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Thinking Skill Teams




INTRODUCTION TO THINKING SKILLS
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EUW322- KEMAHIRAN BERFIKIR
THINKING SKILL

What is think and thinking?
Think cognitive
behaviour
Involves control. Minds movement become
thinking when we direct them.



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Conclusion: Thinking is any mental activity
that helps formulate or solve a problem,
make a decision, or fulfill a desire to
understand. It is a searching for answers, a
reaching for meaning (Ruggreio, 2012).

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Thinking skills definitions
Costa (1985) in Philips 1999, gives meaning to
thinking skill as a process by the mind as the
result of receiving stimulus of the five senses.
The meaning of stimulus then were seen in
action.

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Sigel (1984) says thinking skill is a
reflex action, conceptual and
resolving activities.

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Continue
Thinking skill by Dewey (1933) in Philips
(1999) is an effort of the mind to examine
and weight certain information according
to specific criteria.

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Butterworth & Thwaites (2005),
thinking skill is a critical thinking and
can be argumentative.

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So, what is thinking skills?
Conclusion: Cognitive processes in search of
meaning and understanding of something,
exploration on any possible ideas, decision
making, problem solving and doing what is
right, thus in concerns on the reflections of
what has been-values on the thinking
processes that has been made.


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Why is thinking skills is so important?
Cognitive stimulations as to find problem
solving methods in various ways and
techniques in order to solve various kinds
of life problems.


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To produce a self learning, self
independence and informative
individual.
Have the view on becoming holistic
individual.

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Continue
Able to use and outsource various resources
in a creative and specific way/s in search of
an answer of/or problem solver to a certain
problem.
Able to create and build positive social
bonding.
Able to avoid conflict.

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Able to better communication (good
communication skills).
Able to understand various socio-cultures, norms
and the belief of other races, ethnics without any
prejudice on skin colours and religions.

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Obstacles in developing thinking skills
Gunung Kinabalu affect-Knowledge only on what
has been taught. Not showing neither abilities
nor skills in search of any new knowledge and
additional skills within subject matters.
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Spoon feed teaching-Everything was
prepared for. Not willingly to be self
independence learning. Hoping everything
to be provided by the instructor.

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Continue
Thinking trap- Ego-one way of thinking (area of interest),
not explorative enough, not willing to listen to others,
selfishness and bias.

No Creative Thinking!

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Type of Thinking Skills
Use of thinking skills in order to solve problem.


Positive
Analytical problem/cases Analyze Find solution and solve problem
(Reactive based) (Information + techniques) Negative

Creative
Think out of
Box
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Type/Styles of thinking
Logical thinking
Critical thinking
Creative thinking
Analytical thinking
Reactive thinking
Historical thinking
Technical thinking
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Continue
Hypothetical thinking
Projective thinking
Proactive thinking
Constructive thinking
Intuitive thinking
Objective thinking
Vertical thinking

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Continue
Convergent and Divergent thinking
Systematic thinking
Pragmatic thinking
Positive thinking
Negative thinking
Value thinking
Emotive thinking


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The End
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