Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

OPTIMIZATION OF REAMMING PROCESS

USING PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION


11ME001
ARIVAZHAGAN .S
Guided by
Dr. ASHOK VARDHANAN

PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION
Particle Swarm Optimization was first introduced by
Dr. Russell C. Eberhart and Dr.James Kennedy in
1995.
It uses a number of agents (particles) that constitute a
swarm moving around in the search space looking for
the best solution.
Each particle is treated as a point in a N-dimensional
space which adjusts its flying according to its own
flying experience as well as the flying experience of
other particles.

PARTICLE SWARM OPTIMIZATION
Each particle keeps track of its coordinates in the
solution space which are associated with the best
solution (fitness) that has achieved so far by that
particle. This value is called personal best , pbest.
Another best value that is tracked by the PSO is the
best value obtained so far by any particle in the
neighborhood of that particle. This value is called
gbest.
The basic concept of PSO lies in accelerating each
particle toward its pbest and the gbest locations


INTRODUCTION
Surface roughness is one of the most important
parameters to determine the quality of a product.
Surface roughness consists of the fine irregularities of
the surface texture, including feed marks generated
by the machining process.
Several factors will influence the final surface
roughness in a CNC reaming operation such as
controllable factors (spindle speed, feed rate and
depth of cut) and uncontrollable factors (tool
geometry and material properties of both tool and
work piece).
MACHINING PARAMETERS
1. Depth of Cut
2. Cutting Speed
3. Feed Rate
4. Number of flutes
5. Helix angel
6. Number of passes
7. Rake angel

PROPERTIES
Work piece properties:
1. Hardness
2. thickness
3. Diameter
Cutting Tool properties:
1. Tool Material
2. Tool Shape
3. Run out Errors
OUTPUT PARAMETERS
1.Surface roughness
(Other output parameters)
2. Material removal rate
3. Tool life
4. Productivity
5. Quality
6.Machining time
7. Machining cost
EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
1. Planning for the experiment
2. Collection of data by conducting experiments
as per plan
3. Establishment of prediction model for the
selected output measure
4. Optimization of the predictive model for
better results



LITERATURE REVIEW
Effects of machining parameters
when reaming aluminium silicon
(SAE-322) alloy

This paper evaluate dimension stability and
surface roughness of reamed holes
K10 cemented carbide welded blade reamers
on aluminium-silicon alloy
Parameters such as depth of cut, cutting speed,
feed rate, helix angle , number number of
blades, margin size are individually varied.
RESULT
1. Reaming of aluminium-silicon alloy at lower
depth of cut gave best result in accuracy,
surface finish, roundness, and cylindricity.

2. Best dimensional stability, surface finish can
be achieved at lower cutting speed.

3. Accuracy of hole diameter can be achieved
by increasing feed rate.
4. Reamers with a 0 helix angle produced holes
with poor surface finish and better accuracy.

5. Reamers with more blades produced better
hole diameter accuracy, surface finish and
roundness with poor cylindricity.

6. Machining with reamers with a small margin
gave excellent results in hole diameter
accuracy, surface roughness, cylindricity.
Application of GA to optimize
cutting conditions for minimizing
surface roughness in end milling
machining process
To observe the optimal effect of the radial rake
angle of the tool, combined with speed and
feed rate which influence surface roughness

End milling of titanium alloy is taken
GA is used to find the optimal solution of the
cutting conditions for giving minimum value
of surface roughness.
24 experimental trials were executed

Three different types of cutting tools
1. Uncoated
2. TiA1N coated
3. SNTR coated
By varying feed, cutting speed and rake angle
Ra value is noted for the given varying
parameters
Three equations are formed then by using GA
these equations are solved.
Then optimal value is determined.
(Azlan Mohd Zain) Ra=0.138 GA
compare the result with
(Mohruni ,2008) Ra=0.277 RSM tech
Optimization of cutting conditions in
end milling process with the
approach of particle swarm
optimization
With the help of regression modeling equation
developed by Zain, Haron and Shariff (2010)
is used in this paper.
Depth of cut is added as an another input
parameter
Then it is solved by PSO technique and find
Ra=3.2 microns
Reaming process in AA piston
Work piece material EN1A
Tool Sandvik
Number of flutes 6
Helix angle - 0
Depth of cut =0.315mm
Feed= 0.15mm/rev
Cutting speed=32m/min





THANK YOU