Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 79

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary

MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
RACH Overview and Analysis
Craig Long
Kurt Kallman
Much data re-used (stolen) from NAT LTE PRACH presentation
Overview info taken from Nomor 3GPP Newsletter December 2007 Overview LTE
RACH
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
2
Revision History
Rev 0
Initial Draft
11/10/2008
Rev 0.1
Updates after initial review with
Kurt K
11/11/2008

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
3
Outline
Purpose
Understand how RACH works in LTE
Understand how RACH is specified in LTE
Understand TDD Impacts
RACH Functional Overview
A high level functional overview of the LTE RACH process
RACH Physical Overview
A high level overview of the PHY channel implementation of RACH
Standards
A discussion of the LTE RACH information contained in applicable standards
36.331 RRC
RACH related Connection establishment/change
RACH related parameters
36.321 MAC
MAC RACH specification
36.213 Phy Layer Procedures
PRACH procedure
36.211 PHY
PRACH format

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
RACH Functional Overview
From Nomor 3GPP Newsletter
December 2007 Overview LTE
RACH

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
5
RACH Triggers
There are five events that will trigger random access procedure.
Initial access from RRC_IDLE;
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention only
Initial access after radio link failure;
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention only
Handover requiring random access procedure;
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Either, as specified by eNB
DL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED when UL synchronisation
status is nonsynchronised;
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Either, as specified by eNB
UL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED when UL synchronisation
status is nonsynchronised or there are no PUCCH resources for SR
available available.
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention
How does eNB know UE is nonsynched?
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Contention Based RACH Overview
From Nomor 3GPP Newsletter
December 2007 Overview LTE
RACH
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
7
Contention Based RACH Message Diagram
(PRACH)
(PDCCH contains pointer to RAR)
(PDSCH contains RAR)
(PUSCH)
(PDCCH contains pointer to Message)
(PDSCH contains Message)
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
8
Contention RACH message 1 (RACH Preamble)
The CONTENT of the RACH preamble consists of a
Zadoff-Chu sequence that is specified by parameters
broadcast by the eNB
One of N (usually 64) preambles selected randomly by the UE
More details under the 36.321 RACH detail description
The RA-RNTI associated with the RACH preamble is a
combination of the subframe ID and frequency resource
used to transmit the RACH preamble
There are no RA-RNTI bits in the preamble sent over the air
The eNB can decode the RA-RNTI from the subframe and
frequency resource
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
9
Contention RACH Message 2 (Random Access Response)
Upon reception of the UE RACH, the eNB will return a
Random Access Response (RAR)
The PDCCH will identify the resource blocks on the DL-SCH that
carry the contents of the RAR
The RAR is addressed to the RA-RNTI used by the UE for the initial
RACH
This is how the UE knows which RAR is intended for it
The RAR contains
Timing info
An UL grant on which the UE will respond
A temporary Cell-RNTI (C-RNTI) for the UE to use in its response
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
10
Contention RACH Message 3
The eNB will send data on the PUSCH in the resource blocks identified by
the RAR grant in message 2
For initial access:
Containing at least NAS UE ID identifier but no NAS message;
Conveys the RRC Connection Request generated by the RRC layer and transmitted via
CCCH;
RLC Transparent Mode (see RLC spec): no segmentation (if RLC is involved);
After radio link failure:
Conveys the RRC Connection Re-establishment Request generated by the RRC layer and
transmitted via CCCH;
RLC Transparent Mode (see RLC spec): no segmentation (if RLC is involved);
Does not contain any NAS message.
After handover, in the target cell:
Conveys the ciphered and integrity protected RRC Handover Confirm generated by the RRC
layer and transmitted via DCCH;
Conveys the C-RNTI of the UE (which was allocated via the Handover Command);
Includes an uplink Buffer Status Report when required.
For other events:
Conveys at least the C-RNTI of the UE.
What is this?
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
11
Contention Resolution
Contention Resolution is required because
In message 1, multiple UEs may have randomly selected the same
time/frequency resources (RA-RNTI) and RA Preamble for preamble
transmission
The enB may still decode the preamble on this RA-RNTI even if
multiple UE transmitted on the same RA-RNTI/RAPID (Random
Access Preamble ID)
In message 2, the eNB addressed the UL grant to the RA-RNTI. If
multiple UEs had sent on the same RA-RNTI/RAPID (and assuming
the eNB decoded one of them), then multiple UEs will hear the RAR
and accept the temporary C-RNTI and UL grant
Therefore, multiple UEs may send message 3, each using the same
C-RNTI, but each containing different message contents
In message 4, the eNB echos the message it decoded in message
3. Only one UEs message content can possibly be in message 4; all
other UEs will declare RACH failure
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
12
Contention RACH Message 4
The Contention Resolution Message is an echo of message 3,
addressed as shown below
Early contention resolution shall be used i.e. eNB does not wait for NAS
reply before resolving contention
I think this means that even when the UE sends a NAS message in
message3 that the eNB responds with a contention resolution message
without waiting for a NAS response
Not synchronised with message 3;
HARQ is supported;
Addressed to:
The Temporary C-RNTI on L1/L2 control channel for initial access and after
radio link failure
The C-RNTI for UE in RRC_CONNECTED;
HARQ feedback is transmitted only by the UE which detects its own UE
identity, as provided in message 3, echoed in the RRC Contention
Resolution message.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Non-Contention Based RACH
From Nomor 3GPP Newsletter
December 2007 Overview LTE
RACH
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
14
Non-Contention Based RACH
From where does the eNB
get the dedicated
preambles that will not
conflict with other eNBs?
Cant be from the general RA
preamble pool, as those can
all be selected by UEs
(PRACH?)
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
15
Non-Contention Based RACH Messaging
The procedure as illustrated in figure 2 is characterized by the following
steps:
1. RA Preamble Assignment on DL dedicated signaling:
HO command generated by target eNB and sent via source eNB for
handover;
MAC signalling (L1/L2 control channel or MAC control PDU is FFS) in case
of DL data arrival.
2. Random Access Preamble on RACH
Use the preamble received from message 1
3. Random Access Response
Within a flexible window of message 1
No HARQ
Addressed to RA-RNTI on L1/L2 control channel;
Containing at least Timing Alignment, Initial Uplink Grant for handover case
and Timing Alignment for DL data arrival case, RA-preamble identifier
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
RACH Physical Overview
A high level overview of the Physical
RACH implementation
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
17
Contention Based RACH Message Diagram
RACH utilizes the following
physical channels
PRACH
Physical Random Access Channel
PDCCH
Physical Downlink Control
Channel
PDSCH
Physical Downlink Shared
Channel
PUSCH
Physical Uplink Shared Channel
(PRACH)
(PDCCH contains pointer to RAR)
(PDSCH contains RAR)
(PUSCH)
(PDCCH contains pointer to Message)
(PDSCH contains Message)
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
18
RACH Physical Channels
PRACH
Dedicated channel for UE random access opportunities
Designated resource blocks for random access opportunities
Specified format for random access transmissions
Described in more detail in the following slides, and in the 36.211 section of this presentation
PDCCH
The DL control channel is used by the eNB during RACH to identify the resource
blocks on the downlink shared channel (PDSCH) that contain data for the UE (RAR
and Resource Contention Resolution messages)
No further description of PDCCH contained in this package
PDSCH
Carries the RAR and Resource Contention Resolution messages to the UE
No further description of PDSCH contained in this package
PUSCH
Carries message3 to the eNB
No further definition of PUSCH contained in this package
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
19
PRACH Physical Implementation RA Opportunities
The physical random access
channel occurs periodically in the
UL frame
The number of random access
opportunities is configurable
and depends on capacity,
latency and performance goals
RACH parameters are
transmitted on the Broadcast
Channel (BCH) and can be
changed in a semi-static manner
Each physical random access
channel (PRACH) occupies 1.08
MHz (6 resource blocks)
F
r
e
q
u
e
n
c
y
10ms radio frame
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
PUSCH PUCCH
Example PRACH Configuration 12
PRACH
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
20
RA Transmissions
Each RACH transmission consists of a cyclic prefix and a Random Access
Preamble
Preamble format is specified in the broadcast channel and sets the length of the
CP and the length and content of the preamble sequence
Preamble formats that require multiple consecutive RACH opportunities are possible
A set of 64 possible preambles are provided to the UE in the broadcast channel
For contention based RACH, the UE selects one of these preambles at random
For non-contention based RACH, the eNB specifies the preamble
Does the eNB reserve specific PRACH opportunities for non-contention?
Are certain preambles reserved for non-contention?
T
CP
T
RA
T
GT
T
PRE
Time
Random Access
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
21
Standards Describing RACH
36.331 RRC Specification
Defines UE states
Contains descriptions of processes that initiate RACH
Initial access from idle (RRC_Connection_Request)
Initial access from radio link failure (RRC_Connection_ReEstablishment_Request)
Handover
Contains Broadcast message parameters
Including system wide parameters used in RACH processing
36.321 MAC Specification
Specifies the RACH process and associated MAC Control Elements, PDUs,
and parameters
36.213 Phy Layer Procedures
Specifies the random access procedure at the PHY layer
36.211 PHY specification
Defines how the RACH information is formatted for transmission
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
36.331-830 RRC
UE States/Transitions
Broadcast RACH Parameters
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
23
4.2.1 UE states and state transitions including inter RAT
RRC_IDLE:
A UE specific DRX may be configured by upper layers.
UE controlled mobility;
The UE:
Monitors a Paging channel to detect incoming calls;
Performs neighbouring cell measurements and cell (re-)selection;
Acquires system information.
RRC_CONNECTED:
Transfer of unicast data to/from UE.
At lower layers, the UE may be configured with a UE specific DRX.
Network controlled mobility, i.e. handover and cell change order with network
assistance (NACC) to GERAN;
The UE:
Monitors control channels associated with the shared data channel to determine if data is
scheduled for it;
Provides channel quality and feedback information;
Performs neighbouring cell measurements and measurement reporting;
Acquires system information.
RACH purpose and messaging depends upon UE connection state
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
24
4.2.2 Signalling radio bearers
"Signalling Radio Bearers" (SRBs) are defined as Radio Bearers (RB) that
are used only for the transmission of RRC and NAS messages. More
specifically, the following three SRBs are defined:
SRB0 is for RRC messages using the Common Control Channel (CCCH) logical
channel;
SRB1 is for RRC messages (which may include a piggybacked NAS message) as well
as for NAS messages prior to the establishment of SRB2, all using Dedicated Control
Channel (DCCH) logical channel
RRC_Connection establishes SRB1 (Craig Long comment, see section 5.3.3.1)
SRB2 is for NAS messages, using DCCH logical channel. SRB2 has a lower-priority
than SRB1 and is always configured by E-UTRAN after security activation.
In downlink piggybacking of NAS messages is used only for one dependant (i.e.
with joint success/ failure) procedure: bearer establishment/ modification/ release.
In uplink NAS message piggybacking is used only for transferring the initial NAS
message during connection setup.
NOTE: The NAS messages transferred via SRB2 are also contained in RRC
messages, which however do not include any RRC protocol control information.
Once security is activated, all RRC messages, including those containing a NAS
or a non-3GPP message, are integrity protected and ciphered by PDCP. NAS
independently applies integrity protection and ciphering to the NAS messages
RACH used to establish SRB1 in certain cases
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
25
5.3.1.3 Connected mode mobility
In RRC_CONNECTED, the network controls UE mobility, i.e. the network
decides when the UE shall move to which cell (which may be on another
frequency or RAT). The network triggers the handover procedure e.g. based
on radio conditions, load. To facilitate this, the network may configure the
UE to perform measurement reporting (possibly including the configuration
of measurement gaps). The network may also initiate handover blindly, i.e.
without having received measurement information from the UE.
For mobility within E-UTRA, handover is the only procedure that is defined.
Before sending the handover command to the UE, the source eNB prepares
one or more target cells. The target eNB generates the message used to
perform the handover, i.e. the message including the AS-configuration to be
used in the target cell. The source eNB transparently (i.e. does not alter
values/ content) forwards the handover message/ information received from
the target to the UE. When appropriate, the source eNB may initiate data
forwarding for (a subset of) the radio bearers.
After receiving the handover command, the UE attempts to access the
target cell at the first available RACH occasion, i.e. the handover is
asynchronous. Consequently, when allocating a dedicated preamble for the
random access in the target cell, E-UTRA shall ensure it is available from
the first RACH occasion the UE may use. Upon successful completion of the
handover, the UE sends a handover confirmation.
RACH used as part of handover
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
26
RACH Parameters (1 of 2)
rootSequenceIndex Parameter: Root-sequence-index , see TS 36.211, table 5.7.2-
4 and 5.7.2-5
prach-ConfigurationIndex Parameter: PRACH configuration index . For FDD, see TS
36.211 [21, 5.7.1: table 5.7.1-1 and 5.7.1-2] (providing
mapping of Preamble format and PRACH configuration to
PRACH Configuration Index). For TDD, see TS 36.211 [21,
table 5.7.1-3]
highSpeedFlag Parameter: FFS, see TS 36.211, 5.7.2.TRUE corresponds to
Restricted set and FALSE to Unrestricted set
zeroCorrelationZoneConfig Parameter: N
CS
configuration, see TS 36.211, [21, 5.7.2: table
5.7.2-2]
ra-PreambleIndex Explicitly signalled Random Access Preamble in [36.321].
ra-ResourceIndex Explicitly signalled PRACH resource in [36.321]. Frequency
resource index in [36.211]. Only applicable to TDD
PRACH-Configuration information elements
RACH-ConfigDedicated field descriptions
From 36.331-830:
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
27
RACH Parameters (2 of 2)
numberOfRA-Preambles Number of non-dedicated random access preambles [36.321].
Value is an integer. Default value is 64. Value n4 corresponds
to 4, n8 corresponds to 8 and so on.
sizeOfRA-PreamblesGroupA Size of the random access preambles group A [36.321]. Value
is an integer. If the parameter is not signalled, the value is
equal to numberOfRA-Preambles . Value n4 corresponds to 4,
n8 corresponds to 8 and so on.
powerRampingStep Parameter: POWER_RAMP_STEP [36.321]. Value in dB.
Default value is [FFS]. Value dB0 corresponds to 0 dB, dB2
corresponds to 2 dB and so on.
preambleInitialReceivedTargetPower Parameter:
PREAMBLE_INITIAL_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER
[36.321]. Value in dBm. Default value is -104 dBm. Value dBm-
120 corresponds to -120 dBm, dBm-118 corresponds to -118
dBM and so on.
preambleTransMax Parameter: PREAMBLE_TRANS_MAX [36.321]. Value is an
integer. Default value is [FFS]. Value n1 corresponds to 1, n2
corresponds to 2 and so on.
ra-ResponseWindowSize Duration of the RA response window [RA_WINDOW_BEGIN
RA_WINDOW_END] [36.321]. Value in subframes. Default
value is [FFS]. Value sf2 corresponds to 2 subframes, sf3
corresponds to 3 subframes and so on.
mac-ContentionResolutionTimer Parameter: Contention Resolution Timer [36.321]. Value in
subframes. Default value is [FFS]. Value sf8 corresponds to 8
subframes, sf16 corresponds to 16 subframes and so on.
maxHARQ-Msg3Tx Parameter: max-HARQ-Msg3-Tx [36.321], used for contention
based random access. Value is an integer. Default value is
[FFS].
partitionPLThreshold Parameter PARTITION_PATHLOSS_THRESHOLD [36.321].
Value range and step size are [FFS].
RACH-ConfigCommon field descriptions
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
RACH Procedures
36.321-830 MAC Protocol Spec
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
29
RACH Triggers and associated key RACH parameters (1 of
2) This info is not in 36.321, but helpful to understand it
There are five events that will trigger random access procedure.
Initial access from RRC_IDLE;
MAC/PDCCH Initiated: MAC (eNB does not know about UE yet)
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention only
UE ID
Needs new C-RNTI from eNB
CCCH SDU in Message3? Yes (RRC_Connection_Request)
Initial access after radio link failure;
MAC/PDCCH Initiated: MAC (Lost link with eNB)
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention only
UE ID
set the c-RNTI to the C-RNTI used in the source cell (handover failure case) or used in the cell in
which the trigger for the re-establishment occurred (other cases); (36.331 section 5.3.7.4)
CCCH SDU in Message3? Yes (RRC_Connection_Reestablishment_Request)
Handover requiring random access procedure;
MAC/PDCCH Initiated: PDCCH (All handovers commanded by eNB)
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Either, as specified by eNB
UE ID
Target C-RNTI passed to UE as part of handover messaging (prior to RACH on new cell. UE will
have to put this C-RNTI inot the message3 buffer so the target eNB utilizes the appropriate C-
RNTI)
CCCH SDU in Message3? No, SRB1 movement handled between the eNBs
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
30
RACH Triggers and associated key RACH parameters (2 of
2)
There are five events that will trigger random access procedure.
DL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED when UL synchronisation
status is nonsynchronised;
MAC/PDCCH Initiated: PDCCH (DL data arrives at eNB)
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Either, as specified by eNB
UE ID
Existing C-RNTI. UE will have to put this C-RNTI into the message3 buffer so the
target eNB utilizes the appropriate C-RNTI)
CCCH SDU in Message3? No, SRB1 still active
UL data arrival during RRC_CONNECTED when UL synchronisation
status is nonsynchronised or there are no PUCCH resources for SR
available available.
MAC/PDCCH Initiated: MAC (UL data arrives at UE)
Contention/Non-Contention based RACH: Contention
UE ID
Existing C-RNTI. UE will have to put this C-RNTI into the message3 buffer so the
target eNB utilizes the appropriate C-RNTI)
CCCH SDU in Message3? No, SRB1 still active
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
31
Section 5.1.1 RACH Init Input Parameters Required at
MAC (and 36.331 reference)
Parameter Required by MAC Comment 36.331 Reference
P-RACH Resources Available and
corresponding RA-RNTIs
RA-RNTI is calculated from the subframe number and
frequency resource, so RA-RNTI = PRACH Resource
Selected
RA_Response_Window_Size ra-ResponseWindowSize
Group A Preambles
Group B Preambles
Calculated from #OF_RA_Preambles and
#OF_RA_Preambles_GroupA
NumberofRA-Preambles
SizeofAR-PreamblesGroupA
Partition Pathloss Threshold
Message Size Group A
Used to select GroupA or GroupB Preambles
PartitionPLThreshold
MessageSizeGroupA NOT in 36.331
assume overlooked for now
Power_Ramp_Step Size or incremental power boost for preamble re-
transmission PowerRampingStep
Preamble_Transmissions_Max Maximum number of preamble re-tries PreambleMaxTrans
Preamble_Initial_Received_Target_Power Target Power for the first preamble attempt preambleInitialReceivedTargetPower
Maximum_Message3_HARQ_Transmissio
ns
Don't understand this one yet
maxHARQ-Msg3Tx
Clear HARQ Buffer
Set_Preamble_Xmission_Ctr=1
Set Backoff=0msec
Begin RACH
Process
Go To
Resource
Selection
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
32
Section 5.1.2 Resource Selection
PRACH
Rsrc
specified?
C-RNIT MAC
CE or CCCH
SDU Previously
sent?
Msg-Size >
Msg_Size_GrpA
And Pathloss >
Pathloss_
Thresh
GrpB
Exists?
Choose
GrpA
Choose
GrpB
Randomly Select
Preamble from Group
If TDD and >1 PRACH
resource available in
this TTI, randomly
Select PRACH resource
Resource
Selection
Complete
Go To
Transmission
Y
Y
Y
N
N
N
N
Y
Begin Resource
Selection
Choose same RA
preamble set as before
If the UE has previously
performed a RACH, re-
use those RACH
resources
If the UE has not previously
performed a RACH, select RACH
resources
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
33
Section 5.1.3 Transmission
Preamble
Xmission_Ctr
=Preamble_Max
+1?
Instruct PHY to Transmit
Transmission
Complete Go To
RAR Reception
Y
N
Transmission
Begin
Indicate RA problem
To Upper Layers
Set Preamble_Pwr=
Init_Tgt_Pwr +
(Last_Xmission_Pwr)*
Pwr_Ramp_Step
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
34
Section 5.1.3 Random Access Response (RAR) Reception
The UE monitors the PDCCH for an RAR containing its RA-RNTI within the
RA_Window
RA-RNTI = t_ID+10*f_ID
t_ID = the index of the first subframe of the PRACH resource on which the preamble was transmitted
{0,1,2,,9}
f_ID = the index of the PRACH resource within that subframe {0,1,2,,5}
SF
n-1
SF
n
SF
n+1
SF
n+2
SF
n+3
SF
n+m+3

Preamble
Xmission
R
A
_
W
i
n
d
o
w
_
B
e
g
i
n

R
A
_
W
i
n
d
o
w
_
E
n
d

RA_Window_Size = m subframes
RA_Window
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
35
I
f

t
h
i
s

i
s

n
o
t

i
n
i
t
i
a
l

a
c
c
e
s
s
,

U
E

a
l
r
e
a
d
y

h
a
s

C
-
R
N
T
I

a
n
d

n
e
e
d
s

t
o

p
a
s
s

t
h
a
t

C
-
R
N
T
I

b
a
c
k

t
o

e
N
B

Section 5.1.4 RAR Success Case
Backoff
Indicator in
SubHeader?
Backoff=0msec
Process Timing Alignment
Send UL grant to lower layers
N
N
Y
RAR for
this RA-RNTI
Decoded In
Window?
RA Preamble
Explicitly
Signaled
To MAC?
RAR Reception Complete
Set Backoff parameter as
Specified in RAR
(see table 7.1.2)
Y
Set temp C_RNTI =value
Rcvd in RAR, effective NLT
UL grant time
1
st
Successful
RAR in
this RACH?
Is this RACH
For CCCH*?
Instruct Mux Layer include
a C_RNTI MAC Cntl Elem in
Subsequent transmissions
Get MAC PDU from Mux
Layer; put in MSG3 buffer
Y
Y
N
Go To RAR Fail
N
Y
I
f

U
E

h
a
s

a
l
r
e
d
y

s
u
c
c
e
s
s
f
u
l
l
y

c
o
m
p
l
e
t
e
d

a

R
A
C
H
,

C
-
R
N
T
I

i
s

e
s
t
a
b
l
i
s
h
e
d
.


S
H
O
U
L
D

S
A
Y

R
A
C
H
,

n
o
t

R
A
R

a
b
o
v
e
?
?
?
?

U
E

i
n
i
t
i
a
l

a
c
c
e
s
s
;

m
u
s
t

s
i
g
n
a
l

v
i
a

C
C
C
H

t
o

e
s
t
a
b
l
i
s
h

R
R
C
_
C
o
n
n
e
c
t


RAPID =
Xmit RAPID
?
Y
RA Preamble is explicitly
signaled to MAC only for PDCCH
commanded RACH, therefore UE
identity is known and RAR can
complete here.
Manage the UE
MAC identity
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
36
Section 5.1.4 RAR Failure Modes
RACH Fail
Error Response
FFS
Y
RACH
Init by
MAC?
RACH
Init by
PDCCH
Order?
N
Preamble_
Xmission_Ctr
<Max?
Inc Preamble_
Xmission_Ctr
Inc Preamble_
Xmission_Ctr
Select random
Backoff between 0 and
Backoff parameter
Delay subsequent RACH
by backoff parameter
Re-Try RACH
(Go to preamble
resource selection)
No RAR in window
Or no match with
RA-RNTI/RAPID
Y
N
Y
N
Why do we not check the
preamble xmission
counter for MAC initiated
RACH? Note counter is
checked prior to
transmission.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
37
UL C-RNTI MAC CE means UE
was already in RRC_Connected,
and did not use the temporary C-
RNTI for the UL. If the eNB
returnes this specific C-RNTI,
then this UE was recognized.
Section 5.1.5 Contention Resolution
PDCCH
Rcvd?
Did UL incl
C-RNTI MAC
Cntl Elem?
Contention
Resolution
Successful
N
N
Y
RACH init
Via MAC &
This C-RNTI &
UL grant incl
In PDCCH?
Y
Y
RACH init
Via PDCCH
and addressed to
C-RNTI?
Y
UL incl
CCCH SDU and
PDCCH addr to
C-RNTI?
MAC PDU
Decode
success?
MAC PDU
=what the UE
sent?
Y
Contention
Resolution
UnSuccessful
Y
N N
N
This is the response to a CCCH SDU
In the UL. DL PDU must decode to
match the UL PDU
N
Y
N
UL C-RNTI MAC CE means UE
was already in RRC_Connected,
and did not use the temporary C-
RNTI for the UL. If the eNB
returnes this specific C-RNTI,
then this UE was recognized.
Should never take
this leg?
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
38
Section 6.1.5 MAC PDU for RAR
A MAC PDU consists of a MAC header and one or more MAC Random Access Responses (MAC
RAR)
A MAC PDU header consists of one or more MAC PDU sub-headers; each subheader
corresponding to a MAC RAR except for the Backoff Indicator sub-header
Note: I believe the entire MAC PDU is sent in the DLSCH, only the pointer to this MAC PDU is sent
on the PDCCH
MAC RAR 1
...
E/R/RAPID
subheader 1
MAC header
MAC payload
...
MAC RAR 2 MAC RAR n
E/R/RAPID
subheader 2
E/R/RAPID
subheader n
MAC PDU consisting of a MAC header and MAC RARs
Each MAC subheader
points to a MAC RAR
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
39
Section 6.2.2/6.2.3 RA Formats and Parameters
E = Extension
1 = another sub-header coming
0 = MAC RAR1 next
T = Type
1 = RAPID
0 = BI
R = Reserved
BI = Backoff Indicator
Identifies overload condition in the cell
RAPID = Random Access Preamble ID
TA = Timing Advance
RAPID E T Oct 1
BI E R Oct 1 R T
TA Oct 1
TA
UL Grant
UL Grant
Temporary C-RNTI
Temporary C-RNTI
UL Grant Oct 2
Oct 3
Oct 4
Oct 5
Oct 6
R
E/T/RAPID MAC sub-header
E/T/R/R/BI MAC sub-header
MAC RAR
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
40
36.321-830 MAC Protocol Spec Questions/Issues
What is the BackoffTimer for?
Retries
What is Message3 Buffer?
[Bill Shores Comment] The Random Access procedure consists of a preamble transmission from the UE
(Message1), then a RA Response from the eNB which includes an uplink grant on the PUSCH (Message2), then an
uplink data transmission on the assigned PUSCH resource block(s) (Message3), then possibly a downlink contention
resolution response from the eNB (Message4). Message3 would typically include a CCCH SDU (see below) or uplink
signaling/bearer data multiplexed with a buffer status report
What is the measurement gap?
[Bill Shores Comment] Measurement Gaps are used to allow the UE to take measurements of neighbor cells (e.g., to
facilitate Handover decisions). Periodic measurement intervals may be configured via RRC. For many functions (like
air interface packet scheduling), it is important that the eNB is aware of the UE's "unavailability" during these gaps. I
suspect that the statement above is meant to imply that if the UE is in the midst of a Random Access procedure,
then it should forego any inter-cell measurement activities.
When is RACH explicitly signaled to the MAC layer? When does MAC layer initiate? What about
PDCCH RACH command?
[Bill's Comment] I believe that this covers the case in which the UE does not yet have a RRC connection. The CCCH
SDU carries the common channel signaling (SRB0) to establish a dedicated connection (SRB1). In this case,
Message3 contains the CCCH SDU and Message4 echoes it back to the UE as a method for performing contention
resolution. I'm not sure about this, so I have copied Javed for his input. BTW, the PDCCH order is used by the eNB
when downlink data arrives, but the UE's time alignment timer has expired (i.e., the RRC connection is still active,
but the lower layers are possibly out of time alignment).
Need to understand RNTI management

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
36.213 Phy Layer Procedures
Random Access Procedure
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
42
36.213 Section 6.1 Scope of Phy Random Access
Procedure
From the physical layer perspective, the L1 random access procedure
encompasses the transmission of random access preamble and random
access response. The remaining messages are scheduled for
transmission by the higher layer on the shared data channel and are not
considered part of the L1 random access procedure. A random access
channel occupies 6 resource blocks in a subframe or set of consecutive
subframes reserved for random access preamble transmissions. The
eNodeB is not prohibited from scheduling data in the resource blocks
reserved for random access channel preamble transmission.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
43
36.213 Section 6.1 Prep for PHY Random Access Procedure
Prior to initiation of the non-synchronized physical random access
procedure, Layer 1 shall receive the following information from the
higher layers:
Random access channel parameters (PRACH configuration, frequency position and
preamble format)
Frequency position is given by the parameter n
RA
PRB
as shown in
5.7.3. This is the starting frequency position. According to the latest
agreement, this frequency position is configured by higher layers and can
be anywhere
Rapeepat email 080910
and the variable phi, a fixed offset determining the frequency-domain location of the
random access preamble within the physical resource blocksis given in table 5.7.3-1
(36.211-830)
So it appears there is a fixed frequency offset into the resource blocks specified by n
RA
PRB
?
The value of the fixed offset is 7 for format 0-3. Does this imply the first 6 frequencies are unused?
Parameters for determining the root sequences and their cyclic shifts in the preamble
sequence set for the cell (index to root sequence table, cyclic shift, and set type
(normal or high-speed set))
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
44
36.213 Section 6.1 Phy Random Access Procedure
Layer 1 procedure
Layer 1 procedure is triggered upon request of a preamble transmission by higher
layers.
A preamble index, a target preamble received power
(PREAMBLE_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER), a corresponding RA-RNTI and a
PRACH resource are indicated by higher layers as part of the request.
A preamble transmission power PPRACH is determined as
PPRACH = min{Pmax, PREAMBLE_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER + PL}, where
Pmax is the maximum allowed power that depends on the UE power class and PL is
the downlink pathloss estimate calculated in the UE.
A preamble sequence is selected from the preamble sequence set using the
preamble index.
A single preamble is transmitted using the selected preamble sequence with
transmission power PPRACH on the indicated PRACH resource.
Detection of a PDCCH with the indicated RA-RNTI is attempted during a window
controlled by higher layers (see [8], clause 5.1.4). If detected, the corresponding
PDSCH transport block is passed to higher layers. The higher layers parse the
transport block and indicate the 20-bit UL-SCH grant to the physical layer, which is
processed according to section 6.2.

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
45
From Award Solutions correspondence
AS: The length of PHY random access preamble is not always 1ms.
It is 1ms for format 0, 2ms for format 1&2, and 3ms for format 3.
Obviously, the PRACH overhead increases in order to support large
cell size.
[Craig Long:] Do you have a spec reference for the 1ms format 0, 2 ms
format1&2, 3ms format 3? I can't find that in 36.211. I did find an indication in
32.213 that the RACH window size is "indicated by higher layers", and that
the window size is in terms of subframes. Are you saying the 1ms, 2ms, and
3ms are the expected values for that window size, or are those times
specified somewhere?
AS: In 36.213 section 6.1, it says A random access channel occupies 6
resource blocks in a subframe or set of consecutive subframes reserved for
random access preamble transmission. If adding the time of Tcp and Tseq
for format 1,2,3, the total would be 1.484ms, 1.8ms, and 2.284ms. They
cannot be transmitted within 1ms, so they must occupies several subframes,
round up to the nearest integer number. Also, please check the attached
36.211 contribution for discussion on large cell preamble design.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
46
36.213 section 6.1.1 Timing
For the L1 random access procedure, UEs uplink transmission timing after
a random access preamble transmission is as follows
RAR for this UE detected
If a PDCCH with associated RA-RNTI is detected in subframe n, and the corresponding DL-
SCH transport block contains a response to the transmitted preamble sequence, the UE shall,
according to the information in the response, transmit an UL-SCH transport block in the first
subframe (>n+5) where an UL-SCH transmission is available.
RAR for another UE detected
If a random access response is received in subframe n, and the corresponding DL-SCH
transport block does not contain a response to the transmitted preamble sequence, the UE
shall, if requested by higher layers, transmit a new preamble sequence in the first subframe
(>n+4) where a PRACH resource is available.
No RAR Detected within window
If no random access response is received in subframe n, the UE shall, if requested by higher
layers, transmit a new preamble sequence in the first subframe (>n+3) where a PRACH
resource is available.
RACH Initiated by PDCCH Order
In case random access procedure is triggered by the PDCCH indicating downlink data
arrival in subframe n, UE shall, if requested by higher layers, transmit random access
preamble in the first subframe (>n+5) where a PRACH resource is available.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
36.211 PHY
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
48
36.211 section 5.7.1 Time and frequency structure
The physical layer random access burst consists of a cyclic prefix, a preamble,
and a guard time.







Cyclic prefix is used to assist in efficient frequency domain processing
maximum supported cell size is determined by cyclic prefix and guard time?
Guard time is used to accommodate round trip propagation delay
Basic random access burst (format 0) spans 1ms with cyclic prefix of 102.7 s,
preamble length of 800 s and guard time of 97.3 s (provides coverage for cell
size of ~14.6 km)
Calculation presented in slide xx
For larger cell size, extended burst structure is used with either
Extended cyclic prefix and guard time, but the same preamble length (format 1, 2msec)
Extended cylic prefix, guard time, and preamble length (2x800 s) (format 3, 3 msec)
For TDD special subframe, format 4 has reduced CP and preamble lengths
T
CP
T
RA
T
GT
T
PRE
Time
Random Access
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
49
36.211 section 5.7.1 Preamble Formats
Preamble
format
T
cp
T
SEQ
Maximum
Supported Cell
Size
(km)
Subcarrier
Spacing
0 3168T
s
24576T
s
14.6
1.25 kHz
1 21024T
s
24576T
s
101.8
2 6240T
s
224576T
s
29.7
3 21024T
s
224576T
s
101.8
4
( TDD only)
448T
s
4096T
s
1.4 7.5 kHz
R1 supports only formats 0 and 1. 34310E will add format 4. No support for
formats 2 and 3 for 34310E
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
50
36.211 section 5.7.1 FDD Preamble Configuration
A Preamble Configuration Index is broadcast by the
eNB, and indexes a table (5.7.1-2) that specifies
Preamble format
Location of preamble opportunity in the uplink frame structure (frame
and subframe number)
The frequency location within that frame/subframe is
given by the parameter n
RA
PRB
. This is the starting
frequency position. This frequency position is configured by
higher layers and can be anywhere in the subframe



March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
51
Example PRACH Configuration 12
F
r
e
q
u
e
n
c
y
10ms radio frame
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
PUSCH PUCCH
Frequency position is given by the parameter n
RA
PRBoffset
as shown in 5.7.3. This is
the starting frequency position. According to the latest agreement, this frequency
position is configured by higher layers and can be anywhere
- Rapeepat email 080910
n
RA
PRBoffset
PRACH
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
52
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Configuration
A Preamble Configuration Index is broadcast by the eNB, and indexes a table
(5.7.1-3) that specifies
Preamble format
34310E will add preamble format 4 to the previously supported preamble formats 1 and 2
Supported PRACH density value
PRACH attempts per 10msec
Version Index
Different versions of the same PRACH density will provide the same PRACH density but in staggered
subframes
This allows a multi-cell eNB to spread PRACH decoding resources evenly among multiple cells and avoid peal
loading problems
The version index is for information only; it is not used in determining the PRACH opportunities that is
embedded in the configuration index
Note that since feature 34310E will not support format 2 and format 3 preamble formats
Preamble configuration indeces 32-47 in tables 5.7.1-3 and 5.7.1-4 are not supported
The Preamble Configuration Index also indexes a table (5.7.1-4) that specifies
Time and frequency resources per TDD UL/DL configuration for PRACH attempts
Each index specifies one or more 4-tuples (f
RA
, t
0
RA
, t
1
RA
, t
2
RA
), where
f
RA
= frequency resource within the time index
see example in following slides
t
0
RA
= 0,1,2 indicates whether the resource is reoccurring in all radio frames, in even radio frames, or in odd radio frames,
respectively
t
1
RA
= 0,1 indicates whether the random access resource is located in first half frame or in second half frame, respectively
1
st
half = subframes 0 4
2
nd
half = subframes 5 9
t
2
RA
= the uplink subframe number where the preamble starts, counting from 0 at the first uplink subframe between 2
consecutive downlink-to-uplink switch points, with the exception of preamble format 4 which is always transmitted in UpPTS
and is denoted as (*).

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
53
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Configuration Table
5.7.1.4 Illustration
t
0
RA
indicates whether the resource is reoccurring in all radio frames, in even radio frames, or in odd radio frames, respectively
t
1
RA
indicates whether the random access resource is located in first half frame or in second half frame, respectively
t
2
RA
is the uplink subframe number where the preamble starts, counting from 0 at the 1st uplink subframe between 2 consecutive DL-to-UL switch points
Indicates the first uplink subframe between 2 consecutive downlink-to-uplink switch points
Config
DwPTS GP UpPTS DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS
DwPTS GP UpPTS DwPTS GP UpPTS
1st half radio frame 2nd half radio frame
downlink downlink special uplink uplink uplink downlink special uplink uplink
downlink downlink
6
downlink downlink downlink downlink downlink special uplink downlink
downlink
5
downlink special uplink uplink downlink downlink downlink downlink downlink
downlink downlink
4
uplink downlink downlink downlink downlink special uplink uplink
downlink
3
downlink special uplink downlink downlink downlink special uplink downlink
uplink downlink
2
downlink downlink special uplink downlink special uplink uplink
uplink
1
downlink special uplink uplink uplink downlink special uplink uplink
subframe8 subframe9
0
subframe0 subframe1 subframe2 subframe3 subframe4 subframe5 subframe6 subframe7
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
54
TDD Preamble Configuration Example:
N
UL
RB
= 25, PRACH Configuration 12, UL/DL conf 0, N
RA
PRBoffset
= 19

(0,0,0,1) - labeled PRACH Opportunity A in the diagram
f
RA
= 0 frequency resource index (see calculation in RACH vs Cell Size/xls)
t
0
RA
=0 = all radio frames
t
1
RA
=0 = 1
st
half of radio frame
t
2
RA
=1 = 1
st
subframe after the first uplink between 2 UL/DL point
(0,0,0,2) - labeled PRACH Opportunity B in the diagram
f
RA
= 0 frequency resource index (see calculation in RACH vs Cell Size/xls)
t
0
RA
=0 = all radio frames
t
1
RA
=0 = 1
st
half of radio frame
t
2
RA
=2 = 2
nd
subframe after the first uplink between 2 UL/DL points
(0,0,1,1) - labeled PRACH Opportunity C in the diagram
f
RA
= 0 frequency resource index (see calculation in RACH vs Cell Size/xls)
t
0
RA
=0 = all radio frames
t
1
RA
=1 = 2
nd
half of radio frame
t
2
RA
=1 = 1
st
subframe after the first uplink between 2 UL/DL points
(0,0,1,2) - labeled PRACH Opportunity D in the diagram
f
RA
= 0 frequency resource index (see calculation in RACH vs Cell Size/xls)
t
0
RA
=0 = all radio frames
t
1
RA
=1 = 2
nd
half of radio frame
t
2
RA
=2 = 2
nd
subframe after the first uplink between 2 UL/DL points
Note: since all 4-tuples have t
0
RA
=0, the diagram applies to all frames
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
55
TDD Preamble Configuration Example:
N
UL
RB
= 25, N
RA
PRBoffset
= 19, PRACH Configuration 12, UL/DL conf
0.
Config
DwPTS GP UpPTS DwPTS GP UpPTS
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
subframe0 subframe1 subframe2 subframe3 subframe4 subframe5 subframe6 subframe7 subframe8
uplink downlink special uplink downlink special uplink uplink uplink uplink
subframe9
0
PRACH
Opportunit
y D
PRACH
Opportunit
y C
PRACH
Opportunit
y A
PRACH
Opportunit
y B
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
56
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Timing
Preamble timing within the subframe
The start of the random access preamble formats 0-3 shall be aligned
with the start of the corresponding uplink subframe at the UE
assuming a timing advance of zero and the random access preamble
format 4 shall start 5158*Ts before the end of the UpPTS at the UE
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
57
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Resource Selection
The random access opportunities for each PRACH
configuration shall be allocated in time first and then in
frequency if and only if time multiplexing is not sufficient
to hold all opportunities of a PRACH configuration
needed for a certain density value without overlap in
time.
The order the 4-tuples are listed in the table is the priority order in
which they should be utilized
For preamble format 0-3, the frequency multiplexing
shall be done according to


=
(

+
=
otherwise ,
2
6 6
0 2 mod if ,
2
6


RA
RA
offset PRB
UL
RB
RA
RA
RA
offset PRB
RA
PRB
f
n N
f
f
n
n
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
58
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Resource Selection
Example
# UL Resource blocks = 25
Chart of the PRACH resource block as a function of f
RA
and offset
Note that the purple cells indicate ineligible parameters for this configuration
To get 5 or 6 frequency resources into the 25 resource blocks available, the
maximum offset allowed is 7
To get 3 or 4 frequency resources into the 25 resource blocks available, the
maximum offset allowed is 13
The max offset is 19 (must allow for 6 consecutive resource blocks for the PRACH

n
RA
PRBoffset
:
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
f
RA
0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
2 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
3 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6
4 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
5 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 -6 -7 -8 -9 -10 -11 -12
n
RA
PRB
=for N
UL
RB
=25
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
59
36.211 section 5.7.1 TDD Preamble Resource Selection
For preamble format 4, the frequency multiplexing shall
be done according to


( )

+
= +
=
otherwise ), 1 ( 6
0 2 mod ) 2 ( ) 2 mod ( if , 6
1
RA
UL
RB
RA SP f RA RA
PRB
f N
t N n f
n
Where n
f
is the system frame number and where N
SP

is the number of DL to UL switch points within the
radio frame.
Each random access preamble occupies a bandwidth
corresponding to 6 consecutive resource blocks for
both frame structures.

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
60
36.211 section 5.7.2 Preamble Generation (1 of 2)
The random access preambles are generated from Zadoff-Chu (ZC)
sequences
ZC sequence generation described in 36.211, but I dont understand it
The network configures which root sequences to utilize to generate the
preambles
The random access preambles are generated from Zadoff-Chu sequences with zero
correlation zone, generated from one or several root Zadoff-Chu sequences. The
network configures the set of preamble sequences the UE is allowed to use
Each root sequence is orthogonal (or at least low correlation) with every other root sequence
(Craig comment)
One root ZC sequence can generate multiple orthogonal preambles via
cyclic shifting.
The number of orthogonal preambles that can be generated from one root sequence
depends on the supported cell size.
Each cyclic shift of a root sequence is orthogonal (or low correlation) with every other cyclic
shift. Therefore each UE can use a different cyclic shift of a root sequence and be separated
from the others by the eNB.
However, the cyclic shifts can look identical if the round trip delay is longer than the distance
between cyclic shifts. Therefore the bigger the cell the fewer cyclic shifts you can use from
each root sequence (more distance between cyclic shifts)
Each root sequence is 839 bits long, so the number of preambles for each root sequence is
839/cyclic shift distance.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
61
36.211 section 5.7.2 Preamble Generation (2 of 2)
Each cell is configured with 64 preambles
There are 64 preambles available in each cell. The set of 64 preamble sequences in a cell is found
by including first, in the order of increasing cyclic shift, all the available cyclic shifts of a root Zadoff-
Chu sequence with the logical index RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE, where
RACH_ROOT_SEQUENCE is broadcasted as part of the System Information. Additional preamble
sequences, in case 64 preambles cannot be generated from a single root Zadoff-Chu sequence, are
obtained from the root sequences with the consecutive logical indexes until all the 64 sequences are
found. The logical root sequence order is cyclic: the logical index 0 is consecutive to 837. The
relation between a logical root sequence index and physical root sequence index is given by Tables
5.7.2-4 and 5.7.2-5 for preamble formats 0 3 and 4, respectively.
High mobility is supported through regular preambles with a restricted set of cyclic
shifts
eNB broadcasts the High Speed Flag when high mobility is desired

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
62
Preamble Generation Cyclic Shift Selection (1 of 3)
Supportable Cell
size
(km)
13 0.78 64 1
15 1.06 55 2
18 1.47 46 2
22 2.03 38 2
26 2.59 32 2
32 3.42 26 3
38 4.26 22 3
46 5.37 18 4
59 7.18 14 5
76 9.54 11 6
93 11.9 9 8
119 15.52 7 10
167 22.19 5 13
279 37.77 3 22
419 57.23 2 32
839 115.63 1 64
Nzc/NCS (sequence
length div by cyclic
shifts) NCS
No of root
sequences
required to
generate 64
preambles
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
63
Preamble Generation Cyclic Shift Selection (2 of 3)
Each root ZC sequence is 839 bits long (N
ZC
)
Actual preamble sequences are generated via cyclic shifts of the
root ZC sequence
N
CS
(ZeroZoneCorrelation broadcast by eNB) specifies the number
of cyclic shifts between preamble sequences
Column 1 in the previous table
Therefore, the number of preambles per root ZC sequence is 839/N
CS
column 3 in the previous table
Each cell is configured with 64 preambles, so the number of root ZC
sequences required to generate 64 preambles is 64/(893/N
CS
)
column 4 in the previous table

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
64
Preamble Generation Cyclic Shift Selection (3 of 3)
Cell size is restricted by the number of cyclic shifts
between preambles
Differential delay between preamble transmission of 2 UEs will
appear at the eNB as cyclically shifted preambles
Since the UE is not in sync during RACH, the effective delay is 2X the
delay between the eNB and the UE
That delay (converted to distance via the speed of light) is the max cell
size. A guard band of a couple of cyclic shifts is used for buffer
This value is column 2 in the previous table
An excel spreadsheet with this calculation is available from Craig Long
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
65
RACH Timing (frame structure 1), single subframe RACH
RACH Window
SubFrame = 30720Ts = 1msec
eNB
UE Tx
1 way
Prop delay
1 way
Prop delay
CP Preamble
eNB Rx
RACH Window
RACH Window time >= 2*PropagationDelay + Tcp + Tseq

Solving for Propagation Delay:
PropagationDelay <= (RACH Window time - Tcp - Tseq)/2


Cell Size is also restricted by the length of the RACH preamble and
the propagation delay between the UE and eNB, as shown above
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
66
RACH Timing (frame structure 1), multi-subframe RACH
RACH Window
SubFrame = 1msec
eNB
UE Tx
1 way
Prop delay
1 way
Prop delay
CP Preamble
eNB Rx
RACH Window
RACH Window time >= 2*PropagationDelay + Tcp + Tseq

Solving for Propagation Delay:
PropagationDelay <= (RACH Window time - Tcp - Tseq)/2


SubFrame = 1msec
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
67
Section 5.7.3 Baseband Signal Generation
Dont understand this yet work on it
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon, Motorola Confidential Proprietary
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Backup/Old
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
69
Cell Size Issues (Craig Long unverified)
There are many factors which limit cell size
RACH delay
An unsynchronized (no timing advance) UEs ability to send a RACH preamble and
have it arrive at the eNB within the RACH window is dependent on the size of the
preamble and the round trip delay of the cell
Cyclic Shift Orthogonality
Each UE will utilize a different cyclic shift of a root ZC sequence. However, the
delay (and delay spread) of the channel will make the ZC sequence of a far UE
look just the same as the ZC sequence of a close UE that has been cyclically
shifted.
In order to prevent this, the cyclic shift of the UEs must be kept further apart than
the round trip delay time + delay spread
SNR will determine the eNBs probability of detecting the RACH sequence.
For larger cells, users at the edge require more signal power (hence a longer
preamble) to meet the required probability of detection
Not discussed in this package.
See R1-072135 RACH_LargeCell.doc

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
70
From TS 36.211-830 section 5.7.1
The start of the random access preamble shall be aligned with the start of the
corresponding uplink subframe at the UE assuming a timing advance of zero
Preamble includes the CP
Each random access preamble occupies a bandwidth corresponding to 6
consecutive resource blocks for both frame structures
RACH preamble is sent over 1.08 MHz BW
This is equivalent to 6 consecutive resource blocks
From TS 36.211-830 section 5.7.2 (table 5.7.2-1)
Preamble format 0-3 has preamble sequence length 839
Preamble format 4 has preamble sequence length 139
From Random Access Design for e-UMTS
As a result, Zadoff-Chu sequence with cyclic shift was selected as the
preamble for E-UTRA. For the baseline preamble length of 800s, this
corresponds to a sequence of length 863 samples.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
71
UpPTS RACH Cell Size Calculation:
From TDD Design for LTE.pdf
From Table 3, it is seen that there are only two values for UpPTS
duration (one or two OFDM symbols). As a result, UpPTS usage by
the UE is limited to either sounding reference signals or random
access (RACH) transmission. Random access requires UpPTS
length of two OFDM symbols. When one OFDM symbol is allocated
to the UpPTS, only sounding reference signals transmission is
possible.
Random access on the UpPTS is limited by the length of the UpPTS
and therefore not applicable to all deployment scenarios. An
illustration of the random access transmission in the UpPTS is
shown in Figure 6. Random access begins 4832Ts seconds, where
Ts = 1/(150002048), before the endof the UpPTS with a duration of
4544Ts seconds. This leaves a guard period of 288Ts seconds
which allows for a maximum supported cell size of approximately
1.4 km. For larger cell sizes, RACH will have to be supported in
regular uplink subframes to provide sufficient guard period.
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
72
From TDD Design for LTE.pdf
CP Preamble Sequence
UpPTS Duration
Tcp=448*Ts
seq=4096*Ts
288*Ts
614*Ts??
288*Ts = 9.38uSec
which supports a round trip delay (cell size) of
(9.38uSec*3E8m/sec)/2 = 1.41 Km

TS 36.211-830 section 5.7.1 says preamble starts 5158*Ts before end of subframe
Assuming CP and Preamble Sequence are the same length, guard time becomes
5158-448-4096 = 614*Ts = 20uSec
which supports a round trip delay (cell size) of
(20uSec*3E8m/sec)/2 = 3 Km

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
73
Random Access Configuration (FDD)
PRACH configuration System frame number Subframe number
0 Even 1
1 Even 4
2 Even 7
3 Any 1
4 Any 4
5 Any 7
6 Any 1, 6
7 Any 2 ,7
8 Any 3, 8
9 Any 1, 4, 7
10 Any 2, 5, 8
11 Any 3, 6, 9
12 Any 0, 2, 4, 6, 8
13 Any 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
14 Any 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
15 Even 9
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
74
Cyclic Shift Values
configuration
value
Unrestricted set Restricted set
0 0 15
1 13 18
2 15 22
3 18 26
4 22 32
5 26 38
6 32 46
7 38 55
8 46 68
9 59 82
10 76 100
11 93 128
12 119 158
13 167 202
14 279 237
15 419 -
configuration value
0 2
1 4
2 6
3 8
4 10
5 12
6 15
Preamble Format 0-3
Preamble Format 4
36.211-830
tables 5.7.2-2 and 5.7.2-3
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
75
A random access preamble is
generated from


u root ZC index
Ncs cyclic shift length
v integer value
Supportable cell size is based on
the cyclic value Ncs
Number of root ZC sequences
required to generate 64 preambles
depends on the cell size
Preamble Selection and Cell Size
) mod ) (( ) (
ZC CS ,
N vN n x n x
u v u
+ =
N
CS

Supportable Cell size
(km)
No of root
sequences required
to generate 64
preambles
13 0.78 1
15 1.06 2
18 1.47 2
22 2.03 2
26 2.59 2
32 3.42 3
38 4.26 3
46 5.37 4
59 7.18 5
76 9.54 6
93 11.90 8
119 15.52 10
167 22.19 13
279 37.77 22
419 57.23 32
839 115.63 64
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
76
PRACH Root Sequence Index
Logical root sequence number is provided on the SIB
mapped to physical root sequence number u in Tables 5.7.2-4 and 5.7.2-5
Selection of root sequence number is part of the cell planning process
Cross correlation between different root sequences is low (1/sqrt(Nzc)),
however, cubic metric is different for different sequences
Number of physical root sequences used per cell depends on the cyclic shift
length and preamble format
Example: PRACH Format 0, Ncs = 32, so one root sequence can generate at
most 26 cyclic shifts (26 preambles)
839 bits/32 bit cyclic shift = 26.2 = 26 full sequences
So 3 root sequences are required to generate 64 preambles
64/26 = 2.4 root sequences, implies 3 sequences required
838 possible root sequence indices for Format 0-3
138 possible root sequence indices for Format 4

March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
77
Example of RACH Receiver Design
CP
Removal
Sub-carrier
De-
Mapping
DFT
DFT
Size-N
ZC
Size-N
DFT
Received Signal
IDFT
Energy
Detection
Preamble
N
ZC
symbols
1.0 ms
PREAMBLE CP
PREAMBLE CP
FFT Receive Window
User close to the base station
User at the cell edge
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
78
Preliminary PRACH Performance
Number of
RX antennas
Propagation
conditions
Frequency
offset
SNR [dB]
Burst
format 0
Burst
format 1
Burst
format 2
Burst
format 3
Burst
format 4
2 AWGN 0 [-13.4] [-13.3] [-15.6] [-15.6] TBD
ETU 70 270 Hz [-5.7] [-5.3] [-7.9] [-7.8] TBD
4 AWGN 0 [-16.0] [-15.6] [-18.1] [-18.0] TBD
ETU 70 270 Hz [-10.1] [-9.7] [-12.3] [-12.2] TBD
Normal Mode
High-Speed Mode
Number of
RX antennas
Propagation
conditions
Frequency
offset
SNR [dB]
Burst format 0 Burst
format 1
Burst
format 2
Burst
format 3
2 AWGN 0 [-13.2] [-13.1] [-15.4] [-15.4]
ETU 70 270 Hz [-5.1] [-4.9] [-7.1] [-7.3]
AWGN 625 Hz [-11.6] [-11.4] [-13.6] [-13.7]
AWGN 1340 Hz [-12.7] [-12.6] [-14.8] [-14.9]
4 AWGN 0 [-15.9] [-15.5] [-17.9] [-18.0]
ETU 70 270 Hz [-9.8] [-9.4] [-11.9] [-11.7]
AWGN 625 Hz [-14.0] [-13.7] [-16.1] [-16.2]
AWGN 1340 Hz [-15.3] [-14.8] [-17.2] [-17.2]
March 21, 2007, Presentation to Verizon
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2006.
Motorola Confidential Proprietary
79
RACH Description from TS36.213-830 (Phy Procedures)
Prior to initiation of the non-synchronized physical random access procedure, Layer 1 shall receive
the following information from the higher layers:
Random access channel parameters (PRACH configuration, frequency position and preamble format)
Parameters for determining the root sequences and their cyclic shifts in the preamble sequence set for the cell
(index to root sequence table, cyclic shift (), and set type (unrestricted or restricted set))
6.1 Physical non-synchronized random access procedure
From the physical layer perspective, the L1 random access procedure encompasses the
transmission of random access preamble and random access response. The remaining messages
are scheduled for transmission by the higher layer on the shared data channel and are not
considered part of the L1 random access procedure. A random access channel occupies 6
resource blocks in a subframe or set of consecutive subframes reserved for random access
preamble transmissions. The eNodeB is not prohibited from scheduling data in the resource blocks
reserved for random access channel preamble transmission.
The following steps are required for the L1 random access procedure:
Layer 1 procedure is triggered upon request of a preamble transmission by higher layers.
A preamble index, preamble transmission power (PREAMBLE_TRANSMISSION_POWER), associated RA-
RNTI, random access window ([RA_WINDOW_BEGINRA_WINDOW_END]) and PRACH resource are
indicated by higher layers as part of the request.
A preamble sequence is then selected from the preamble sequence set using the preamble index.
A single preamble transmission then occurs using the selected preamble sequence with transmission power
PREAMBLE_TRANSMISSION_POWER on the indicated PRACH resource.
If an associated PDCCH with RA-RNTI is detected within the random access response window then the
corresponding DL-SCH transport block is passed to higher layers.
If the random access response window has past then the physical random access procedure is exited.
6.1.1 Timing
6.1.1.1 Synchronized
6.1.1.2 Unsynchronized