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Theories of Planned Change

Kurt Lewins Organizational change theories

Resultant Theory Three stage Model Theory

Burke Litwins model of Organization change

First Order Change and econd Order Change

!orras and Ro"ertsons model of Organizational Change

Based on work setting

Three Stage Model Theory

Unfreezing # Creating readiness
Lack of confirmation Creation of guilt !sychological afety


Changing $ %iewing things differently


&dentifying a new mentor or new role' canning en%ironment for data

Refreezing # &ntegrating with the new scenario


The new (ersonality )ew Relationshi(s

Burke-Litwin Model of Change

First Order Change
ha((ens when some features of the organization change Leads to*
transactional change Organisational climate

econd Order Change

ha((ens when the organization undergoes certain fundamental changes' Leads to*
transformational change Change in organizational culture

Transactional Factors

Transformational Factors

Burke-Litwin Model

Burke-Litwin Model Contd

There are two distinct sets of organizational dynamics' Transactional leaders contri"ute to normal (erformance

"y guiding and moti%ating the em(loyees towards the goals'

Transformational leaders are ca(a"le of ha%ing a

(rofound and e+traordinary effect on the em(loyees'

Work System Factors

Systems Theory
, ystem is an arrangement of interrelated (arts-$ .anna' ystems o(erate through the in(ut$through(ut$ out(ut

Inputs$ money/ (eo(le/ raw materials/ information etc Through put # con%ersion or transformation Output $ final (roduct0ser%ice

Congruence Among System lements

Input factors 1n%ironment Resources .istory Organizational Elements trategy 2ork !eo(le Formal and &nformal Organization Output Factors ystem 3nit &ndi%idual

Congruence Among System lements

Benefits of System Theory

4' 5' 6' 7' 8' 9'

1ffecti%e !ro"lem ol%ing 1ffecti%e leadershi( 1ffecti%e Communication 1ffecti%e !lanning 1ffecti%e Organizational de%elo(ment :%oiding founder;s syndrome'

Partici!ation and m!owerment

Challenge the process
o((ortunity search Risk and 1+(eriments

Inspired Vision
1n%ision the (ast/ (resent and future

Foster colla"oration

trengthen others et e+am(le

Modeling the wa

!lan small wins

Encourage the heart

Recognition of the indi%idual Cele"rate accom(lishments'

Teams and Teamwork

:ccording to Katzen"ash and mith/ ,Team is defined as

a small num"er of (eo(le with com(lementary skill who are committed to a common (ur(ose/ (erformance goals and a((roach for which they hold themsel%es mutually accounta"le-'

Ty!es of Teams
!ro"lem ol%ing Teams elf$Managed Teams Cross$Functional Teams <irtual Teams

Strategies of Change
Organisation de%elo(ment in%ol%es change/ and it rests on

a (articular strategy for change' Chin and Benne ha%e descri"ed three ty(es of strategies to im(lement change'
1m(irical$Rational trategies )ormati%e Re$1ducati%e trategies !ower Coerci%e trategies

"ormati#e $e- ducati#e Strategies

Change can "e "rought a"out "y 6 kinds of strategies'
4' 5' 6'

1m(irical and Rational trategies )ormati%e and Re educati%e trategy !ower$Coerci%e trategy O= !ractioners (ro(ose the normati%e and educati%e strategy for Organization =e%elo(ment

A!!lied Beha#ioral Science

:((lied Beha%ioral cience is a com"ination of

Research / Theory and cience '

&ncludes "asic understanding of theory/ (ractice/

(rinci(les and conce(ts' > =iagnosis?

&ncludes techni@ues/ strategies/ models/ (rocess and

(arado+es' > Treatment?

&llustrates awareness/ o"ser%ation and inter(retation'

T.:)K AO3