Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

Eddelyn D.

Principles of Teaching
The Elements of Teaching and
The Learner
Every Child is a potential genius

The learner is an embodied spirit
A union of a sentient body and a rational soul

Feels pleasure and pain

Principle of spiritual acts
Source of intellectual abstraction, self-reflection &
free rational volition

Body & soul exist in mutual dependence
(Kelly, 1965)

Fundamental Equipment of the
Five senses
Imagination- form representations of material object
Memory retain, recall & recognize past mental acts
Intellect- form concepts or ideas, makes judgment
and reason out
Rational will guiding force & the main
integrating force in the learners character

Five distinguishing elements
Ability-dictates the prospects of success in any
purposeful activity
Aptitude innate talent or gift
Family and cultural background
Attitude perspective and disposition
These five elements make learners different from
one another.
Gardners Multiple Intelligence
Concept of learners intelligence has gone beyond
linguistic and mathematical intelligence

Intelligences as dispositions

Benefits of using Multiple
Intelligences Theory
Curriculum --Traditional schooling heavily favors
the verbal-linguistic and logical-mathematical
intelligences. Gardner suggests a more balanced
curriculum that incorporates the arts, self-
awareness, communication, and physical
Instruction -- Gardner advocates instructional
methods that appeal to all the intelligences, including
role playing, musical performance, cooperative
learning, reflection, visualization, story telling, and

Assessment -- This theory calls for assessment
methods that take into account the diversity of
intelligences, as well as self-assessment tools that
help students understand their intelligences.

Style as Dispositions
Sensing-Feeling Mastery
Intuitive- Thinking Understanding
Intuitive-Feeling Self-expressive
Sensing-Feeling Interpersonal
Guide questions for discussions
1. Are the body and spirit independent of each
2. Do imperfections in the functioning of the sense
organs affect learning? Why? Why not?
3. Can there be learning without feelings or
emotions involved?
4. Do you believe that every child is a potential

The professional teacher
Is the licensed professional who possesses
dignity and reputation with high moral values as
well as technical and professional
competence..s/he adheres to observes, and
practices a set of ethical and moral principles,
standards and values (code of ethics of
professional teachers, 1997)
Professional attributes
Can effect change or learning (sense of efficacy)
Expert on what s/he teaches (subject matter
How s/he teaches (pedagogical knowledge)
Professional attributes
Control of the knowledge base of teaching and
Repertoire of best teaching practice
Disposition and skills to approach all aspects of
his/her work in reflective, collegial, and problem-
solving manner
View of learning to teach as a lifelong process
Personal attributes
Values and attitudes
Think for a moment about your favorite teacher.
Make a mental list of what made the teacher so
special that years after leaving elementary, high
school, or college, you can still remember the
teachers name.
The Learning Environment
Is the place where teaching and learning can take
place in the most effective and productive manner
Arrangement of furniture
Physical condition of the classroom
Classroom proceedings
Facilitative learning environment
Pine and Horne, 1990
Which encourages people to be active
Which promotes the individuals discovery of the
personal meaning of idea
Which emphasizes the uniquely personal and
subjective nature of learning in which difference is
good and desirable
Which consistently recognizes peoples right to
make mostakes
Facilitative learning environment Pine and
Horne, 1990
Which tolerates ambiguity
In which evaluation is cooperative process
with emphasis on self-evaluation
Which encourages openness of self rather
than concealment of self
In which people are encouraged to trust in
themselves as well as in external sources
In which people feel they are respected
In which people feel they are accepted

Based on the principles of learning, do
metaphorical thinking by completing this

Learning is
Corpuz, B. 2007. Principles of Teaching.
Lorimar Publishing, Inc., Quezon City