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Safety Consideration in Industry

AIM OF THE PRESENTATION. To build awareness on importance of safety in industries. Basic safety knowledge for Engineers.

Benefits of safety in Business Good morale of employees. Less Insurance costs. Improved productivity. Less absenteeism. Builds reputation of the industry. Pre-requisite for qualifying in tender.

Safety incidents in UAE


Dubai Dry dock death. Collapse of scaffold in Dubai airport project. Fire accident in Oasis center, Dubai.

Why Safety?
Moral Economic Legal

Establishing Safety
Employee attitude & Behavior. Training. Rewarding. Motivation. Provide appropriate tools & equipment. Plan a job to complete it safely.

Measurement of Safety Safe man hours without Lost Time Accident (LTA) = number of employees X no. of working hours , they worked safely. If any LTA occurs, the safe man hours is reset to zero.

Commonly used words in safety Hazard Potential to cause harm to people & equipment. Risk - The likelihood of such occurring. Risk assessment Risk in executing job is assessed before any job is started. Control measures The precautions taken for doing a job safely, based on risk assessment.

Types of Hazard
Physical Electrical Mechanical Chemical

Hazard in Construction Industry Fall of material from height. Fall of men from height. Cave- in. Failure of cranes & escalators. Manual handling- Back Injury. Skin allergy Occupational Disease.

Hazard in Process Industry Physical hazards such as trip, slip and fall. Fire hazard. Chemical hazards Electrical hazards Mechanical hazard

Re-classification of safety hazard. Equipment and job related. Tool related. Area related.

Risk study
Consider an activity to be assessed. Breakdown in to small steps. Identify the hazard Analyze the effect of hazard Study , how many people are affected. Apply appropriate control measures.

Probability
Frequent. Probable. Occasional. Remote. Improbable.

Severity
Catastrophic: Death or system loss or damage. Critical: Severe Injury and occupational Illness and severe system damage. Marginal: Minor injury and occupational Illness and minor system damage. Negligible: Less than a minor injury or and minor system damage.

Risk Rating

Risk Rating = Probability X Severity

Methods of Risk assessment Hazard & Operability studies ( HAZOP) Hazard Identification ( HAZID) Hazard Analysis ( HAZAN) Preliminary hazard analysis (PHA). Fault Tree Analysis (FTA). Failure mode and effect Analysis (FMEA)

Stages of Hazard Analysis Design phase Construction / procurement / installation stage. Integration / test / check out phase.

Control of safety hazards Elimination Substitution Isolation Control Administrative & Engineering. Personnel Protective Equipment ( PPE)

OHSAS 18001
Abbreviated as Occupational health & Safety Assessment Series. International Safety Management system. Originated from British Standards Institution (BSI) Calls for Management commitment to safety.

Elements of OHSAS 18001 Safety Policy. Safety Procedure. Implementation & Management. Safety Audits. Corrective & preventive action. Management review.

Question Hour
Any Questions Please?

THANKING YOU

Wishing you all the Best!