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Pemilihan Bahan dan Proses (Material Selection and Proces)

Ir. Yongky Permana, M.Eng


Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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MATERIAL CHARACTERISTIC
Performance characteristic of a material usually are express in 1. Physical Properties 2. Mechanical Properties 3. Thermal Properties 4. Electrical Properties 5. Chemical Properties Material Properties are the link between basic structure and composition of the material and the service performance

Structure
Atomic Bonding Crystal Structure Defect Structure Material Science

Service Performance
Material Eng. Stresses Corrosion Material Properties Temperature

Microstructure
Macrostructure

Radiation
Vibration Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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The Scope in Material Science


Material Science deals with the purpose of how to improve material properties by controlling structure.

Material Engineering deals with the purpose of how Optimize the use of material with certain properties to achieve best service performance in the products design scope .

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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STRUCTURE
Structure has dimension vary from atomic dimension to macroscopic crack in a certain defect. The most common methods of altering structure of a material are by 1. Composition Control (Alloying)

2.
3.

Heat Treatment
Deformation Processing

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Dimension of Material Structure

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Relation between Failure Modes & Mechanical Properties

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Material Properties
Performance Specification is the basic functional requirements of the product. (from here the design parameter is developed) Product Specification is a list of conditions under which the component or material of the design is purchased.

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Performance Characteristic

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Material Properties
Other Properties that may be important to the design are Type of Test Environment Stress State Specimen Configuration

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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Fatigue Properties

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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PROBLEM
Apakah yang dimaksud dengan properti diatas tadi? Lakukan proses disain untuk kursi mulai dari tuntutan konsumen yang kalian spesifikasikan berdasarkan pengalaman kalian sampai kepada sketsa konsep gambar rancangan kursi tersebut, sesuai langkah-langkah dalam proses desain yang ada.

Mechanical Design Lab. Mechanical Engineering Department Fakultas Teknik Universitas Indonesia

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