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Project Title

Cooling by Evaporative Refrigerator


Guided by :Mr K. K. Karothiya Assistant Professor Mechanical Engg. Deptt. ABES Engg. College Ghaziabad.

Prepared by :Gaurav Kumar Singh Navneet Kumar Singh Mangal Dev Singh Akash Chaturvedi Abhishek Khandelwal

PROBLEM FORMULATION
In rural areas, particularly in our country India, the shortage and unavailability of electricity is one of the major reason of food wastage. As Indian people have low per capita income, so a major population can not afford to buy and run a refrigerator to keep their perishable food items fresh and preserved.

SOLUTION
EVAPORATIVE REFRIGERATOR

INTRODUCTION
Evaporative Refrigerator is a very simple device used for cooling purpose and is based on the simple phenomenon of Evaporative cooling.
Evaporative cooling is a passive cooling process in which a body or an object is cooled by the evaporation of water from its surface. Since only ambient energy is utilized for the evaporation, evaporative cooling is a very promising method that can be used in designing of storage facilities for perishable

food products like fruits and vegetables in hot and dry climates.

In layman terms, it may be called as Refrigerator without electricity. It is generally more effective in hot and dry weather and can reduce the temperature inside of the system by 7075% of the ambient temperature. Particularly useful in remote areas having no access to electricity and is very cheap and affordable.

METHODOLOGY
The assumed model of the refrigerator is as follows -

The refrigerator works on the evaporative cooling principle. Heat is taken out from the system by conduction, convective and radiative heat transfer from the hot and dry surrounding which evaporates the water and brings about cooling of the space where the food is to be kept.

The cooling space is small earthen space. The surface of the earthen space is porous so the water seeps from inside which absorbs heat and evaporated.

Thus steady-state Coefficient of performance of the refrigerator is given by : = =

This equation is different from conventional refrigerator in which is replaced by .


depends on ambient conditions and therefore not under designers But, whereas onecontrol. has to pay for , is free.

Another simple relation which can be derived from above equation is given by : =

where

=Ambient temp.

=Temp. inside refrigeration space.


=dew point temp The above equation is provides the thermal efficiency of the designed refrigerator, which tells us how well our refrigerator is working.

POSSIBLE OUTCOME
We are trying to develop an environment friendly and affordable solution to reduce the food wastage which is worth 58,000 crore every year in India. This project can particularly beneficial for 1.People in rural areas. 2.People in urban areas with low per capita income.

GANTT CHART

REFERENCES
Technical Paper on Evaporative Cooling by J. A. Olorunmaiye, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. Technical Paper on Coiling in Clay Pot by A. W. Date, ME Deptt., IIT Mumbai, India. Heat Transfer by Jack Philip Holman. PublisherMcGraw-Hill. Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer by R. C. Sachdeva.