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# Widely Scattered Pit

A pressure vessel is 48 inches in diameter. There is some widely scattered pitting present. The wall thickness including 0.125 inch corrosion allowance is 0.750 inch. One group is encircled by an eight inch diameter circle that contains the following;

One 1” dia x 0.20” deep pit, three ¾” dis x 0.20” pit and one 1-1/2” dia x 0.15 deep pit. A straight line is drawn through the most pits within the circle and includes the ¾”, 1” and 1-1/2” pits.

 a) What is the total area of the its within the 8 inches circle? 1)2.5 inch2 2)3.876 inch2 3)1.325 inch2 4)7.25 inch2 b) What would have to be done to the pits in the

straight line to make them acceptable?

 1) Nothing, they are acceptable as is 2) Weld repair the 1.5” dia pt 3) Fill all pits with epoxy materials 4) None of the above apply

D=48”

Tnom = 0.75

CA=0.125

Pit #1: 1” dia x 0.2” depth Pit #2: 0.75” dia x 0.2” depth x (3nos) Pit#3: 1.5” dia x 0.15” depth

a) Total area of the pits Formula for area: ∏r2 Area of Pit#1 + Area of Pit#2 x 3 + Area of Pit#3 = ∏(0.5) 2 + ∏(0.375) 2 x 3 + ∏(0.75) 2 = 0.785 + 1.325 + 1.767 = 3.878 inches 2

b) Sum of dimension of pits within the 8 inches circle Dia Pit#1 + Dia Pit#2 + Dia Pit#3

= 1 + 0.75 + 1.5

= 3.25” which is exceed the limit of 2”.

Thus by repair 1.5” pit then the sum of dimension will be 1.75” which <2”

# Widely Scattered Pit

Four scattered pits are found on the shell of a vessel. All the pits are contained within an 8 inch diameter circle. Pit no 1 is 0.75 inch diameter and 0.25 inch deep. Pit no 2 is 0.49 inch diameter and 0.61 inch deep. Pit no 3 is 0.6 inch diameter and 0.51 inch deep. Pit no 4 is 1.5 inch diameter and 0.26 inch deep. The required thickness is 0.781 inch and the actual thickness is 1 inch.

Pit #1 : 0.75” dia x 0.25” depth Pit #2 : 0.49” dia x 0.61” depth Pit # 3 : 0.6” dia x 0.51” depth Pit # 4 : 1.5” dia x 0.26” depth tmin = 0.781” tactual = 1”

• a) What is the total area of the pits in the 8 inch

circle? Formula for area: ∏r2 = Area Pit#1 + Area Pit#2 + Area Pit#3 + Area Pit#4 = ∏(0.375) 2 + ∏(0.245) 2 + ∏(0.3) 2 + ∏(0.75) 2 = 0.4418 + 0.1886 + 0.2827 + 1.7671 = 2.68 inch 2

• b) What pit(s) are unacceptable due to remaining

 a) What is the total area of the pits in the 8 inch thickness? circle? Remaining t below the pit >½(tmin) 1) 2.678 inch2 2)3.335 inch2 3)1.002 inch2 4) 6 inch2 ½ x tmin = ½ x 0.781 = 0.3905” Pit#1: 1” – 0.25” = 0.75” Pit#2: 1” – 0.61” = 0.39” Pit#3: 1” – 0.51” = 0.49” Pit#4: 1” – 0.26” = 0.74” b) What pit(s) are unacceptable due to remaining thickness? 2) No 2 c) What pit(s) are unacceptable because of straight 1) No 1 & 3 3) No 4 4) No 1 & 2 line out tolerance? c) What pit(s) are unacceptable because of straight Pit#1 + Pit#2 = 0.75 + 0.49 = 1.24” Pit#2 + Pit#3 = 0.49 + 0.6 = 1.09” line out tolerance? Pit#3 + Pit#4 = 0.6 + 1.5 = 2.1” – not acceptable 1) No 1&2 2) No 2&3 3) No 3&4 4) N0 2&4 Pit#2 + Pit#4 = 0.49 + 1.5 = 1.99”

# Evaluation of Corroded Weld Surface

A pressure vessel is found to have a corroded area that includes the longitudinal welded seam. An evaluation must be made to determine whether the thickness at the weld or remote from the weld governs. The inside radius is 36 inch which includes 0.125 inch corrosion allowance. The MAWP is 500 psig, S=17500 psi. The nameplate has no extent of radiography shown under the

code stamp. The longitudinal seam is Type 1.

What would be the width of the evaluation if the

width from toe to toe was 1 inch?

 1) 7 inch 2) 2 inch 3) 3.022 inch 4) 7.044 inch

MAWP = 500 psi, S= 17,500, R=36”, CA=0.125”

E = 0.7 [Type 1 with no RT]. Width of area for evaluation of the weld and area remote from weld?

Section 5.7: The greater of 1” on either side of

weld or 2 x tmin on either side of weld

tmin = PR/SE-0.6P = (500)(36)/(17,500)(0.7) 0.6(500) = 18,000/11,900

= 1.51” 2 x t min = 3.01” which is > 1”

Thus, total area of evaluation = both side of the weld + weld area = (3.01) x 2 + 1

= 7.03”

Inspection
Data “Tact/T
prev”
Equipment
Data P, S,E
API 510
Interval Rules
C-21210
Next Inspection?
Section VIII
“t min”

10 yrs

4

yrs

2

yrs

0 yrs

20 yrs

4 yrs

2 yrs

0 yrs

# • Calculate the external and Internal Inspection intervals based on the given remaining life

 Remaining Life (years) External Inspection (years) Internal Inspection (years) 18 22 2 15 4 8 44 12 1

# area was 0.713 inches. The required thickness of the head is 0.653 inches.

What is the internal
inspection interval?

t previous
t actual
t min

Feb 1995

1st

4/12

Jan 1978

11th

Nov 1997

6th

June 2001

2nd

• 0.33 1988.33

4th

April 1988

Total Years

Decimal Year

Year

Fractional

Month

Date

Mar 2007

3rd

TML
Sept 2003
Apr 1999
N-4
0.521"
0.565"

0.500
Jan 2003
t minimum
Jan 1998
Jan 1995
Jan 1993
0.380"
0.440
0.465
0.480

# area was 0.713 inches. The required thickness of the head is 0.653 inches.

What is the internal
inspection interval?

# • Calculate the Internal Inspection interval based on the info in the table

0.455

(inches)

0.405

Vessel No

Actual

Thickness

(inches)

Required Thickness

(inches)

V-103

Corrosion

Rate (ipy)

Remaining Life

Internal

Inspection

Interval (years)

V-100

0.475

0.4

0.158

V-101

0.322

0.309

0.003

V-102

1.652

0.453

0.012

0.01

0.015

V-104

1.342

1.225

0.002

V-105

0.142

Remaining CA

0.008

V-106

0.739

0.543

0.011

V-107

0.345

0.321

0.004

0.477
0.492 0.500
t minimum
May 2003
Oct 1998
May 1995
Jan 1991
0.395"
0.454

0.322"
t minimum
Feb 2003
May 1997
Jun 1992
Nov 1985
0.212"
0.288"
0.296"
0.305"