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PRESENTED BY:

GAURAV BAJAJ
0616431042
PSIT,KANPUR
 INTODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION
 INTRODUCTION TO BSNL
 5-ESS SWITCH
 REQUIREMENT OF 5-ESS SWITCH
 ELEMENT OF 5-ESS SWITCH
 APPLICATION OF SWITCH
 COMMUNICATION MEANS
SHARING INFORMATION AND
RESOURCES.
 “TELEPHONE” IS A
COMBINATION OF TWO GREEK
WORDS “TELE” MEANS “FAR:
AND “PHONE” MEANS “VOICE
AND SOUND”.
 IN 1874 ALEXANDER GRAMBELL
INVENTED THE PRINCIPLE OF
TELEPHONE.
 “MR. WATSON COME HERE”.
 NOW TODAY,
TELECOMMUNICATION HAVE
CROSSED ALL BOUNDARIES,
WITH MOBILE AND SATELLITE
TECHNOLOGIES.
 IT HAS 47 MILLION
ACCESS LINE ACROSS
INDIA.
 IT OFFER FOLLOWING
SERVICES IN INDIA.
 LANDLINES
 GSM AND CDMA
SERVICES IN WIRELESS
 SATELLITE
COMMUNICATION
 INTERNET
 TELEGRAPH
 IN THIS SERVICE BSNL IS
FOR 100 YEARS.
 32 THOUSAND
ELECTRONIC EXCHANGE.
 326 DIGITAL TRUNK
AUTOMATIC
EXCHANGES(TAX),DIGITA
L PULIC SWITCH
TELEPHONE
NETWORK(PSTN).
 TELEPHONE NETWORK
INTERLINK 2.4LAKHS
KMS. OF OPTICAL FIBRE.
 OUTDOOR NETWORK
1. MAIN DISTRIBUTION FRAME(MDF)
2. DISTRIBUTION FRAME(DP)
3. PILLAR
 TRANSMISSION LINE

1. SUBSCRIBER T0 EXCHANGE (LOCAL EXCHANGE)


2. EXCHANGE TO EXCHANGE(TANDEM EXCHANGE)
 INDOOR NETWORK
1. SWITCHING SYSTEM
2. MODULATIN PROCESS
 EWSD OF SIEMEN(GERMANY).
 AXE OF ERICSSON(SWEDEN).
 CHENNAI FETEX(JAPAN).
 OCB OF ATCATEL(FRANCE).
 5ESS OF AT&T(USA)
 SYSTEM X3 OF GDT(UK).
 NEAX OF NEX(JAPAN)
 IT IS DIGITAL EXCHANGE THAT SERVE AS A
LOCAL,TOLL,TANDEM AND OSPS.
 IT CAN SERVE 100 TO I.0 LAKH SUBCRIBERS
 IT IS HIGHLY RELIABLE.
 IT’S MAIN ADVANTAGE IS THAT IT CAN BE
CONTROLLED BY ANY METRO LOCATION
ANALOG SYSTEM DIGITAL SYSTEM
 translating it into electronic represented by a series of "1"s and
pulses. "0"s.
 It's not that complicated a The process is complicated.
concept
 it's fairly inexpensive to use. It is expensive.
 Distortion may occur at receiving distortion-free data received at the
end end
 It does not provide multiple It provide multiple services over
services over a single channel common channel.
 Analog gives better quality Digital give better quality but less
than analog

Some part it is great technology Today, we need this


technology
 IT PERFORM 95% OF THE CALL PROCESSING
AND MAINTANENCE FUNTION.
 LINE AND TRUNK SCANNING
 TONE GENERATION
 DIGITAL ANALYSIS
 CALL ROUTING
 CIRCUIT AND PACKET SWITCHING
 ANNOUCEMENT
 ROUTINE MAINTANENCE
1. CALL WAITING
2. ABBREVAITION DAILLING
3. CALL DIVERSION
4. CONFERENCE CALL
 MSCS:
 MSCU (message switch
control unit)-provides
control over the MSPU.
 MSPU (message switch
peripheral unit)-
Processes control time
slot.
 ONTC:
 CMCU (communications
module control unit)-
Provides timing and
control.
 TMSU (time multiplexed
switch unit)- terminates
NCT links and switches
data and control time
slots between them.
AM FUNCTION:
 *Administrative data
processing
 *Traffic Measurement
– System performance
report
 *Memory Management
 *System Maintenance
 *Allocating trunks for
call processing.
STEP INVOLVE IN CALL
PROCESSING

 Origination
 Digit analysis
 Routing/Screening
 Charging
 Termination