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SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS TECHNICAL SEMINAR

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

SMARTSENSORS:
EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY &
APPLICATIONS
Under the Guidance of
Dr. P. S. Mallick
Chinmaya Kumar Basa
Roll no: EI200118O24

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [1]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS

INTRODUCTION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

A `smart sensor' is an assembly of the sensing element


an associated electronics for signal conditioning and
data processing etc.,on the same chip.
A smart sensor is required to have the following
essential subsystem
1. Sensing element
2. Exciter with control
3. Amplification modules
4. Filters
5. Converters
6. Compensator
7. Digital information processing module

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [2]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

BASICS OF SMART SENSOR


Complete sensor systems
have been realized on a
single chip where traditional
functions,such as signal
conditioning, data-
communication, A/D
conversion and the
generation of reference and
compensating signals are no
longer performed by
separate components, but
are all integrated on the
same IC.

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [3]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

EVOLUTION OF SMART SENSORS


Sensors have progressed through following stages
• First generation devices
• Second generation devices
• Third generation devices
• Fourth generation devices
• Fifth generation devices
In fifth generation, data conversion is
accomplished on the same sensor chip

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [4]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS

TECHNOLOGY OF SMART
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

SENSORS
A modern microprocessor-cum-micro sensor is
composed of
(i) the sensing element
(ii) a signal processing part
(iii) the microprocessor
Parts (i) and (ii) are fabricated on a single chip to
form a smart sensor

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [5]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

SOME EXAMPLES OF SMART SENSORS


Different smart sensors are given below:
1.HALL SENSORS

2. THREE-DIMENSIONAL EYE MOVEMENT


MEASUREMENT USING SMART VISION SENSORS

3. SMART ACCELEROMETER SYSTEM

4. SMART AUDIO SENSOR FOR TELEMEDICINE

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [6]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

HALL SENSORS
The simplest Hall element
uses a square plate of N-well
in a p-type epitaxial layer.
Typical sensitivities of Hall
plates fabricated in standard
CMOS technology are in the
order of 100mV/VT.
Commercially available Hall
sensors typically operate
over ranges that start at 1mT
and have noise levels in the
order of 50-100µT.

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [7]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS

SMART VISION SENSORS


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

State-of-the-art imaging
technology permits
accurate three-
dimensional
measurement of eye
movement (horizontal,
vertical, torsional).
3D eye measurement is
done using this sensor

SMART VISION SENSOR AND HOST INTERFACE

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [8]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

SMART ACCELEROMETER SYSTEM


Smart Accelerometer
System is an acceleration
measurement System
containing:
• an accelerometer
• a temperature sensor
• signal processor
• IRIG-106 PCM encoder
• RS485 interface and
• three analog outputs

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [9]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

SMART AUDIO SENSOR FOR TELEMEDICINE


The smart audio sensor analyzes the audio signals,
detects events, recognizes the type of noise and
sends the information through a CAN bus.
This sensor is equipped with microphones in order to
detect a sound event.
The originality of the approach consists in replacing
the video camera monitoring, which the patients are
uncomfortable with, by microphones surveying the
sounds.
It uses the hardware implementation, the software
treatments and a first evaluation of the algorithms.

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [10]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

IMPLEMENTATION AND FUTURE USE


There are many applications of smart sensors of
which some practical uses are realized as

1.Electronic compass for measurement of directions


with greater accuracy.

2. Hydraulic cylinder height application for


measurement of height

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [11]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

CONCLUSION
Only certain type of smart sensor is suitable for use in
intelligent instruments. The pressure measuring devices
are only candidates for inclusion within the intelligent
level measuring instruments, and versions claiming +
0.05 % accuracy are now on the market. These
instruments can also carry out additional function such
as providing automatic compensation for liquid density
variations. Apart from these, there is little activity at
present directed towards developing other forms of
intelligent level measuring systems.

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [12]


SMART SENSORS:EVOLUTION,TECHNOLOGY & APPLICATIONS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

THANK YOU !!!

CHINMAYA KUMAR BASA [13]

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