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The Present Perfect Tense

August, 2013

They have played tennis

How long have they been married? They have been married for 45 years

She has just swum in the pool.

her picture

She has just painted a picture.

They have just married.

Ann

Ann's car has just broken down

The Present Perfect Tense


Affirmative

I have swum You have swum He has swum She has swum It has swum We have swum You have swum They have swum

The Present Perfect Tense


Negative

I haven't swum You haven't swum He hasn't swum She hasn't swum It hasn't swum We haven't swum You haven't swum They haven't swum

The Present Perfect Tense


Interrogative

Have I swum? Have you swum? Has he swum? Has she swum? Has it swum? Have we swum? Have you swum? Have they swum?

The Present Perfect Tense


Say the past participles of the verbs:

eat.bring. go..............................give do..feed drink..................make. ring....leave... play...arrive.. buywork... teach..read swim..cut. singcatch.. see.write..

The Present Perfect Tense


Say the past participles of the verbs:

eat go do drink ring play buy teach swim sing see

eaten gone done drunk rung played bought taught swum sung seen

bring give feed make leave arrive work read cut catch write

brought given fed made left arrived worked read cut caught written

The Present Perfect Tense


Fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect Tense

I.. (see) that film before. I have seen that film before We .(read) three English books in class We have read three English books in class My mother .(be) to London twice this year. My mother has been to London twice this year. John (borrow) four CDs from

The Present Perfect Tense


Fill in the blanks with the Present Perfect Tense

The children .......(eat) breakfast. The children have eaten breakfast. You (drink) all the coffee. You have drunk all the coffee Be quiet! The film (start) Be quiet! The film has started My parents(have) this house since 1950 My parents have had this house since

The Present Perfect Tense


We use the present perfect tense:

for actions which happened at an unstated indefinite time in the past My parents have bought a new horse.
(When did they buy it? We dont know when; the time is not mentioned)

Jack has been to London twice.


(When? We dont know)

The Present Perfect Tense

She has hurt her arm (The exact time is not mentioned. What is important is the fact that her arm is hurt and she's got a plaster on it)

The Present Perfect Tense

Jill has bought a new horse. (The exact time is unknown or unimportant. What is important is the fact that she now owns a new horse.)

The Present Perfect Tense


We use the present perfect tense:

for actions which started in the past and are still continuing in the present. I have known Sue for five years.
(We met five years ago and we still know each other)

My father has worked here for seven years.


(He started working here seven years ago and he still works here)

The Present Perfect Tense


They have been friends for twenty years (They met each other twenty years ago and they are still friends) now

twenty years ago

The Present Perfect Tense

Susan and Harry have had their dog for two years

The Present Perfect Tense


We use the present perfect tense:

for actions which have recently finished and their results are visible in the present. They have just painted the walls.
(They have just finished painting. The paint on the walls is still wet)

He has passed the exams.


(Look at him. He is happy)

The Present Perfect Tense


She has picked a lot of flowers. (she has got some flowers in her hand, so the action is finished)

The Present Perfect Tense She has eaten all the sweets. (the box is empty, there is wrapping paper on the floor)

The Present Perfect Tense


How long/ For/ Since

How long is used in questions to ask about duration


How long have you worked here? How long have you been in Istanbul?

For is used to express duration.


I've worked here for two years.

Since is used to state a starting point.


I've been in Istanbul since 2000.

The Present Perfect Tense


Make sentences using since and for

Tom/be/teacher/ten years Tom has been a teacher for ten years Alice/have/her dog/last month Alice has had her dog since last month Jennifer/not swim/last summer Jennifer hasnt swum since last summer

The Present Perfect Tense


Make sentences using since and for

I/not see/Maria/two days I haven't seen Maria for two days. My brother/be/here/10:30 My brother has been here since 10:30.
Anna/not play/tennis/three weeks Anna hasnt played tennis for three weeks.

The Present Perfect Tense


Ever/ never

Ever is used in questions and goes between the verb have and the past participle.
Have you ever played ice-hockey? Have you ever travelled to the USA?

Never is used to make a negative statement and goes between the verb have and the past participle
I have never played ice-hockey. I have never travelled to the USA.

The Present Perfect Tense


Write questions and answers

Sera

David

cake

David and Sera /eat / pizza?


Have David and Sera eaten any pizza? No, they haven't. They have eaten some

The Present Perfect Tense


Write questions and answers
Moscow

Victoria/be/ to Moscow?

Has Victoria been to Moscow? Yes, she has.

Victoria

The Present Perfect Tense


Write questions and answers

Andy/write/a letter?
Has Andy written a letter? Yes, he has.

The Present Perfect Tense


Write questions and answers
The boys/lose/ a match?

Have the boys lost the match? No, they haven't. They have won it!

The Present Perfect Tense


Write questions and answers

How long/ my grand parents/be/ married?


How long have my grandparents been married? They have been married for twenty years.

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