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Parts of the Computer

References:
Yahoo! Images (http://images.search.yahoo.com/)
Intoduction to Computers:Parts of a Computer -
(www.fayette.k12.il.us/99/Intro2Comp/parts.html)
Parts of the Computer (library.thinkquest.org/5862/partsof.htm)
Wikipedia (en.wikipedia.org)
Tekkids 3 Vol.1 Revised Edition
tekHigh ICT and Society 2nd Edition
Monitor
 It is the screen on your computer
that you look at when you are
on the computer.
 It can be designed by using CRT,
LCD, Plasma, or Penetron.
 It is an output device similar to a
television set that accepts
video signals from a computer
and displays information on its
screen.
 Usually has 2 cords: one for
power and the other for
connecting to the system unit.


Keyboard
 It is an input device that is used
for typing like a typewriter.
 Its basic keys are the modifier
keys(Alt, Shift, Ctrl), function
keys(F1-F12), cursor-
movement keys(arrow keys,
Page Up, Page Down, Home,
End), alphanumeric
keys(letters, numbers, Tab,
Backspace, Caps Lock, Enter),
numeric keypad, and special
purpose keys(Esc, Print
Screen, Pause, Insert, Delete).
 3 types of keyboard: QWERTY
keyboard, Dvorak keyboard,
dvortyboards.

Mouse
It is an input device used to
point at objects on the
computer monitor and select
them.
It is also used to draw with an
art software.
It is connected through a wire,
infrared, or radio waves.
A mouse can be
mechanical(uses a rubber
ball), or optical(uses a light-
emitting diode and
photodiodes).
System Unit/System Case
It is the main part,
processing unit and
devices, of a
microcomputer.
It is the box that houses the
CPU.
A system unit includes a
board called a
motherboard that holds a
microprocessor chip (or a
CPU), memory chips, and
expansion slots.
Motherboard
It is the main printed, flat
circuit board in an electronic
device such as
microcomputers.
The board contains expansion
slots (sockets) that accept
additional boards
(expansion Cards).
In a microcomputer, the
motherboard contains the
microprocessor, the primary
storage chips (or main
memory cards), the buses,
and all the chips used for
controlling the peripherals.
Main memory/RAM
RAM stands for random-
access memory.
It allows computers to store
and retain information.
It is also known as primary
memory and internal
storage.
This is where your
computer keeps the
information it is using at
the moment.
Processor
It is the brain of the
computer that handles
the flow of data.
Hard disk
It is a storage device that
holds the operating
system and other
programs and data files.
It is a magnetic disk on
which you can store
computer data.
It stores a lot of data.
Some hard disks are
portable.
Floppy disk drive
It is a device that reads
and writes a floppy disk.
Because of its small
capacity, this has been
phased out from many
computer systems in
favor of the more
durable CD writer and
DVD writer.
CD-ROM/DVD-ROM drive
It reads CDs or DVDs.
CD-ROM stands for
Compact Disc - Read-
Only Memory.
These are examples of
Read-only storage.
CD-ROMs are capable of
delivering digitized
sounds, images, and
multimedia
presentations.

Printer
 It makes a hardcopy of the files you save on your
computer.
 Kinds of Printers:
Dot Line 1. Dot Matrix works by striking pins against an ink
Matrix Printer ribbon.
2. Line Printer uses a chain of characters or pins to print
one line at a time.
3. Daisy Wheel uses a wheel mechanism pressed
against small hammers to print characters on
Daisy Ink paper.
wheel printer
4. Ink Printer works by spraying ink on paper.
5. Laser Printer uses lasers to print documents.
6. Thermal Printer uses heated pins that leave marks on
heated sensitive paper.
Laser Thermal 7. LCD/LED printer uses liquid crystals or light-emitting
diodes to produce marks on a drum where the
printer printer paper is fed.

LCD/LED
printer
Speakers
These let you listen to
music played on your
computer.
With it you hear the
sound effects of the
video game you are
playing.
Thanks for watching!


Can you tell some other parts of a Personal
Computer?


This Powerpoint presentation was made by:

Johanna Liesl SA. Doros

I – St. Augustine

♥♥♥