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Scheduling

Producing
Controlling
Production Planning
Scheduling production
Manufacturing production
Controlling production activities
Scheduling Production
Before production begins the manager must
know what product is being produced and how
many.
This information is gained through production
planning and control personnel
Scheduling Production
4 Main Tasks
Routing: deciding where the work is to be done
Scheduling: deciding when the work is to be
started and completed
Dispatching: issuing work orders to start actual
production
Expediting: seeing that the work is progressing
on schedule

Routing Production
Routing depends on the type of manufacturing
being used.
Continuous manufacturing routes are built into the
factory layout.
The product moves along fixed paths from station to
station
Intermittent and custom manufacturing plants group
the equipment by function.

Routing Production
The path of materials through the
manufacturing facility are shown on a flow
diagram.
Routing Production
A line production routing sheet is used by managers to
monitor total production schedules.
It includes:
A description of the operation
The product rate in pieces per hour
The number of operators and machines needed
The cost of producing the product in standard units
Scheduling Production
The line production routing sheet is used to help
schedule.
The goal is to use 100% of the manufacturing plant.
Schedules are based on:
Sales forecasts by day, week, and month for each product
Inventory levels for both raw materials and finished products
Manufacturing capacity to be schedules in terms of the
number of products that can be produced per hour or day
Schedules determine the parts or products that should
be manufactured each day the plant operates
Scheduling Production
Production schedules most also consider lead
time, including the time it takes to:
Order and receive materials and parts that must be
purchased
Make parts from materials
Assemble parts into products
Package products for delivery
Dispatching and Expediting
Dispatching involves releasing daily or weekly
schedules
Expediting involves keeping the product on
schedule with daily product reports
If the schedule is broken, corrective action might
include:
Overtime
Retraining workers
Changing operations to improve efficiency
Holding a motivational meeting
1. Which of the answer choices
below is not one of the main
tasks of production planning?
A. Scheduling production
B. Manufacturing the products
C. Controlling the product
D. Designing the product


2. Which answer choice below
defines routing?
A. Seeing the that work is progressing on
schedule
B. Deciding when the work is to be started and
completed
C. Deciding where the work is to be done
D. Issuing work orders to start actual
production


3. Which answer choice below
defines scheduling?
A. Seeing the that work is progressing on
schedule
B. Deciding when the work is to be started and
completed
C. Deciding where the work is to be done
D. Issuing work orders to start actual
production


4. Which answer choice below
defines dispatching?
A. Seeing the that work is progressing on
schedule
B. Deciding when the work is to be started and
completed
C. Deciding where the work is to be done
D. Issuing work orders to start actual
production


5. Which answer choice below
defines expediting?
A. Seeing the that work is progressing on
schedule
B. Deciding when the work is to be started and
completed
C. Deciding where the work is to be done
D. Issuing work orders to start actual
production


6. What is the picture below?
A. A quality control diagram
B. A flow diagram
C. A production routing chart
D. None of the above


Manufacturing Production
After scheduling, the products must be
produced. They run through 2 types of
production:
Pilot production Manufactures test the new
production lines before placing the product in full
production
Corrections for problems might include: product designs,
tooling designs, production methods, plant layouts, and
material handling system
Full Scale production this is where the efficient
manufacturing takes place

Manufacturing Production
When changes are made to the flow process, it is
done on a flow process chart.
Controlling Production Activities
There are 3 major categories of information for
controlling production:
Production data this is a report that lists the
number of products schedules to be built, the
number of products started, the number of products
scraped, and the number of products completed.
Inspection data - comes from 3 types of inspection:
material, in-work, and finished product inspection.
Inspectors check materials as they move through the
process
Payroll data this is the pay to the employees for the
completed work.

7. Ways to improve production
are by correcting
A. Product and tooling designs
B. Production methods and plant layouts
C. Material handling systems
D. All of the above


8. Which of the following is not a
major category for controlling
production?
A. Production data
B. Product sales
C. Inspection data
D. Pay roll data