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mystery

Stonehenge
Description and Selection by Riquette Mory October 2009
Stonehenge Secrets
Many secrets remain surrounding the creation of
Stonehenge. Archaeologists try to unravel the mystery.
New discoveries are made at Stonehenge which
uncovers secrets thousands of years old.
Stonehenge may have been used for ancient funerary
practices.
How Stonehenge may have been raised 4500 years
ago?
Hauling the giant stones to Stonehenge was a
monumental devotion.

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Stonehenge from above
Stonehenge decoded
Stonehenge builders village
If stones could speak
The ruins of Stonehenge
The southern circle at mid-summer solstice
sunset.
Stonehenge UK
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Stonehenge Builders' Village Found
Durrington
Walls and
its position in
relation to
Stonehenge.

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October 2009 5 Stonehenge Mystery - Riquette Mory
The people who excavated the immense stones and the smaller
bluestones and then arranged them into a circular monument, came
and went many centuries ago, without leaving any explanation.
It is not surprising, then, that the mysterious monument has generated
a wealth of theories, ranging from the mythic belief that it was
fashioned by an ancient sorcerer to the notion that it was some sort of
gigantic prehistoric computer. Some even have speculated that its
origin is extraterrestrial.

According to Geoffrey Monmouth (writer and author ), the
monuments bluestones originated in Africa, where ancient giants
digged them up because of their healing properties and transported
them to the mythical Mount Killaraus in Ireland, where they formed the
Giants Circle.

Stonehenge Secrets
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According to the English architect Inigo Jones (was asked by King
James I) to document the structure of Stonehenge and investigate its
origin. In 1655, three years after Jones death, his son-in-law John
Webb published a book, The Most Remarkable Antiquity of Great
Britain, Called Stone-Heng. The book depicts Stonehenge as the ruins
of a Tuscan-style temple, built by the Romans during their occupation
of Britain in the 1
st
through 5
th
Centuries AD, to worship Coelus, the
Roman god of the sky. But this theory was attacked and it was proven
that Stonehenge predated by thousands of years.
The Druids - England was visited in 460 BC by travelers from the
Middle Eastpossibly Phoenicians, seafaring people, who lived to the
north of ancient Canaan - the land conquered by the Israelites. The
visitors, who were followers of the ancient meta-religion, founded the
pre-Christian Celtic religion of the Druid priests, and built Stonehenge
as a place of worship.
Later researchers discovered that Stonehenge actually was far older
than the Druids.
Stonehenge Secrets
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Several theories proposed a connection between Stonehenge's
purpose and astronomy.
Lockyer (scientist and astronomer ) developed a theory that ancient
temples were aligned according to the position of the sunrise at the
time they were built. In 1901, he wrote a paper in which he assumed
that portion of Stonehenge known as the Heel Stone had been
originally aligned with the Summer Solstice, and on that basis
calculatedincorrectly, as we now know-- that the monument had been
built in 1800 BC. He pointed to astronomical similarities between
Stonehenge and Egyptian temples, and argued that the English
monument had been built by people from that region. 57 years
later, American astronomer Gerald Hawkins used a computer to do
a much more elaborate and exacting study of Stonehenge's
astronomical alignments. In his analysis, he found 165 points on the
structure associated with movements of the Sun and Moon (but not any
stars or visible planets). He proposed that Stonehenge was in itself a
sort of ancient computer, designed to predict lunar eclipses.
Stonehenge Theories
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Watkins (photographer) theorized that select travel routes highlighted
a network of straight lines which connected various ancient landmarks.
Danish author Erich von Dniken suggests that alien astronauts had a
role in the creation of Stonehenge and other giant structures.
Stonehenge stood as giant tombstones to the dead for centuries
studies say.
The site appears to have been intended as a cemetery from the very
start, around 5,000 years agocenturies before the giant sandstone
blocks were erectedthe new study says.
New analysis of ancient human remains show that people were buried
at the southern England site from about 3000 B.C. until after the first
large stones were raised around 2500 B.C.
"This is really exciting, because it shows that Stonehenge, from its
beginning to its zenith, is being used as a place to physically put the
remains of the dead," said Mike Parker Pearson of England's
University of Sheffield.
"It's something that we just didn't appreciate until now."
Stonehenge Theories
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Previous excavations indicate that Stonehenge was linked via the River
Avon and two avenues to a matching timber monument at nearby
Durrington Walls. (see map page 4)
The paired circlesStonehenge and the wooden circle at Durrington
represented the realms of the living and the dead, according to Parker
Pearson.
The theory is that the majority of the dead were deposited in the river
upstream at Durrington Walls, and only "a select few were buried at
Stonehenge itself, he said.
The site was excavated in 2006 as part of the Stonehenge Riverside
Project. The Stonehenge Riverside Project's other finds in 2007
included further insights into a large seasonal village at Durrington
Walls, where the builders of Stonehenge likely lived.
"All the little details of daily life were preserved in the floor. Several
houses were also uncovered along the avenue to the river, which may
have been used by spectators during religious processions, he said.
Stonehenge Theories
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Other team members found evidence that some of the stones at
Stonehenge were transported earlier than believed.
A new geological study of the Altar Stone suggests it actually came
from the Brecon Beacons region of inland Wales, thus it would have
been dragged overland to England.
Furthermore, fragments of the same type of Welsh stone were
identified from the nearby Stonehenge Cursus. The Cursus had been
created centuries before the stone circle was constructed.
"It's making us think that this connection with Wales might really have
been quite long lasting and not just to do with Stonehenge," Parker
Pearson said.
Last but not least -
Professor Darvill (of Bournemouth University ) and Professor
Wainwright (of the Society of Antiquaries in the UK ) theorized that
ancient people made pilgrimages to Stonehenge in hopes of a cure for
their ills.


Stonehenge Decoded
October 2009 11 Stonehenge Mystery - Riquette Mory
I still have the hope to visit Stonehenge one day!