You are on page 1of 10

BIOLOGY

CONCEPTS & CONNECTIONS


Fourth Edition
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Neil A. Campbell Jane B. Reece Lawrence G. Mitchell Martha R. Taylor
From PowerPoint

Lectures for Biology: Concepts & Connections


CHAPTER 1
Introduction:
The Scientific Study of Life
Modules 1.4 1.6
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Grouping organisms by fundamental features
helps make the vast diversity of life manageable
for study
Scientists classify organisms into a hierarchy of
broader and broader groups
1.4 The diversity of life can be arranged into three
domains
EVOLUTION, UNITY, AND DIVERSITY
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Most classification schemes group organisms
into three domains:
Domain Bacteria
Figure 1.4A, B
Domain Archaea
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Domain Eukarya
Figure 1.4C-F
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
All organisms share a set of common features,
signs of unity in lifes vast diversity
All are made of cells
All have DNA as
their genetic
blueprint
These orchids show
the variety possible
within one species
1.5 Unity in diversity: All forms of life have
common features
Figure 1.5A
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
DNA is made of chemical units called
nucleotides
Each species has its own nucleotide sequence
Figure 1.5B
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
The genetic information in DNA underlies all of
the features that distinguish life from nonlife
Order and regulation
Growth and development
Use of energy from the environment
Response to environmental stimuli
Ability to reproduce
Evolutionary change
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Charles Darwin is a central figure in biology
He synthesized the theory of evolution by
natural selection
A theory in science is a
comprehensive idea with
broad explanatory power
Evolution is the core theme
of biology
1.6 Evolution explains the unity and diversity of
life
Figure 1.6A
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
The theory of
natural selection
explains the
main mechanism
whereby all
species of
organisms
change, or evolve
Figure 1.6B
(1) Population with varied inherited traits
(2) Elimination of individuals with certain traits
(3) Reproduction of survivors
Copyright 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Evolution happens when populations of
organisms with inherited variations are
exposed to environmental factors that favor the
success of some individuals over others
Natural selection is the editing mechanism
Evolution is based on adaptations
Figure 1.6C