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Ali KODAL

Cagdas GUR
Dalvin EBIWARE
Ferdad MOTARJEMI
Mustafa Gndeer


Project Group
What is Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)?
How ERP systems are implemented within
companies?
Companies before ERP Systems
EMU Real Case Example
Companies after ERP Systems
EMU Real Case Example
Sap Program Structure in Printing Process
E.M.U. ERP Systems
ERP Software Companies
Istanbul Fast Ferries (IDO) Uses SAP
How Engineers benefits from ERP systems?
SAP shareholders
"CIM is the integration of total
manufacturing enterprise by using
integrated systems and data
communication coupled with new
managerial philosophies that improve
organizational and personnel efficiency."

COMPUTER INTEGRATED
MANUFACTURING - CIM
Subsystems of CIM operation:
CAD/CAM (Computer-aided design/Computer-aided
manufacturing)
ERP (Enterprise resource planning)
CAPP, (Computer-aided process planning)
CNC (computer numerical control) machine tools
DNC, direct numerical control machine tools
FMS, flexible machining systems
ASRS, automated storage and retrieval systems
AGV, automated guided vehicles
Robotics
Automated conveyance systems
Computerized scheduling and production control
CAQ (Computer-aided quality assurance)
A business system integrated by a common database.
Lean Manufacturing

ERP is an enterprise-wide information
system designed to coordinate all the
resources,
information,
activities needed
to complete business processes such as;
order fulfillment
billing.

A typical ERP system would use multiple
component of computer software and
hardware to achieve integration

ERP delivers a single database that
contains all data for the software module

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Financial Management
Inventory Management
Purchasing
Sales Management
Production Planning
Advanced Visual Planning
Manufacturing Management

ERP Software Companies start analysing
the prospective company(s), identifing
their individual needs.
Setup of ERP systems
For Mid-size companies 5-12 months
Large Companies 6-18 months
Industrial Engineering Faculty wants to
buy a new Printer.
For this reason Secretary gives a
purchasing order by filling purchasing
order forms.
Next slide shows how this purchasing
request process flow was working before
ERP systems.
New Printer Purchasing Process
1. Purchase order form for a new printer
2. Head of Department Confirmation- Faculty Head
3. Purchase order document sent to E.M.U. Account Office
4. Account Office Secretary sents the purchase order to the Responsibles
5. Purchase order- Responsible personal Confirmation
6. Purchasing department- Manager Confirmation
7. Transfer to Finance Department Secretary for processing
8. Finance Department Responsibles Confirmation
9. Transfer to Rectors Office
10. Rectors Secretary- Confirmation
11. Confirmation Transfer, to Purchase Department Secretary
12. Purchase Responsible personal commends with Purchase:




Secretarys New printer
application


Transfer to
Accounting Office
Example: Before ERP Systems
Industrial Engineering Faculty wants to
buy a new HP Printer.
For this reason Secretary gives a
purchasing order with using E.M.U.
Online ERP systems.
Next slide shows the purchasing order
process flow with ERP Systems.
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
HEAD OF DEPARTMENT
REQUEST OF NEW
HP PRINTER
CONFIRMATION
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
PURCHASE
RESPONSIBLE
FINANCIAL
ACCOUNTING
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
PURCHASEING MANAGER
CONFIRMATION
SECRETARY
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
FINANCE DEPARTMENT
CONFIRMATION
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
RECTORS OFFICE
CONFIRMATION
SAP SYSTEM ONLINE
PURCHASE DEPARTMENT
PURCHASE
OF NEW
HP PRINTER

Online Data Flow decreases the process time
Fast & Online Confirmation
Less Paperwork
No need for folder storage
Database Security
Less Employee needed
Easy Financial Management
Better Inventory Management

In this real case there the benefits of the
ERP systems
One of instructor gives printing order to
the secretary.
Next slides shows the process flow and
how the system works step by step.
SAP Program Structure in Printing Process
Secretary confirms on the SAP program
secretary receives a code from program
Open program
Request Form is selected for Printing Office.
signed
Printing Process Flow Diagram
Secretary of the department opens SAP page.
Printout Process of IE Department
1. security step 1 is for
IE DEPT
2. security step 2 is
for Administrator.
User
Password
Sign In
EMU Information Department
After Second step menu is shown
Purchasing & Inventory Control Management
Managerial Unit Request
Printout
Request List
Confirmation
Create Request
Editting
3. Request Form is selected for Printing
Office.

4. Then, title of the request, course code,
instructor name, work category, and
office telephone number is filled by
secretary

Name Surname
Phone
Definitions
Next
Materials will be selling in bookstore Printout
Subject of Request
Printing Department Request Form
Work type
User
5.Secretary receives a number (code) from program.
6.This number is sent to the instructor and the
instructor fills a short form.
7.After he/she signed the paper the form is sent to the
secretary;
8.Secretary confirms on the SAP program.
9. Accounting office is informed and cost is calculated,
check to see if Industrial Engineering has the
required budget. After approval
10.Then the printing process drops to the list of the
printing center.
11. Inventory management is informed.
12. Purchasing Office is informed simultaneusly.
EMU ERP SYSTEMS
6.00cc SAP
ORACLE 10.2

MM MODULE Material Management
FI MODULE Financial Management
CO MODULE Controlling Operations
AA MODULE Asset Accounting
FM MODULE Funds Management


What is SAP MM?
SAP MM (Materials Management)
SAP MM is a module is used for Procurement Handling
and Inventory Management.
The module has two important master data - material
and vendor.

Broadly, the various levels that can be defined for a
SAP MM implementation are:
Client,
Company Code,
Plant,
Storage Location,
Purchase Organization.
Material Management (MM)
LOGICAL STRUCTURE
vendor
supplier
production
Distribution
customer
SAP FICO

Financial Accounting (FI) Module

The SAP FICO module includes 2 major categories;
Financials (FI)
Controlling (CO)

FI (Financial Accounting) module includes;
Accounts payable
Accounts receivable
General ledger
Controlling (CO) Module
The CO (Controlling) Module has multiple configuration
steps that must be followed for complete implementation
of this module.

Cost Center
Order Management
Commitment Mgt
Profit Analysis
Acty-Based Costing
ERP Software Companies
& Marketshares
SAP; 15,6
Peoplesoft;
4,9
Oracle ; 4,8
Baan; 3
CA; 3
JDE; 2,2
SSA; 2,1
GEAC; 2
IBM; 1,8
JBA; 1,7
Others ; 59
Software Market Share
SAP 15.6
Peoplesoft 4.9
Oracle 4.8
Baan 3.0
CA 3.0
JDE 2.2
SSA 2.1
GEAC 2.0
IBM 1.8
JBA 1.7
Others 59.0

Istanbul Fast Ferries (IDO)
Uses SAP Software
Annually 91 million passanger
Annually 5,5 million vehicles
Dailly 1,200 navigation capacity
90 Ships
82 Terminals
3,200 personel
314 Million YTL endorsement


MAINTENANCE
FUEL
PASSANGER
PASSANGER
PASSANGER
EMPLOYEE
SAP CENTER
SAP Systems arranges relationship between;

shipping conditions,
route determination,
shipping point,
employee conditions,
fuel supply,
maintenance


Combine these variables in order to
determine optimal transportation mode and
service levels.

IDO passanger can send SMS to IDO
SAP system and get the information
about shipping route times.
This process is a service of Controlling
Module.
Istanbul Fast Ferries
SAP SYSTEMs first step
PM Plant Maintanance
MM MODULE Material Management
CO-CCA MODULE Controlling Operations
FI MODULE Financial Management
FI-AA MODULE Asset Accounting
FM MODULE Funds Management
HR-PA Human Resource- Professional
Association




Equipment and Technical Objects (PM-EQM)
Preventive Maintenance ( PM-PRM)
Maintenance Order Management (PM-WOC)
Work Clearance Management (PM-WCM)
Information System (PM-IS)
Workflow Scenarios (PM/CS)
Istanbul Fast Ferries
SAP SYSTEM 2nd step
TR-CM Data Adjustment in Cash Management
TR-TM Treasury Management
HR-PD Human Resources Performance Evaluation
CO-PA Profitability Analysis
WF Work Flow




Istanbul Fast Ferries
BENEFITS OF SAP SYSTEM FOR IDO

Increased efficiency of whole system,
Prevented from the same procedures repetition,
Easy access of any information from the huge
databank,
Easy tracking and control of past transactions,
Standardization of transactions and information
security, and
Measurable timing of transactions and delagation.


How can Engineers benefit
from ERP systems ?
Usesful SAP Modules for
Engineers
MM- Material Management
Better Procurement Handling
Orginized Inventory Management
Easy Purchase Organization
Faster Storage Location
PM Plant Maintenance
Maintenance Order Management
Equipment and Technical Objects Coordination
Preventive Maintenance
Workflow Scenarios
Work Clearance Management

MM
MM Information System
Material management system is feed by
the information that comes from;

- purchasing information system and,
- stock control
Mail
Fax
Telex
Teletext
Printer
EDI
OUTPUTS of ERP Systems
DOCUMENTS
Proposal
Orders approval
Delivery plans
Shipping papers
Warehouse check list
Material document
Accounting document
Delivery/shipping document
Invoice
Dept & credit doc.
SAP Packet Providers
SAP Packet Providers