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# NEWTON S LAWS OF

MOTION
By Ricky Lopez

NEWTON S FIRST LAW OF
MOTION

Newtons first Law of Motion states that an object at rest stays at
rest and an object in motion stays in motion with the same speed and
in the same direction unless acted on by an unbalanced force.
Also known as the Law of inertia
NEWTON S 1
ST
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
EXPLANATION
This SpongeBob cartoon is a great example of what happens
when a force is applied to an object at rest. Squid ward is stopped at a
red-light and no longer in motion. SpongeBob comes traveling at a
great force due to the weight of the boat and acceleration. The force
of the collision between the two boats causes Squid ward to fly out of
the boat in motion and will continue to do so until another force
stops him.
NEWTON S 1
ST
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
Pictures provided by Ricky
EXPLANATION
In the example, a ball is left at rest. It isnt until a force is applied
that the basketball begins to move. If no other force is applied, the
ball will continue to move because there is no friction.
NEWTON S 2
ND
LAW OF
MOTION

Newtons 2
nd
law states that the acceleration of an object is
dependent upon two variables the net force acting upon the object
and the mass of the object
NEWTON S 2
ND
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
EXPLANATION
In order for a person to cut their lawn, they must apply force. The
engine of the lawn mower already provides a force. It is called thrust
force due to the mass and acceleration of the blade. However, that
force alone wont cut the lawn. You still need to apply the necessary
force to the lawn mower in order to move it. Your end result is a
mowed lawn considering your not to lazy and stop.
NEWTON S 2
ND
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
EXPLANATION
In order for tennis players to win their games, they need to hit the
tennis ball with enough force. If the force they hit the ball doesnt go
over the net, then they are penalized. The greater the force means the
greater the acceleration. The tennis players need to make sure that
they can hit the ball at good force to continue the game.
NEWTON S 3
RD
LAW OF
MOTION

Newtons 3
rd
Law of Motion states that for every action, there is
an equal and opposite reaction
NEWTON S 3
RD
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
EXPLANATION
A person jumping through the air is an example of Newtons 3
rd

law. In order for a person to jump through the air, the person needs to
exert a force on the ground or surface. There has to be an opposite
reaction, which means the ground is also going to exert a force on the
person. Without an opposite reaction, people wouldnt be able to
walk, run, or jump. The equal and opposite forces is what makes this
possible.
NEWTON S 3
RD
LAW
EXAMPLE
Before During/After
EXPLANATION
Swimming is another example of Newtons 3
rd
Law. In order for
swimming to happen, the swimmer must exert a force in the direction
he or she wants to go. They must cycle their arms up and down for
them to go in that direction. As they are exerting that force and
swimming through the water, the water is also exerting a force in the
opposite direction, away from the swimmers. That is the opposite
reaction and allows the swimmers to proceed in their direction.