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OH&S Management System

Risk Assessment Based on


Occupational Health & Safety
Assessment Series 18001
Organizations are responsible for risk that arises out
of their own workplaces.
* Management need to be committed to OH&S:-
- The old assumption that workers are
responsible for causing accidents are not
entirely valid.
* Self-regulated
* Proactive management approach
THE NEW APPROACH TO OH&S
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Identify regulatory requirements
compliance to local and national laws.
Identify hazards and risks pertinent to
current work activities.
Manage risks introduce controls to manage
risks to as low as reasonably practicable
(ALARP).

PURPOSE OF
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 1
Establish a policy and objectives introduce
plans to manage the risks that has been
identified. Implement the plans.
Monitor performance obtain feedback and
make the necessary changes to the policy or
objectives if required.
PURPOSE OF
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 2
Voluntary management system
Integrates OH&S hazards into business process
Identify, assess and control hazards relating to
business
Anticipates and meets OH&S performance
expectations (national / international level)
Applicable to any organization, regardless of
size, type, or level of maturity
* Plan
Assess risk, identify applicable
regulations
* Do
Identify responsibility and accountability,
training, communicate, control and
prepare for emergencies.
* Check
Monitor, Record, Audit (Check,
Examination, Review,Assessment)
* Act to improve
PDCA IN OH&S
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
OH&S Policy
Planning
Implementation
& Operation
Checking &
Corrective Action
Management
Review
Continual
Improvement
TERMS AND DEFINITION
RISK ASSESSMENT
Overall process of
estimating the magnitude
of risk and deciding
whether or not the risk is
tolerable
SAFETY
Freedom from
unacceptable risk of
harm
TOLERABLE RISK
Risk that has
Commitmentd to a
level that can be
endured by the
organization having
regard to its legal
obligations an its
own OH&S policy
4.3.1 Planning for hazard identification, risk
assessment and risk control.
The organization shall establish and maintain
procedures for the ongoing identification of
hazards, assessment of risks and the
implementation of the necessary control
measures.


4.3 PLANNING 1
(One of the elements of OHSAS 18001)
Activities shall include routine and non-
routine of all personnel having access to work
place or it facilities including subcontractors
and visitors.
Results of assessments must be documented
and kept up to date ( in the event of new
equipment or change of process).


4.3 PLANNING 2
1. Relevant to job activity.
2. Proactive rather than reactive. Need to
uncover hazards.
3. Able to classify risks.
4. Risks can be identified, controlled or
eliminated. Control measures need to be
specified.


Methodology For Hazard Identification And
Risk Assessment
1. Set up sub-committees in each individual
work section.
2. Get them to make a list of all current work
activities ( routine and non-routine).
3. Use a Risk Assessment Matrix to conduct
an initial assessment to determine activities
that constitute highest risk to employees,
subcontractors or visitors.


How do we do it ?
4. From the initial assessment, conduct a detailed
risk assessment on the highest risk activity by
breaking the activity into the basic job
sequence.
5. From basic job sequence, determine the
inherent hazards (with current controls in
place) and the controls required to mitigate
them.
How do we do it ?
6. Plan and allocate resources to ensure controls
are effective. Place priority on activity with
highest risk to safety.
7. Person responsible to be nominated to
administer controls effectively in the agreed
time frame.

How do we do it ?
How can we succeed ?
1. Management must give endorsement.

2. Set performance standards use
industry and current legal standards.

3. Education and Training provide
training to the risk assessment sub-
committee members.

How can we succeed ?
4. Task selection (prioritize) Take action on
job activities with the highest risks.

5. Group involvement Risk assessment sub-
committee is to submit their findings to the
OSH Committee. OSH Committee to submit
to management for approval.

6. Documented, acted upon and reviewed.

How To Prepare A Job Safety Analysis
How to determine the hazards in a job
activity.
1. List down all work activities with the highest
risk.
2. Break each work activity into sequential
steps.
3. Identify all hazards.
4. Conduct initial risk assessment.
RISK = probability x severity.

How To Control Hazards

1. Specify Control Measures.
a. Eliminate hazard.
b. Engineering Controls / Isolation.
c. Administrative Controls.
d. Personal Protective Equipment.
2. Implement and Monitor.


JSA / JSA Assessment Form
Risk Assessment Guide
Safety & Health Committee Org.
Depts./ Sections
MANAGEMENT
Representitives
Depts./Sections
WORKERS
Representatives
CHAIRMAN
CEO /MD
The Need For OSH Committee
Section 30, OSH Act 1994

Establishment of a safety & health
committee is mandatory for places
of work employing more than 40
workers.
Gazetted on 1 January 1997
Composition Of Committee
OSH Committee consists of :
Chairman
Secretary
Representatives of employer
Representatives of employees

Representatives
This Regulation Requires that :
Less than 100 employees - 2 from management.
- 2 from employees.

More than 100 employees - 4 from management.
- 4 from employees.
OSH Committees Commitment
Assist in the development of safety and
health rules and safe systems of work.
Review the effectiveness of safety and
health program.
Carry out studies on trends of incident &
report to management.
Review & make recommendations on Safety
& Health Policy.


Workplace Inspection

Inspect the workplace at least once in 3
months.
Develop programs for corrective actions.
Evaluate effectiveness of corrective actions.
Report & record unsafe acts and conditions.
Advise management on improvement of
safety.


Accident Investigation
Assist the Safety Officer when he is
conducting accident investigation.
Obtain additional shop floor information
pertaining to the cause of the accident.
Provide recommendations to prevent
recurrence.



Accident Investigation contd.
Communicate cause of accident and
recommended actions to prevent
recurrence of the accident to his/her
colleagues once results are made
public.
Follow up on the implementation of
corrective measures.

Investigate Into Complaints
Committee members must maintain an
open communication system for employees
to report on OSH issues.
Members will then take immediate action to
look into any complaints or suggestions.
Members can refer to the safety & health
committee if immediate management is
incapable of taking any action.


Complaints & Committee
If the Committee receives any
complaints, they must;
- investigate immediately
- make a report
- Make a recommendation to eliminate
or reduce the risk.



Complaints & Employer
Employer must implement the
recommended actions immediately after
receiving report from the committee.
Reasons must be given if management
cannot implement the recommended
actions.
If the committee does not agree with the
reasons given by the management, they
can refer the case to DG DOSH for further
investigation.


Other Activities Involving OSH Committee
The OSH committee should assist
management in activities pertaining to OSH;
- Safety and Health Awareness Campaign
- Safety and Health awards
- Safety and Health exhibition
- Conduct Safety and Health Surveys



QUESTIONS ?