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Basic Generator

Presentation Presentation

Course Objectives:

Basic Generator
Generator Types
Generator excitation
Wayang Windu Generator
Generator Operation & maintenance



Upon completion of this class the attendance will hopefully be able to
understand and explain:
How the electric is generated
The unit generator works principle
Wayang Windu generator















Reference
Reference
DOE Manual, DOE Manual,
Volume # 3 Volume # 3/41
Module #10, AC Generation
Module #10, AC Generation
- And NUS Training Corporation Hand Book

Electron and Electricity
1. Atom has three types particles:
-Proton (Positively Charged)
-Electron (negatively charged)
-Neutron (has no charge)
2. Electric Current is the movement or flow of the electron. Electric
current can only flow as long as there is a voltage (potential
difference between the positive and negative charges).
3. One of the methods to produce voltage is by magnetism or
magnetic induction that is going to happen in GENERATOR.
Basic Generator

Parts of a Typical Atom

P
N
N
P
E
E
NUCLEUS
ELECTRON
NEUTRON
PROTON
Two Types of AC Generators
Two Types of AC Generators

Revolving armature
Revolving armature

rotor is an armature which is rotating inside a stationary


rotor is an armature which is rotating inside a stationary
electromagnetic field electromagnetic field

seldom used since output power must be transmitted


seldom used since output power must be transmitted
through slip-rings and brushes
through slip-rings and brushes

Revolving field
Revolving field

dc current is supplied to the rotor which makes a


dc current is supplied to the rotor which makes a
rotating electromagnetic field inside the stator
rotating electromagnetic field inside the stator

more practical since the current required to supply a


more practical since the current required to supply a
field is much smaller than the output current of the field is much smaller than the output current of the
armature
armature
Revolving Armature
Revolving Armature
(Low Power/Voltage)
(Low Power/Voltage)
http://www.sciencejoywagon.com/physicszone/lesson/otherpub/wfendt/generatorengl.htm
Two Types of AC Generators
Two Types of AC Generators

Revolving armature
Revolving armature

rotor is an armature which is rotating inside a stationary


rotor is an armature which is rotating inside a stationary
electromagnetic field electromagnetic field

seldom used since output power must be transmitted


seldom used since output power must be transmitted
through slip-rings and brushes
through slip-rings and brushes

Revolving field
Revolving field

dc current is supplied to the rotor which makes a


dc current is supplied to the rotor which makes a
rotating electromagnetic field inside the stator
rotating electromagnetic field inside the stator

more practical since the current required to supply a


more practical since the current required to supply a
field is much smaller than the output current of the field is much smaller than the output current of the
armature
armature
Revolving Field
Revolving Field
http://www.sciencejoywagon.com/physicszone/lesson/otherpub/wfendt/generatorengl.htm
Basic Generator
AC Generator
AC Generator
Basic Generator

Generator principle












Generator principle
There are three requirement to generate electric :
1. Magnetic field
2. Conductor
3. Relative motion between them
Basic generator













I nduction of Voltage
I nduction of Voltage
(Faraday)
(Faraday)

Requires
Requires
Magnetic field Magnetic field
Conductor Conductor
Relative motion Relative motion

Conductor cuts lines of magnetic flux, a


Conductor cuts lines of magnetic flux, a
voltage is induced in the conductor
voltage is induced in the conductor

Direction/Speed important
Direction/Speed important
Electromagnetic
Electromagnetic
Induction
Induction
N
S
MAGNET
RELATIVE MOTION
COIL (CONDUCTOR)
VOLTMETER
INDUCED CURRENT
INDUCED CURRENT
Direction of I nduced
Direction of I nduced
emf
emf
B
MOTION OF
CONDUCTOR
INDUCED
EMF
N S
LEFT HAND
GENERATOR RULE
(electron flow)
Wayang Windu Compressor
AC
AC
Generator
Generator
Wayang Windu Compressor
Generator Parts
Generator Parts
Prime mover Prime mover: mechanical work which turns the rotor, may : mechanical work which turns the rotor, may
be a steam turbine, gas turbine, diesel engine... be a steam turbine, gas turbine, diesel engine...
Armature windings Armature windings: the conductor in which the output : the conductor in which the output
voltage is induced voltage is induced
Field Field windings windings: the conductors used to produce the : the conductors used to produce the
electromagnetic electromagnetic field field (needs a DC power supply) (needs a DC power supply)
Stat Stator or: : stat stationary housing of the generator ionary housing of the generator
Rot Rotor or: : rot rotates inside the stator, moved by a prime mover ates inside the stator, moved by a prime mover
(steam turbine, gas turbine, diesel) (steam turbine, gas turbine, diesel)
Sliding contacts (slip-rings and brushes) Sliding contacts (slip-rings and brushes): used to conduct : used to conduct
the field or armature current to and from the rotor the field or armature current to and from the rotor
Wayang Windu Generator
BrushLess Exciter
BrushLess Exciter
BrushLess Exciter
BrushLess Exciter
+
AC Output
Exciter
Compressor Hazard
Permanent Magnet
Permanent Magnet
Generator (PMG)
Generator (PMG)
Thank you
For your attention
Direction of I nduced
Direction of I nduced
emf
emf
B
MOTION OF
CONDUCTOR
INDUCED
EMF
N S
LEFT HAND
GENERATOR RULE
(electron flow)
Generator Arrangement

PMG
Exc
Gen
AVR
DC
AC
AC 1O
AC 3O
DC
Rpm = ----------
120 . freq
Pole
52G
Gen.Trans
VT
Stator
CT
Diode
Diode
Turbine
Shaft
Thank you
For your attention
Generator Relationships
Generator Relationships

Speed = Frequency = Load


Speed = Frequency = Load

Excitation = Terminal Voltage = Power Factor


Excitation = Terminal Voltage = Power Factor
Thank you