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Analysis Character, Characteristic, and

Characterization in Charles Dickens


A Christmas Carol
By :

Eka Oktavianti

Maya Asmayanti

Sisilia Agustin
About A Christmast Carol
A Christmas Carol is a novella by English author Charles Dickens, first
published by Chapman & Hall on 19 December 1843. The story tells of sour and
stingy Ebenezer Scrooge's ideological, ethical, and emotional transformation resulting from
supernatural visits from Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Yet to
Come. The book was written and published in early Victorian Era Britain, a period when
there was both strong nostalgia for old Christmas traditions and an initiation of new
practices such as Christmas trees and greeting cards. The tale has been viewed by critics as
an indictment of 19th-century industrial capitalism.
Introduction
Character : A persons pattern of behavior, thoughts and
feelings that are based on sound principles and moral
judgements
Characteristic : A description someone or somethings features.
The features is tell or describe recognizably a person or thing
Characterization : authors presentation and development of
characters and/or methods employed by the author to present
the character.

Characters
Major Characters
- Ebenzer Scrooge ( Protagonis)
- The Ghost of Christmast Present
- The Ghost of Christmast Past
- The Ghost of Chrismast Yet to Come
Fred : Scrooge's kind nephew . He invites Scrooge to his Christmas party and cares with
Cratchitss family.
Two Portly Gentlemen : Two men who come to Scrooge for collecting donations to
help the poor.
Mr. Fezziwig : Scrooge's kind and generous employer.
Belle : A mild woman who Scrooge loved deeply when he was a young man. She breaks up
with him because of his greed.
Belles husband : a man who tell to Belle that Scrooge looks quite alone in the death of
Marley, and he feels pity to him.
Dick Wilkins : another apprentice at Fezziwigs establishment.
Fan : Scrooges little sister and Freds mother who died young.
Shes cheerful, kind and charitable.
Mrs. Cratchit : Bob Cratchits wife. Shes charitable with
their family but she hates Scrooge.
Peter Cratchit : Bob's oldest son.
Bob cratchit : Scrooges clerk. He is so poor but he has a kind hearted and love
their family
Tiny Tim : Bob Cratchits young son , He is crippled.
Fred : Scrooge's kind nephew . He invites Scrooge to his Christmas party and cares
with Cratchitss family.
Two Portly Gentlemen : Two men who come to Scrooge for collecting donations to
help the poor.
Mr. Fezziwig : Scrooge's kind and generous employer.
Belle : A mild woman who Scrooge loved deeply when he was a young man. She
breaks up with him because of his greed.
Belles husband : a man who tell to Belle that Scrooge looks quite alone in the
death of Marley, and he feels pity to him.
Dick Wilkins : another apprentice at Fezziwigs establishment.
Fan : Scrooges little sister and Freds mother who died young. Shes cheerful, kind and
charitable.
Mrs. Cratchit : Bob Cratchits wife. Shes charitable with their family but she hates Scrooge.
Peter Cratchit : Bob's oldest son.
Martha Cratchit: Bob's oldest daughter, who works in a milliner's shop.
Belinda Cratchit: the Bobs second daughter.
Little Boy Cratchit: another Bobs young son.
Little Girl Cratchit: another Bobs young daughter.
Some bussiness men on the street : the men who talk about the Scrooges death and
underestimate or affront him.
Old Joe: a shop owner.
Mrs. Dilber: Scrooges laundress.
Caroline and her husband: two people who owed money to Scrooge and happy when he
dies.

They have a transaction with
Scrooges bed curtains, and they
hate Scrooge.

Characteristic and Characterization

Ebenezer Scrooge
1. Cold hearted
IDC : The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled
his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly
in his grating voice.... (Stave 1, Pargraph 7, Page 2 )
- we conclude from Scrooges description that the

2. Tight- Fishted
DC : Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand at the grind-stone, Scrooge! a squeezing,
wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous, old sinner! ..... ( Stave 1, Paragraph
7, Page 2 )
IDC : `I wish to be left alone,' said Scrooge. `Since you ask me what I wish,
gentlemen, that is my answer. ... ( Stave 1 , Paragraph,Page 8 )
IDC : and I can't afford to make idle people merry.
I help to support the establishments I have mentioned
they cost enough; and those who are badly off must go there........ ( Stave 1 , Paragraph ,
Page 8 )
- We conclude that he is tight- Fishnted from the description of Scrooge and he chases
away a guy soliciting charity
3. Greedy-man or money-hungry businessman
IDC : It's not my business,' Scrooge returned.
It's enough for a man to understand his own business........ ( Stave 1 , Paragraph , Page 8 )
IDC : What else can I be, when I live in such a world of fools as this?......
What's Christmas time to you but a time for paying bills without
money; a time for finding yourself a year older, but not an hour richer... ( stave 1 , page 5 , last
paragraph )
- We conclude that

4. Hates irrational things
IDC : What else can I be,' returned the uncle, `when I live I
n such a world of fools as this? Merry Christmas!........
( Stave 1, Paragraph Page 4-5)
IDC : Nephew ! Returned the uncle sternly, keep Christmas in your own way and let me keep it in
mine . ( Steve 1 , paragraph , page 6)
IDC : Why did you get married?' said Scrooge.
Because I fell in love.
`Because you fell in love!' growled Scrooge, as if that were the only one thing in
the world more ridiculous than a merry Christmas.....
( Stave 1, Pargraph, Page 6 )
- We conclude that he hates things like happiness,christmas, loves because he thinks thats
irrational

Jacob Marley ( Scrooge s Partner )
1. Greedy
IDC : I cannot rest, I cannot stay, I cannot linger anywhere.
My spirit never walked beyond our counting-house--mark me! in life my spirit
never roved beyond the narrow limits of our money-changing hole;
and weary journeys lie before me. (stave 1 , page 17)
IDC : Not to know that no space of regret can make amendsfor one
life's opportunity misused! Yet such was I! Oh! such was I! (page 18 2. Kind
`I am here to-night to warn you, that you have yet a chance
and hope of escaping my fate. A chance and hope of my
procuring, Ebenezer. (stave 1, page 19)
- We conclude that
2. Kind
IDC : I am here to-night to warn you, that you have yet a chance
and hope of escaping my fate. A chance and hope of my
procuring, Ebenezer. (Stave 1, page 19)
- We conclude that he kind because he want to help scrooge with his warn to be better
person




Bob Crachit ( Scrooges Clerk )
1. Kind hearted
IDC : Mr.Scrooge,said Bob; Ill give you Mr Scrooge ,
the founder of the the Feast........... ( Stave 2 , Paragraph
, Page 49 )
- We Conclude that Bob still toast to scrooge ,
althought mr.scrooge didnt give fisiable wage
2. Loving
IDC : Oh, wonderful pudding. Bob crachit said, and
calmly too, that he regarded as the gretest success ....
(stave 2 , paragraph 4 , Page 47 )
- we conclude that he still give praise to mrs. Cratchit
about her pudding , althought the pudding is too small
for their large family
Tiny Tim ( Bob cratchits Young son)
Bob Cratchit's young son, hes crippled. He represents the goodness of the
Christmas spirit, cheerful and patient.
Evidence :
- (stave 2 , page 48, paragraph 5 )
God bless us every one! said Tiny Tim

- ( stave 4, page 72, last paragraph )
I know, my dears, that when we recollect how
patient and how mild he was; although he was
a little, little child....... said Bob.

Mrs. Cratchit ( Bob Cratchits Wife )
1. Spiteful / hater (to Scrooge)
IDC: Ill drink his health for your sake and the
Days, said Mrs. Cratchit, not long life to him (stave
3, page 49, paragraph 8)
Fred (Scrooges nephew)
1. Kind
DC : Bob told them of the extraordinary kindness of Mr. Scrooges Nephew
whom he had ...... ( stave 4, Page 71 ,Paragraph 8 )
- We conclude that from the bob says about fred that fred has extraordinary
kindness

2. Cheerful
DC : A merry christmas, uncle ! God save you! cried a cheerful voice . .... ( stave
1, paragraph, page 5)
- we conclude that Fred was very happy of Chrismast celebration
3. Love christmas
IDC : Christmas among the rest. But Iam sure I have always thought of
Christmas time, when it has come roundapart
from the veneration due to its sacred name and origin, if anything belonging to it
can be apart from that as a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant
time........ ( stave 1 , paragraph , page 6 )
- we conclude that Fred was very appreciate with Chrismast
The Ghost of Christmas Past
- The first spirit to visit Scrooge, with a glowing head and calm. He takes
Scrooge on a tour of Christmas in his past.
Evidence :
Dc: Who, and what are you? Scrooge demanded. I am the Ghost of
Chrismast Past ( stave 2, page 24, paragraph 4-5)

IDC : It was a strange figure like a child: yet not so like a child as like
an old man....But the strangest thing about it was, that from
the crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light.
.......The voice was soft and gentle. ( stave 2, page 23-24 )

Wise: because his purpose is to remind scrooges history is
to make Scrooge be a better person.




The Ghost of Christmas Present
He shows Scrooge the celebration of Christmas in present time.
1. Friendly and jolly
DC : there sat a jolly Giant, glorious to see, who bore a glowing torch,
--Looked from the way how he interacts with scrooge--
`Come in! 'exclaimed the Ghost.`Come in, and know me better, man. ( Stave 2
, page 40 )

2. Wise
because his purpose on showing scrooge how the present is to make him
change be a better person.

IDC : `If these shadows remain unaltered by the Future, none other
of my race, 'returned the Ghost, `will find him here. What
then? If he be like to die, he better do it , and decrease
the surplus population ( stave 3 , page 48-49, last paragraph )



3. Kind: ( stave 3, page 44, prgrf:8)
IDC : And perhaps it was the pleasure the good Spirit had in showing off this
power of his, or else it was his own kind, generous, hearty nature,
and his sympathy with all poor men, that led him straight to
Scrooge's clerk's; for there he went, andtook Scrooge with him, holding to
his robe; and on the threshold of the door the Spirit smiled, and stopped
to bless Bob Cratchit's dwelling with the sprinkling of his torch.
( Stave 3, page 44, paragraph 8 )
- We can Conclude that the ghost from the present

The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come
A dark phantom which he always points at the things Scrooge is to take notice of.

1. Mysterious: evidence=> (stave 4, page 59, paragraph 1)
The Phantom slowly, gravely, silently approached.... He felt that it was tall and
stately when it came beside him, and that its mysterious presence
filled him with a solemn dread. .....the Spirit neither spoke nor moved......but
pointed on ward with its hand.
- We conclude that the appearance of this ghost is myterious because the spirit come
slowly, gravely, silently and without say anything
2. Frightful : evidence => ( stave 4,page 60, paragraph 2)
Scrooge feared the silent shape so much that his legs trembled beneath him,
.....But Scrooge was all the worse for this. It thrilled him with a vague
uncertain horror, to know that behind the dusky shroud, there were
ghostly eyes intently fixed upon him...

Wise : because his purpose in doing all of the action is to
remind Scrooge and change him to be a better person.




THANK YOU
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