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API 510: Pressure Vessel Inspection Code for Maintenance Inspection, Rating, Repair, and Alteration PUSPATRI PASIR GUDANG,

API 510: Pressure Vessel Inspection Code for Maintenance Inspection, Rating,

Repair, and Alteration

PUSPATRI PASIR GUDANG, JOHOR 27 th Apr 1 st May 2009

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 1. The application of API 510 is restricted to organization

1. The application of API 510 is restricted to organization that:

1)

Fabricate or build pressure vessel according to ASME B&PV Code

2)

Employ or have access to a authorized inspection agency

3)

Manufacture or inspect pressure vessel according to NBIC

4)

Hire or have access to an unsanctioned inspection agency

(API 510 - 1.1.2)

SECTION 1

API Document Practices Question

1. The application of API 510 is restricted to organization that:

1)

Fabricate or build pressure vessel according to ASME B&PV Code

2)

Employ or have access to a authorized inspection agency

3)

Manufacture or inspect pressure vessel according to NBIC

4)

Hire or have access to an unsanctioned inspection agency

(API 510 - 1.1.2)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 2. API 510 inspection code is only applicable to pressure

2. API 510 inspection code is only applicable to pressure vessel used by the petroleum and chemical industries that:

1) Are being fabricated for the petroleum/chemical industries 2) Can be fabricated to ASME B&PV Code and inspected by NBIC inspectors 3) Will be place in service after fabrication to the ASME B&PV Code 4) Have been placed in service, inspected and/or repaired by an

authorized agency (API 510 1.1.1)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 2. API 510 inspection code is only applicable to pressure

2. API 510 inspection code is only applicable to pressure vessel used by the petroleum and chemical industries that:

1) Are being fabricated for the petroleum/chemical industries 2) Can be fabricated to ASME B&PV Code and inspected by NBIC inspectors

3) Will be place in service after fabrication to the ASME B&PV Code

4) Have been placed in service, inspected and/or repaired by an

authorized agency (API 510 1.1.1)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 3) Which of the following is an example of a

3) Which of the following is an example of a pressure vessel covered by API 510. (All of the vessels are in-service).

1)

PV on an ocean going ship, operates at 100 psig and 100F

2)

PV in a oil refinery, operates a 5 psig and 70F

3)

PV in a oil refinery, operates a 100 psig and 200F

4)

PV in a oil refinery, vol of 4 cu.ft & operates at 70 psig & 70F

(API 510 - Appendix A)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 3) Which of the following is an example of a

3) Which of the following is an example of a pressure vessel covered by API 510.

(All of the vessels are in-service).

1)

PV on an ocean going ship, operates at 100 psig and 100F

2)

PV in a oil refinery, operates a 5 psig and 70F

3)

PV in a oil refinery, operates a 100 psig and 200F

4)

PV in a oil refinery, vol of 4 cu.ft & operates at 70 psig & 70F

(API 510 - Appendix A)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 4) If there is a conflict between the ASME Code

4) If there is a conflict between the ASME Code and API 510 for vessels that have been placed In service, the requirement of:

  • 1. API 510 shall take precedence over the ASME codes

  • 2. ASME codes shall take precedence over the API 510

  • 3. NBIC shall be used as an arbitration

  • 4. The owner/user of pressure vessel shall take precedence over both codes

(API 510 1.1.1)

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 1 API Document Practices Question 4) If there is a conflict between the ASME Code

4) If there is a conflict between the ASME Code and API 510 for vessels that have been placed In service, the requirement of:

  • 1. API 510 shall take precedence over the ASME codes

  • 2. ASME codes shall take precedence over the API 510

  • 3. NBIC shall be used as an arbitration

  • 4. The owner/user of pressure vessel shall take precedence over both codes

(API 510 1.1.1)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 77. A 12 inches reinforced nozzle is being installed in

77. A 12 inches reinforced nozzle is being installed in a vessel where the largest existing reinforced opening is 10 inches. This is considered;

  • 1. A repair

  • 2. An alteration

  • 3. A re-rating

  • 4. A maintenance activity

(API 510 3.2)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 77. A 12 inches reinforced nozzle is being installed in

77. A 12 inches reinforced nozzle is being installed in a vessel where the largest existing reinforced opening is 10 inches. This is considered;

  • 1. A repair

  • 2. An alteration

  • 3. A re-rating

  • 4. A maintenance activity

(API 510 3.2)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 84. Which of the following is not an alteration? 1)

84. Which of the following is not an alteration?

1)

Increasing the diameter of a shell section

2)

Decreasing the temperature with impact testing of materials required

3)

Adding a NPS 12” reinforced nozzle in a vessel that has two NPS 10”

reinforced nozzles

4)

Adding a NPS 10” reinforced nozzle in a vessel that has two NPS 12”

reinforced nozzles (API 510 3.2)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 84. Which of the following is not an alteration? 1)

84. Which of the following is not an alteration?

1)

Increasing the diameter of a shell section

2)

Decreasing the temperature with impact testing of materials required

3)

Adding a NPS 12” reinforced nozzle in a vessel that has two NPS 10”

reinforced nozzles

4)

Adding a NPS 10” reinforced nozzle in a vessel that has two NPS 12”

reinforced nozzles (API 510 3.2)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 5. One type of Authorized Inspection Agency is: 1) An

5. One type of Authorized Inspection Agency is:

1)

An inspection organization that does inspection

2)

An insurance /inspection agency which does not write pressure vessel insurance.

3)

An owner/user of pressure vessel who maintains an inspection organization only for his own equipment

4)

An independent third party consultant

(API 510 3.6)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 5. One type of Authorized Inspection Agency is: 1) An

5. One type of Authorized Inspection Agency is:

1)

An inspection organization that does inspection

2)

An insurance /inspection agency which does not write pressure vessel insurance.

3)

An owner/user of pressure vessel who maintains an inspection organization only for his own equipment

4)

An independent third party consultant

(API 510 3.6)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 6.The term required thickness is the thickness: 1. Essential for

6.The term required thickness is the thickness:

  • 1. Essential for the shell and heads of a vessel

  • 2. Without corrosion allowance for each element of a pressure vessel

  • 3. Necessary for the shell of a vessel

  • 4. Including the corrosion allowance for the shell of a pressure vessel

(API 510 3.55)

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 3 API Document Practices Question 7. Lowering of the maximum allowable working pressure or temperature

7. Lowering of the maximum allowable working pressure or temperature rating of a vessel or both below the design condition is; 1) Not a permissible way to provide for corrosion

2) The preferred way to provide for corrosion

3) The only way to keep the vessel in service when it is corroded

4) A permissible way to provide for additional corrosion (API 510 3.56)

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question 8. An owner user is responsible for developing, implementing, executing

8. An owner user is responsible for developing, implementing, executing

and assessing pressure vessel inspection system and inspection procedures that will meet the requirements of API 510. These system and procedures will be:

1)Maintained in engineering procedure document

2)Kept as a standard procedure 3)Contained in a quality assurance inspection manual 4)In hand and available at owner user headquarters (API 510 4.2.1)

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question 78. How many years of experience is required when the

78. How many years of experience is required when the candidates does not have an education level equivalent to a high school education?

1)

5

2)

3

3)

2

4)

10

API 510 Appendix B.2.1

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 4 API Document Practices Question 79. May the API 510 inspector be assisted by non-certified

79. May the API 510 inspector be assisted by non-certified individuals when visual inspections are performed?

  • 1. Yes, when authorized by API

  • 2. Yes

  • 3. No

  • 4. Yes, when properly trained and qualified

(API 510 4.2.4)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 9. Safety precautions are important in pressure vessel inspection because

9. Safety precautions are important in pressure vessel inspection because of the limited access to and the confined space of pressure vessel. Out of the organization listed, which is the primary one that should be reviewed and followed.

1)ASME

2)OSHA

3)NFPA

4)NBIC

(API 510 5.3)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 14. If the external of internal covering such as insulation,

14. If the external of internal covering such as insulation, refractory protective lining and corrosion resistant linings are in good condition and there is no reason to suspect that an unsafe condition is behind them.

1) It is not necessary to remove them for inspection

2) It is necessary to remove them completely for inspection

3) It is necessary to partially remove them for inspection 4) It is required remove them completely for inspection on some set interval

(API 510 5.2.2.3)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 126. Examples of degradation mechanism are: 1) Corrosion 2) Cracking

126. Examples of degradation mechanism are:

1)

Corrosion

2)

Cracking

3)

Creep

4)

All the above

(API 510 5.2.1)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 127. It is essential that all RBI assessment be: 1)

127. It is essential that all RBI assessment be:

1)

Reviewed by jurisdictional authorities

2)

Understood by engineering

3)

Thoroughly documented

4)

Defined in terms of API 4467

(API 510 5.2.3)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 24. When must a pressure test be performed on a

24. When must a pressure test be performed on a pressure vessel?

  • 1. When the contractor working on the vessel deems it is necessary

  • 2. When the API authorized pressure vessel inspector believes that it is necessary

  • 3. When the safety group of the owner user request it

  • 4. When NFPA request it

(API 510 5.8)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

43. A pressure test is normally required after;

  • 1. An alteration

  • 2. A repair

  • 3. A lightning strike

  • 4. A unit upset

API 510 5.8.1

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 43. A pressure test is normally required after; 1. An

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 125. When owner-user chooses to conduct RBI assessment it must

125. When owner-user chooses to conduct RBI assessment it must includes a systematic evaluation of:

1)

Fatigue

2)

Likelihood of failures

3)

Associated consequences of failure

4)

Both 2 & 3

(API 510 5.2)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 87. How are safety relief devices isolated from the vessel

87. How are safety relief devices isolated from the vessel during hydrostatic testing?

1)

Test levers are wired down

2)

Removed or gagged

3)

Springs are tightened

4)

None of the above

(API 510 - 5.8.3.2)

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 5 API Document Practices Question 85. A pressure vessel whose thickness does not exceed 2

85. A pressure vessel whose thickness does not exceed 2 inches has a MDMT of 20F. Per API 510 what is the minimum test temperature permitted?

  • 1. 30 F

  • 2. -10 F

  • 3. -30 F

  • 4. 10 F

(API 510 5.8.6.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 18. Under what conditions is an internal field inspection of

18. Under what conditions is an internal field inspection of a newly

installed pressure vessel waived?

1)The contractor installing the vessel assures the owner user that the vessel is satisfactory for its intended service 2)A manufacturers data report assuring the vessel is satisfactory for its intended service is available. 3)The owner-user assures the inspector that the vessel is satisfactory for its intended service. 4)The manufacturer orally assures the owner user that the vessel is

satisfactory for its intended service. (API 510 6.2.1.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 128. An RBI assessment may be used to _______ the

128. An RBI assessment may be used to _______

the

limit.

1)

Increase or decrease

2)

Increase

3)

Decrease

4)

Limit

10 year inspection

(API 510 6.3)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 19. An above ground pressure vessel shall be given a

19. An above ground pressure vessel shall be given a visual external inspection,

preferably while in operation, at least every _____

years

or at the same interval as

the internal, whichever is less.

1)

2

2)

3

3)

5

4) 10

(API 510 6.4.1)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 20. The period between internal or on-stream inspections for a

20. The period between internal or on-stream inspections for a remaining life of

four years or greater shall not exceed one-half the estimated remaining life of the

vessel based on corrosion rate or _____

years

whichever is less.

10

15

5

12

(API 510 6.5.1.1)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 109. You have a corroded area which is 0.900 in

109. You have a corroded area which is 0.900 in thick. The minimum

thickness in calculated to be 1.0 in. The corrosion rate is 0.01 in per

year. Assuming constant corrosion rate how much weld overlay must be

applied to have a 10 year life?

1)

0.10 in.

2)

0.20 in.

3)

1.3 in.

4)

Repair not permitted by API 510

API 510 6.3

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 109. You have a corroded area which is 0.900 in

109. You have a corroded area which is 0.900 in thick. The minimum

thickness in calculated to be 1.0 in. The corrosion rate is 0.01 in per

year. Assuming constant corrosion rate how much weld overlay must be

applied to have a 10 year life?

1)

0.10 in.

2)

0.20 in.

3)

1.3 in.

4)

Repair not permitted by API 510

API 510 6.3

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 21. In cases where the safe operating remaining life is

21. In cases where the safe operating remaining life is estimated to be less than 4

years, the inspection interval may be the full remaining safe operating life up to a

maximum of

______

years.

1)

1

2)

2

3)

3

4)

4

(API 510 6.5.1.1)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 22. If both the ownership and the location of a

22. If both the ownership and the location of a vessel are changed, what must

happen before it is reused?

It must be internally and externally inspected

All the records must be reviewed

It must be thoroughly ultrasonically checked

It must have all the paper work transferred to the new owner

(API 510 6.2.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 81. Which of the following conditions must be met to

81. Which of the following conditions must be met to qualify vessel for on-stream

inspections when the general corrosion rate is less than 0.005 ipy and has

remaining life greater than 10 years?

1) The vessel is strip lined

2) The corrosive character of the content has been established for at least 5 years

3) Not more than two questionable conditions were disclosed at the previous

external inspections

4) The operating temperature exceed the lower temperatures limits for the

materials creep-rupture range

(API 510-6.5.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 81. Which of the following conditions must be met to

81. Which of the following conditions must be met to qualify vessel for on-stream

inspections when the general corrosion rate is less than 0.005 ipy and has

remaining life greater than 10 years?

1) The vessel is strip lined

2) The corrosive character of the content has been established for at least 5 years

3) Not more than two questionable conditions were disclosed at the previous

external inspections

4) The operating temperature exceed the lower temperatures limits for the

materials creep-rupture range

(API 510-6.5.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 26. What is the maximum inspection or testing interval of

26. What is the maximum inspection or testing interval of a pressure-

relieving device?

  • 1. 15 years

  • 2. 12 years

  • 3. 10 years

  • 4. 20 years

(API 510 6.6.2.2)

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 6 API Document Practices Question 25. Who is authorized to test and repair a pressure

25. Who is authorized to test and repair a pressure relief valve?

1)

An organization experienced in PRV maintenance

2)

A valve repair shop

3)

A certified pressure vessel inspector

4)

A contractor with valve mechanics

(API 510 6.6)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 11. If a probable corrosion rate cannot be determined from

11. If a probable corrosion rate cannot be determined from reviewing

data from the same or similar service vessels or estimated form published

data, on-stream determinations shall be made after approximately

hours

_______

of service by using NDE methods and a corrosion rate is

established.

1)500

2)1000

3)5000

4)10,000

(API 510 7.1.2)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 12. The maximum allowable working pressure for the continued use

12. The maximum allowable working pressure for the continued use of a

pressure vessel shall be based on computations determined by using the;

1)Latest edition of the National Boiler Inspection Code or the construction

code to which the vessel was built.

2)Latest edition of ASME code or the construction code to which the vessel

was built

3)Latest edition of API/ASME code or the construction code to which the

vessel was built

4)Latest edition of underwrite laboratories Code or the construction code

to which the vessel was built.

(API 510 7.3.1)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 16. For a corroded area of considerable size in which

16. For a corroded area of considerable size in which the circumferential stresses

govern, the least thickness along the most critical element of the area may be

averaged over a length not exceeding the following;

a.

For vessels with inside diameters less than or equal to 60 inches-

1)

¼ the vessel diameters or 5 inches whichever is less

2)

½ the vessel diameters or 10 inches whichever less

3)

1/4 the vessel diameters or 15inches whichever less

4)

½ the vessel diameters or 20 inches whichever less

(API 510 7.4.2.1)

b.

For vessels with inside diameters greater than 60 inches-

1)

1/3 the vessel diameters or 40 inches whichever is less

2)

¼ the vessel diameters or 30 inches whichever less

3)

1/3 the vessel diameters or 50 inches whichever less

4)

1/4 the vessel diameters or 25 inches whichever less

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 83. Which of the following widely scattered pit cannot be

83. Which of the following widely scattered pit cannot be ignored?

  • 1. The total area of the pits that is deeper than CA does not exceed 7 square

inches within an 9 inch diameter circle

  • 2. No pit depth is greater than 1/3 the vessel thickness

  • 3. The sum of the pit dimensions along any straight line within the circle does

not exceed 2.5 inches

  • 4. The total area of the pits that is deeper than CA does not exceed 7 inch2 within an 8 inch diameter circle

(API 510 7.4.2.3)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 17. For corrosion calculations the surface of the weld is

17. For corrosion calculations the surface of the weld is considered to be:

  • 1. 1 inch on either side of the weld or twice the minimum thickness on either

side of the weld whichever is greater

  • 2. 2 inches on either side of the weld or twice the minimum thickness on either side of the weld whichever is greater

  • 3. 4 inches on either side of the weld or twice the minimum thickness on either side of the weld whichever is greater

  • 4. 6 inches on either side of the weld or twice the minimum thickness on either side of the weld whichever is greater

(API 510 7.4.5)

People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don’t believe in circumstances. The

People are always blaming their circumstances for what they are. I don’t believe in

circumstances. The people who get on in this world are the people who get up and look

for the circumstances they want, and if they can’t find them, make them.

-George Bernard Shaw

API 510 Mathematical Calculations

Pressure Vessel Inspection Code:-

Maintenance Inspection, Rating,

Repair, and Alteration

Section 7.3 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination

  • Establish using latest ASME Code edition or original Code edition to which

vessel constructed

  • Certain essential details must be known prior to performing computations

  • In corrosive service the wall thickness used shall be actual thickness determined by inspection minus twice the estimated corrosion loss before next inspection

  • The “t” in the pressure formula is replaced by the following:

t = t actual 2(Corrosion rate x years to next inspection)

P = SEt/R + 0.6t

Section 7

Calculating P when the vessel is corroding

Section 7 Calculating P when the vessel is corroding API 510 - During an internal inspection

API 510 - During an internal inspection a corroded area on a vessel is discovered with a current thickness of 0.446 inches. You determine that the corrosion rate is 0.004 ipy.

Operations would like to have a 6 year run before performing the next internal inspection on

this vessel. What pressure is the wasted area “good for” for the end of 6 year. The shell has a

5 inch internal diameter and has joint efficiency of 1.0. The allowable stress of the material at design conditions is 15,000 psi.

ASME VIII-During the inspection of horizontal pressure vessel a corroded area was found on

the inside surface, the thickness at the point was measured to be 0.906 inches thick.

Checking the ASME data report for the vessel it was found that the shell plate was 1-1/4 inch purchased thickness,48 inch inside diameter of SA-516 Gr. 70 Material, the shell was rolled and welded using type 1 longitudinal seam with full radiography examination. The MAWP is 600 psig at 300 F. All openings in the vessel are fully reinforced, welded connections. S is

20,000 psi. What would be the maximum pressure permitted for this thinned area

(API 510 7.3)

Math Problem #1 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination

A pressure vessel has an MAWP of 500 psi at 400F and is made of SA

516 Gr.70 material with a stress value of 20,000 psi and has a measured

thickness of 0.875 inches. The efficiency is 1.0, inside radius is 24 inches

and there is no corrosion allowance. The observed corrosion rate is 0.01

inches/year and the next planned inspection is 5 years. What will be the

MAWP at the end of 5 years?

1)

633 psi

2)

500 psi

3)

450 psi

4)

900 psi

Math Problem #1 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination

________________________________________________________________________

Step 1: List down all “Given” info

MAWP = 500 psi S=20,000 psi

t actual =0.875”

R=24”

E=1.0

CR= 0.01 inch/year

Next inspection = 5 yrs

MAWP at the end of next 5 years? ________________________________________________________________________ Step 2: Formula P = SEt/R+0.6t t = t actual 2(CR x next inspection) ________________________________________________________________________

Step 3: Calculate t = 0.875” – 2(0.01 x 5) = 0.775”

________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Plug in value into P = SEt/R+0.6t

=(20,000)(1)(0.775)/24+(0.6)(0.775)=633 psi

________________________________________________________________________

Math Problem #2 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination

A pressure vessel has an MAWP of 350 psi at 300F and is made of SA 515 Grade 60 material with a stress value of 16,000 psi. The efficiency of the longitudinal joint is 0.70 and the inside radius is 36 inches with 1.25 inch corrosion allowance. The measured thickness is 0.750 inches and the corrosion rate is 0.02 ipy. The next planned inspection is in 6 years. What will be the MAWP at the end of six years?

1)

440 psi

2)

350 psi

3)

602 psi

4)

157 psi

Math Problem #2 Maximum Allowable Working Pressure Determination

__________________________________________________________________________

Step 1: List down all “Given” info

MAWP = 350 psi S=16,000 psi

t actual =0.875”

R=36”

E=7.0

CR= 0.02 inch/year

Next inspection = 6 yrs

MAWP at the end of 6 years? __________________________________________________________________________ Step 2: Formula P = SEt/R+0.6t t = t actual 2(CR x next inspection) __________________________________________________________________________

Step 3: Calculate t = 0.75” – 2(0.02 x 6) = 0.51”

__________________________________________________________________________ Step 4: Plug in value into P = SEt/R+0.6t

=(16,000)(0.7)(0.51)/36+(0.6)(0.51)

=5,712/36.306

= 157.3 psi

Section 7.4:

Fitness For Service Analysis for Corroded Region

Corrosion may cause uniform loss or may cause a pitted appearance

Minimum actual thickness and maximum corrosion rate determined by:

 

NDE thickness testing and drilled test holes

Measurement through openings

Gauging from uncorroded surfaces

When the minimum actual thickness or maximum corrosion rate is to be

adjusted, one of the following evaluation techniques should be

considered

1)

Averaging for large areas

2)

Evaluation of widely scattered pit

3)

Evaluation of corrosion on weld surface with joint factor other than 1

4)

Measuring corroded thickness of ellipsoidal & torispherical head

Section 7.4.2:Evaluation of Locally Thinned Area

Section 7.4.2:Evaluation of Locally Thinned Area

Math Problem #3

Averaging for Large Areas

An eight foot diameter vessel has a large area of general corrosion (32 inches in length and width) and has thickness readings taken in the

circumferential (lettered row) and longitudinal (numbered row) directions

as shown below. What would be the least thickness along the most critical

element considering circumferential stress applies.

1a-0.298”

2a-0.243”

3a-0.192”

4a-0.185”

5a-0.267”

1b-0.264”

2b-0.230”

3b-0.185”

4b-0.193”

5b-0.220”

1c-0.223”

2c-0.180”

3c-0.204”

4c-0.210”

5c-0.246”

  • 1. 0.206”

  • 2. 0.193”

  • 3. 0.179”

  • 4. 0.195”

Math Problem #3

Averaging for Large Areas

An eight foot diameter vessel has a large area of general corrosion (32 inches in length and width) and has thickness readings taken in the

circumferential (lettered row) and longitudinal (numbered row) directions

as shown below. What would be the least thickness along the most critical

element considering circumferential stress applies.

1a-0.298”

2a-0.243”

3a-0.192”

4a-0.185”

5a-0.267”

1b-0.264”

2b-0.230”

3b-0.185”

4b-0.193”

5b-0.220”

1c-0.223”

2c-0.180”

3c-0.204”

4c-0.210”

5c-0.246”

___________________________________________________________________________

0.2616”

0.2176”

0.1936”

0.196”

0.569”

  • 1. 0.206”

  • 2. 0.193”

1
1
  • 3. 0.179”

  • 4. 0.195”

3
3
2
2
4
4
 
5
5
a b c
a
b
c

Math Problem #4

Averaging for Large Areas

An six foot diameter vessel has a large area of general corrosion (24 inches in length and width) and has thickness readings taken in the

circumferential (lettered row) and longitudinal (numbered row) directions

as shown below. What would be the least thickness along the most critical

element considering circumferential direction.

1a-0.456”

2a-0.443”

3a-0.388”

4a-0.443”

5a-0.550”

1b-0.458”

2b-0.423”

3b-0.334”

4b-0.457”

5b-0.589”

1c-0.398”

2c-0.399”

3c-0.368”

4c-0.447”

5c-0.498”

  • 1. 0.447”

  • 2. 0.363”

  • 3. 0.191”

  • 4. 0.422”

Math Problem #4

Averaging for Large Areas

An six foot diameter vessel has a large area of general corrosion (24 inches in length and width) and has thickness readings taken in the

circumferential (lettered row) and longitudinal (numbered row) directions

as shown below. What would be the least thickness along the most critical

element considering circumferential direction.

1a-0.456”

2a-0.443”

 

3a-0.388”

4a-0.443”

5a-0.550”

0.456”

 

1b-0.458”

2b-0.423”

3b-0.334”

4b-0.457”

5b-0.589”

0.452”

1c-0.398”

2c-0.399”

3c-0.368”

4c-0.447”

5c-0.498”

0.422”

1.

0.447”

2.

0.363”

a b c
a
b
c
 

3.

0.191”

1
1

4.

0.422”

 
3
3
2
2
4
4
 
5
5

Section 7.4.3: Evaluation of Pitting

Section 7.4.3: Evaluation of Pitting

Math Problem #4

Widely Scattered Pit

A pressure vessel is 48 inches in diameter. There is some widely scattered pitting present. The wall thickness including 0.125 inch corrosion allowance

is 0.750 inch. One group is encircled by an eight inch diameter circle that

contains the following;

One 1” dia x 0.20” deep pit, three ¾” dis x 0.20” pit and one 1-1/2” dia x 0.15 deep pit. A straight line is drawn through the most pits within the circle and includes the ¾”, 1” and 1-1/2” pits.

a)

What is the total area of the its within the 8 inches circle?

1)2.5 inch2

2)3.876 inch2

3)1.325 inch2

4)7.25 inch2

b)

What would have to be done to the pits in the straight line to make them acceptable?

1)

Nothing, they are acceptable as is

2)

Weld repair the 1.5” dia pt

3)

Fill all pits with epoxy materials

4)

None of the above apply

Math Problem #4

Widely Scattered Pit

A pressure vessel is 48 inches in diameter. There is some widely scattered pitting present. The wall thickness including 0.125 inch corrosion allowance is 0.750 inch. One group is encircled by an eight inch diameter circle that contains the following;

One 1” dia x 0.20” deep pit, three ¾” dis x 0.20” pit and one 1-1/2” dia x 0.15 deep pit. A straight line is drawn through the most pits within the circle and includes the ¾”, 1” and 1-1/2” pits.

a)

What is the total area of the its within the 8

inches circle?

 

1)2.5 inch2

2)3.876 inch2

3)1.325 inch2

4)7.25 inch2

b)

What would have to be done to the pits in the

straight line to make them acceptable?

1)

Nothing, they are acceptable as is

2)

Weld repair the 1.5” dia pt

3)

Fill all pits with epoxy materials

4)

None of the above apply

D=48”

Tnom = 0.75

CA=0.125

Pit #1: 1” dia x 0.2” depth Pit #2: 0.75” dia x 0.2” depth x (3nos) Pit#3: 1.5” dia x 0.15” depth

a) Total area of the pits Formula for area: ∏r2 Area of Pit#1 + Area of Pit#2 x 3 + Area of Pit#3 = ∏(0.5) 2 + ∏(0.375) 2 x 3 + ∏(0.75) 2 = 0.785 + 1.325 + 1.767 = 3.878 inches 2

b) Sum of dimension of pits within the 8 inches circle Dia Pit#1 + Dia Pit#2 + Dia Pit#3

= 1 + 0.75 + 1.5

= 3.25” which is exceed the limit of 2”.

Thus by repair 1.5” pit then the sum of dimension will be 1.75” which <2”

Another Problem

Widely Scattered Pit

Four scattered pits are found on the shell of a vessel. All the pits are contained within an 8 inch diameter circle. Pit no 1 is 0.75 inch diameter and 0.25 inch deep. Pit no 2 is

0.49 inch diameter and 0.61 inch deep. Pit no 3 is 0.6 inch diameter and 0.51 inch

deep. Pit no 4 is 1.5 inch diameter and 0.26 inch deep. The required thickness is 0.781

inch and the actual thickness is 1 inch.

a)

What is the total area of the pits in the 8 inch circle?

 

1) 2.678 inch2

2)3.335 inch2

3)1.002 inch2

4) 6 inch2

b)

What pit(s) are unacceptable due to remaining thickness?

1) No 1 & 3

2) No 2

3) No 4

4) No 1 & 2

c)

What pit(s) are unacceptable because of straight line out tolerance?

1) No 1&2

2) No 2&3

3) No 3&4

4) N0 2&4

Another Problem

Widely Scattered Pit

Four scattered pits are found on the shell of a vessel. All the pits are contained within an 8 inch diameter circle. Pit no 1 is 0.75 inch diameter and 0.25 inch deep. Pit no 2 is 0.49 inch diameter and 0.61 inch deep. Pit no 3 is 0.6 inch diameter and 0.51 inch deep. Pit no 4 is 1.5 inch diameter and 0.26 inch deep. The required thickness is 0.781 inch and the actual thickness is 1 inch.

Pit #1 : 0.75” dia x 0.25” depth Pit #2 : 0.49” dia x 0.61” depth Pit # 3 : 0.6” dia x 0.51” depth Pit # 4 : 1.5” dia x 0.26” depth tmin = 0.781” tactual = 1”

  • a) What is the total area of the pits in the 8 inch

circle? Formula for area: ∏r2 = Area Pit#1 + Area Pit#2 + Area Pit#3 + Area Pit#4 = ∏(0.375) 2 + ∏(0.245) 2 + ∏(0.3) 2 + ∏(0.75) 2 = 0.4418 + 0.1886 + 0.2827 + 1.7671 = 2.68 inch 2

  • b) What pit(s) are unacceptable due to remaining

a)

What is the total area of the pits in the 8 inch

thickness?

circle?

 

Remaining t below the pit >½(tmin)

1) 2.678 inch2 2)3.335 inch2 3)1.002 inch2 4) 6 inch2

½ x tmin = ½ x 0.781 = 0.3905” Pit#1: 1” – 0.25” = 0.75” Pit#2: 1” – 0.61” = 0.39” Pit#3: 1” – 0.51” = 0.49” Pit#4: 1” – 0.26” = 0.74”

b)

What pit(s) are unacceptable due to remaining

thickness?

2) No 2

 
  • c) What pit(s) are unacceptable because of straight

1) No 1 & 3

3) No 4

4) No 1 & 2

line out tolerance?

c)

What pit(s) are unacceptable because of straight

Pit#1 + Pit#2 = 0.75 + 0.49 = 1.24” Pit#2 + Pit#3 = 0.49 + 0.6 = 1.09”

line out tolerance?

 

Pit#3 + Pit#4 = 0.6 + 1.5 = 2.1” – not acceptable

1) No 1&2

2) No 2&3

3) No 3&4

4) N0 2&4

Pit#2 + Pit#4 = 0.49 + 1.5 = 1.99”

Section 7.4.5:Evaluation of Corroded Weld Surface

Section 7.4.5:Evaluation of Corroded Weld Surface

Math Problem #6

Evaluation of Corroded Weld Surface

A pressure vessel is found to have a corroded area that

includes the longitudinal welded seam. An evaluation must be

made to determine whether the thickness at the weld or

remote from the weld governs. The inside radius is 36 inch

which includes 0.125 inch corrosion allowance. The MAWP is

500 psig, S=17500 psi. The nameplate has no extent of

radiography shown under the code stamp. The longitudinal seam is Type 1.

What would be the width of the evaluation if the width from toe to toe was 1

inch?

1)

7 inch

2)

2 inch

3)

3.022 inch

4)

7.044 inch

Math Problem #6

Evaluation of Corroded Weld Surface

A pressure vessel is found to have a corroded area that includes the longitudinal welded seam. An evaluation must be made to determine whether the thickness at the weld or remote from the weld governs. The inside radius is 36 inch which includes 0.125 inch corrosion allowance. The MAWP is 500 psig, S=17500 psi. The nameplate has no extent of radiography shown under the

code stamp. The longitudinal seam is Type 1.

What would be the width of the evaluation if the

width from toe to toe was 1 inch?

1)

7 inch

2)

2 inch

3)

3.022 inch

4)

7.044 inch

MAWP = 500 psi, S= 17,500, R=36”, CA=0.125”

E = 0.7 [Type 1 with no RT]. Width of area for evaluation of the weld and area remote from weld?

Section 5.7: The greater of 1” on either side of

weld or 2 x tmin on either side of weld

tmin = PR/SE-0.6P = (500)(36)/(17,500)(0.7) 0.6(500) = 18,000/11,900

= 1.51” 2 x t min = 3.01” which is > 1”

Thus, total area of evaluation = both side of the weld + weld area = (3.01) x 2 + 1

= 7.03”

Section 7.4.6:Corroded Areas in Vessel Head

Section 7.4.6:Corroded Areas in Vessel Head
Section 7.4.6:Corroded Areas in Vessel Head

Math Problem#7

Measuring Corroded Ellipsoidal Head

#7. There has been a corrosion in the center of ellipsoidal head. The head is a 2:1 elliptical with a D of 60 inches and h of 15 inches. What is the required thickness in the center portion of this head if the MAWP is 300 psi, E=1.0 and the S= 15,600 psi?

  • a) 0.520 in

  • b) 0.750 in

  • c) 1.050 in

  • d) 0.889 in

Math Problem#7

Measuring Corroded Ellipsoidal Head

Math Problem#7 Measuring Corroded Ellipsoidal Head MAWP = 300 psi, E=1.0, S=15,600 psi, D=60, h=15. What

MAWP = 300 psi, E=1.0, S=15,600 psi, D=60, h=15. What is treq or tmin? As per Section if 5.7 thickness at central portion calculation for elipsoidal or torispherical to use spherical head formula:

t = PR/2SE-0.2P

Calculate R R=kD, find value K from table. For D/2h = 60/2(15) = 2 value k=0.9

R = 0.9 (60) =54”

t = (300)(54)/2(15,600)(1)-0.2(300) = 16,200/31,140

= 0.52”

Math Problem#13

Measuring Corroded Torispherical Head

#13. A torispherical head is to be repaired by replacement of the center

portion of the head. What is the required thickness for a dishead repair

plate that is 50% of the head diameter. The material is SA 516 Grade 70

and S=18,000, P=300 psi, the crown radius = 96 inch. E=0.65 and a Type

2 joint will be used.

1)

2.0 in

2)

1.233 in

3)

0.556 in

4)

0.234 in

Math Problem#13

Measuring Corroded Torispherical Head

Math Problem#13 Measuring Corroded Torispherical Head MAWP = 300 psi, S=18,000, R=96” E=0.65, Type 2 joint

MAWP = 300 psi, S=18,000, R=96”

E=0.65, Type 2 joint What is the t min?

As per Section if 5.7 thickness at central portion calculation for elipsoidal or torispherical to use spherical head formula:

t = PL/2SE-0.2P

The radius of torispherical to be used as radius of spherical segment.

t = (300)(96)/2(18,000)(0.65) 0.2(300) = 28,800/23,340

= 1.234”

SECTION 7

API Document Practices Question

82. The definition of trequired is:

  • 1. Default thickness at the same CML or component in inch as the t actual measurement.

  • 2. Required thickness at different CML or component in inch as the t actual measurement.

  • 3. Required thickness at the same CML or component in inch as the

t actual measurement.

  • 4. Nominal thickness at the same CML or component in inch as the t actual measurement.

API 510 - 7.2.1

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 23. A pressure vessel has been in service for 12

23. A pressure vessel has been in service for 12 years and has shown

history of corrosion over its service life. The original thickness was

1.9375” thick and the present thickness is 1.405”. What is the corrosion

rate for this vessel?

1)

0.266250 ipy

2)

0.532500 ipy

3)

0.088750 ipy

4)

0.044375 ipy

(API 510 7.1)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 28. The following is not normally found in pressure vessel

28. The following is not normally found in pressure vessel records;

Manufacturer data reports

Vessel identification numbers

Piping past the first vessel flanges

Relief valve information

(API 510 7.8.2)

Inspection Intervals

Why It So Important?

Inspection Intervals Why It So Important? • Selecting the correct inspection interval is a “balancing act”!

Selecting the correct inspection interval is a “balancing act”!

Inspection must be conducted to assure the integrity of the pressure vessel. But, inspections are costly and should be minimized.

API 510 has developed rules that provide assurance of equipment integrity but at cost effective frequencies.

Inspection Interval Input

Inspection Interval Input Inspection Data “Tact/T prev” Equipment Data P, S,E API 510 Interval Rules C-21210
Inspection Data “Tact/T prev”
Inspection
Data “Tact/T
prev”
Equipment Data P, S,E
Equipment
Data P, S,E
API 510 Interval Rules C-21210 Next Inspection? Section VIII “t min”
API 510
Interval Rules
C-21210
Next Inspection?
Section VIII
“t min”

Remaining Life

Remaining Life

API 510 Requirements

External Inspection

Internal Inspection

Lesser of;

Lesser of;

 

5 years

10 years

During Internal Inspection

 

½ Remaining Life

 

Full life up to 2 years

 

5 years

10 yrs

½ Life

4

 
 

yrs

2 years

2

yrs

 

0 yrs

Full Life

If remaining life <4 years

 

10 years

20 yrs

 

4 yrs

½ Life

2 years

2 yrs

 

0 yrs

Full Life

Calculate the Interval

Calculate the Interval • Calculate the external and Internal Inspection intervals based on the given remaining

Calculate the external and Internal Inspection intervals based on the given remaining life

Remaining Life (years)

External Inspection (years)

Internal Inspection (years)

18

   

22

   

2

   

15

   

4

   

8

   

44

   

12

   

1

   

The Problem

The Problem • A vessel head in June 1993 was 0.698 inches thick. Previous thickness in

A vessel head in June 1993 was 0.698 inches thick. Previous thickness in June 1988 at the same

area was 0.713 inches. The required thickness of the head is 0.653 inches.

What is the internal inspection interval?
What is the internal
inspection interval?
Calculating the Interval 1. Calculate the Corrosion Rate (CR) previous actual 2. Calculate the Remaining Corrosion

Calculating the Interval

  • 1. Calculate the Corrosion Rate (CR) CR = t previous t actual /time

  • 2. Calculate the Remaining Corrosion Allowance (RCA)

RCA =

t actual - t minimum

  • 3. Calculate Remaining Life of Vessel (RL)

RL = RCA/CR

  • 4. Calculate Inspection Interval (Based on API 510)

t previous t actual t min
t previous
t actual
t min

The Thickness

t previous t actual t min The Thickness Corroded & Gone Remaining Corrosion Allowance Required Thickness

Corroded & Gone

Remaining Corrosion Allowance

Required Thickness

Corrosion Rate (CR)

Corrosion Rate (CR) • How do we calculate the corrosion rate? CR = t previous –

How do we calculate the corrosion rate?

CR =

t previous tactual period of time

The Problem!

CR =

0.713 0.698

1998 1993

= 0.003 inch/year or ipy

Corrosion Rate An Exercise

Corrosion Rate – An Exercise • Calculate the Corrosion Rate Thickness Data 1 TML Jan 2003

Calculate the Corrosion Rate

Thickness Data 1

TML

Jan 2003

Jan 1993

0.450"

0.500"

1

Thickness Data 2

0.400"

  • 1 0.260"

Jan 1983

Jan 2003

TML

Thickness Data 3

0.75"

  • 1 0.675"

Nov 1988

Nov 2003

TML

Calculate Corrosion Rate with Odd

Months

Converts months to years

Calculate Corrosion Rate with Odd Months • Converts months to years Feb 1995 1st 4/12 Jan

Feb 1995

1st

4/12

Jan 1978

11th

Nov 1997

6th

June 2001

2nd

  • 0.33 1988.33

4th

April 1988

Total Years

Decimal Year

Year

Fractional

Month

Date

Mar 2007

3rd

Calculate the CR

Thickness Data

TML

March 2004

Oct 2001

N-2

0.275"

0.288"

Thickness Data

TML Sept 2003 Apr 1999 N-4 0.521" 0.565"
TML
Sept 2003
Apr 1999
N-4
0.521"
0.565"

Long Term & Short Term CR

Inspection Data Record

Long Term & Short Term CR Inspection Data Record 0.500 Jan 2003 t minimum Jan 1998
0.500 Jan 2003 t minimum Jan 1998 Jan 1995 Jan 1993 0.380" 0.440 0.465 0.480
0.500
Jan 2003
t minimum
Jan 1998
Jan 1995
Jan 1993
0.380"
0.440
0.465
0.480

Calculate Short Term and Long Term CR and Remaining Life

Step 1 Calculate Short Term CR

STCR = (tprevious tcurrent)/time period

Step 2- Calculate Long Term CR

LTCR = (tinitial tcurrent)/time period

Step 3- Pick the Controlling Corrosion Rate (highest value)

Step 4 Calculate Remaining Life

RL = (tcurrent tmin)/ corrosion rate

The Problem

The Problem • A vessel head in June 1993 was 0.698 inches thick. Previous thickness in

A vessel head in June 1993 was 0.698 inches thick. Previous thickness in June 1988 at the same

area was 0.713 inches. The required thickness of the head is 0.653 inches.

What is the internal inspection interval?
What is the internal
inspection interval?

Corrosion Rate (CR)

Corrosion Rate (CR) • How do we calculate the corrosion rate? CR = t previous –

How do we calculate the corrosion rate?

CR =

t previous tactual period of time

The Problem!

CR =

0.713 0.698

1998 1993

= 0.003 inch/year or ipy

Remaining Corrosion Allowance

Remaining Corrosion Allowance • How do we calculate the Remaining Corrosion Allowance (RCA) RCA = tactual

How do we calculate the Remaining Corrosion Allowance (RCA)

RCA = tactual tmin

The Problem!

RCA = 0.698 -0.653 = 0.045 inches

Remaining Life (RL)

Remaining Life (RL) • How do we calculate the Remaining Life (RL) RL = tactual –

How do we calculate the Remaining Life (RL) RL = tactual tmin corrosion rate = RCA/CR

The Problem! RL = 0.045/0.003 RL = 15 yrs

Calculate the Interval

Calculate the Interval • Calculate the Internal Inspection interval based on the info in the table

Calculate the Internal Inspection interval based on the info in the table

0.455

(inches)

0.405

Vessel No

Actual

Thickness

(inches)

Required Thickness

(inches)

V-103

Corrosion

Rate (ipy)

Remaining Life

Internal

Inspection

Interval (years)

V-100

0.475

0.4

0.158

V-101

0.322

0.309

0.003

V-102

1.652

0.453

0.012

0.01

0.015

V-104

1.342

1.225

0.002

V-105

0.142

Remaining CA

0.008

V-106

0.739

0.543

0.011

V-107

0.345

0.321

0.004

Test Your Skill!

Test Your Skill! • Calculate the next inspection date Inspection Data Record 0.477 0.492 0.500 t

Calculate the next inspection date

Inspection Data Record

0.477 0.492 0.500 t minimum May 2003 Oct 1998 May 1995 Jan 1991 0.395" 0.454
0.477
0.492 0.500
t minimum
May 2003
Oct 1998
May 1995
Jan 1991
0.395"
0.454

Inspection Data Record

0.322" t minimum Feb 2003 May 1997 Jun 1992 Nov 1985 0.212" 0.288" 0.296" 0.305"
0.322"
t minimum
Feb 2003
May 1997
Jun 1992
Nov 1985
0.212"
0.288"
0.296"
0.305"

Problem 9

Problem 9 A pressure vessel shell has a measured thickness of 0.678 inches and required thickness

A pressure vessel shell has a measured thickness of 0.678 inches

and required thickness of 0.570 inches. The short term CR

0.023 ipy and the long term CR 0.015 ipy. What is the

remaining life of the shell?

1)

7.2 yrs

2)

6 yrs

3)

8.123 yrs

4)

4.695 yrs

Problem 10

Problem 10 The bottom head of a vessel has had the following thickness readings taken since

The bottom head of a vessel has had the following thickness

readings taken since being put in service in 1997. 1997=0.75”,

1999=0.72”, 2000=0.65”, 2002=0.623”. The required

thickness is 0.553 inches. What is the next inspection interval?

1)

2 yrs

2)

2.755 yrs

3)

6.2 yrs

4)

10 yrs

Problem 11

Problem 11 The following reading were taken for a pressure vessel. New in 1992 – 0.689”,

The following reading were taken for a pressure vessel. New in 1992 – 0.689”,

1994-0.527”, 1996-0.5”, 1998-0.467”.

a) What is the short term corrosion rate?

1)0.036 ipy 2) 0.006 ipy

3) 0.016 ipy

4)0.037 ipy

b) Long term corrosion rate

1) 0.037 ipy 2)0.0235 ipy

3)0.1 ipy

4)0.001 ipy

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 29. When repairs and alterations are to be performed on

29. When repairs and alterations are to be performed on a pressure

vessel, all materials and all welding procedures that are to be used

must be approved by;

1)

The insurance carrier for the company that the pressure vessel

belongs to and the owner user of the pressure vessel

2)

The owner-user and the contractor performing the repairs or

alterations to the pressure vessel.

3)

The API authorized pressure vessel inspector and if necessary by

engineer experienced in pressure vessel design, fabrication or

inspection

4)

The original vessel fabricator and the insurance carrier for the

company tha owns the pressure vessel

(API 510 9 th edition 8.12)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 30. What type of repairs can an authorized inspector give

30. What type of repairs can an authorized inspector give prior general

authorization for?

1)

Major repairs that require pressure test

2)

Alterations that require pressure tests

3)

Major alteration that requires pressure test

4)

Limited to routine repairs that will not require pressure test

(API 510 9 th edition 8.11)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 110. Who is notified when a repair to an ASME

110. Who is notified when a repair to an ASME Section VIII Div 2 vessel is

required?

1)

Pressure vessel engineer

2)

API inspector

3)

Pressure vessel engineer & API inspector

4)

Manufacturer of the vessel

(API 510 - 8.1.1)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 32. Who should be consulted before repairing a crack at

32. Who should be consulted before repairing a crack at discontinuity, where

stress concentrations may be serious

1)

The operators of the vessel

2)

The owner-users

3)

An engineer experienced in the operations of the vessels

4)

An engineer experienced in pressure vessel design

(API 510 8.1.5.2.1)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 33. All repair and alteration welding shall be in accordance

33. All repair and alteration welding shall be in accordance with the applicable

requirements of the

NBIC codes

AWS D1.1 Welding Codes

ASME Code

NFPA Welding Code

(API 510 9 th edition 8.1.6.1)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 34. The repair organization should use qualified welders and welding

34. The repair organization should use qualified welders and welding procedures

qualified in accordance with the applicable requirements of;

1) Section V of ASME codes

2) Section IX of ASME Codes

3) AWS D1.1 Welding Codes

4) API Standard 1104, Welding

(API 510 9 th edition 8.1.6.2.1)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 35. The repair organization shall maintain records of its qualified

35. The repair organization shall maintain records of its qualified welding

procedures and its welding performance qualifications. These records shall

be available to the

_______

prior to start of the welding.

1) Operator

2) Owner-user

3) Welder

4) Inspector

(API 510 9 th edition 8.1.6.2.1)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 80. When can pre-heat at 300F in lieu of PWHT

80. When can pre-heat at 300F in lieu of PWHT not be applied in the

repairs of a pressure vessel?

1)

For P-1 materials

2)

For P-3 materials

3)

For P-4 materials

4)

None of the above

(API 510-8.1.6.4.2.2)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 36. For alterations or repairs of vessels initially postweld heat

36. For alterations or repairs of vessels initially postweld heat treated as a code

requirement and constructed of P-1 and P-3 steels listed in the ASME Codes,

preheating to not less than ______

degrees

F may be considered as an

alternative to PWHT when impact testing is not required.

1) 200

2) 300

3) 400

4) 500

(API 510 8.1.6.4.2.2.2)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 37. A carbon steel (A 285 Gr C) vessel must

37. A carbon steel (A 285 Gr C) vessel must be repaired by welding in a flush

patch (replacing a corroded area). Impact testing is not required. The vessel

is in caustic service and was originally PWHT. Which of the following is

correct?

The repair may be PWHT

The repair may be pre-heated to 300F while welding and PWHT waived

The repair may be pre-heated to 200F while welding and PWHT waived

No 1&2 above

(API 510 8.1.6.4.2.2)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 115. How long must the temper bead repair be held

115. How long must the temper bead repair be held at temperature after

completion of the weld repair for an API 510 application?

1)

5 hours

2)

1 hour

3)

4 hours

4)

2 hours

(API 510 8.1.6.4.2.3)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 130. What is the maximum interpass temperature for a repair

130. What is the maximum interpass temperature for a repair weld using

the controlled deposition method that was originally PWHT?

1)

400 F

2)

600 F

3)

300 F

4)

Not greater than that used in procedure qualifications

(API 510 8.1.6.4.2.3 f-4)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 38. If local PWHT is approved for a vessel repair

38. If local PWHT is approved for a vessel repair ( a complete 360 degree band

around the vessel is not used-only a localized spot), what are the minimum

number of thermocouples required around the localized area to monitor the

temperatures?

1)

1

2)

2

3)

4

4)

6

(API 510 9 th edition 8.1.6.4.1)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 39. When repairing vessels with stainless steel weld overlay and

39. When repairing vessels with stainless steel weld overlay and cladding (vessel

constructed of P-3, P-4 or P-5 base materials) the base metal in the area of

repair should be examined for cracking by per ASME Section V. this UT inspection

should be made

_______

hours after repairs have been completed for equipment

in hydrogen service, especially for chromium-molybdenum alloys that could be

affected by delayed cracking

12

24

36

42

(API 510 8.1.5.4.4)

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 8 API Document Practices Question 76. The pressure vessel engineer must additionally consider which of

76. The pressure vessel engineer must additionally consider which of the following

when welding a P-5 base material to stainless cladding which is in hydrogen

service at elevated temperatures?

1)

Weld rod diameter

2)

Effects of temper embrittlement

3)

Outgassing base metals

4)

Weld bead size

(API 510 9 th edition 8.1.5.4.3)

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question

SECTION 7 API Document Practices Question 116. Which of the following must be considered by the

116. Which of the following must be considered by the pressure vessel

engineer when repairs are made to stainless steel weld overlay for