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Proposal for GSM Network Optimization

September 2009


Optimization is all actions intended to tune all aspects of the GSM network
performance, covering access network, core network, and transmission network.

Access network optimization procedure consists of two phases: cluster testing

and system integration optimization. In other words, the initial pass of the RF
optimization will be performed as a part of cluster tests: the second, more
detailed, tuning phase will occur after completion of all cluster tests, which
occur after activation of all cell sites in the GSM network.

The primary reason for breaking the optimization work into two phases is to
reduce the time and resources required to complete the cluster test cycles.


• To ensure the achievement of acceptable coverage

• To maximize the quality of service

• To maximize the network efficiency (including load balancing)


• System stability and performance : To easy and simplify optimization

process, instability and bad performance of system should be clarified.

• Coverage : Can be adjusted by power settings (total, overhead),

antenna tilting and orientation, hand-off area and so on.

• Capacity : Trunk lines, Number of traffic channel and elements should

be equipped with sufficient quantity

• Parameters : Can be adjusted for the better coverage and capacity


Project Organization


PM Network Optimizations PT.Telkomsel

PM & Local Engineer

Optimization Audit Support Management


PM & Local Engineer

Optimization Process (1)

 Preparation: BTS info. & Parameter Review

START(Preparation) o BTS position, type, output power, antenna
o Frequency Status
Survey & Simulation Network Evaluation o Neighbor list

• Site Survey & Simulation

Optimization o Drive test & walk test
Target & Method Decision o Rx Quality, Rx Level, Coverage plot
o Handoff performance
Optimization • Network Evaluation: Field measurement & analysis
o Field measurement with Tems Investigations
o Call event analysis
Optimization Evaluation - fail and dropped call
- signal distribution (Rxqual, RxLev, SQI, etc)
NO • Reduce bad quality area & Find Optimization method
Objectives ? o Weak signal and Freq Interference
o Parameter error / Missing Neighbor, etc
YES o Hardware trouble, etc

END • Execution, Evaluation and feedback

Optimization Process (2)

Field measurement & analysis

- Coverage (bad area) analysis
- Coverage overlay ratio
- Call quality(drop and fail rate)
Optimization Target Accomplishment & Evaluation
- Coverage - Issue based optimization
NMS data analysis - Call quality - Evaluation for target goal
- System type / performance
- System statistics analysis
(C/D rate, Call fail, etc) Decision for
Optimization method Optimization result
Feedback for engineering
Coverage Improvement
(Shadow & Bad area) • System facilities check
• System type change
Traffic Balancing • Parameter error correction
(site / sector based) • Recommendation
System performance

Trouble shooting

Work Plan

Basic Data Analysis & CQT Ⅱ)
Optimization (System, Parameter, etc) Ⅲ
CQT & Report

1st week 2nd ~ 3rd week 4th week ~ 11th week 12th week


1st CQT 2nd CQT

• Project setup Access Network Optimization
• Kick off meeting
• MS registration
• Data analysis • Field measurement • BTS Opt. • Parameter Opt.
- BTS info. • CQT analysis - Site survey - System parameter
- Parameter • CQT report - Fisical Tunning - Access parameter
- etc. • Action plan for opt. - Simulation - Handoff
- Cluster opt. - Neighbor list adjust
- etc. - etc
• 2nd CQT
• Report & Presentation

CQT Report & Opt. Action Plan Report & Presentation

Note 1) CQT: Call Quality Test
2) Opt.: Optimization
Detail Items of Optimization
TS Basic Test(1): Basic Parameter Review
• Basic items to be checked
o BTS information and Hardware characteristics
- Site Name and Type
- Antenna type, height, directions and tilting degree, ( VSWR )
o Target service area of the base station and design capacity

• Parameter settings to be checked

o Neighbor list of each sector
o Handoff parameter
o Access parameter
o Traffic channel parameter (Capacity)
o Frequency / Channel Number
o Power control parameter, etc

• Basic call test

o Mobile to mobile, mobile to fix lines, fix lines to mobile call test: origination & termination
o Handoff test: in idle and dedicated mode

Detail Items of Optimization
 BTS Basic Test(2): Considerations

• Database & fisical cheking

o Operator input error, Database Parameter loading error for BTS.
o Cable connection error between BTS and antenna (VSWR).

• RF environment /Condition check

o Using real call ( drive test & walk test with measurement test ).
- This is used in most cell optimizations and field trials. Check for Interference, Speech quality, Signal
level and Handover (and data com transfer / GPRS check).

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Cluster Test

• Goal Center Cell Neighbor Cell

o To verify the required basic function, performance and network stability
through field test (classify the cluster)

 Considerations

o Set the service area

o Find the coverage shadowing area / Indicate the shadowing area on the map
o Run field drive test / walk test
o Set the BTS transmit power and system parameters
o Optimize coverage
o Define the handoff area and optimize the handoff region: BTS power and antenna direction
o BSC parameter and ensure forward and reverse link balance
o Optimize FER/AMR

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Network Integration(1)

• Optimization Target Area

o Weak signal areas
o Call drop areas
o Access failure areas (call fail)

Problem Solution

1) Weak Signal Area o Check Transmit power

o Change antenna tilt
o Antenna replacement

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Network Integration(2)

• Optimization Target Area

o Weak signal areas
o Call drop areas
o Access failure areas (call fail)

Problem Solution

2) Call droop areas o Check the frequency

- Adjust interferences
- changes frequency or ant fisical tunning
o Check the neighbor list
- Missing neighbor list and
- erroneous neighbor list order

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Network Integration(3)

• Optimization Target Area

o Weak signal areas
o Call drop areas
o Access failure areas (call fail)

Problem Solution

3) Access failure areas (call fail) o Check the access parameter

- capacity, frequency, signal power
o Excessive IDLE handoff: coverage adjust
o MSC, zone border: check registration

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Network Integration(4)

• Hardware and Parameter Trouble shooting

o Hardware trouble
o Handoff and access parameter

Problem Solution

1) Hardware trouble
Type Phenomenon Optimization scheme
Antenna VSWR Coverage reduction Antenna replacement
High Tx_adj (above + 10dB)

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Detail Items of Optimization
 Network Integration(5)

• Hardware and Parameter Trouble shooting

o Hardware trouble
o Handoff and access parameter trouble

Problem Solution

1) Handoff parameter trouble

Type Phenomenon Optimization scheme
Poor IDLE handoff Temporary NO SERVICE during H/O Neighbor list check
Poor H/O Call drop, etc Neighbor list and signal check

2) Access parameter trouble

- Traffic channel parameters
- Multi-path delay compensation

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