with the rules and regulations of
the local utilities company
- The water requirements shall depend on the type and
number of industries as well as on the number of
workers/population
- The owner shall provide water for industrial use equal
to a minimum of 85 cubic meters per day per hectare
and 75 liters per capita per day for domestic consumption
-
- When connection to public water supply system is not
possible or inadequate, a centralized water supply system
shall be provided.
- For the site using pumps, the pump capacity and the
number of deepwell pumps should be adequate relative to
the water requirements

STORM DRAINAGE SYSTEM


-The site shall connect to the existing drainage line
or water body.
- In the absence of drainage system, the owner shall
provide a drainfield within the site

-
WASTE DISPOSAL SYSTEM

1.INDUSTRIAL WASTES
Disposal of industrial waste shall be governed by
pertinent rules and regulations of NPCC and MOH

2. SEWAGE DISPOSAL
It shall connect to an approved public sewerage
system. Where a public sewerage system is not available,
the owner shall provide its own system subject to the
requirements which NPCC and MOH shall prescribed

3. SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL


The owner shall establish linkage with the local
government for the inclusion of the subdivision in the
municipal waste disposal system or shall adopt its own
system subject to pertinent rules and regulation of local
POWER SUPPLY AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
A power supply system shall be put up by the owner ,
ensuring the availability to each lot, in accordance
with the requirements of the local utility company in the
area.

FACILITIES AND AMENITIES


- The owner shall allocate spaces for facilities
necessary for the well being of the workers, the area of
which shall be based either on the subdivision scale or
area or on the projected number of the employees.
- Project with a minimum of 20 plots shall allocate an
area equivalent of a 1% of gross area for
administration. The vacant portion shall be reserve for
emergency use and other amenities
-
INDUSTRIAL BUILDING DESIGN
CONSIDERATIONS
AND
GUIDELINES
-
INDUSTRIAL BUILDING CONSIDERATIONS
AND GUIDELINES
ØThe consultant must be well informed of the kind of
products to be manufactured, the volume produced,
and other information relative to the production and
manner of processing.
Ø
ØManagement considers the need on a long range
plan, not just for immediate needs only. The entire
plant site are laid out for at least 20 to 25 years
duration with the particular building structures built to
serve only the needs for the next five years.
ØAfter the selection of the site, the initial breakdown of area
allocation for buildings include:
Ø
1.ADMINISTRATION OFFICES
-It pertains to the management of the building
2.EMPLOYEES FACILITIES
-It pertains to the workers amenities and should be
near the working space for accessibility.
3.RESEARCH AND CONTROL
-It pertains to the development of the facilities
4.MANUFACTURING
-It pertains to production and processing
5.WAREHOUSING
-It pertains to the storage handling of materials and
product

Ø
5. INTERNAL ENGINEERING
-adequate spaces for mechanical and electrical
installations are the primary consideration in industrial
design.
6. EXTERNAL ENGINEERING
-It refers to all outside utilities and storage
facilities needed for a plant to operate efficiently. It
includes the following:
-parking space
-truck docks
-tank farms
-sewage disposal plant
-electrical transformer
-pumping station
-water storage facilities

Ø
PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING
ØA plant can be designed under two different concepts
depending upon the kinds and number of products
1. production layout could be linear
2.processing layout is parallel.

PLANNING CRITERIA FOR PRODUCTION EVALUATION


1.Easy and smooth flow of materials
2.Flexible to rearrangement
3.Room for expansions
4.Easy movements of personnel
5.Ease of supervision
6.Minimum initial investment.

Ø
PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING LAYOUT

Ø
INDUSTRIAL BUILDING DESIGN CONSIDERATION
S INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING:

1.GENERAL /SPECIAL PURPOSE BUILDING


-less initial cost and can be sold later for profit
-frequently changing products, materials, machinery
and equipments process
- fast of getting the layout into production
2.SINGLE OR MULTI-STORY CONSTRUCTION
-when products are large and heavy
-when weight of equipment impose greater load on
floor
-large items that requires unobstructed space
-lower cost of land
-land is available for expansions
- construction time is limited
- frequent changes in layout are anticipated
3.SHAPE OF BUILDING
Building Shape is governed by the following conditions:
1. when changes in design production is frequent
2. when the process in improvement is frequent
3.when layout rearrangement is frequent
4. when restrictions on materials is desired

4. TYPES OF WINDOWS
Factors where windows may affect the layout
1.brightness or glare
2.orientation of the sun
3.effects of sunlight to personnel or materials
4.windows not resistant to wind, shock, fire, acids &
rust
5. access fro repair, washing and cleaning

Ø
5.KINDS OF FLOOR
Floor characteristics desired in a factory are the ff:
1. have the same level for various buildings
2. strong enough to sustain machineries and
equipment
3.made from inexpensive materials
4. not slippery under any condition
5.noiseless, sound absorbing
6.not affected by temperature change and humidity
7.odorless, sanitary and easily cleaned
8. will dissipate static electricity and is non-
sparkling when struck

6.WALLS AND COLUMNS


The type and conditions of the roof is related to
natural light, heat condition, and dust accumulation. Thre
are plants that suspend materials handling equipment,
service pipe or wiring. Roof structural design therefore,
must anticipate either condition.
7.TYPES OF ROOF AND CELING
The type and conditions of the roof is related to
natural light, heat condition, and dust accumulation. There
are plants that suspend materials handling equipment,
service pipe or wiring. Roof structural design thereforee,
must anticipate either condition.

GENERALLY RECOMMENDED CEILING HEIGHTS


TYPES OF PRODUCTION WITHOUT OVERHEAD WITH OVERHEAD
INSTALLATION* INSTALLATION**
Small product assembly on 3.00 to 5.50 m 3.00 to 5.00 m
benches, offices

Large product assembly Max.height of product +75% Max.height of product +125%


Floor or floor fixtures

Small product forming Height of Machine +100% Height of Machine +150%

Large product forming


Height of Machine + 125% Height of Machine + 125%
*other than lighting and springkler
**air ducts, unit heater, conveyors etc.
..the end