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1 Nokia Siemens Networks


Refarming
GSM capacity and frequency re-planning
Workshop
Internal
2 Nokia Siemens Networks
Content
Introduction
Refarming planning in 2G
Features used after refarming
Tools - ptimi!er
"i#e network result
Internal
$ Nokia Siemens Networks
Introduction
Aim of refarming projects
S !enefits
Internal
% Nokia Siemens Networks
Introduction
Aim of refarming projects
&ro#iding 'ig' speed data in t'e w'ole network wit'
()TS21**+()TS,**
()TS,** planning guidelines on I)S
(,** $-.)/! is not discussed in t'is material
)aintaining GS),** 0oS after refarming
Internal
1 Nokia Siemens Networks
NSN (ni2ue 3enefits

&ro#en %-2)/! 3andwidt' support

Refarming specific ser#ices suc' as


optimi!ation4 consulting

Net5ct ptimi!er for


re#olutionar6 fast and accurate
planning

5d#anced GS) spectrum


efficienc6 functionalit6 7like
8F95 and S9:

Full6 fledged 2G+$G interworking


functionalities

9ost efficient

53out $ times 3etter co#erage

9apacit6 optimi!ed wit' %-2 )/!


3andwidt'

Net5ct supported

Terminals widel6 a#aila3le


-"#$
WC%MA&''
WC%MA()''
GSM spectrum
efficiency SW
GSM
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:
S WC%MA Refarming Solution
Introduction
S !enefits
Internal
; Nokia Siemens Networks
Refarming planning in (G
Spectrum allocation for refarming
*one setup
(G net+ork analysis and forcast
(G replanning
Internal
< Nokia Siemens Networks
Refarming planning process
Step1 - Spectrum allocation to 2G
T'e part of a#aila3le GS) fre2uenc6 3and is reallocated to (,**-
Step2 - =one setup
(,** area is defined toget'er wit' 3uffer !one-
Step$ >2G network anal6sis
T'e aim is to collect all t'e information4 w'ic' re2uired to make proper 2G re-planning
Step% > 2G re-planning
?ot' capacit6 and fre2uenc6 re-planning is done 36 t'is acti#it6-
If proper 2G re-planning is not possi3le 7Step%:4 t'en Step1 and+or
Step2 can 3e repeated wit' modified setup
Internal
. Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum allocation for refarming
GSM and ,M-S !ands
Separation required !et+een GSM&'' and ,&''
Strategy for remo.ing frequency !and
Remained GSM !and+idth after refarming
Internal
, Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
GSM !and
@'en ()TS,** is rolled out in radio fre2uenc6 3and
pre#iousl6 used 36 GS)4 t'e utili!ation strateg6 of t'is 3and
needs to 3e c'anged-
T'e ta3le 3elow s'ows t'e fre2uenc6 3and of &-GS) and A-
GS)
Internal
1* Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
,M-S !ands
T'e $G&& TS 21-1*% and TS 21-1*1 specif6 t'e 1* fre2uenc6 3ands for
()TS co#ering essentiall6 all eBisting cellular 3ands w'ere 1-)/! carrier
fits- T'e ()TS,** is t'e ?and CIII and it was added during 2**1-
T'e different fre2uenc6 #ariants use eBactl6 t'e same $G&& standard
eBcept for differences in RF parameters- T'erefore4 t'e ()TS,** supports
t'e same ser#ices and t'e same peak data rates as ()TS21** #ersion-
/perating 0and -otal Spectrum ,plink 1M234 %o+nlink 1M234
?and I 2 B ;* )/! 1,2* - 1,.* 211* - 21<*
?and II 2 B ;* )/! 1.1* - 1,1* 1,$* - 1,,*
?and III 2 B <1 )/! 1<1* - 1<.1 1.*1 - 1..*
?and IC 2 B %1 )/! 1<1* - 1<11 211* - 2111
?and C 2 B 21 )/! .2% - .%, .;, - .,%
?and CI 2 B 1* )/! .$* - .%* .<1 - ..1
?and CII 2 B <* )/! 21** - 21<* 2;2* - 2;,*
?and CIII 2 B $1 )/! ..* - ,11 ,21 - ,;*
?and ID 2 B $1 )/! 1<%,-, - 1<.%-, 1.%%-, - 1.<,-,
?and D 2 B ;* )/! 1<1* - 1<<* 211* - 21<*
Internal
11 Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Separation !et+een GSM&'' and ,M-S&''
If ()TS,** is deplo6ed too tig't in t'e GS),** areas t'en t'e pro3a3ilit6 to 'a#e inter-s6stem
interference increases- T'e $G&& 'as studied t'e interference 3etween t'e GS),** and ()TS,**
s6stems and t'e t'eoretical conclusions are t'at t'e ()TS,** and GS),** macro cells deplo6ed in
ur3an4 su3-ur3an and rural areas can co-eBist wit' 2-. )/! carrier separation 3etween t'e middle of
()TS ,** carrier and t'e nearest GS) ,** carrier
For t'e simulations4 R5N @G% agreed on t'e following two t'res'old criteria for t'e co-eBistence of
()TS,** and GS),**E
()TS ("+8" capacit6 loss due to interferences from GS) uplink and downlink s'ould not 3e 3igger t'an 1FG
GS) s6stem outage degradation due to ()TS interference s'ould 3e as small as possi3le-
Internal
12 Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Separation !et+een GSM&'' and ,M-S&''
In NSN FleBi ?TS t'ere is a feature w'ic' can
3e used to reac' 3etter efficienc6 in t'e
spectrum s'aring 3etween t'e GS),** and
()TS,** tec'nologies-
T'is feature consists of a %-2 )/! recei#er
filter 3andwidt'
8ue to t'e fact t'at most of t'e modulated
@98)5 carrier signal energ6 lies wit'in muc'
less t'an 1 )/! 7,,F of t'e energ6 is wit'in
%-11 )/!:4 t'e FleBi ?TS implements a narrow
filter in t'e 8igital Signal &rocessors 78S&:
software in t'e FleBi S6stem )odule4 at
3ase3and le#el-
T'is situation allows to reduce t'e distance
3etween t'e centre of t'e ()TS,** carrier
and t'e first GS),** c'annel to 2-2 )/!
Internal
1$ Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Strategy for remo.ing !and
a:GS),** and (,** 3order is in operator internal 3and
7sandwic' setup:
3: and c: > GS),** and (,** 3order allocated to outside of
operatorHs 3and 7non-sandwic' setup:
2* )/! 3andwidt' limit of )R must 3e taken into account4 e-g- if AGS) 3and is used
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
a5
!5
c5
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
GS) ,** ?and
GS),** GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
GS),** @98)5,**
Situation 3efore
Situations after- T'ere are man6 wa6s to allocate fre2uencies-
a5
!5
c5
Internal
1% Nokia Siemens Networks
Spectrum selection for refarming
Remained GSM !and+idth after refarming
Remained GS) 3andwidt' after refarming 7click on picture to
open eBcel:
Internal
11 Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
GSM&'' +ith ,()'' 3one
0uffer 3one
GSM&'' +ith ,&'' 3one
Internal
1; Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
GSM&'' +ith ,()'' 3one6 0uffer 3one6 GSM&'' +ith ,&'' 3one
Full GS),** 3and area - T'e w'ole a#aila3le GS),** 3and is used
toget'er wit' $G on (21** 3and-
?uffer !one - ?uffer !one is 'a#ing limited 3and of GS),** after
refarming: toget'er wit' $G on (21** 3and- It is re2uired to pro#ide
enoug' separation 3etween t'e same fre2uencies of GS),** 7full 3and:
and ()TS,**
"imited GS),** 3and area - T'e limited GS),** 3and is used toget'er
wit' $G on (,** 3and-
Internal
1< Nokia Siemens Networks
*one setup
0CC2 frequency usage limitations
In GS),** limited 3and area wit' $G on (,** 3and area t'e
recommendation is to use
two neig'3or fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**4 if t'e sandwic' setup
is used
four neig'3or fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**4 if non-sandwic'
setup is used
In 3uffer area t'e recommendation is to use four neig'3or
fre2uencies as non?99/ GS),**
Internal
1. Nokia Siemens Networks
0uffer 3one

T'e figure 3elow s'ows an eBample of a countr64 w'ere t'e


red color means full GS),** 3and usage wit' (21** plus
3uffer !one wit' limited GS),** 3and usage4 w'ile t'e w'ite
collored area is (,** area wit' limited GS),** 3and
usa3ilit6

So in 3elow eBample t'e (,** is used outside of 3ig cities


and at least 11-2* kms awa6 from countr6 3order
Internal
1, Nokia Siemens Networks
(G et+ork analysis and forcast
Site locations and co-siting
Configuration analysis
7erformance analysis
Internal
2* Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork analysis

T'e following information s'ould 3e a#aila3le for anal6!ing


networkE
> "ist of site locations wit' name4 coordinate4 co-location info 7GS)4 89S
and ()TS21**: and ?TS t6pe
> "ist of planned site locations for ()TS,** 73ased on a predefined
strateg6:

e-g- sites in cities wit' more t'an 1* *** in'a3itants co#ered 36 ()TS21**
and t'e rest of t'e area is co#ered 36 ()TS,**

e-g- 3ig cities co#ered 36 3ot' (21** and (,** in parallel

9ountr6 3orders are co#ered 36 (21** onl6


Internal
21 Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork analysis

GS) and 89S cell le#el information of planned site locations


under ()TS,** is re2uired
> 9onfiguration 7cell le#el:

I TRDs+cell

I of signaling T9/s+TRD 7?99/JeBt999/ and S899/:

98AF and 98A8

)5"
> &erformance data

9S traffic #olume 79S ?/ in Arlang > FR and /R separatel6 7trfK11,4


trfK11;a4 trfK1214 trfK122a::

&S traffic pa6load 78ail6 AG&RS 8" in )? - trfK211a:

T9/ drop rate 7dail6 in F - dcrK2,:


Internal
22 Nokia Siemens Networks
et+ork forcast
T'e following items must 3e forcasted4 w'en t'e network is
refarmedE
Traffic increase on cell le#el
/R penetration
I of TS"s used for &S traffic in a#erage
Internal
2$ Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' re-planning
Capacity re-planning
8requency re-allocation
Internal
2% Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
Calculation e;ample
Internal
21 Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
T'ere are two options are in#estigatedE
1 TRD 7?99/: remained after refarming
2 or more TRDs 71 ?99/ and 1 non?99/ TRD wit' RF 'opping:
remained after refarming
Internal
2; Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
GSM&'' -R9:cell options after refarming
1 TRD 7?99/: remained after refarming
> If t'e remained 3and is less t'an 2* fre2uenc64 t'en 1 TRD+cell is
recommended

1;-1. fre2uencies can 3e used for GS) ?99/ and 2-% fre2uencies can 3e
used for 2TRD on t'e cell if needed 73ased on careful fre2uenc6 plan:

89S can 3e used for capacit6 la6er wit' 9?99/


2 or more TRDs 7?99/Lnon?99/: remained after refarming
> If t'e remained 3and is more t'an 2; fre2uenc64 t'e 2TRD+cell
configuration is possi3le wit' RF 'opping

1;-1. fre2uencies can 3e used for GS) ?99/ and t'e rest of t'e
fre2uencies can 3e used for t'e second TRD 3ased on .-1* fre2uenc6 long
)5 list
89S can 3e used for capacit6 la6er wit' 9?99/
Internal
2< Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity re-planning
9alculation eBample
Microsoft Ofce
Excel Worksheet
Internal
2. Nokia Siemens Networks
GSM&'' frequency re-allocation
8requency re-planning
<ffecti.e frequency load check
Internal
2, Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency re-planning
T'e easiest wa6 is to use t'e same ?99/ fre2uenc6
allocation set after refarming4 w'ic' was used 3efore
refarming- T'erefore 2ualit6 degradation is not eBpected on
?99/ after refarming-
In case of 2MN TRD+cell configuration t'e )5" list s'ould
contain all t'e fre2uencies remained on top of ?99/
fre2uencies-
T'e 3order fre2uenc6 of ?99/ and )5" s'ould 3e remo#ed from )5"
Internal
$* Nokia Siemens Networks
<ffecti.e frequency load
Affecti#e fre2uenc6 load 7AF": s'ould 3e t'e same on GS),**
after refarming - AF"7F: N Arl?/+I of fre2stotal O1+75#e I of 7T9/+TRD::
9lick on t'e ta3le to open eBcel
If degradation is calculated in case of effecti#e fr2uenc6 load4
t'en degradation in 0oS is eBpected
Internal
$1 Nokia Siemens Networks
8eatures
8eatures to maintain =oS in GSM&'' after refarming
Internal
$2 Nokia Siemens Networks
Content
Features for maintaining GS) ,** 0oS after refarming
Idle mode operation 7GS),** to 89S 1.**4 2G to $G:
91 and 92
9all setup
8irected retr6 and Intelligent directed retr6
858"+?
Resource allocation and 'ando#er strateg6
/ setup and neig'3or strateg6 re#iew for 2G and $G and inters6stem
9?99/
9apacit6 en'ancement
Standard /R
5)R planning+re-planning
S9
Spectral efficienc6 impro#ement
RF 'opping
8F95
9'annel utili!ation related features 7S5I94 85R&4 STIR94 5ntenna /opping:
Internal
$$ Nokia Siemens Networks
Idle mode operation
GSM&'' to %CS)>''
(G to #G
Internal
$% Nokia Siemens Networks
I am
outsid
e
I am inside,
but have not
enough
power
C1 = ! max"#,$%
= RLA_C RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN max(MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH P , 0)
m
a
x
"
#
,
$
%
$&&'
(
$&&(
)
Idle mode operation ?GSM&'' to %CS)>''5
Cell ?re5 @ selection +ith C)
T'e aim is to camp and allocate calls directl6 to 89S1.**
Internal
$1 Nokia Siemens Networks
*) ++=($
*) +#+=,-
*) +*+=-
*) +.+=-$
Macro900 A"
Macro900 C
Micro900 D
Macro1800 B
C2 = C1 + ceRe!eec"#$!e" %
"em&'(a()#$!e"*H(&e+a")T,me%T)
*, ++=($ / $ serving cell 0"x% = $
*, +#+=,- /,$1($ 2 0",$13%
*, +*+=- / $ 1 $ 2 0"$13%
*, +.+=-$/$1($20"4$13%
T,me T- .e"/ee+ 0 a+0
11 !ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=)-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=,$
T,me T- .e"/ee+ 20 a+0
21 !ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=4-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=,$
T,me T- 3(ea"e( "4a+ 50
!ec'+0!
*, ++=($
*, +#+=4-
*, +*+=-
*, +.+=-$
Idle mode operation ?GSM&'' to %CS)>''5
Cell ?re5 @ selection +ith C(
Internal
$; Nokia Siemens Networks
Idle mode operation ?(G to #G5
T'e aim is to allocate 2G traffic to (,** cells-
T'e following ?SS parameters s'ould 3e used for allocating
idle mode to (,**4 so t'en t'e call setup can 3e done directl6
on $G-
2searc'i 7T'res'old To Searc' (TR5N 9ells:
2searc'p 7G&RS T'res'old To Searc' (TR5N 9ells:
fdd0ffset 7F88 9ell reselect offset:
fdd0)in 7)in F88 t'res'old:
fdd0)inffset 7)in F88 t'res'old offset:
fddRscp)in 7)in RS9& t'res'old:
Internal
$< Nokia Siemens Networks
Ce Re!eec",'+ L,!"
6SM MS !"a("! WC7MA mea!8(eme+"! ,9 5
RLA_C: ;(<!ea(c4_I) 9'( 0:<!ea(c4_I:==
'(
RLA_C> ;(<!ea(c4_I) 9'( =:<!ea(c4_I:=1?
If, for suitable 6M37 cell
8 for a period of - s5
CPICH RSCP > RLA_C + ;77_<'$!e"
CPICH Ec@N' ;77_<m,+
no priorities
between
W*.M
neighbors
Measurement 6pdates5

9:*;* value of the serving cell

/ least ' strongest non serving <7M cells


at least ever= - s
check
and
W*.M cell
reselection
ACCH- FDD_Qmin, FDD_Qoffset
Idle mode operation ?(G to #G5
Internal
$. Nokia Siemens Networks
%irected retry
%irected retry
Intelligent directed retry
%A%A:0
Internal
$, Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irected Retry

&rocedure for assigning a mo3ile


station 7)S: from t'e S899/ c'annel
in t'e accessed cell to a traffic c'annel
7T9/: in a cell ot'er t'an t'e ser#ing
cell during t'e call set-up p'ase
8irected Retr6 is triggered due to
congestion in t'e accessed cell and
can 3e used 3ot' in )S originating and
)S terminating call attempts

/ando#er target cell selection is 3ased


on
> RB Signal "e#el
> )S classmark
> )aBimum power le#el
8irected retr6 impro#es call set-up ratio
during temporar6 congestion4
increases network a#aila3ilit6 and
guarantees 3etter ser#ice for all
su3scri3ers
1B MS "(),+3 "'
acce!! a ce /,"4
"em&'(a() "(aCc
c4a++e
c'+3e!",'+
2B MS ,!
0,(ec"e0 "' a+
'"4e( ce
/4,c4 4a! 9(ee
"(aCc c4a++e!
aDa,a.e
Internal
%* Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irected Retry

T'e parameter Pdirected retr6


usedQ 78R: indicates w'et'er a
'ando#er caused 36 t'e directed
retr6 is ena3led- T'e 'ando#er is
ena3led w'en t'e #alue is R6esR-

8irected Retr6 78R: 'ando#ers are


functionall6 di#ided into t'ree
t6pesE
> ?S9 internal4 inter-cell 8irected
Retr6 'ando#er
> ?S9 eBternal 8irected Retr6
'ando#er 7source cell side:
> ?S9 eBternal 8irected Retr6
'ando#er 7target cell side:
Internal
%1 Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
Intelligent %irected Retry
congestion
macro cell "<7M cell%
micro cells
"M*> cells%
<7M subscriber
#oth <7M and M*> cells
allowed as target
congestion
macro cell "<7M cell%
micro cells
"M*> cells%
NOKIA TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Ta(3e" ce !eec",'+ ,+c80,+3 ce a+0 !8.!c(,.e( ")&e
M8!" .e e+a.e0 /,"4
idr(sed S+N
Ce ")&e ca!!,Eca",'+
cell3=pe <7M?M*>
<7M = macro cell, M*> = micro cell
Su!scri!er classification !y
&ower class
&riorit6 7defined 36 network administrator:
%irected Retry to e;ternal 0SS
disa3leABt8r S+N
N possi3le onl64 if directed retr6 supported 36 all ?S9s and t'e )S9
M*> subscriber
Onl= M*> cells
allowed as target
Internal
%2 Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%irect Access to %esired Aayer and 0and

The prpose of Direct Access to Desire! "a#er$Ban! %DAD"$B& is to !irect traffic in the ca'' set(p
phase from the )DCC* of a macroce'' to a TC* of a microce'' +hene,er possi-'e.
> from the )DCC* of a /)M 800 ce'' to a TC* of a /)M 1800 or a /)M 1900 ce''
> from the )DCC* of a /)M 900 ce'' to a TC* of a /)M 1800 ce''0
The e1ten!e! /)M 900 -an! capa-i'it# of the M) is a'so ta2en into accont0
> DAD"$B ma2es it possi-'e to re!ce the nm-er of nnecessar# TC* reser,ations of !a' -an! mo-i'es in the
primar# -an! an! ths pro,i!es more trn2in3 efficienc# in the net+or20
4ote that DAD"$B can a'so -e se! from a microce'' to a macroce'', from a /)M 1800 ce'' to a /)M
900 ce'' or a /)M 800 ce'', an! from a /)M 1900 ce'' to a /)M 800 ce''0
Direct Access to Desire! "a#er$Ban! is -ase! on the fo''o+in3 main fnctiona'ities.
> The DAD"$B han!o,er is tri33ere! accor!in3 to the 'oa! of the accesse! ce'', the M) capa-i'ities, an! the ra!io
net+or2 en,ironment %a!5acent ce''s&0
> A!5acent ce''s can -e set as potentia' tar3et ce''s for DAD"$B han!o,er on the -asis of a!5acenc# -# sin3
67M0 The a!5acent ce'' has to f'fi'' the si3na' 'e,e' re8irement in or!er to -e consi!ere! as a tar3et ce'' for a
DAD"$B han!o,er0
> A!5acent ce'' priorities are ta2en into accont +hen e,a'atin3 tar3et ce''s for a DAD"$B han!o,er0
> 6n'# intra(B)C DAD"$B han!o,ers are possi-'e0
Internal
%$ Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%A%A:0 applications
T'e use of 858"+? is fleBi3le wit' adTacent cell indications and t'us
858"+? can 3e tailored to different en#ironments and concepts-
Internal
%% Nokia Siemens Networks
Call Setup
%A%A:0 functionality
858"+? is applied in call set-up p'ase if
> 858"+? feature is ena3led wit' ?S9 le#el optionalit6 management parameter
> T9/ load of accessed cell eBceeds t'e BTSLoadThreshold
> T'ere are adTacent cells defined wit' DADLBTargetCell parameter to 3e used as target cells for
858"+? 'ando#er4 cells #erified according to )S capa3ilities
> T'e signal le#el of t'e 858"+? target cell eBceeds t'e HOLevelUmbrella(n

?S9 will e#aluate t'e target cells for 858"+? 'ando#er during time indicated wit'
M!nT!meL!m!tD" parameter

5dTacent cell priorities HO#r!or!t$Level(n and load factors HOLoad%a&tor(n are used in
target cell sorting for 858"+? 'ando#er

8R will 3e applied if t'ere is real T9/ congestion in accessed cell

If t'e 858"+? 'ando#er fails 7no T9/s a#aila3le in target cells4 no 858"+? target cells4 )S
returns to old c'annel: t'e T9/ is attempted to allocate from accessed cell

&re-emption 'as 'ig'er priorit6 t'an 858"+? 'ando#er


Internal
%1 Nokia Siemens Networks
ce 'a0 = 100
F
A"!'a0"4(e!4'0
: ce 'a0 : 100
F
Ce 'a0 :
."!'a0"4(e!4'
0
S&ec,Ec &a(ame"e(
dadl3Target9ell @?> indicates adAacent cell as potential target
!tsAoad-hreshold $&&)$$ B cell load triggering 7.**0 handover
7R ,+,",a"e0
/,"4 @
/,"4'8"
G8e8,+3
7A7L@A
,+,",a"e0
TCH a'ca"e0
9('m !e(D,+3
ce
Call Setup
%A%A:0 triggering
Internal
%; Nokia Siemens Networks
Resource allocation and hando.er strategy
C0CC2
2/ setup and neigh!or strategy re.ie+ for (G and #G
Internal
%< Nokia Siemens Networks
Resource allocation and hando.er strategy
T'e aim is to allocate t'e rig't resource on t'e rig't 3and for
t'e call
T'e traffic s'ould 3e mo#ed to 89S1.**+(,** to maintain
0oS on G,** after refarming
If 89S1.** is co-located4 t'en 9?99/ s'ould 3e considered
in multi3and en#ironment
Internal
%. Nokia Siemens Networks
Multi!and solution
Common 0CC2
8ual ?and peration

e#er6 ?TS 'as its ?99/ and S899/


c'annels
9ommon ?99/ 9ontrol

impro#ed spectral efficienc6 7one


?99/:

optimi!ed use of signaling c'annels

tig'ter reuse of non ?99/ carriers

3etter 2ualit6 7decreased num3er of


/s:
Non ?99/ ffset
Non ?99/ fre2- ?TS
?99/+S899/
?99/ fre2- ?TS
9ell 2
?99/+S899/
9ell 1
?99/+S899/
Internal
%, Nokia Siemens Networks
Multi!and Solution
Segment

segment N telecom cell

segment ma6 consist of se#eral


?TS o3Tects

?TSs of a segment are co-located


and s6nc'roni!ed

a ?TS in a segment is a group of


similar TRDs

a ?TS in a segment must consist


of TRDs of t'e same fre2uenc6
3and 7&GS),**4 AGS),**4
GS)1.** + GS).**4 GS)1,**
separated:

a ?TS in a segment must consist


of TRDs of t'e same 3ase station
site t6pe
Internal
1* Nokia Siemens Networks
BTS'() BCCH'(
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'*) BCCH'*
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'+) BCCH'+
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS',) BCCH',
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'-) BCCH'-
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'.) BCCH'.
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
89()ANTTS&A
T6pe(nitr8epartment/ere
T6peSourName/ere T6pe8ate/ere
BTS'() BCCH'(
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'*
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'+) BCCH'+
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS',
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
BTS'-) BCCH'-
- BB hopping
- 6 TRXs
BTS'.
- RF hopping
- 6 freq, f1-f6
- 2 TRXs
Multi!and Solution
Common 0CC2
Co-located solution
altoget'er ; ?99/ carriers
C0CC2 setup
impro#ed spectral efficienc64
$ ?99/ carriers
Internal
11 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Setup
7riority order for 2/ <.aluation
1-Interference 7uplink or downlink:
2-Intra-segment inter-3and 3ecause of
downlink le#el 7from 'ig'er to lower
fre2uenc6 3and:
$-(plink 2ualit6
%-8ownlink 2ualit6
1-5)R unpacking 7uplink le#el and also uplink
unpacking 2ualit6 triggers:
;-(plink le#el
<-5)R unpacking 7downlink le#el and also
downlink unpacking 2ualit6 triggers:
.-8ownlink le#el
,-I)SI-3ased inter-s6stem 'ando#er to
@98)5 R5N
1*-I)SI-3ased 'ando#er
11-8T)-3ased 'ando#er to @98)5 R5N
12-Inter-s6stem 'ando#er to @98)5 R5N
1$-)S-?S distance 7maBimum or minimum:
1%-Turn-around-corner )S
11-Rapid field drop
1;-Slow+fast-mo#ing )S
1<- (m3rella
1.- &ower 3udget
1,- 8T)-3ased 'ando#er to a GS) 8T) cell
2*- ?S9-initiated TR/
21- I(
22- Intra-segment / 3ased on load
2$- 5)R packing 3ecause of good uplink and
downlink 2ualit6
2%- 5)R unpacking 3ecause of 3ad uplink or
downlink 2ualit6
21- &9 3ecause of lower 2ualit6 t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2;- &9 3ecause of lower le#el t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2<- &9 3ecause of upper 2ualit6 t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
2.- &9 3ecause of upper le#el t'res'olds
7uplink and downlink:
Internal
12 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Interference
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates
t'at a 'ando#er
3ecause of uplink or
downlink interference
is re2uired4 t'e ?S9
ma6 perform eit'er an
intra-cell 'ando#er or
an inter-cell 'ando#er-
Internal
1$ Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
=uality
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er 3ecause of uplink or
downlink 2ualit6 is re2uired4
t'e ?S9 e#aluates t'e radio
link properties of t'e adTacent
cells to find a target cell for t'e
'ando#er-
Internal
1% Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Ae.el
If t'e / t'res'old
comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er 3ecause of uplink or
downlink le#el is re2uired4 t'e
?S9 e#aluates t'e radio link
properties of t'e adTacent cells
to find a target cell for t'e
'ando#er-
Internal
11 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IMSI 0ased 2ando.er
T'e main 3enefit of I)SI-3ased /ando#er is t'at
t'e 'ando#er access of t'e ot'er operatorsR
su3scri3ers can 3e limited onl6 to defined cells to
maintain ser#ice preference to own su3scri3ers-
T'e ot'er operators can prefer t'eir own cells
and t'us optimise costs caused 36 network #isits-
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
<7M?W*.M
9oaming partner #
<7M?W*.M
9oaming partner #
<7M
Operator
<7M
Operator
W*.M
Operator
W*.M
Operator
/ando#er Target Neig'3ours can 3e from
different NetworksE

peratorRs own GS)+A8GA cells

peratorRs own @98)5 cells

GS)+A8GA cells of a greenfield operator

@98)5 cells of a greenfield operator

Full control of 'ando#er targets 3ased on


su3scri3er information

&artners access can 3e limited to defined


cells in order to maintain ser#ice
preference to own su3scri3ers

&artners can prefer t'eir own cells and


t'us optimise costs caused 36 network
#isits

Re2uires ;%k signalling links for assuring


necessar6 signalling capacit6 and Nokia
)S9 since sending I)SI from )S9 to
?S9 is not specified 36 $G&&-
Internal
1; Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MS-0S distance
5 'ando#er caused 36 t'e )S-
?S distance pre#ents t'e )S
from eBceeding cell 3oundaries-
T'e 'ando#er t'res'old
comparison #aries depending
on w'et'er t'e cells concerned
are eBtended range cells or
normal cells-
Internal
1< Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Rapid field drop

T'e ?S9 recognises t'e necessit6 to


make a 'ando#er w'en t'e /
t'res'old comparison indicates t'at a
'ando#er4 w'ose cause is rapid field
drop4 ma6 3e re2uired from t'e ser#ing
cell to a specified adTacent cell-

T'e situation can take place4 for


eBample4 w'en an )S mo#es so fast
from t'e co#erage area of an indoor
cell to t'e co#erage area of an outdoor
cell t'at t'e uplink radio link is lost-
Internal
1. Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
<nhanced rapid field drop
If t'e en'anced rapid field drop
detection procedure is ena3led4 t'e
?S9 monitors t'e c'anges in t'e
uplink+downlink signal le#el of t'e
ser#ing cell 36 comparing t'e
consecuti#e measurement samples
7raw measurement results4 not
a#eraged #alues:- T'e ?S9
calculates t'e c'ange in t'e
uplink+downlink signal 88AK"ACA"
o#er t'e inter#al determined 36 t'e
parameter deep dropping edge
monitoring window 7AR)@:-
Internal
1, Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MS Speed
)o3ile distri3ution in multi la6er networks 3ased on speed

Slow mo#ing )S -U lower la6er 7micro: cells -U optimum capacit6 use

Fast mo#ing )S -U upper la6er 7macro: cells -U reduction of signaling traffic


Two proprietar6 Nokia features

8ast Mo.ing Mo!ile Support ?8MMS5


> Astimation of )S speed 3ased on num3er of measurement reports from adTacent micro cells used to
mo#e )S from (&&AR 7macro: to "@AR 7micro: cell

MSB Speed %etection


> )easurement of )S speed 36 counting fading dips used to mo#e slow+fast )S from macro+micro to
micro+micro cell
Internal
;* Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
8ast:slo+-mo.ing MS

T'e crucial principle of t'e traffic


control is t'at slow-mo#ing or
stationar6 )Ss are 'anded o#er
from a ser#ing la6er to a lower
la6er4 and fast-mo#ing )Ss are
'anded o#er from a ser#ing la6er
to an upper la6er-

T'e parameter adTacent cell la6er


759": determines t'e la6er of t'e
adTacent cell from t'e point of
#iew of t'e ser#ing cell-

T'e la6er of an adTacent cell can


3e eit'erE
> t'e same as t'e la6er of t'e
ser#ing cell 7t'e #alue is RsameR:
> upper t'an t'e la6er of t'e ser#ing
cell 7t'e #alue is RupperR:
> lower t'an t'e la6er of t'e ser#ing
cell 7t'e #alue is RlowerR:
Internal
;1 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
MSB Speed %etection
T'e purpose of )S Speed 8etection
is to determine t'e mo3ile stationRs
7)S: speed in GS)+89S networks
so t'at fast mo#ing mo3iles can 3e
directed to macrocells and t'e slower
mo3iles to microcells- T'is is an
efficient wa6 to increase t'e capacit6
of t'e network and to decrease t'e
num3er of 'ando#ers in microcells-
T'e role of t'e ?TS is to measure t'e
speed of t'e )S and to send t'e
information to t'e ?S9 36 including
t'e speed information in t'e
)easurement Result message- For
more information4 see $G&&
specification ETSI GSM TS 08.58,
ersion !.5.0.
lower speed limit 7"S":
> T'is parameter is used to define t'e lower speed
t'res'old for an )S- If t'e speed of t'e )S is lower
t'an t'is t'res'old4 t'e )S will 3e 'anded o#er to a
lower la6er adTacent cell 7if an6:-
upper speed limit 7(S":
> T'is parameter is used to define t'e upper speed
t'res'old for an )S- If t'e speed of t'e )S is 'ig'er
t'an t'is t'res'old4 t'e )S is 'anded o#er to an
upper la6er adTacent cell 7if an6:-
)S speed t'res'old NB 7STN:
> T'is parameter is used in t'e t'res'old comparison
3etween t'e a#eraged )S speed and t'e upper and
lower speed t'res'olds- NB is t'e total num3er of
a#erages to 3e taken into account 3efore t'e decision
is possi3le- T'is parameter is common to 3ot' lower
and upper speed t'res'olds-
)S speed t'res'old &B 7ST&:
> T'is parameter is used in t'e t'res'old comparison
3etween t'e a#eraged )S speed and t'e upper and
lower speed t'res'olds- &B is t'e num3er of a#erages
out of total a#erages t'at 'a#e to 3e lower+'ig'er t'an
t'e t'res'old 3efore a 'ando#er due to )S speed is
possi3le- T'is parameter is common to 3ot' lower and
upper speed t'res'olds-
)S speed a#eraging 7)S5:
> T'is parameter defines t'e a#eraging window si!e for
t'e )S speed indications from t'e ?TS-
Internal
;2 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
,m!rella 2/
T'e um3rella 'ando#er procedure
ena3les network-directed traffic
control 3etween um3rella cells
7macrocells: and microcells- T'e
parameter ena3le um3rella 'ando#er
7A(): indicates w'et'er t'e
um3rella 'ando#er procedure is
ena3led- T'e um3rella 'ando#er is
ena3led w'en t'e #alue is R6esR-
Internal
;$ Nokia Siemens Networks
6mbrella handover
to micro cell
A
A
9C level handover
back to macro cell
)D$$ Macro
)D$$ Micro
hoLevelUmbrella = 1D- d#m
gsmMacrocellThreshold= ($ d#m
gsmMicrocellThreshold = ,$ d#m
msTxPwrMax(n) = )- d#m 1E micro cell
P
MAX = )- d#m 1E handover to micro cell onl=
hoThresholdLevelDL = 1F- d#m
2ando.er Support
,m!rella 2/
3hreshold 9C level handover !F- d#m
3hreshold umbrella handover !D- d#m
T'e um3rella 'ando#er procedure
ena3les network-directed traffic
control 3etween um3rella cells
7macrocells: and microcells-
Internal
;% Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
7o+er 0udget

T'e power 3udget 'ando#er


procedure ensures t'at t'e
)S is alwa6s 'anded o#er to
t'e cell wit' t'e minimum
pat' loss4 e#en t'oug' t'e
2ualit6 and t'e le#el
t'res'olds ma6 not 'a#e
3een eBceeded-
Internal
;1 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Com!ined ,m!rella and 7o+er 0udget

(m3rella 'ando#er to go from GS) ,**+.** to GS) 1.**+1,**4 wit' a


t6pical t'res'old of -.1 d?m

&ower 3udget 'ando#er wit'in t'e same la6er4 wit' a margin of ; d?

Radio reason 7"e#el or 0ualit6: 'ando#er to go from GS) 1.**+1,** to


GS) ,**+ .**-
Internal
;; Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
-raffic Reason 2/

To s'are t'e load 3etween t'e cells4 t'e )S9 ma6 re2uest t'e ?S9 to perform a
specified num3er of 'ando#ers from one specified cell 7'ig' load: to ot'er
specified adTacent cells w'ic' 'a#e less load- T'e following figure s'ows t'e
process leading to a traffic reason 'ando#er-
Internal
;< Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Ad.anced Multilayer 2andling ?AM25

?6 redistri3uting t'e traffic to t'e appropriate la6er or


fre2uenc6 3and4 t'e network wide load can 3e d6namicall6
smoot'ed out-

T'e 5)/ contains t'ree features


> ?S9 Initiated Traffic Reason /ando#er
> )ulti "a6er "oad 9ontrol
> I( "oad 9ontrol
Internal
;. Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
0SC Initiated -raffic Reason 2ando.er

@'en t'e load in a cell eBceeds t'e AMH U//er Load Threshold #alue4 new
reduced margins for power 3udget / will 3e acti#ated

5)/ penalt6 s6stem determines a guard time during w'ic' a / 3ack to original
cells is not allowed
Internal
;, Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
Multi Aayer Aoad Control
8uring low network load4 w'en t'e traffic is 3elow t'e AMH Lo0er Load
Threshold #alue4 unnecessar6 'ando#ers can 3e a#oided
I+"e,3e+" ;(eG8e+c) H'&&,+3
M8",a)e(
4a+0,+3
6SM100
!8&e(
6SM1H00 m,c('
D
D
6SM100 m,c('
D
6SM1H00 mac('
D
Internal
<* Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
AM2 in I,/

8uring #er6 lig't load4 onl6 regular fre2uencies4 or )Ss w'ic' are #er6
close to ?TS 'a#ing #er6 good 9+I can use I( are used and t'us
additional 'ando#ers are a#oided
> ?etter 0ualit6
Internal
<1 Nokia Siemens Networks
<7M
<7M
<7M
<7M
2ando.er Support
Inter System 2ando.er
<7M
<7M
<7M high
loaded
W*.M low
loaded
<7M
<7M
<7M
<7M
W*.M
W*.M
W*.M
W*.M
:oad reason
0andover for speech
and for 07*7.
:oad reason
0andover for speech
and for 07*7.
W*.M
W*.M
<7M
<7M
*overage, :oad and service
reason 0andover
*overage
:oad and service
reason 0andover
WC7MA ca+ .e 8!e0
"' (e,eDe 6SM 'De('a0
6SM ca+ .e 8!e0 "' ex"e+0
WC7MA c'De(a3e a(ea
WC7MA ca+ .e 8!e0
"' (e,eDe 6SM 'De('a0
6SM ca+ .e 8!e0 "' ex"e+0
WC7MA c'De(a3e a(ea
Mobile moving
Internal
<2 Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IS2/C GSM-D WC%MA
T'e following prere2uisites must 3e fulfilled to ena3le an inter-s6stem
'ando#er from GS) to @98)5 R5NE

T'e target cell candidates 7$G ?TSs: are defined as neig'3or @98)5
R5N cells

T'e (A are allowed to measure t'e neig'3our @98)5 R5N cells of t'e
ser#ing GS) cell-

Sou can define t'e measuring t'res'old 36 t'e t'res'old for multi-R5T )S
70SR9: parameter-

T'e (A 'as sent t'e neig'3our @98)5 R5N cell measurements to t'e
?S9-

Sou can control t'e measurement sending 36 t'e num3er of measured


F88 cells 7F8)R: parameter-

T'e connection-specific penalt6 timer for inter-s6stem 'ando#er attempts


'as 3een eBpired-
Internal
<$ Nokia Siemens Networks
2ando.er Support
IS2/C GSM-D WC%MA
T'e ?S9 initiates an inter-s6stem 'ando#er attempt to t'e @98)5 R5N4 ifE

5 neig'3our @98)5 R5N cell is a#aila3le 7co#erage:

T'e cell-specific penalt6 timer does not eBist in t'e ?S9 for t'e @98)5 R5N cell-

Ac+No measured 36 t'e (A 'as to eBceed t'e 'ando#er t'res'oldE minimum


9&I9/ Ac+Io le#el 7)AT:-

Traffic load of t'e ser#ing GS) cell eBceeds t'e t'res'old 7load:

Sou can define t'e load t'res'old 36 t'e minimum traffic load for a speec' call
7"TS9: parameter-

T'e use of load t'res'old is also influenced 36 t'e ser#ice priorit6 sent 36 t'e
)S9-

T'e ?S9 initiates onl6 as man6 inter-s6stem 'ando#ers as t'e num3er of ongoing
calls in t'e ser#ing GS) cell is o#er t'e traffic load t'res'old- T'at is4 t'e ser#ing
GS) cell is not emptied into t'e @98)5 R5N-
Internal
<% Nokia Siemens Networks
7ec,!,'+ A3'(,"4m
Co.erage !ased
(A TB &ower 7A#ent
;5:
9&I9/ RS9& 7A#ent
1F:
8" 8&9/ power
9&I9/ Ac+Io 7A#ent
1F:
(" 0ualit6
Se(D,ce .a!e0 H#
ctions started
periodicall=
Aoad !ased 2/
T'e total interference load
T'e reTection rate of &S
NRT traffic capacit6 re2uests
"ack of downlink spreading
codes
/@ resources are limited
"ogical resources are limited
dAg3xGwrMax3*0
dAg9x:evMin0O "n%
<smMeasveWindow
<smMeas9epInterval
<sm>cell7earchGeriod
<smMinMeasInterval
<smMaxMeasGeriod
Ha+0'De( Exec8",'+
26%"'%26 .acI &(eDe+",'+
<smMin0oInterval
6SM mea!8(eme+"
(e&'(",+3 9'( "a(3e"
ce!
2ando.er Support
IS2/ WC%MA -D GSM
IMSI .a!e0 ISH#
Seec",+3 &('&e( "a(3e" ce!
9>* selects the
99* connections to
be handed over
based diHerent
criteria
9>* selects the
99* connections to
be handed over
based diHerent
criteria
Eme(3e+c)
ISH#
I70O to <7M for getting
location
Internal
<1 Nokia Siemens Networks
Standard 2alfrate
&resentation + 5ut'or + 8ate
Internal
<; Nokia Siemens Networks
Standard 2alfrate
T'e aim is to increase utili!ation of remaining GS),** TRDs
after refarming wit' maintained 0oS
Internal
<< Nokia Siemens Networks
6pper limit for free I9 3*0s
1 ."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e
#37 level
1 ."!L'a07e&TC4Ra"e #7*
level
:ower limit for free I9 3*0s
1 ."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e
#37 level
1 ."!L'a07e&TC4Ra"e #7*
level
A'ca",'
+ '9 ;R
TCH!
A'ca",'
+ '9 HR
TCH!
A'ca",'
+ '9 ;R
TCH!

8ree 8R -C2s
!ased on ratio of
a.aila!le to
+orking 8R -C2s

7rocess is
disa!led !y
setting lo+er limit
D upper limit

<na!ling load
analysis at 0-S
le.el
automatically
disa!les it at a
0SC le.el

-o disa!le at
0-S le.el must !e
disa!led at !oth
0-S and 0SC
le.el
Standard 2alfrate
Internal
<. Nokia Siemens Networks
4a9Ra"eS8&&'(" (TX eDe) J @ N
."!S&L'a07e&TCHRa"e
L'/e( L,m," 0KB100F
L&&e( L,m," 0KB100F
."!L'a07e&TCHRa"e
L'/e( L,m," 0K100F
L&&e( L,m," 0K100F
"c4Ra"eI+"e(+aH# 1K?
"c4Ra"eI+"(aCeH# 1K?
ATS
LeDe
ASC LeDe
Pa(ame"e( Va8e
Standard 2alfrate
Internal
<, Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction
Ana3ling and resource allocation
"ink adaptation
&ower control
Intracell /4Intercell /
Internal
.* Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction
GS) FR+AFR c'annel gross 3it-rate is 22-. k3ps in GS) FR+AFRE
> 1$ k3ps +speec' coding
> ,-. k3ps +c'annel coding
/R c'annel gross 3it rate is 11-% k3ps
T'e idea of 5)R is 3ased on t'e fact t'at in soft limited RF en#ironments 7poor 9+I:C
> Speec' coding can 3e decreased in order to impro#e c'annel coding
> #erall result is an impro#ed #oice 2ualit6 7in terms of FAR:
> For 5)R4 t'e speec' and c'annel coding data rates are d6namicall6 adapted to 3est fit t'e current
RF c'annel conditions-
<-%
1-,
EF)E
%-<1
12-2
<-,1
EF&
%-<1
2/
2/
2/
*urrent Iull 9ate 8
M9 0alf 9ate
M9 Iull 9ate
Aa!e S"a",'+ Ce C'De(a3e
Internal
.1 Nokia Siemens Networks
0 AMR
Introduction

?efore 5)R t'e GS) operator 'as on t'e air interfaceE


> 2 different 9'annel T6pe 7Full Rate J /alf Rate:
> 2 different 9'annel 9oding 71 V Full Rate J 1 V /alf Rate:

T'e reason of t'e introduction of 2 different 9'annel T6pes is


> ABploit t'e capacit6 of t'e TRD w'ere possi3le
> 9ope wit' temporar6 increase of traffic
@it' t'e introduction of 5)R t'e GS) operator 'as a#aila3le on t'e air interfaceE
> 2 8ifferent 9'annel T6pe 7Full Rate + /alf Rate:
> 1% 8ifferent 9'annel 9oding 7. V Full Rate J ; V /alf Rate:
T'e reason of t'e 1% different 9'annel 9oding is to use in e#er6 moment of t'e con#ersation
t'e 3est trade off 3etween 9'annel 9oding and Speec' 9oding-
> Increased Speec' 9oding W Increased Coice Reconstruction 5ccurac6
> Increased 9'annel 9oding Increased Ro3ustness Good FAR in poor 9+I en#ironment
Internal
.2 Nokia Siemens Networks
*
1
1*
11
2*
21
FR
12-2
FR
1*-2
FR
<-,1
FR <-% FR ;-< FR 1-, FR
1-11
FR
%-<1
/R
<-,1
/R <-% /R ;-< /R 1-, /R
1-11
/R
%-<1
AMR codec mode
C
h
a
n
n
e
l

!
i
t
-
r
a
t
e

?
k
!
i
t
:
s
5
9'annel coding
Speec' coding
7peech Jual
9obustness

For 5)R case4 different codec use different 3it rate to encode speec' 7source
coding:- T'e rest of t'e gross 3it-rate is used for c'annel protection-
0 AMR
Introduction
Internal
.$ Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
<na!ling
0R 7arameter 0SS 7arameter Mapping rule
<AMRG-R,<
o3TectE ?S9 X?5SI9SY
rangeE TR(A4 F5"SA
defaultE TR(A
Introduced in ?R,-*
t'is parameter ena3les 5)R speec' in t'e ?S9- @'en
it is set to TR(A4 t'e ?S9 generall6 allows t'e use of 5)R speec'
codecs in t'e ?S9 w'en t'e ?S9 recei#es T9/ re2uest messages
7suc' as 5SSIGN)ANT RA0(AST or /5N8CAR RA0(AST: t'at
indicate 5)R codecs 7indicated in t'e messages ZFR Cersion $H4 or
Z/R Cersion $H respecti#el6: as allowed-
Refer to NA8 and 3lock diagram at t'e 3ottom of t'is slide-
Internal
.% Nokia Siemens Networks
7arameter %escription
-C2 In 2ando.er ?2RI5
A!!re.iated name tc'RateInternal/o
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 5ctual Rate 71:4 8ata 9all 72:4 No Rate 9'ange 7$:4 &referred Rate 7%:4 ?est
9andidate 71:
@it' t'is parameter 6ou define t'e traffic c'annel allocation during ?SS internal or eBternal 'ando#ers- T'e
parameter controls t'e target cell selection and t'e T9/ c'annel rate and speec' codec determination in traffic
c'annel allocation- T'e parameter can 'a#e t'e following #aluesE
1 --- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of T9/ 'as to 3e primaril6 allocated- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of speec' codec inside t'e call
ser#ing t6pe of T9/ can c'ange-
2 --- T'e call ser#ing t6pe of T9/ and t'e call ser#ing t6pe of speec' codec are preferred to 3e primaril6 allocated
during t'e speec' connection- T'e c'annel rate c'ange is possi3le during data connection4 if necessar64 and if t'e
radio interface data rate allows it-
$ --- T'e c'annel rate and speec' codec c'anges are totall6 denied-
% --- T'e preferred c'annel rate of T9/ and preferred speec' codec 'a#e to 3e primaril6 allocated-
1 --- T9/ 'as to 3e primaril6 allocated from t'e 3est ?TS of t'e 'ando#er candidate list-
Initial AMR Channel Rate ?IAC5
A!!re.iated name init5mr9'annelRate
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 5n6 rate 71:4 5)R FR 72: @it' t'is parameter 6ou define t'e initial c'annel rate in call setup4 internal inter cell 'ando#er 7/: and eBternal /
for an 5dapti#e )ulti Rate 75)R: call- ))" RangeE 1 N an6 rate4 t'ere is not an6 eBtra re2uirements 36 t'e parameter
and t'e c'osen c'annel rate is defined 36 taking into account t'e currentl6 used information for c'annel allocation2 N
5)R FR is allocated despite of t'e #alues of t'e currentl6 used information for c'annel allocation
AMR
Resource allocation @ 2ando.ers ?0SS only5
Internal
.1 Nokia Siemens Networks

If multirate configuration of source and target ?TS are t'e same4 t'en P5)R
9onfiguration In /ando#ersQ and P5)R Set Grades Ana3ledQ parameters 'a#e no
impact-
7arameter %escription
AMR Set Grades <na!led ?ASG5
A!!re.iated name amrSetGradesAna3l
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 8owngrades and upgrades are not applied 7*:
8owngrades and upgrades are applied 71:
@it' t'is parameter 6ou define w'et'er codec mode set downgrades during internal /s and upgrades after internal
/s are applied or not-
AMR Configuration In 2ando.ers ?AC25
A!!re.iated name amr9onfIn/ando#ers
Managed o!ject ?S9
Range 9urrentl6 used multirate 71:4 )ultirate configuration of target ?TS 72:
T'e attri3ute defines t'e preference 3etween t'e currentl6 used multirate configuration and t'e one defined for t'e
target ?TS during internal 'ando#ers-
))" RangeE
1 N t'e currentl6 used multirate configuration is preferred in furt'er c'annel allocations
2 N t'e multirate configuration of target ?TS is preferred in furt'er c'annel allocations
AMR
Resource allocation - Codecs in 2/ ?0SS only5
Internal
.; Nokia Siemens Networks

39G5
(TRX P(,'(,") ,+ TCH a'ca",'+ )

#I<5
(&(e9e( ACCH 9(eG8e+c) 6PRS)
AMR
<nhanced -R9 7rioritF in -C2 Allocation in 0SS

?R > la6ering can 3e set up 36 5)RFR""&R) and


5)R/R""&R) parameters-

?SS
Internal
.< Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Codecs and Aink Adaptation
T'e parameters [amr9onfigurationFrE codec)odeSet[ J
[amr9onfiguration/rE codec)odeSet[ 7FR9: determine t'e set
of codecs in used-
86namic code adaptation is 3ased on 9+I estimation- T'res'old and '6steresisE
FRTBE 5)R FR t'res'old B amr9onfigurationFrE t'res'oldB4 wit' BN1424$
FR/BE 5)R FR '6steresis B amr9onfigurationFrE '6steresisB4 wit' BN1424$
/RTBE 5)R /R t'res'old B amr9onfiguration/rE t'res'oldB4 wit' BN1424$
/R/BE 5)R /R '6steresis B amr9onfiguration/rE '6steresisB4 wit' BN1424$
Internal
.. Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Codecs and Aink Adaptation
T'e following parameters must 3e set properl6 to maBimise t'e gaing of
5)R after refarming
amr9onfFr9odec)odeSet
amr9onfFrStart)ode
5)R FR 8" T'res'old 1 5)R FR (" T'res'old 1 5)R FR /6steresis 1
5)R FR 8" T'res'old 2 5)R FR (" T'res'old 2 5)R FR /6steresis 2
5)R FR 8" T'res'old $ 5)R FR 8" T'res'old $ 5)R FR /6steresis $
5)R /R codec mode set
5)R /R start mode
5)R /R 8" T'res'old 1 5)R /R (" T'res'old 1 5)R /R /6steresis 1
5)R /R 8" T'res'old 2 5)R /R (" T'res'old 2 5)R /R /6steresis 2
5)R /R 8" T'res'old $ 5)R /R (" T'res'old $ 5)R /R /6steresis $
Internal
., Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
7o+er control
T'e following parameters are used to set power control
properl6 to maintain 5)R 2ualit6 after rfarming
amr&ocFr&c"T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&ocFr&c"T'r(lRB0ual
amr&ocFr&c(T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&ocFr&c(T'r(lRB0ual
amr&oc/r&c"T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&oc/r&c"T'r(lRB0ual
amr&oc/r&c(T'r8lRB0ual4 amr&oc/r&c(T'r(lRB0ual
Internal
,* Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
7acking and unpacking
0ualit6 3ased packing+unpacking is set 36 t'e following parameters
amr/oFrIn/oT'r8lRB0ual4 amr/oFrIn/oT'r8lRB0ual
amr/o/rIn/oT'r8lRB0ual4 amr/o/rIn/oT'r8lRB0ual
T'e load 3ased packing+unpacking is set 36 t'e following parameters
> lower limit for FR T9/ resources 7/R":
> upper limit for FR T9/ resources 7/R(:
> lower limit for SAG FR resources 7FR":
> upper limit for SAG FR resources 7FR(:
> 5)R lower limit for FR resources 75/R":
> 5)R upper limit for FR resources 75/R(:
> 5)R lower limit for SAG FR resources 75FR":
> 5)R upper limit for SAG FR resources 75FR(:
Internal
,1 Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Radio link timeout
T'ere are separated RT" parameters for non5)R4 5)R FR
and 5)R /R
Internal
,2 Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
Intercell 2/

Separate RD0(5" t'res'old parameters are used for 5)R


on ?TS le#el
> 8efault set to \worseQ #alues compared to t'e AFR RD0ual parameters
7e-g- AFR N%4 5)R N 1:
> Same pB+nB #alues used for 3ot' 5)R and AFR
> @it' t'ese default settings 5)R calls would 3e eBpected to 'a#e less
/ due to 2ualit6

In case of inter cell / t'ere are no differences in RD0(5"


measurement met'od 3etween AFR and 5)R
> AFR call and 5)R call in identical location s'ould s'ow identical
RD0(5" measurements
> In congested cell wit' no a#aila3le TS for unpacking4 Inter-cell /
re2uired 3ased on RD0(5"-
Internal
,$ Nokia Siemens Networks
AMR
8eatures for signaling optimi3ation

5)R / signaling optimi!ation

5)R unpacking optimi!ation S1%

Separate ("J8" "ink 5daptation T'res'olds

Ro3ust 5)R Signaling 7F599/ + S599/:


> F599/ and S599/ repetition for \repeated 599/Q capa3le mo3iles on 5)R T9/
> F599/ repetition for legac6 mo3iles on 5)R FR
> F599/ repetition for legac6 mo3iles on 5)R /R
> F599/ &ower Increment
Internal
,% Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!chanel
%2R
%8R
Internal
,1 Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Introduction

rt'ogonal Su3-9'annel 7S9: is a #oice capacit6 feature t'at allows assigning


two 5)R /R connections on one T9/ 'alf rate c'annel

up to four 5)R /R connections ma6 3e ser#ed 36 one radio timeslot

Gain of S9 > cost efficienc6

"ess TRD eBpansion ma6 re2uired and+or gi#e more capacit6 to &S ser#ices

It ma6 'elp to reduce fre2uenc6 3and usage

S9 comprises t'e following ?SS featuresE

S9 /alf Rate wit' S5I9 )S 7?SS21$*,:

9ircuit Switc'ed 86namic 53is &ool 7?SS$*$.1:


re2uired in case of legac6 53is to pro#ide t'e ZadditionalH 53is capacit6 for t'e second S9 su3-
c'annel 7two 5)R connections paired in 8/R mode on t'e same T9/+/ re2uires two 1;k3ps 53is
su3-c'annels:

r &acket 53is o#er I&+At' 7?SS21%1%: or &acket 53is o#er T8) ?SS21%%*:

S9 re2uires Single 5ntenna Interference 9ancelation 7S5I9: recei#er in mo3ile


stations

?S9 applies S9 onl6 for )Ss w'ic' indicate t'eir S5I9 support
Internal
,; Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
%o+nlink

rt'ogonal Su3-c'annel concept in 8" direction is 3ased on t'e adoption


of t'e 0&S] modulation
> 0&S] modulation carries two ort'ogonal su3-c'annels w'ic' can 3e recei#ed
36 legac6 S5I9 )S like normal G)S]
> ?TS uses d6namicall6 G)S] or 0&S] modulation

if t'ere is onl6 one 5)R /R connection4 t'e c'annel performs as a traditional 5)R /R
T9/
> Separate reception of two su3-c'annels is ena3led 36 t'eir ort'ogonalit6
ac'ie#ed wit' appropriatel6 selected TS9s
> S9-* and S9-1 su3-c'annels 'a#e independent RR signaling
Internal
,< Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
%o+nlink

RTS" used for 5)R /R call can 3e allocated to 8/R connections 36 splitting into
two 7ort'ogonal: su3-c'annels 7S9-* and S9-1:

T'e separation 3etween S9-* and S9-1 su3-c'annels is ac'ie#ed 36 t'e use
of Training Se2uence 9odes
> su3-c'annel specific TS9s are optimi!ed in TS9 pairs for t'e 3est performance in 8/R
mode

S9-* su3-c'annel is assigned a Zlegac6H TS9 and uses Zlegac6H 53is transport
resources

S9-1 su3-c'annel is assigned a Zpair-wiseH TS9 and uses ZadditionalH 53is


transport resources
> additional 53is transport capacit6 is pro#ided wit' 9S85& or &acket 53is
-SC for /SC-' -SC for /SC-)
' (
) H
( '
# I
I #
E "
" E
H )
Internal
,. Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
,plink

rt'ogonal su3-c'annel concept in (" direction is 3ased on traditional G)S]


modulation and )ulti (ser )ultiple Input )ultiple utput 7)(-)I): tec'ni2ue
> two users are differentiated 36 TS9 and propagation pat's
t'e same TS9 pair as in 8" is used
> ?TS separates users wit' RB 8i#ersit6 and interference cancellation tec'ni2ues
Successi#e Interference 9ancellation 7SI9: recei#er is used
RB 8i#ersit6 is a prere2uisite for S9
wit'out RB 8i#ersit6 8/R performance in (" would 3e #er6 poor 7(" wit'out RB 8i#ersit6 is worse t'an 8"
wit'out S5I9:
> RB le#el 3alance 3etween two connections occup6ing paired S9-* and S9-1 su3-
c'annels is needed to pro#ide sufficient 2ualit6
Internal
,, Nokia Siemens Networks
cell 0
main -SC G ' main -SC G (
paired -SC G '
cell A
paired -SC G (
cell 0
main -SC G ' main -SC G #
paired -SC G I
cell A
paired -SC G (
/rthogonal Su!-channel
-SC planning

If some cells suffer from relati#el6 'ig'er speec' 2ualit6 degradation after
S9 acti#ation t'an ot'ers4 t'e TS9 plan s'ould 3e re#iewed
> speec' 2ualit6 ma6 3e monitored wit' e-g- S9 RD 0ualit6 )easurements
7countersE 122***-122*<,: and+or FAR )easurement 7counter <<**2:
> if 2ualit6 degradation detected4 t'en TS9 re-planning s'ould 3e consideredE

interference relations 3etween neig'3oring cells


pro3a3ilit6 of paired TS9 utili!ation dependent on S9 penetration

fact t'at 0&S] interference is more 'armful for G)S] t'an G)S] interference
t'ere is significant performance deterioration of S9 8" transmission due to TS9
collision 3etween S9 paired users and eBternal interferer
Internal
1** Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Multiple;ing

8/R multipleBing mode is triggered 3ased on load criterion


> if t'e percentage of free FR T9/s decreases 3elow "i#i$ for Triggering %S&
'(R M)*$ip*e+ing4 t'e ?TS enters 8/R multipleBing mode

8/R multipleBing is reali!ed 36 'anding o#er 5)R /R+FR connection to


t'e target c'annel wit' ongoing 5)R /R call 'a#ing sufficient 2ualit6 and
(" RB "e#el
> load criterion is c'ecked upon recei#ing a report from /J&9 algorit'm wit'
updated #alues of RB 0ualit64 RB "e#el and power reduction
inter#al is defined wit' (T&FI" parameterE 8/R 95N8I85TA "ISTING INTARC5"

5lgorit'm searc'es for t'e 3est pair of calls to 3e multipleBed to ensure


optimal 2ualit6 in 8/R mode
> first4 t'e 3est target c'annel is searc'ed for 7t'e 1st candidate:

onl6 T9/8 is allocated to S5I9 )S for 5)R call ma6 3e regarded as a target c'annel
for 8/R multipleBing
> neBt4 t'e 3est connection to 3e 'anded o#er to target c'annel is searc'ed for
7t'e 2nd candidate:
3ot' 'alf rate and full rate 5)R S5I9 connections ma6 3e regarded as candidates to
3e 'anded o#er to pre#iousl6 determined target c'annel
Internal
1*1 Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Multiple;ing

)ultipleBing / ma6 3e done toE


> S9-1 su3-c'annel if 5)R /R connection occup6ing target c'annel is regarded as S9-
*
T9/ is initiall6 allocated to 5)R /R regarded as S9-* su3-c'annel
in case of de-multipleBing a connection allocated on S9-1 is 'anded o#er and t'e one allocated
on S9-* remains as 'alf-filled 8/R
> S9-* su3-c'annel if 5)R /R connection occup6ing target c'annel is regarded as S9-
1
in case of de-multipleBing a connection allocated on S9-* is 'anded o#er and t'e one allocated
on S9-1 remains as 'alf-filled 8/R
-R9C'
-R9C)
-SH
%2R multiple;ing 2/
connection to !e handed o.er
target channel
-S" -SE MS# -S# -S( -S) -S'
-SH MS( -SE -S# -S( -S) -S' -SI
2R packing
/SC
multiple;ing
MS#
free
/SC-'
MS(
/SC-'
free
/SC-)
free
/SC-)
2R packing
/SC
multiple;ing
MS#
free
/SC-'
MS(
/SC-)
free
/SC-)
free
/SC-'
Internal
1*2 Nokia Siemens Networks

&9 algorit'm for 8/R mode is similar to t'e one used for non-8/R connections

legac6 RB "e#el t'res'olds are re-used


new 8/R-specific RB 0ualit6 t'res'olds allow differentiating from 5)R /R
,& "o-er Thresho*. '" R+ /)0* '(R
,& 1pper Thresho*. '" R+ /)0* '(R
,& "o-er Thresho*. 1" R+ /)0* '(R
,& 1pper Thresho*. 1" R+ /)0* '(R
/rthogonal Su!-channel
7o+er control

&9 control 'as lower priorit6 t'an


demultipleBing /

8" &9 is performed for paired 8/R connections


independentl6 73ased on RB "e#el and RB 0ualit6
criteria: 3ut used TB power is determined 36 t'e
weaker connection
indi#idual 78/R-connection-specific: TB power
le#els are commanded to ?TS

?TS selects t'e 'ig'er 8" power le#el 7among


two commanded ones: and applies it for 3ot'
paired 8/R connections
Internal
1*$ Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
2ando.er

8/R demultipleBing / 7intra-cell / from 8/R to non-8/R mode: can 3e


triggered 36E
> RB 0ualit6 criterion
demultipleBing / to non-8/R mode is performed if (" or 8" RB 0ualit6 of 8/R connection is
greater t'an or e2ual to 'e#)*$ip*e+ing R+ /)0*i$2 Thresho*.
> (" RB "e#el ?alance criterion 7'as lower priorit6 t'an RB 0ualit6 demultipleBing /:
if (" RB "e#el 8ifference 73etween paired 8/R calls: is greater t'an or e2ual to %S&
'e#)*$ip*e+ing 1" R+"ee* M0rgin4 t'e connection wit' 'ig'er (" RB"e# is demultipleBed to non-
8/R mode
> RB "e#el criterion if Impro#ed 5)R &acking and (npacking 7?SS21%.$: is ena3led
demultipleBing / to 5)R FR is performed if (" or 8" RB "e#el of 8/R connection drops 3elow
t'e t'res'old triggering 5)R /R unpacking / 7introduced wit' ?SS21%.$:

Inter-cell /
> 8/R connection ma6 3e 'anded o#er to t'e ot'er cell 3ut onl6 to 5)R /R+FR c'annel
mode 78/R to 8/R inter-cell 'ando#ers are not possi3le:
> Inter-cell / for 8/R connections are controlled wit' new RB 0ualit6 t'res'olds
7Thresho*. '* R+ /)0* '(R 0n. Thresho*. 1* R+ /)0* '(R: and legac6 RB "e#el
t'res'olds 7Thresho*. "ee* 'o-n*in3 R+ "ee* and Thresho*. "ee* 1p*in3 R+ "ee* are
re-used:
Internal
1*% Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
Circuit S+itched %ynamic A!is 7ool
8ue to S9 multipleBing additional 53is resources are
needed for S9-1 c'annels

it does not make an6 sense to dou3le permanentl6 allocated


T9/ capacit6 72 &9) TS" per TRD: as eBtra transmission is
onl6 needed 7temporaril6: for multipleBed 8/R calls
t'is additional capacit6 can 3e taken from a new dedicated
pool of 53is resources a#aila3le for eac' TRD wit'in t'e ?TS
site

t'is new pool of 53is resources is 'ereafter referred to as


9S85& 79ircuit Switc'ed 86namic 53is &ool:
)ain c'aracteristics of 9S85&E

9S85&s are created per ?9F 7?TS site: 3asis


up to % 9S85&s is possi3le per ?9F
up to 1*** 9S85&s is possi3le per ?S9

9S85& is s'ared 36 all TRDs 'osted 36 gi#en ?9F 7?TS site:


9S85& must not 3e s'ared among different ?9F
9S85& must 3e created in consecuti#e &9) TS"s
9S85& si!e ranges from 1-$1 TS" for A1 71-2% for T1:
wit' granularit6 of 1 &9) TS" 7i-e- ;% k3ps c'annels:
Internal
1*1 Nokia Siemens Networks
/rthogonal Su!-channel
7lanning

&lanning structure
> 5nal6sis of eBisting network
> 9alculation of capacit6 gain w'ic' can 3e ac'ie#ed 36 5)R 8/R
> (tili!ation of capacit6 gain 3ased on t'e proper 3usiness and planning
strateg6
> Astimation of )S impro#ement ac'ie#ed 36 5)R 8FR
Internal
1*; Nokia Siemens Networks
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Allocation
Introduction
8requency Allocation Management
Ai.e trial +ith %8CA
Internal
1*< Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct
/ptimi3er
%eli.er more Capacity +ith 0est in Class =uality
=
u
a
l
i
t
y
Capacity
2R
8R:<8R
AMR 8R
AMR-W0 2R
%8CA
/SCJJ
NSN (ni2ue features
9ommonl6 a#aila3le features
AMR 77C
AMR 2R
AMR
enhancements
J
Temporar6 o#erpower for F599/ 7part of Ro3ust 5)R signalling
feature:
OO S9 L 8F95 interwoking
Internal
1*. Nokia Siemens Networks
8F95 cluster
Impact of %8CA Implementation @ Impro.ed =uality
Non-8F95 cluster 8F95 cluster
C
:
I
C
:
I
KImpro.ed =ualityL

0etter 8requency
allocation for each
ne+ call or hando.er

ear realtime
processing of mo!ile
measurements !y 0SC
to assess net+ork
le.el interference
G
KImpro.ed <nd ,ser
percei.ed =ualityL

All critical .oice


quality indicators like
8<R M MF/FS sho+
remarka!le
impro.ement post
%8CA implementation
SIM,AA-I/
R<AA <-W/RN
(E to E'$ increased
2alf Rate traffic
?R<AA <-W/RN5 ?R<AA <-W/RN5
Non-8F95 cluster
Internal
1*, Nokia Siemens Networks
Impro.ed =uality Impro.ed Capacity
/!jecti.es

)ore #oice capacit6 wit' eBisting +


less TRD 'ardware
)ore #oice capacit6 wit' less
fre2uenc6 c'annels and sites
/ther 0enefits
"ess power consumption + Arl
due to smaller 'w configurations
"ess capacit6 Sites needed

)ore Timeslots a#aila3le for


GS) data
)ore capacit6 + fre2uenc6 3and
ena3les @98)5,** refarming
Traffic load
N
e
t
w
o
r
k

0
u
a
l
i
t
6
Toda6Hs
Network
Network wit' impro#ed
spectral efficienc6
Internal
11* Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Allocation
8F95 is a powerful algorit'm in ?S9 w'ic' ensures
optimum radio c'annel allocation for e#er6 new call
and incoming 'ando#er
&recise interference control is ac'ie#ed wit'
?SS s6nc'ronisation
?S9 information eBc'ange
96clic fre2uenc6 'opping
8F95 5lgorit'm uses compre'ensi#e statistical data
for c'annel selection process
Real time information
Near real time information
Non real time information
8F95 algorit'm assigns t'e radio c'annel for eac'
indi#idual connection wit'
)o3ile 5llocation fre2uenc6 7)5:
)o3ile 5llocation IndeB ffset 7)5I:
Radio Timeslot 7TS":
Training Se2uence 9ode 7TS9:
&ower le#el in uplink and downlink
ASC
/,"4 7;CA
A3'(,"4m
ATS /,"4 LML
6PS Sa"e,"e
ASC%ASC L,+I
Internal
111 Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA Channel Selection 7rinciple

8F95 radio c'annel selection uses


connection specific 9+I targets

Se#eral 9+I estimations are produced


for eac' a#aila3le radio c'annel

9+I estimations rel6 on t'e fact t'at t'e


interference relations in 8F95 network
are sta3le and predicta3le 3ecause of
?SS s6nc'ronisation and controlled
use of c6clic fre2uenc6 'opping

9+I estimations are performed 36


com3ining information from se#eral
sources
> ?ackground interference matriB 7?I):
> )S measurement reports
> ("+8" power control data
> 8F95 radio resource ta3le
> 8F95 adTacent c'annel lookup ta3le
C4a++e ReG8e!"
7;CA A3'(,"4m
C4a++e A'ca",'+
MA, MAI#, TSL, TSC
ATS a+0 MS P'/e(
N'+ Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
AacI3('8+0 I+"e(9e(e+ce Ma"(,x
Nea( Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
MS Mea!8(eme+" Re&'("!
LL@7L P'/e( C'+"(' 7a"a
Rea T,me I+9'(ma",'+
Ra0,' C4a++e L!a3e I+9'(ma",'+
Exam&e '9 C@I Ta(3e"!-
C@I TAR6ET ;R (CI;) 1 0A
C@I TAR6ET HR (CIH) 15 0A
C@I TAR6ET AMR ;R (CIA;) = 0A
C@I TAR6ET AMR HR (CIAH) 12 0A
C@I TAR6ET 15B5 7ATA (CIT) 1M 0A
Internal
112 Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%ynamic 8requency and Channel Assignment

5 c'annel assignment sc'eme t'at a3olis' fre2uenc6 planning for


non ?99/ TRDs 7traffic TRDs s'ould 3e defined as 8F95:

?S9 will d6namicall6 assign t'e most suita3le time slot4 )5 list and
TS9 for eac' connection ^ automaticall64 36 estimating t'e 9+I on
t'e 3asis of )S measurement reports and t'eir consolidation in
?I) 7?ackground Interference )atriB: ta3les- In order to 'a#e
relia3le measurements4 t'e usage of I%A< 0A lists is suggested

T'is means t'at e#er6 connection 'ops independentl6 from t'e


ot'ers 78F95 'opping mode:

To ac'ie#e t'is4 s6nc'ronisation 3etween sites is needed -U ")(


must 3e installed in e#er6 site 7")( recei#e G&S signal clock:

To ac'ie#e inter-?S9 s6nc'ronisation4 ?S9-?S9 interface 7I&


3ased: is needed

3he goal is to provide a radio channel with sufcient *?I that depends on
the t=pe of the connection "i&e& meet diHerent Jo7 reKuirements for I9,
09, M9 I9, M9 09% ever= connection t=pe has a *?I target that the
algorithm alwa=s tries to meet

3he goal is to provide a radio channel with sufcient *?I that depends on
the t=pe of the connection "i&e& meet diHerent Jo7 reKuirements for I9,
09, M9 I9, M9 09% ever= connection t=pe has a *?I target that the
algorithm alwa=s tries to meet
E$ec" => a signiLcant capacit= and?or Kualit= gain
E$ec" => a signiLcant capacit= and?or Kualit= gain
Internal
11$ Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA Cell Configuration and 8requency 2opping

Fre2uenc6 3and is di#ided into two


parts for 8F95 operation
> ?99/ fre2uencies
> 8F95 fre2uencies

?99/ fre2uencies are planned in a


con#entional manner

8F95 fre2uencies are defined 36


one or more )o3ile 5llocation 7)5:
lists

ne 8F95 )5 list can contain up to


$2 fre2uencies

8F95 uses c6clic fre2uenc6


'opping 7i-e- /SNN*:

?S9 can freel6 select t'e )5 list4


)5I4 and TS9 for eac' indi#idual
T9/ acti#ation
;(eG8e+c)
T,me
21
20
21
22
22
25
ACCHS7CCH
6PRS@E76E Te((,"'()
TRX 1
TRX 2
TRX 2
TRX 5
21
20
21
N' ;H
7;CA ;H
7;CA ;H
7;CA ;H
Exam&e '9 c)c,c 9(eG8e+c)
4'&&,+3 /,"4 !,x 9(eG8e+c,e!-
9 21, 9 20, 9 21, 9 22, 9 22, 9 25
1, 1
1, 2
1, 0
Internal
11% Nokia Siemens Networks

.I* is given a dedicated


freKuenc= pool that is divided
into M lists

.I* is given a dedicated


freKuenc= pool that is divided
into M lists
),
$
),
)
),
,
),
(
,,
$
,,
)
,,
,
,,
(
),
$
),
)
),
,
),
(
,,
$
,,
)
,,
,
,,
(
$ ) , ( 4 - '
M
$ ) , ( 4 - '
M
3ime
7lot
- )4 )( )( ,)
)$ D )' )4 F
)) ' D D )(
)$ )( ), ' F
- ( )' )( )M
)( )$ )) )D M
F M 4 )) ),
M F )) )- )$
- )4 )( )( ,)
)$ D )' )4 F
)) ' D D )(
)$ )( ), ' F
- ( )' )( )M
)( )$ )) )D M
F M 4 )) ),
M F )) )- )$
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
>
o
t


a
v
a
i
l
a
b
l
e
*?I
matrix
M,
MIO
-$ -, -4
-'
-$ -, -4
-'
-) -( --
-M
-) -( --
-M
M
,5
M
,5
M
)5
M
)5
.I* freKuenc=
pool
.:
meas
report
.:
meas
report
7tatisti
cal *?I
data
"#IM%
*
I

*?I matrix is calculated based


on5

.: measurement report

statistical *?I data "#IM%

active connections in
interfering cells

*?I matrix is calculated based


on5

.: measurement report

statistical *?I data "#IM%

active connections in
interfering cells

.I* chooses the M, MIO and


time slot that is suitable for the
new connection and minimiNes
the impact on all the existing
.I* connections in the network

>etwork level *?I is alwa=s


maximiNed

Ever= connection hops with its


own seKuence "combination of all
possible M lists and MIOs%

.I* chooses the M, MIO and


time slot that is suitable for the
new connection and minimiNes
the impact on all the existing
.I* connections in the network

>etwork level *?I is alwa=s


maximiNed

Ever= connection hops with its


own seKuence "combination of all
possible M lists and MIOs%
8requency Allocation Management
%8CA
Internal
111 Nokia Siemens Networks
Requirements
%8CA
et+ork element Soft+are release required
?S9 S11-1 A8;-1 or later
Nokia FleBi A8GA ?TSs A&2-*
Nokia (ltraSite ?TSs 9D%-1 or later
Nokia )etroSite ?TSs 9D%-1 or later
Nokia Talk-famil6 ?TSs Not supported
Nokia Insite ?TSs Not supported
Nokia &rimeSite ?TSs Not supported
Nokia 2nd Gen- ?TSs Not supported
")(4 ")( )anager %-% or later
")(?4 ")( )anager 1-* 981
)S9 No re2uirements
Nokia Net5ct SS% or later
SGSN No re2uirements
et+ork element 2ard+are requirements

?S9 ?S9$i or ?S92i is re2uired-
?S92i re2uires 9&;)D 9&( cards in
all units4 and 9&"5N-S panel is also re2uired-
T'e ?S9s t'at use 8F95 and 'a#e
adTacent ser#ice areas must 3e connected to eac'
ot'er wit' ?S9- ?S9 connection- T'is ma6 re2uire
"5N ca3ling4 'u3s+switc'es and ot'er
networking e2uipment-
?TS 8F95 re2uires eit'er (ltraSite4 FleBi
A8GA4 or )etroSite 3ase station- T'e (ltraSite 3ase
station re2uires wide3and com3ining or no
com3iners- 8F95 is not supported wit'
RT9 com3iners-
")( 8F95 re2uires ?SS
s6nc'ronisation-
T'is re2uires t'at one location
measurement unit 7")(: is installed in e#er6 ?TS
site w'ere 8F95 is used-
T9S) No re2uirements
SGSN No re2uirements
Internal
11; Nokia Siemens Networks
site capacit6 wit' 8F95 7India:
N 5#oid 9apacit6 sites
Maximise
N sa#ed
Internal
11< Nokia Siemens Networks
Ma;imise -raffic supported per site +ith %8CA
Total ?@ a#aila3leE %-%)'! 7GS)1.**:
RegionE Surat4India 7(ninor:
9'allengesE
Rapid traffic growt'
"imited spectrum meant deteriorating
network 2ualit6 as site configuration was
eBpanded to cater to traffic surge
5#erage configuration $L$L24)aBE %L$L$
9urrent status 7post 8F95:E
5ll sites eBpanded to %L%L%
Reduced ?locking4 .F additional traffic
)uc' 3etter 0ualit6 wit' increased
traffic carr6ing capa3ilit6 > wit'out
an6 additional capacit6 site_
9ustomer will now deplo6 8F95 on <**
sites in different regions across India
Telenor group 7Toint #enture partner: too is con#inced of t'e functionalit6 J intends to
position 8F95 for t'eir operations elsew'ere J also as a strong solution for Refarming in
Aurope
%8CA <na!led
%8CA <na!led
%8CA <na!led
Reduced interference le#els
/ig' Interference
Internal
11. Nokia Siemens Networks
Capacity Gain @2igher -raffic support per site
Traffic capacit6 wit' a#erage . TRD+site in t'is cluster was 1*12 Arl-
5fter 8F95 Traffic carr6ing capacit6 of t'is cluster is 1<%$ Arl-
%* F 9apacit6 gain wrt 1* TRD sites 7pre-8F95:
Iincreased traffic support in cluster L reduced 3locking
7re 7ost
Internal
11, Nokia Siemens Networks
1*F impro#ement in 8ropped 9all Rate
2*F impro#ement in Good 0ualit6 samples-
5ll t'e a3o#e 0oS impro#ements ac'ie#ed e#en wit' /ig'er carried
traffic in t'is cluster__
No additional sites deplo6ed4 site configurations maBimised
8irect impact on new site related 95&AD J &AD for operator
Internal
12* Nokia Siemens Networks
%8CA projects
ngoingE
1:T5T54India E 11** sites
2:(ninor4IndiaE <** 736 end 2*11:
$:?'arti4India E 1** sites
%:5ircel7)aBis:4IndiaE 1* sites
1:5IS4T'ailand E1
st Refarming trial
&lanned
1:Codafone4IndiaE1* sites 7trial:
2:Ro3i4?anglades'E1* sites 7trial:
$:Nu#atel4?oli#ia 7trial:
%:9)9949'ina 7trial:
Internal
121 Nokia Siemens Networks
Channel utili3ation related features
SAIC6 %AR7
S-IRC
Antenna 2opping
Internal
122 Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC and %AR7 on %A
SAIC G Single Antenna Interference
Cancellation
Generic term for a recei#er algorit'm utili!ing one
antenna 7in a 'andset:
NokiaHs p'ase 1 S5I9 is a proprietar6 algorit'm
%AR7 G %o+nlink Ad.anced Recei.er
7erformance
$G&& standardi!ed feature for 2G utili!ing S5I9
and uplink signaling
Introduced in Rel-; as release independent feature

9an 3e introduced to terminals supporting earlier


$G&& releases
NokiaHs p'ase 2 S5I9 is $G&& compliant 85R&
feature
Internal
12$ Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC and %AR7
A! "4e +8m.e( '9 8!e(! ,+c(ea!e! '&e(a"'(!
9ace a +ee0 "' ,+c(ea!e "4e,( +e"/'(I
ca&ac,")B
A! "4e +8m.e( '9 8!e(! ,+c(ea!e! '&e(a"'(!
9ace a +ee0 "' ,+c(ea!e "4e,( +e"/'(I
ca&ac,")B
Ce (e%&a++,+3-
Ce (e%&a++,+3-
Introduce new and
smaller cells&
Introduce new and
smaller cells&
Increase freKuenc=
re1use factor
Increase freKuenc=
re1use factor
I+ ma+) 8(.a+ ce! ca&ac,") ,! ,m,"e0 .)
,+"e(9e(e+ce ,+ 0'/+,+I 0,(ec",'+N
I+ ma+) 8(.a+ ce! ca&ac,") ,! ,m,"e0 .)
,+"e(9e(e+ce ,+ 0'/+,+I 0,(ec",'+N
Im&('De !)!"em
&e(9'(ma+ce
Im&('De !)!"em
&e(9'(ma+ce

IreKuenc= hopping

IreKuenc= hopping

Gower control

Gower control

.3C

.3C

M
9

M
9
7ARP@SAIC
7ARP@SAIC
Ex&e+!,De 9'(
'&e(a"'(!
Ex&e+!,De 9'(
'&e(a"'(!
7I* does not
reKuire an=
network
changes&
7I* does not
reKuire an=
network
changes&

.I*

.I*

Internal
12% Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
SAIC
Ne,34.'(
ATS
9c
L!e(1
Se(D,+3
ATS
Own
cell
7I* is digital signal processing
techniKue, which uses the
correlation properties of a <M7O
modulated signal to perform an
active cancellation of the
interfering signals&
7I* is digital signal processing
techniKue, which uses the
correlation properties of a <M7O
modulated signal to perform an
active cancellation of the
interfering signals&
In toda=Ps network the vast
amount of trafc is <M7O
modulatedQ
In toda=Ps network the vast
amount of trafc is <M7O
modulatedQ
<M7O modulated interferers 7I* gainQ
<M7O modulated interferers 7I* gainQ
D1G7O modulated interferer >o 7I*
gain?>o loss
D1G7O modulated interferer >o 7I*
gain?>o loss
<ains on both s=nchroniNed and non1
s=nchroniNed networks&
<ains on both s=nchroniNed and non1
s=nchroniNed networks&
A8GA 7)9S1-,:
>-7SN
FR4 /R and AFR
speec'
5)R speec'
G&RS
A8GA 7)9S1-%:
9ontrol c'annel
GMSN
M'08a",'+!-
7I* does not improve coverage&
7I* does not improve coverage&
Internal
121 Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
2o+ are SAIC:%AR7 gains are utili3edO
et+orks utili3e the SAIC:%AR7 performance gain through
the e;isting po+er control loopsF -+o options e;istsC
et+orks utili3e the SAIC:%AR7 performance gain through
the e;isting po+er control loopsF -+o options e;istsC
(5 Impro.e %A R; quality
(5 Impro.e %A R; quality

)aintain similar 8" TB power


as for a con#entional terminal

(tili!e 85R& gain to impro#e


8" RB 2ualit6 7e-g- speec'
2ualit6 or t'roug'put:-

T'is strateg6 is c'osen w'en


RB 2ualit6 needs to 3e
impro#ed-
)5 Reduce %A -; po+er
)5 Reduce %A -; po+er

(tili!e ?TS power control


mec'anism to reduce t'e 8"
TB power-

)aintain similar 8" RB 2ualit6


as a con#entional terminal4 3ut
wit' less emitted power

T'is strateg6 is c'osen w'en


RB 2ualit6 is alread6 good-
Internal
12; Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
%i.ersity techniques on ,A
Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7IR9:
First IR9 identifies and reTects an6 interfering signals in eac' of t'e pat's t'en com3ines as per
)R9
It is ideal in canceling a single 7 co c'annel or 5dTacent: interferer I-e t'e gain is maBimum w'en
8IR 78ominant to rest of t'e Interference Ratio: is 'ig'-
)aBimum Ratio 9om3ining 7)R9:
9om3ines t'e signal according t'e eac' pat's SNR
ptimal com3ining w'ere t'e interference is t'ermal noise or t'ere are large num3er of interfering
signals
Space Time Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7STIR9:
Impro#ing t'e w'itening NU impro#ing performance in interference scenarios
An'anced S6m3ol Spaced Recei#er 7ASSR:
T'e ASSR pro#ides impro#ed (" interference reTection performance for 3ot' traffic and signalling
c'annels-
T'e ASSR onl6 supports G)S] modulated c'annels-
Implemented in (ltraSite ?TS S@ 9D%-1 7remo#ed in %-1 981 due T5 issues4 planned again in 9D
1-*:
5n uplink recei#er en'ancement designed for use in A-9ell and configurations t'at use A8GA
3ase3and 7??2A+F: wit' a non-A8GA TRD7TSB5:-
Internal
12< Nokia Siemens Networks
)- d#
:ess *?I
8requency Allocation Management
Affect of different di.ersity techniques
0igher interference level Rd#S
*ell siNe?
Kualit=
M d#
less *?I
( d#
less *?I
M
9
*
)aBimum Ratio 9om3ining 7)R9:
Interference ReTection 9om3ining 7IR9:
An'anced S6m3ol Spaced Recei#er 7ASSR:
Internal
12. Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency Allocation Management
Antenna 2opping

5ntenna /opping is a downlink performance en'ancement feature


designed to impro#e link performance w'ere fre2uenc6 'opping is not in
use or not effecti#e due to 'ig' correlation 3etween fre2uencies-
> @it' 5/ t'e impro#ement is more su3stantial on t'e non-'opping la6er 3ecause
t'at 3rings it to almost e2ual link performance wit' t'e 'opping la6er-
> Furt'ermore4 wit' t'e 5ntenna /opping feature it is possi3le to ac'ie#e space
di#ersit6 to t'e regular RF 'opping configuration4 w'ic' means t'at t'ere is a
distance t'at separates two or more transmitting antennas4 pro#iding
uncorrelated signals- 5t t'e mo3ile unit a separation of 'alf a wa#elengt' is t'e
minimum for o3taining uncorrelated signals

2d? 8"+(" gain in #er6 narrow 3and wit'out an6 additional TRD
8istance
8istance
8istance
Radio
9'annel
Radio
9'annel
5#erage
recei#ed
carrier power
o#er 3urst
ne antenna
Two antennas wit' 88
Two antennas wit' 88 L &/4 or 5/
TD 1
TD 2
8ela6 L &/
TD
data
Speec' frame duration at $ km+'E
8istance
8istance
8istance
Radio
9'annel
Radio
9'annel
5#erage
recei#ed
carrier power
o#er 3urst
ne antenna
Two antennas wit' 88
Two antennas wit' 88 L &/4 or 5/
TD 1
TD 2
8ela6 L &/
TD
data
Speec' frame duration at $ km+'E
%p$ion0* fe0$)re
Internal
12, Nokia Siemens Networks
-ools
/ptimi3er
Internal
1$* Nokia Siemens Networks
/ptimi3er
7rocess
Tool setup
5ntenna data including repeater info
)ap 7not mandator6:
)easurement collection
Total FA& measurements wit' )?5" 7FA& is recommended:
?locking figures for calculating load factors and )5 list si!e
Neig'3our optimi!ation
5dding and remo#ing neig'3ours 7cleanup:
Interference anal6sis 7cleanup 'ea#6 interferers 7e-g- antenna tilt::
Fre2uenc6 and ?99+N99 planning wit' optimi!er
?99/ and T9/ 3and planning in no 'opping4 ?? 'opping4 RF 'opping en#ironment
@eig'ting planning for co- and adTacent c'annels
&enalt6 set for different relations 7cost function:
Result anal6sis
9omparison of plan and actual plan on 3ot' ?99/ and T9/
Internal
1$1 Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er
For automated6 measurement !ased optimi3ation
of operational GS)J@98)5 networks
Impro.ed optimi3ation accuracy

&arameter tuning is done 3ased on


network statistics > no predictions

5ccurate results wit' accurate input > no fine tuning


More efficiency .ia automation
Seamless support for optimi!ation process p'ases

5utomated data transfers #ia Net5ct integration

Cisuali!ation and anal6sis to 'elp


decision making for optimi!ation tasks

Focusing on essentials
etAct
/ptimi3er
Internal
1$2 Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er
/ptimi3ation 7rocess for /perational et+orks
W'(IO'/
A8"'ma",'+
C'+!,!"e+c)
c4ecI!
A8"'ma"e0
c4a+3e
0'/+'a0
7ec,!,'+
S8&&'("
V,!8a,!e
A+a)!e
#&",m,!e
P('D,!,'+
#&",m,!e
Ma+8a)
#&",m,!e
A8"'ma",c
Eeme+"! a+0
C'+E38(a",'+
PPI! a+0
aa(m!
Pe(9'(ma+ce
A+a)!,!
7e"ec" a+0
7,a3+'!e
CM, PM, ;M
C'((ea",'+
A+a)!,!
Ve(,9)
&e(9'(ma+ce
Sc'&e
Seec",'+
Re!8"
De(,Eca",'+
Internal
1$$ Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct /ptimi3er /ptimi3er modules
,<?(< OptimiNer
<raphical dAacenc= Management
9adio ccess *onLgurator
dvanced TisualiNation for ,<?(<
utomated dAacenc= optimiNation for ,<?(<
7ervice optimiNer for ,<?(<
GM .#

OGIs for anal=sis

visualiNation

optimiNation

ctual *M data

*hange provisioning
#
&
"
,
'
+
a

#
&
"
,
'
+
a

#
&
"
,
'
+
a

Gerformance optimiNation for ,<?(<


#
&
"
,
'
+
a

Internal
1$% Nokia Siemens Networks
etAct
/ptimi3er
etAct /ptimi3er
/ptimi3er product concept
Afficienc6 of s'ared Net5ct installation

9ommon /@4 administration4 look and feel4 documentation

5ccess to optimisation functionalit6 can 3e controlled


5utomation t'roug' seamless Net5ct integration

5ctual 9) data uploaded automaticall6 from R59 8?

5utomated access to ]&Is


> Nig'tl6 calculation from raw counters in &) 8?
> Import from preferred &) tool 7integration proTect:

ptimisation results stored as plans in R59 8?


)easurement 3ased optimi!ation for t'e ke6 tasks

GS) fre2uenc6 and ?SI9 plan optimi!ation

Interference control for @98)5

Seamless adTacenc6 and 'ando#er


management for GS) J @98)5

9apacit6 and 0oS optimisation


Cisualisation and anal6sis functionalit6
Topolog64 parameters4 ]&Is in one #iew
Internal
1$1 Nokia Siemens Networks
/ptimi3er inter+orking in etAct
5utomated access of configuration parameters

(ploaded actual 9) data updated in ptimi!er


nig'tl6 from R59 8?
> )ost important elements and parameters
> Site J antenna information to s'ow t'e cells on map

&lanned data supported4 too


ptimi!ation results stored in R59 8? for
centrali!ed pro#isioning

&lans a#aila3le in 9) perations )anager


)easurement control in Net5ct
5cti#ation and control of standard and
special measurements
5utomated retrie#al of ]&Is

Nig'tl6 calculation of ]&Is from &) 8? raw counters


> FiBed ]&I formulas used
> 8ail64 8ail6 ?/4 @eekl64 @eekl6 ?/ le#els
> Selected ?SS and R5N ]&Is for optimi!ation

@it' integration proTect t'e ]&Is can 3e retrie#ed


from a preferred &) tool
Internal
1$; Nokia Siemens Networks
Pisuali3ation and analysis
5 t'oroug' understanding of t'e current network status
is essential 3efore taking an6 optimi!ation actions

9onfiguration audits

&arameter setting c'ecks

&erformance o#er#iew
ptimi!er pro#ides efficient means
to #iew all t'is geograp'icall6

To identif6 t'e pro3lematic elements


for furt'er anal6sis
New tec'nolog6 and ser#ices re2uire
new knowledge

ptimi!er com3ines t'e essential information


toget'er for meaningful entities

Aas6 understanding of t'e dependencies


Internal
1$< Nokia Siemens Networks
Common functionality for GSMMWC%MA
Geograp'ical #isuali!ation and anal6sis

]&Is and parameters automaticall6 on map

9ustomi!ed 2ualit6 t'res'olds


Grap'ical adTacenc6 management

5ctual adTacencies on map

)anual or automated distance 3ased


management of all adTacenc6 t6pes

?order area adTacencies

&arameters from templates automaticall6

Scram3ling code collision c'eck and correction

Instant pro#isioning for Nokia elements


&owerful parameter management
wit' ?rowser

]&Is and parameters in t'e same #iew

8edicated4 customi!ed #iews per task

ne-36-one or mass editing of parameters

9'ange tracking
)anagement of plans 3etween R59 and ptimi!er
Internal
1$. Nokia Siemens Networks
Measurement !ased GSM optimi3ation
AS
C
Se(D,
+3
ATS
Interference )atriB generation 3ased on mo3ile measurements

9ontrol for t'e ?SS measurements

Generation of interference matriB

Cerification of interference #alidit6


Interference root cause anal6sis
9omplemented wit' Timing 5d#ance anal6sis
5utomated 5dTacenc6 )anagement
5utomated algorit'm to propose optimal adTacencies
(nused adTacenc6 deletion 3ased on / statistics
)issing ones created 3ased on interference matriB
&erformance optimi!ation
Fre2uenc6 allocation 3ased on
measured interference
5ll 'opping modes supported
5ll RF 'opping t6pes supported
5llocation completed wit' ?SI9 allocation
and ot'er parameters
Internal
1$, Nokia Siemens Networks
Interference matri; from 0SS measurements
ptimi!er uses t'e ?SS measurements for interference matriB generation
and furt'er to adTacenc6 and fre2uenc6 plan optimi!ation

9F J 859 measurements or totalFA& measurement of S11-1

)et'od to measure interference in all ?99/ fre2uencies

Fast and efficient measurement process


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Ac",De MS
GS) standard / procedure used
in t'e 3asis of measurements

5ll acti#e mo3iles listen t'e


neig'3oring cell ?99/s and
report t'e ; strongest to ?S9
Special measurement in Nokia ?SS

9F and 859 in S1*-14 total FA&


in S11-1
Temporar6 ?5 lists defined for
measurement period to include
all surrounding cell ?99/s
)o3iles measure all ?99/s in
?5 list
?S9 collects and stores t'e data
and forwards to Net5ct
8ata collected for few da6s
ptimi!er generates t'e interference
matriB from
t'e measurements
Internal
1%* Nokia Siemens Networks
Interference root cause analysis
ptimi!er generates t'e interference matriB automaticall6

9o-c'annel and adTacent >c'annel matrices

9+I pro3a3ilit6 and 5#erage Recei#ed &ower #alues calculated


?efore t'e interference is used in optimi!ation
measurement #alidit6 and
interference root cause can 3e anal6!ed

Statistics to #erif6 t'at t'e measurements


are relia3le and t'oroug'l6 collected
> 5mount of sample4 traffic4 co#erage #alue

)et'ods to anal6!e t'e


interference root cause
> #ers'ooting cells
> 8istance to interferer
Internal
1%1 Nokia Siemens Networks
8requency allocation procedure
5nal6!e t'e current performance

Ciew t'e ]&Is and allocation on map and 3rowser


89R4 call 2ualit64 ?99/s4 'opping modes
9ollect interference measurements
@it' 9F and 859 measurements in ?SS
Generate and #erif6 interference matriB
9'eck t'at all cells are measured

5nal6se interference location and root cause


&erform allocation

?99/ and T9/ allocation


RF /opping allocationE )5-lists4 )5I parameters4 /SN

t'er necessar6 parametersE TS94 ?SI94 all I8s


Cerif6 results

Ciew allocation on grap's4 ta3les and map


8ownload plan to network wit' Radio 5ccess 9onfigurator

9entralised pro#isioning for t'e w'ole area

(sing sc'eduled download4 3ackground 8? etc


Internal
1%2 Nokia Siemens Networks
Automated Adjacency /ptimi3ation for (G
5utomated adTacenc6 optimi!ation 3ased on measurements

8eletion of unused adTacencies 3ased on / criteria


> (ser defines t'e t'res'olds for
/ attempts and / success criteria
> Sometimes t'e correcti#e action is to tune
t'e / parameters4 not delete t'e adTacencies

5dTacenc6 creation 3ased on interference matriB


> Signal strengt' 3etween source and
target cells considered
Result #erification on ta3le #iew and map
9entrali!ed4 automated download to network

@it' Radio 5ccess 9onfigurator


9) perations )anager

Instant 5dTacenc6 &ro#isioning


acti#ates t'e pro#isioning process
in 3ackground from ptimi!er
Internal
1%$ Nokia Siemens Networks
Seamless adjacency management
Grap'ical adTacenc6 management on map

GS)4 @98)54 inter-s6stem adTacencies


Initial adTacenc6 creation algorit'm

9ell location 3ased


5dTacenc6 management o#er 3order areas

9ontroller areas4 "594 &9( areas

Net5ct regions4 #endor regions


5utomated parameter completion from
templates

9ell templates from 9) Aditor are used

Template assignment rules defined in


ptimi!er per adTacenc6 t6pe
Instant adTacenc6 pro#isioning

5cti#ating t'e pro#isioning process in


3ackground

Calid for all kinds of adTacencies

9'anges still stored into a plan


Internal
1%% Nokia Siemens Networks
Ai.e net+ork results
/perator) +ith increased AMR 2R traffic
/perator( +ith %8CA
Internal
1%1 Nokia Siemens Networks
/perator) @ AMR 2R increase
Spectrum allocation for refarming
;2 c'annels were used 3efore refarming
21 c'annels were remo#ed
$< c'annels are currentl6 used in GS),**
8rop rate
?efore refarmingE *-1F
5fter refarmingE *-,F
5fter optimi!ationE *-1F
Traffic #olume 7summer 'olida6 time is compared wit' autumn time:
?efore refarming in a ?R clusterE .** Arlang
5fter refarming in t'e same ?SS cluster ,,; Arlang L 21* Arlang on
(,**
Internal
1%; Nokia Siemens Networks
/perator( @ %8CA
Total ?@ a#aila3leE 1<-;)'! 7GS),**:
?99/E21
Spectrum car#ed outE ;)'!
9urrentl6 operating network V 11-;)'!
9'allengesE

Cer6 tall sites wit' large co#erage


o#erlap

9ustomer also 'as GS) 1.**


spectrum43ut is e#aluating feasi3ilit6 of
operating onl6 on GS),** 3and
9urrent statusE

5ttempt to car#e out W 1-;)'!


additional spectrum to e#aluate
possi3lit6 to implement 2
@98)5,** carriers

&arameter 3ased optimisation4


especiall6 power control is
eBpected to 3ring in furt'er gains
?99/ T9/
?99/ T9/
21
Channels used
;<
21 $;
?99/ T9/
21 ``
@ork in progress now to car#e out furt'er spectrum^--
AF" 3ased capacit6 gains in slides 1; J 1<
7@it'out an6 network optimisation:
Internal
1%< Nokia Siemens Networks
-C2 %rop Call Ratio
8F95
Stand36
)ode
8F95
wit'
1 8)5"
8F95
wit'
$ 8)5"
8F95 ff
?ss S6nc'
Maintained
performance !y
operating +ith Q "Mh3
lesser !and+idth than
!ase caseR
1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
Internal
1%. Nokia Siemens Networks
,A 8<R Class ' ?Good Speech =uality5
8F95
Stand36
)ode
8F95
wit'
1 8)5"
8F95
wit'
$ 8)5"
8F95 ff
?ss S6nc'
1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
0etter =uality using
"Mh3 lesser !and+idth
than !ase caseR
Internal
1%, Nokia Siemens Networks
Polume Weighted -hroughput ?k!ps5
8F95
Stand36
)ode
8F95
wit'
1 8)5"
8F95
wit'
$ 8)5"
8F95 ff
?ss S6nc'
1<-;)'!
11-;)'!
Maintained %ata
throughput in trial
cluster
Internal
11* Nokia Siemens Networks
<8A !ased capacity gain ?(:(5
&"FE'
&HF''
&HFE'
&>F''
&>FE'
&&F''
&&FE'
)''F''
'F' )F' (F' #F' IF' EF' "F' HF'
<8A
8<RSclass'S7re 8<RSclass'S7ost
H'$ <8A gain
U <*F 'ig'er Traffic carr6ing capa3ilit6 demonstrated V ,.F good
FAR samples