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Chinese Oil Shale Activities

Matt Herzog Suhendro Timothy Kho

Daqing Jimsar Dahuangshan oil shale

Yilan Liushuhe Mudanjiang Wangqing Huadian

Oil Shale Map of China


Maoming

Fushun Beipiao Yaojie

Longkow

Recoverable Reserves of Chinese Oil Shale

Qian, J. Wang, J. and Li, S. Oil Shale Development in China, Oil Shale, 2003 Vol. 20, No.3 Special, pp. 356 - 359

USGS, 2005,Geology and Resources of Some World Oil-Shale Deposits

Qian, J.L., Wang, J.Q., and Li, S., 2006,Oil Shale Activity in China, 26th Oil Shale Symposium, CSM 16-19 October

Chinese Oil Shale Properties

Qian, J. Wang, J. and Li, S. Oil Shale Development in China, Oil Shale, 2003 Vol. 20, No.3 Special, pp. 356 - 359

Comparison of Chinese Oil Shale Properties

Daqing

12.00

14.00

36.00

27.50

Dewen, Z., Hongyan, W., Jingming, L., Renhe, L., 2007, Evolution on Development of Daqing Oil Shale in China, 27 th Oil Shale Symposium, Colorado School of Mines, 15-17 October

Li, S.Y., and Qian, J.L.New Development of Chinese Oil Shale Activities, China University of Petroleum, 2010

Chemical Properties of Chinese Oil Shale among others

Bsieso, M.S. Jordans Expeince in Oil Shale Studies Employing Differe Technologies, 26th Oil Shale Symposium Colorado School of Mines 16-19 October 2006

Oil Shale Production in China


Equivalent = 10,000 BOPD

Chinese Oil Shale Production among Others

Main Oil Shale Producer in China


Fushun It consist of two formations. One was found coexist with the coal. It was deposit of Eocene age and called Guchengzi Formation. The formation ranges from 20 to 145 m and averages 55 m in thickness. The second one is Jijuntun Formation which come from the same age. The thickness ranges from 48 to 190 m.

Main Oil Shale Producer in China MAOMING


Maoming basin located at southern of Guangdong Province. Oil shale of Maoming distributed in Dianbai, Jintang and Gaozhou mine region. Two main formations being produced are Youganwo and Shangcun. Normally the average yield of Maoming oil is about 6 9%.

Jianwei, Z.,Dawei,Z.,Dianchao, L.,Min, G. and Huanrong,Y.,Resource status and development application stratagem of Oil Shale in Maoming Basin, Poster at Colorado Energy Research Institute Symposium

Main Oil Shale Producer in China MAOMING

Recoverable Resources is estimated as 16.9 Billion ton

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Fushun, Liaoning Province It was beginning as early as 1930 with the construction of refinery no.1 and refinery no.2 in 1954. It was estimated that 300,000 tons of oil shale was produced from this region. In 2009, 400,000 tons were produced and In 2011, the production was becoming 650,000 tons/day. Open and underground mining are chosen for its simplicity and not expensive process Conventional Oil retorts was previously used before starting adopt ATP (Alberta Taciuk Process) in 2008 Side product of oil such as shale ashes are being used as raw material for cement and construction bricks

2008

2010

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Huadian, Jilin Province It was estimated that 50,000 tons of oil shale was produced in 2010. Circular fluidized bed and Fushun retort were successfully installed in this region Side product of oil such as shale ashes are being used as raw material for cement

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China

Wangqing, Jilin Province It was estimated that 30,000 tons of oil shale was produced in 2007 ad became 50,000 tons per year in 2010 Open pit mining are chosen for its simplicity and not expensive process Oil content is 6% Fluidized bed reactor is applied here

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Longkow, Shandong Province In 2010, it produce 60,000 tons of oil shale per year. Total there are 40 Modified Fushun retort until 2011 In 2011, the operator adopt Galoter Particulate Retort technology from Estonia

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Yaojie, Gansu Province It is using a square gas combustion system with dimension 3 m x 6 m x 7.5 m It can process 300 tons/day Grain size is 8 60 mm Oil shale recover is 80% Fiscer Assay

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Beipiao, Liaoning province It produce 50,000 tons per year using 40 Fushun retort Oil content is only 5% (lowest among others province) Open pit operation

Main Oil Shale Facilities in China


Maoming, Guangdong province Circular fluidized bed is installed in 2008 to generate electricity 420 MW which is equal to 6 million ton/year oil shale

Another Oil Shale Facilities in China


Daqing, 2000 tons/day using solid heat carrier Harbin, Heilongjiang province, 2000 tons/day using fluidized bed Mudanjiang, Heilongjiang province, 1.2 million oil shale per year and produce 100,000 tons oil products. Total oil shale reserves is 46.2 million tons.

Applied Oil Shale Processing Technology in China


Conventional Fushun retort Alberta Taciuk Process Particulate Retorting Process Fluidized Bed Reactor (1200 tons/day)

Fushun Retort
Grain size: 10mm 75 mm Capacity: 100-200 tons/day, Pirolyzation temperature : 500 C Oil yield is 65% Fischr Assay

ATP Process
Grain size: less than 25 mm Capacity 3000 tons/day Oil yield is 85-90% Fischer Assay

Particulate Retort
Grain size: less than 10 mm Capacity: 2000 tons/day Pyrolisis temperature: 500 C Oil yield : 85-90% Fischer Assay

Fluidized Bed Reactor


The fluidization is the state where the solid particulates (3-7 mm) move apart from each other and is kept individually suspended by passing gas at a certain minimum velocity.

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