Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 34

KPI evaluation 3G WCDMA

Krishna K Jayachandran

Source: Huawei

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

KPI Structure

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

CS Call set up diagram

Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public)

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

PS Call set up diagram

Source: T Mobile documentation ( Public)


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Accessibility
Ability of user to obtain the requested service from the system. RRC ( Radio Resource Control)

RAB ( Radio Access Bearer)- defines type of service


Main KPIs CSV Access Failure Rate, CSD Access Failure Rate, PS Access Failure Rate, HSDPA Access Failure Rate, HSUPA Access Failure Rate, CS RAB set up success ratio, PS RAB set up success ratio, RRC Congestion Ratio

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Troubleshooting flow chart


Voice Access Failure

RRC or RAB?

CS Voice RRC Failure

Voice RAB Failure

CS RRC Setup or RRC Access?

Voice RAB Setup or RAB Access?

CS RRC Setup Failure

CS RRC Access Failure

Voice RAB Setup Failure

Voice RAB Access Failure

RRC&RAB Setup Failure Cause Analysis


RRC Failure / Adm Control RRC Failure / License RRC&RAB Failure / TN Blocking

RRC Access Failures are mostly due to radio reasons. RAB Access Failures are due to both radio and core network reasons.

RAB Failure / DL Pwr

RAB Failure / DL Code

RAB Failure / Hardwar e Resource

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Sample formula

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Failure causes

RRC failures causes:


Admission control. Uplink issues.

RAB failures.
Admission control: Main causes : power, codes, Channel elements. Example of Mumbai circle with wrong test license loaded on 2 cells. CE capacity increased from 30 to 192.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Example # 1 ( Accessibility)

Alarm: System dynamic traffic exceeding licensed limit


All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Remedial action

Congestion- EDT/MDT, CPICH ( only when absolutely necessary) for power, addition of HW for codes, checking SW licenses for Channel elements.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Retainability
Ability of a user to retain its requested service for the desired duration once connected. Key issues are missing neighbors, low quality, Hw issues and alarms, Transport issues. Main KPIs: CSV Drop Rate, CSD Drop Rate, HSDPA Call drop ratio, HSUPA call drop ratio, PS R99 call drop ratio.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Voice Drop Drop Cause

Missing Neigh
Check neighbor cell availability Analyze existing neighbors with 3G-3G cell relation report Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest Down tilts or other physical optimizatio n

RL Add Failure

UL Sych

IRAT Drop

Iur Drop

Other Drop

Check BTS HW Alarms

Investigatin g the UE TxPwr by using Drivetest Analyze cell coverage by RF Planning tool or Drivetest determine the number of Event 6a or number of Event 2d

Check Transmissio n Errors

Check Cell Availability

Neighbor List cleaning/ deletion GSM coverage area verification for IRAT Reneighbors prioritizatio n the neighbor list based on usage

Check Iur drop per Iur link

Transport Issue

RBS / RNC HW issue

RF issues outside of provided counters

UE issues

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Sample formula:

CS service drop ratio= Number of CS RAB abnormal releases/Total no. of CS RAB releases * 100%.

VP Call drop ratio= Number of VP RAB abnormal releases/Total no. of VP RAB releases * 100%.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Example # 2 ( Retainability) Cell W_DL_Delhi_240_10@1 with CSV failure rate of 19% and voice traffic of 0.53 E Drill down:

Due to RF causes ( RL synchronous failure)

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Mobility
Monitor different kinds of handovers. Soft handover- defining the right neighbors. Missing neighbors, New site turn ups IRAT ( 3G/2G) HO issues. Check 3G/2G neighbor relations- external cell definition BCCH/BSIC to match with internal cell values. Look for issues in the target 2G cell. Main KPIs: CSV IRAT failure rate, Soft handover success ratio, AMR soft handover success ratio, PS soft handover success ratio.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Sample formula

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Example # 3 ( mobility) CSV IRAT


Cell ( W_DL_Delhi_351_10@) high IRAT HO failure rate with AMR traffic of 0.25 Erl Drill down:

Iu release from core. Preparation failure. Need to check for resource issues.
All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Coverage
Used for monitoring cell interference status and soft handover gain in a RNC or cluster.

Main KPIs: SHO overhead, UL Interference Cell Ratio


SHO overhead -Used to evaluate the consumption of resources due to soft handover. Trade off between resource consumption and soft handover benefits. UL Interference cell ratio= (No. of cells with mean RTWP >-98 dbm/ Total No. of Cells). RTWP high/ low? Significance??

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Sample formula

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Service Integrity
Indicates the service capabilities for PS/HSDPA throughput on busy hour in each cell and for evaluating the UL BLER values for each cell.

Main KPIs: Average UL Throughput for R99 services.

Average DL Throughput for R99 services.


HSDPA throughput. HSUPA throughput.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

PS Counter example

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

CQI
Channel Quality Index (CQI) is a measure of the quality of DL radio interface measured at the handset ( between 0 and 30)
The Node B uses this information in the evaluation and assignment of the downlink air interface throughput for the handset every 2ms, the higher the reported CQI, the higher the achievable throughput. CQI is not the only factor in the evaluation, however it is the only factor that can be readily improved through optimization. CQI is a function of Ec/No.

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Chandigarh example- CQI

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Availability
Measures the availability of resources. Main KPIs: Radio Network Unavailability Ratio, Worst Cell Ratio

Formula:

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Traffic
Used to evaluate the circulated traffic such as CS Erlangs, PS Traffic, Mean UE number for various kind of services.

Key KPIs: No. of CS users, No. of PS R99 users, No. of HSDPA users, No. of HSUPA users, HSDPA traffic volume, HSUPA traffic volume.

Example: CS Equivalent Erlang of RNC


VS.CSLoad.Erlang.Equiv.RNC:

This KPI provides the equivalent Erlang values of all the services in the CS domain in the RNC

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Sample formula

No. of CS users= (VS.RB.AMR.DL.12.2+VS.RB.AMR.DL.10.2+VS.RB.AMR.DL.7.95+VS.RB.AMR.DL.7.4+VS.RB.AM R.DL.6.7+VS.RB.AMR.DL.5.9+VS.RB.AMR.DL.5.15+VS.RB.AMR.DL.4.75) No. of HSDPA users= VS.HSDPA.UE.Mean.Cell,VS.HSDPA.UE.Max.Cell. HSDPA Traffic volume= VS.HSDPA.MeanChThroughput.TotalBytes

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Daily 3G NQI report

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Gsmart Tool Level 2 layout

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008

Thank Q

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2008