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Presented by: Mehak Ahuja Yogesh Goel

Mark Rasch, who is a lawyer and cybersecurity consultant Mark took his son to his base ball game at park in Georgetown Georgetown is an area that has zone parking with a 2 hours limit He was forced to park his car in a parking slot that was a bit of a hike from park but later he eyed an opening closer to the park and moved his car there assuming that by moving his car he would be able to park more than 2 hours. When the game ended, he noticed Parking Enforcement officer writing tickets.

He asked officer about the problem and then he get to know that officer not only knew that he had moved his car but when and how long hed been parked his car within the zone. By knowing this his blood run cold and realized that how much information law enforcement is generating. There was a time when enforcement agencies suffered from information deficit but now more than 1800 agencies across US collecting crime related data in digital form.

The era began in 1990s in New York City when the police chief, William Bratton sought to impress mayor Rudolph Giuliani with a radical approach to police that came to be known as CompSat Compsat put an emphasis on leveraging data to optimize police work
Secondly, police departments were motivated to implement or upgrade IT systems by Y2K frenzy.

Non- timely system as files had to be open to investigate for thing Many criminals were able to find loopholes in the system like Mark Rasch was trying to escape the system by moving his car Based on past records there was no scope of predicting the future All the decisions related to positioning of policemen and catching criminals were based on intuition and experience.

Data quality Accessibility Developing and enforcing standards for interpretability Exploiting the resources in most effective way to make it cost efficient Accurate and detailed information Timely data

Small group of criminals are responsible for disproportionate amount of crime 80:20 rule Police refers to that group as PPOs

IMPLEMENTATION IN POLICE DEPARTMENT Police Department went through data on homicide cases and noticed an interesting data point: Of abut 20 arrests for homicide, 18 were of those people who had prior arrests for possession of firearms. So, they started detailed review of gun arrests

It is known as HOTSPOT ANALYSIS OR ELECTRONIC CRIME MAPPING

IMPLEMENTATION IN POLICE DEPARTMENT Police Department in Alberta bought data analysis technology from Cognos. In their projects they concentrate on using reporting tool along with geographic based resource deployment model. They use business analytics reports to help them deploy police officials in the city.

Now the agency is using the data to plot criminal activity according to both geographic area and comparative history This type of analytics is known as predictive policing

IMPLEMENTATION IN POLICE DEPARTMENT Chicago Police Department operates what Jonathan Lewin, commander of it services , refer to as the largest transaction database in US. CLEAR: Citizen and Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting system It process all arrests for all the departments about 120- in real time Cost: $35 million It is going to use all the data in the CLEAR system including arrests, incidents, call for service, street gang activity, as well as community concerns to attempt to model future patterns of criminal activity.

It is not a binary yes or no It is assessment of risk : How probable something is

CargoNet, a joint project by insurance data provider ISO and National Insurance Crime Bureau(NICB), is the first ever national database of truck theft information Collects 257 fields of data Refreshed several times a day Tracks more than 10,000 events per year

IMPLEMENTATION Truck thefts manly happens on weekends and mostly around Lo Angeles basin, Miami, Dallas, Tennessee. Trucks and trailers mainly slip away in dark of night from truck stops and distribution centres. The goods most often hot are consumer electronics, food, clothing and other items easily sold on street. These historical patterns along with up-to-the-minute information helps carriers and manufactures to gauge risk and change the time of deliveries and avoid specific routes.

Thank You!