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An Interactive Tutorial for SPSS 10.0 for Windows

by
Julia Hartman
Multiple Linear Regression
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
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Regression Analysis is the
estimation of the linear relationship between a
dependent variable and one or more independent
variables or covariates.
(from SPSS Help)
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
This tutorial will use multiple regression to
determine if the year of matriculation, total
MCAT scores can be used to predict how
medical students will score on the US
Medical Licensing Exam (Part 2).
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Introduction
Independent variables
matyr: Matriculation year
nmtot1: MCAT Total 1992-present, most recent
Dependent variable
usmle2: USMLE Step 2
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
Analyze
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
Analyze
Point to
Regression
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
Analyze
Point to
Regression
Point to Linear
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Starting the Procedure
Analyze
and click.
Point to
Regression
Point to Linear
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Choose the variables for
analysis from the list in
the variable box.
Move MATRICULATON
DATE - YEAR, which is
box labeled
Independent(s) by clicking
the arrow.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll down the
variable list,
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll down the
variable list, point to
the variable labeled
TOTAL - CUMULATIVE
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
Scroll down the
variable list, point to
the variable labeled
TOTAL CUMULATIVE
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move totcum to the
Independent(s) box
by clicking the arrow.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
A few variables down
the list, point to nmtot1,
which is labeled
MCAT TOTAL 1992-
PRESENT, MOST RECENT
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
A few variables down
the list, point to nmtot1,
which is labeled
MCAT TOTAL 1992-
PRESENT, MOST RECENT
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move nmtot1 to the
box labeled
Independent(s) by
clicking the arrow.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Scroll further down
the list and point to
the variable usmle2,
which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2,
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
and click.
Scroll further down
the list and point to
the variable usmle2,
which is labeled
USMLE STEP 2 TOTAL,
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Selecting Variables
Move usmle2 to the
box labeled
Dependent by clicking
the arrow.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Requesting Statistics
Request descriptive
statistics by clicking
the button labeled
Statistics
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
In SPSS, you can
display information by
right-clicking, but
right-clicking doesnt
work in this tutorial.
To see what right-
clicking would show,
left-click the box for Part and partial correlations.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
For this tutorial, click
the checkbox for
Part and partial
correlations.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
Statistics for the Model
fit and Estimates for
Regression Coefficients
will be produced by
default.

Click the checkbox for
Descriptives.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Statistics
This tutorial requests
statistics, so click the
Continue button.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Requesting Plots
You can also
request several
different plots.
Click the Plots
button.
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In the box labeled
Standardized
Residual Plots, first
click the checkbox
for Histogram,
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
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then click the box
for Normal probability
plot.
In the box labeled
Standardized
Residual Plots, first
click the checkbox
for Histogram,
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
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This tutorial requests
none of the other
plots available in the
Linear Regression
procedure. Click the
Continue button.
Multiple Linear Regression:
Standardized Residual Plots
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The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Method of Variable Entry
Enter Stepwise
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The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Enter Method
Enter Stepwise
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Enter is the default
method of variable
entry. Click the OK
button to run the
Multiple Linear
Regression procedure.
Multiple Linear Regression:
Enter Method
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The independent variables can
be entered into the analysis
using five different methods.
This tutorial includes the Enter
and Stepwise methods.
Choose one of the following:
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Enter Stepwise
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To select the stepwise
method of variable entry,
click the drop-down arrow
for Method (next to Enter,
which is the default
method).
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
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Point to Stepwise
Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Point to Stepwise
and click.
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Multiple Linear Regression:
Stepwise Method
Click the OK button to
run the Multiple Linear
Regression procedure.
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Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Descriptive Statistics
The labels and format
somewhat different.
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Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Correlations
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Variables Entered
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Model Summary
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
ANOVA
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Coefficients and Correlations
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Residuals Statistics
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Residuals Histogram
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Multiple Linear Regression Enter Method Output:
Plot of Standardized Residuals
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Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Descriptive Statistics
The labels and format
somewhat different.
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Multiple Linear Regression Output:
Correlations
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Variables Entered
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Model Summary
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
ANOVA
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Coefficients and Correlations
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Excluded Variables
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Residuals Statistics
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Residuals Histogram
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Multiple Linear Regression Stepwise Method Output:
Plot of Standardized Residuals
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