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FURNITURE AND FIXTURES

IN A GARMENT
MANUFACTURING UNIT
THE CUTTING ROOM:
CUTTING ROOM: A CLOSER VIEW
FIXTURES IN A CUTTING ROOM:
 The cutting table:
Length : 9m
Width : 120cm ( 4 ft ) The maximum
width of fabric
Height for men: 117.3 cm (46.18 inches)
Height for women: 108.9 cm (42.87 inches)
No. of cutting tables: 1
 Ticketing and bundling table:

Length: 6m
Width: 120cm ( 4 ft ) The maximum
width of fabric
Height for men: 112.3 cm
Height for women: 103.9 cm
No. of ticketing and bundling tables: 1
CUTTING AND TICKETING TABLE WITH
DIMENSIONS:
120 cm 120 cm

9m 6m

Ticketing table
Cutting table
FIXTURES IN A CUTTING ROOM:
(CONTD…)
 Racks for temporary storage:
Length: 2m
Width: 1.5 m
Height: 2.5 m
No. of racks: 2
 Racks for permanent storage:

Length: 4m
Width: 1.5 m
Height: 3m
No. of racks: 7
TEMPORARY STORAGE RACKS WITH
DIMENSIONS:

1.5 m

2m
PERMANENT STORAGE RACKS WITH
DIMENSIONS:

4m

1.5 m
THE SEWING ROOM
FIXTURES IN A SEWING ROOM:
 Operator’s table:
Length: 1.3 m (51 inches)
Width: 0.96 m (38 inches)
Height: 0.70 to 0.77 m (around elbow level
of a seated person)
No. of operators tables: 164
 Operator’s chair:

Seat height: 0.36 to


0.45 m
Backrest: 0.3 m
Leg clearance at knee level: 0.4 m
Leg clearance at feet: 0.6 m
Seat width: 0.6 m
No. of operator’s chairs: 172
OPERATOR’S TABLE AND CHAIR WITH
DIMENSIONS:

130 cm 60 cm

96 cm
FIXTURES IN A SEWING ROOM:
(CONTD….)
 Inspection table
Length: 1.1 m
Width: 1.1 m
Height: 0.70 to 0.77 m (around elbow
level of a seated person)
No of. Inspection tables: 8
INSPECTION TABLE WITH
DIMENSIONS:

1.1 m

1.1 m
THE SAMPLING ROOM:
FIXTURES IN A SAMPLING ROOM:
 Pattern making table
Length: 2.7 m
Width: 1.2 m
Height: 1.173 m
No. of Pattern making tables: 1
 Cutting table

Length: 2.7 m
Width: 1.2 m
Height: 1.173 m
PATTERN MAKING TABLE AND CUTTING
TABLE WITH DIMENSIONS:

1.2 m

2.7 m

2.7 m
TRIM STORE:
FIXTURES IN A TRIM STORE:
 Racks for trims
Length: 2.5 m
Width: 1m
Height: 3m
No. of racks: 6
FINISHING ROOM
FIXTURES IN A FINISHING ROOM
 Inspection table
Length: 1.3 m
Width: 1.1 m
Height: 1.173 to 1.089 m
No of. Inspection tables: 8
 Ironing table

Length: 1.2 m (4 ft)


Width: 0.9 m (3 ft) The maximum reach of a worker
Height for men: 1.023 m
Height for women: 0.93 m
No. of ironing tables: 8
FIXTURES IN A FINISHING ROOM
(CONTD…)
 Folding table
Length: 1.2 m (4 ft)
Width: 1m
Height for men: 1.173
Height for women: 1.089 m
No. of folding tables: 8
 Packing table

Length: 1.2 m (4 ft)


Width: 1.125 m
Height for men: 1.173 m
Height for women: 1.089 m
No. of packing tables: 8
TABLES WITH DIMENSIONS:

1.3m
1.1 m

1.2m
0.9 m

1.2m
1m

1.2m

1.125m
FIXTURES IN CANTEEN:
 Dining tables:
Length: 7.5 m
Width: 1.25 m
Height: 0.73 m
No. of dining tables: 10
 Chairs:

Seat height: 0.4 m


Backrest: 0.3 m
Seat width: 0.6 m
No. of chairs: 200
Chair Dining table
1.25 m
0.6 m

7.5 m
ACCORDING TO THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF
OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
MEDICINE
 A study was conducted in 18 garment manufacturing
units located in Madurai city. A total of 216 workers
from these 18 garment manufacturing units formed
the study sample.
 The mean heights of the tables used for cutting,
sorting, checking and ironing were 99.5, 92.3, 89.9
and 92.3 cm respectively. The furniture used in the
garment manufacturing units was either above or
below the recommended levels and the strained
posture had to be maintained throughout the work
day, which could have been responsible for the
development of pain in the shoulders, the upper arm
and the forearm.
 The high stool (mean height 59.5 cm) forced
the workers to bend their trunk and head
toward the table to have a clear view of the
point of operation. As a result of excessive
bending, a majority of workers complained of
pain in the lower back, the mid back, the
shoulders and the neck. The stools used by
the operators were not padded for their
comfort when seated for long hours. None of
the work stools had a backrest to provide
support to the back.
RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
 The inspection table should have a forward inclination of
12° towards the worker to enable the workers to have a
clear view of the garment being examined and to
maintain postural stability while at work. The table top
can be covered with a rough cloth to prevent slipping of
the garments. The use of wooden platforms to stand on
while ironing should be insisted on. The recommended
dimensions of the sewing machine operator's work seat
height should be 41.5 cm for women and 43 cm for men
to attain a 105° trunk-thigh angle while operating the
sewing pedal.
RESULTS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
(CONTD…)
The seat should be padded or wire-netted to
provide comfort to the worker. A gap of 4-5
feet between rows of machines will minimize
the workers’ exposure to heat from the
sewing machine motor.
ACCORDING TO THE INDIAN JOURNAL OF
OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
MEDICINE
OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL
MEDICINE
BIBLIOGRAPHY:
 Indian Journal of Occupational and
Environmental Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 2, May-
August, 2006, pp. 74-77
 Introduction to work study, ILO

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