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CURRICULUM

HANZALAH BIN MOHAMED NOR


MP131180
Curriculum Change And The Post Modern World:Is The School
Curriculum-reform Movement An Anachronism?
ARTICLE 17






CHANGE & REFORM CURRICULUM
P
O
S
T

M
O
D
E
R
N
CRISIS
Change
TOP - DOWN
BOTTOM - UP
PARTNERSHIP
Reform
CLOBAL TECHNOLOGY &
FREE RANGE LEARNING
TAKING EQUITY SERIOUSLY
YOUNG PEOPLE, IDENTITY AND
THE CONSUMER CURRICULUM
DEATH OF SUBJECT 1960
1970
1980
CURRICULUM CHANGE & REFORM
3
DIRECTED-PURPOSIVE-SYSTEMATIC-
INTENTIONAL CHANGE
Mc Laren and Farahmandpur (2000) hyper -
individualistic
Barrrow (1999) an obfuscating label @
theoretical chic
PARTNERSHIP
BOTTOM
- UP
TOP-DOWN


CURRICULUM
CHANGE


POST
MODERN
CURRICULUM CHANGE & REFORM
4
5
POST
MODERN
POSITION
Moving towards an open
system with constant flux and
complex interactions
Requiring interactive and
holistic frameworks for learning

Doll (1989: 250) writes, A
post-modern curriculum will
accept the students ability to
organize, construct and
structure, and will emphasize
this ability as a focal point in
the curriculum
Transformative rather than
incremental with respect to
change.
CURRICULUM CHANGE & REFORM
6
A
P
P
R
O
A
C
H

M
O
D
E
L

TOP-DOWN
1970
1980

Involved collaborative relationships between administrators, curriculum
developers, professional associations, researchers, teacher educators,
teachers, and parents, partnerships
across-boundary collaboration (fullans, 1999)

The features of this change model include collaboration across schools, teacher
professional development, community and student input to meet local needs,
and systematic data collection, monitoring, and revision.




Teacher Proof curriculum package as a central component of reform.
Minimize the teachers influence on curriculum reform by developing a tight
relationship among educational objectives, curriculum content, and assessment
instrumentsall packaged
France: Groupe Technique Disciplinaire



To improve the fidelity of innovations, curriculum researchers began to
advocate the central role of teachers in curriculum reform and the need for
teachers.
school-based curriculum development (SBCD) and action research
SBCD represented a democratization of curriculum development, in which the
real experts
1960
BOTTOM-UP
PARTNERSHIP
CURRICULUM CHANGE & REFORM
7
4 INTER-RELATED
COMMENTARIES
POST- MODERN
CURRICULUM
Death Of
Subject
Taking
Equity
Seriously
Global
Technology
& Free
Range
Learning
Young
people,
identity and
the consumer
curriculum
CURRICULUM CHANGE & REFORM
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Bernstein (1996): the
reconfigurations of
disciplinary knowledge
have occurred recently, and
continue to occur, in line
with rapid growth in new
and varied applications of
knowledge.

key learning areas = PE
Young (1998) curriculum
of the future requires
connectivity across subject
matter in order to produce
well-rounded and
technologically literate
learners with economic,
political, cultural, and
sociological
understandings.
DEATH OF SUBJECT
The School Curriculum:
As modenist project to
assist students individual
potentials.
Active reproducing the
economic and cultural
inbalance.
As a bounded sphere of
learning
Become emancipatory
experience



TAKING EQUITY SERIOUSLY
YOUNG PEOPLE, IDENTITY AND
THE CONSUMER CURRICULUM



GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY & FREE
RANGE LEARNING
Many cultural identities as a
school system

Young peoples interaction
with the curriculum is
becoming like that of a
consumer and a product
(Wright and Macdonald in
press).

The information
revolution and the public
pedagogies must
engaged as knowledge-
producing technologies
and spheres.

Global media and
technologies give many
young people access to
ideas and opportunities
for engaging forms of
physical activity outside
their substantive culture.

Kurzweil (1999),
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