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Fabrication Of Continuous Variable


MEE 218
Hardware Project
Final Review
Ankit Kumar Verma- 11BME0170
Kalyan K- 11BME0078
Kartik Kaushik- 11BME0089

Project Guide Project Reviewer
Prof.G. Sairam Prof. Jeyapandiarajan P
SMBS, VIT University SMBS, VIT University


Continuously Variable Transmissions have recently become
focused topic of research due to their potential to increase automobile
efficiency and additional weight reduction of heavy transmission
system. While progress has been made in the application of the CVT to
the automobile, the application of the transmission in the locomotive
both improves the field of friction based transmissions in a unique way
and solves issues present with the standard vehicle transmission.
By applying CVT technology to the vehicle, the transmission is
forced to become both small and lightweight, thus providing a benefit
to vehicle as a whole. Additionally, using a CVT in a locomotive reduces
the complications involved with the vehicle transmission by
eliminating the complicated gear system and replacing it with a single,
self-contained package that requires little maintenance and no
background to operate.

Problem Statement

Within the past century, there has only been one
common means of transmitting power from a cyclist to
the rear wheel of the bicycle. While the chain and
derailleur system is lightweight and efficient, it can be
difficult to maintain and operate, and puts an
unnecessary stress on the cyclists joints when shifting,
since there is a discontinuity in the torque between two
gears. One potential means of solving these problems is
the replacement of the standard bicycle transmission
with a continuously variable transmission (CVT). A CVT is
a friction driven transmission that does not use gears to
gain a mechanical advantage in transmitting power
between an input and output.



Material Selection

Material selection for different parts have been
Drums :- mild steel grade 1060 B
Supporting rods :- Mild Steel grade 1060 B
Base :-Scrap
To produce drums CNC machining was used.


The CAD model with dimensions have been built
and also the research and survey has been done
about the Continuous Variable Transmission
(CVT). Moreover, the material has been selected
for our model. The market survey has helped us
to know about the availability of the material.
Finally the model has been successfully


The one of the appliclation of this project is to
eliminate the interval-based gearing shift in
bicycles and to create an automatic and
continuous change in gearing ratios, hence
providing a constant torque input (or force on the
pedals) for the cyclist. In conventional gearing
systems, factors such as temperature can change
the tension in wires, thus desynchronizing the
wires pull and the position of the chain on a fixed
gear. This creates problems such as uncontrolled
shift of the speed. The design we explain in this
report easily avoids this problem.


[1] B. Bocook, C. Criss, E. Fishman, R. Michols, and G. Weisberg, Bicycle CVT Design
Report, EMAE 360, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, Dec. 2011.

[2] K. Kazerounian and Z. Furu-Szekely, Parallel disk continuously variable transmission
(PDCVT), Mech. and Mach., vol. 41, pp. 537-566, 2006.

*3+ H. Machida and Y. Murakami, Development of the POWERTOROS UNIT Half
Toroidal CVT, NSK Tech. J., vol. 9, pp. 15-26, Oct. 2000.

[4] G. Carbone, L. Mangialardi, and G. Mantriota, A comparison of the performances of
full and half toroidal traction drives, Mech. and Mach., vol. 39, pp. 921-942, 2004.

[5] M. Mensler, S. Joe, and T. Kawabe, Identification of a toroidal continuously variable
transmission using continuous-time system identification methods, Control Eng. Practice, vol.
14, pp. 45-58, 2006.

[6] T. Yamamoto, K. Matsuda, and T. Hibi, Analysis of the efficiency of a half-toroidal
CVT, JSAE, vol. 22, pp. 565-570, 2001.

[7] H. Tanaka, H. Machida, H. Hata, and M. Nakano, Half-Toroidal Traction Drive
Continuously Variable Power Transmission for Automobiles* (Traction Drive Materials,
Transmission Design and Efficiency), JSME Int. J., series c, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 772-777, 1995.