Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 56

Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman

1
An Interactive Tutorial for SPSS 10.0 for Windows


by
Julia Hartman
Multiple Linear Regression
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
2
Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
Next
Regression Analysis is the
estimation of the linear relationship between a
dependent variable and one or more independent
variables or covariates.
(from SPSS Help)
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
3
Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
This tutorial will use multiple regression to
determine if the year of matriculation, total
cumulative undergraduate GPAs, and
MCAT scores can be used to predict how
medical students will score on the US
Medical Licensing Exam (Part 2).
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
4
Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
Independent variables
matyr: Matriculation year
totcum: Undergraduate GPA (Total Cumulative)
nmtot1: MCAT Total 1992-present, most recent
Dependent variable
usmle2: USMLE Step 2
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
5
Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
In the menu, click
Analyze
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
6
Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
In the menu, click on
Analyze
Point to
Regression
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
7
Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
In the menu, click on
Analyze
Point to
Regression
Point to Linear
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
8
Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
In the menu, click on
Analyze
and click.
Point to
Regression
Point to Linear
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
9
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for
analysis from the list in
the variable box.
Move MATRICULATON
DATE - YEAR, which is
already highlighted, to the
box labeled
Independent(s) by clicking
the arrow.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
10
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll down the
variable list,
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
11
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll down the
variable list, point to
the variable labeled
UNDERGRAD GPA
TOTAL - CUMULATIVE
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
12
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
Scroll down the
variable list, point to
the variable labeled
UNDERGRAD GPA
TOTAL CUMULATIVE
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
13
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move totcum to the
Independent(s) box
by clicking the arrow.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
14
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
A few variables down
the list, point to nmtot1,
which is labeled
MCAT TOTAL 1992-
PRESENT, MOST RECENT
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
15
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
A few variables down
the list, point to nmtot1,
which is labeled
MCAT TOTAL 1992-
PRESENT, MOST RECENT
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
16
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move nmtot1 to the
box labeled
Independent(s) by
clicking the arrow.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
17
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll further down
the list and point to
the variable usmle2,
which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2,
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
18
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
Scroll further down
the list and point to
the variable usmle2,
which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2 TOTAL,
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
19
Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move usmle2 to the
box labeled
Dependent by clicking
the arrow.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
20
Multiple Linear Regression:
Requesting Statistics
Request descriptive
statistics by clicking
the button labeled
Statistics
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
21
Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
In SPSS, you can
display information by
right-clicking, but
right-clicking doesnt
work in this tutorial.
To see what right-
clicking would show,
left-click the box for Part and partial correlations.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
22
Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
For this tutorial, click
the checkbox for
Part and partial
correlations.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
23
Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
Statistics for the Model
fit and Estimates for
Regression Coefficients
will be produced by
default.

Click the checkbox for
Descriptives.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
24
Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
This tutorial requests
no additional
statistics, so click the
Continue button.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
25
Multiple Linear Regression:
Requesting Plots
You can also
request several
different plots.
Click the Plots
button.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
26
In the box labeled
Standardized
Residual Plots, first
click the checkbox
for Histogram,
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
27
then click the box
for Normal probability
plot.
In the box labeled
Standardized
Residual Plots, first
click the checkbox
for Histogram,
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
28
This tutorial requests
none of the other
plots available in the
Linear Regression
procedure. Click the
Continue button.
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
29
The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Method of Variable Entry
Enter Stepwise
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
30
The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Enter Method
Enter Stepwise
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
31
Enter is the default
method of variable
entry. Click the OK
button to run the
Multiple Linear
Regression procedure.
Multiple Linear Regression:
Enter Method
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
32
The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Enter Stepwise
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
33
To select the stepwise
method of variable entry,
click the drop-down arrow
for Method (next to Enter,
which is the default
method).
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
34
Point to Stepwise
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
35
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Point to Stepwise
and click.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
36
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Click the OK button to
run the Multiple Linear
Regression procedure.
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
37
Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Descriptive Statistics
The labels and format
of your output may be
somewhat different.
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
38
Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Correlations
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
39
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Variables Entered
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
40
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Model Summary
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
41
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
ANOVA
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
42
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Coefficients and Correlations
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
43
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Residuals Statistics
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
44
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Residuals Histogram
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
45
Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Plot of Standardized Residuals
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
46
Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Descriptive Statistics
The labels and format
of your output may be
somewhat different.
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
47
Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Correlations
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
48
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Variables Entered
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
49
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Model Summary
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
50
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
ANOVA
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
51
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Coefficients and Correlations
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
52
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Excluded Variables
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
53
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Residuals Statistics
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
54
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Residuals Histogram
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
55
Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Plot of Standardized Residuals
Next
Copyright 2000, Julia Hartman
56
An Interactive Tutorial for
SPSS 10.0 for Windows

:
Multiple Linear Regression
Repeat this tutorial
Click one of the following:
Return to the choice of methods of
variable entry
Return to the list of tutorials