Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 247

Rujeola

Measles (rubeola) rash and conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis


results in clear tearing. Photophobia is common.

Child with measles rash and conjunctivitis.

Koplik Spots

.

12 .

- .

.
.
.

Koplik spots on third day of rash.

Koplik's spots in measles on a 19 year


old woman's tongue.

Koplik Spots

Measles (rubeola) pharyngitis in an adult showing


striking inflammation.

.
-
.

Measles Rash on Body

: .

Measles rash on a 10 year old


boy's face.

Measles rash on a 19 year old


woman's face.

Measles rash on a child's face.

: .
. ,
.

Measles rash on a child's face and torso.

A rash characterized by rose-colored spots that have


merged into a red blush is seen across the cheeks but not
on the forehead. The lymph nodes in the neck and back of
the head are swollen. These findings are typical of German
measles (rubella). On the right, the rash spreads to the
back and shoulder within 24 hours.

: .

This child with measles is showing the characteristic red


blotchy rash on his buttocks and back during the 3rd day of
the rash.

: .
.
( ).

Measles rash on a 19 year old


woman's back.

Measles rash on a 10 year old


boy's upper body.

Measles rash on a child's back.

Measles rash on a child's back

The near confluent exanthem of measles.

Measles.

. ,
( , ), . -
. 710 ,
.

Measles.

A pharyngeal smear from the child in the previous image


demonstrating epithelial giant cells (Haematoxylin-eosin
stain) found in the prodromal stage of measles.

-
.
,

.

. 34
.
1 1000 .
, ;
,
.
,
.

Axial T2 weighted MR image demonstrates an asymmetric


right peri-trigonal focus of white matter hyperintensity
consistent with early demyelination in a patient with
measles encephalitis.

:
.

Rubeola

The fine macular rash noted on his face and


chest.

Rubella rash on a boy's chest.


Rubella, or German measles,

German measles. View of a chest rash in a


child suffering from German measles
(Rubella).

Rubella rash on a child's back.

: .
-

Rubella rash.

- - .

: .

A generalized, non-pruritic rash of rubella over the posterior


trunk and arms.

: .

Post-auricular lymphadenopathy.

Congenital Rubella

Rubella syndrome

Congenital rubella with microcephaly.

Newborn with congenital rubella rash.

:
.

Radiograph of the chest and upper abdomen of an


infant with congenital rubella pneumonia with
hepatosplenomegaly.

The cataracts in an infant's eyes.

A 4-year-old boy with congenital rubella syndrome


with unilateral microphthalmos and cataract
formation in the left eye.

Radiolucent changes in the metaphyses of the


long bones of the upper extremity of an infant with
congenital rubella.

Radiograph of the lower extremity with


metaphyseal radiolucent changes

Scarlatina

Scarlet fever rash

Group A streptococcal rash.

Scarlet fever rash on abdomen of


6-year-old boy

This patient revealed a scarlet fever-like rash on the volar surface of the forearm in
association with group A streptococcal pharyngitis. Generally, the scarlet fever rash first
appears as tiny red bumps on the chest and abdomen that may spread to involve the rest
of the body. Looking like a sunburn, the involved skin feels like a rough piece of
sandpaper, and lasts about 2-5 days.

.
,
.

. -
,
( ). ,
.

Group A streptococcal scarlet fever with


characteristic sandpaper-like rash.

Desquamation of the skin of the hand following a


group A streptococcal infection

Scarlet fever on the foot

. 12
.

Scarlet fever rash on tongue

: .
.
.

Group A streptococcal pharyngitis with


inflammation of the tonsils and uvula.

Note inflammation of the oropharynx with


petechiae on the soft palate, small red spots.

Erythematous tonsils in a child with group A


streptococcal pharyngitis.

Group A streptococcal pharyngitis with localized


erythema and edema of the tonsils and soft palate.

.
, , ,
. , ,
.
.

.
,
.

Group A streptococcal facial cellulitis.

Group A streptococcal erysipelas of the left cheek.

Group A streptococcal pneumonia.

- ,
, .

.
.

.
Streptococcus pyogenes
, ,
, .

Streptodermie compicata cu
erizipel

.
.

.

Group A streptococcal nasopharyngitis in toddlers often is


associated with tender anterior cervical lymphadenopathy.

Cervical lymphadenitis, unilateral.

Cervical lymphadenitis, unilateral.

Bilateral cervical lymphadenitis.

Fluctuant, abscessed posterior cervical


lymph node.

.


.
(, ), .
.
.

. Streptococcus viridans
(- , )
.
Streptococcus viridans
(-
).
.
.

Infecia meningococic

Young boy with meningococcemia that demonstrates


striking involvement of the extremities with sparing of the
trunk.

Glass test

Angular and irregular meningococcal skin lesions.

Meningococcemia.

Papular skin lesions of early meningococcemia.

Petechial skin lesions.

Meningococcemia.

Meningococcemia

Characteristic, angular, necrotic lesions on the foot.

Acute meningococcemia with septic shock and


purpura fulminans

Gangrene of the toes.

Erythema and tenderness over the ankle. Blood culture and


needle aspirate of the cellulitis grew N.meningitidis.

Fatal meningococcal meningitis with purulent exudate in the subarachnoid


space covering the cerebral convexities.

An abnormal computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain


shows a hole in the brain tissue (arrow). In this case, this
finding was caused by a brain abscess.

The hemorrhagic adrenal glands of the 2-year-old child in


the previous image who expired with histopathology of the
Waterhouse-Friedericksen syndrome at autopsy.

Adrenal Glands.

Meningococcal panophthalmitis.

Varicela

Erupie pseudopolimorf n varicel

Herpes simplex

Herpes labial

Herpes labial

Stomatita herpetic la adult

Stomatit herpetic la copil

Herpes simplex

Eczema herpetic la copil

Herpes simplex in a newborn is


characterized by clusters of
fluid-filled blisters.

Herpes
neonatorum

Stigmate n sindromul de varicel congenital

Se constat malformaii severe ale membrelor inferioare i


leziuni cicatriceale pe abdomen

Zoster Shingles

Erupii veziculare n HZ n regiunea sacral fosa


popliteee (dermatomul S1) la un biat de 7 luni, care a
suferit de varicel la 3 spt. de via,

Zoster Shingles

Infecia enteroviral

( -19).

-
( -19).

- ( ).

( -9).

: .
()
, ,
, .

Folliculitis

Lyme Disease

,
.

Characteristic circular skin rash


called erythema migrans

Urticaria

Insect Bite

Molluscum Contagiosum

Sindromul Stivens-Jonson
Sindromul Lyell

Sindromul Lyell

Tnr suedez de 19 ani a


ntrebuinat paracetamol.

Eritemul infecios

Eritem exsudativ polimorf

Erupii cutanate apar n ziua a 4-7a de boal.

Cel mai grav tip de eritem exsudativ este Stevens


Johnson

Оценить