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Note making is the art of being able to abstract

the relevant ideas (main & subsidiary) while going


through information/study material / report /
reading material etc.
USES

It is a useful skill which helps to

I) remember the information gathered
II) make quick revision before exams
III) store supplement material taken from reference
books and journals
IV) condense lengthy lesson into shorter ones
V) understand better

TO GATHER INFORMATION
ON A SPECIFIC TOPIC
First :
Read the passage to know the theme
and subject
Second :
Read carefully underlining or mentally
making notes of main ideas.
Third :
Add the sub points which supplement
the main points
STEPS TO MAKE NOTES
Characteristics of good notes

A) Brevity: note should be brief and to the point
B) Relevance: note should be relevant to the topic.
C) Clarity: note should not be so brief that their clarity is lost.
D) Note-form: Logical sequence should be maintained.
The notes can be in various forms:
1) In sequence
2) In order of importance
3) As a flow chart
4) In a tabular form
5) Any other suitable methods
E) Abbreviations and symbols will have to be used.
F) Include all the important information. Do not sacrifice relevance
at the altar of brevity.
G)The logical presentation should have headings and indented sub-
headings.
What kind of abbreviation to use

1. Capitalized first letter of word:
e.g. UNO for United Nation Organisation
2. Symbols:
i.e. that is
Rising
@ at the rate of
e.g. for example
= equal to
o circle
% percentage
+ in addition to
& and
/ or
viz namely
etc and so on
3. Using abbreviations
Dr. Doctor
Prof. Professor

4. Using numbers for figures
12m 12 meters
27kg 27 kilogram

5. Using the first few letters of the word
edu. Education
tech. Technical

6. Using the first few and last letter of the word
govt. government
std. standard

7. Using the first few and last few letters of a word
rlgn. religion
ltd. limited

8. Using short words for long words
cop policeman

Marking Scheme
Title : 1 Mark
Content (minimum 3 headings/sub headings with proper
indentation and notes) : 3 Marks
Abbreviations/Symbols (any 4) : 1 Mark
TOTAL : 5 Marks


NOTE:
1. The note should include the main points with suitable titles, sub titles
and recognisable abbreviations.
2. Complete sentences are not accepted as notes. If any candidate writes
complete sentences mark will be deducted from the total.
3. Numbering of points can be indicated in different ways and these
should be accepted as long as a consistent pattern is followed.
LAYOUT
TITLE

1. Main Heading
1.1. Sub heading
1.1.1.Sub Sub heading
1.1.2.Sub Sub heading
2. Main Heading
2.1. Sub heading
2.1.1.Sub Sub heading
2.1.2.Sub Sub heading
3. Main Heading
3.1. Sub heading
3.1.1.Sub Sub heading
3.1.2.Sub Sub heading
3.2. Sub heading
3.3. Sub heading





Key to Abbreviations
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Life in ancient Egypt was centered largely on agriculture. The majority
of the people were involved in farming, and the growing season lasted
eight-nine months. Wheat, fruits and vegetables were the principal
crops, although there was some pastoral farming of cattle, sheep, or
goats. Farmers in ancient Egypt worked to reach a level of subsistence
so that they could feed themselves and pay their taxes. During the
annual flooding of the Nile, which typically lasted from July through
November, farming was impossible. But when the waters receded, a
thick layer of fertile silt over the farmlands remained to insure rich soil
for their crops and thick grasses for their grazing animals.
How can we make notes
from larger pieces of
text?
Life in ancient Egypt was centered largely on agriculture. The majority of the
people were involved in farming, and the growing season lasted eight-nine
months. Wheat, fruits and vegetables were the principal crops, although
there was some pastoral farming of cattle, sheep, or goats. Farmers in
ancient Egypt worked to reach a level of subsistence so that they could feed
themselves and pay their taxes. During the annual flooding of the Nile,
which typically lasted from July through November, farming was
impossible. But when the waters receded, a thick layer of fertile silt over
the farmlands remained to ensure rich soil for their crops and thick grasses
for their grazing animals.
Mainly agriculture - growing season - eight-nine months wheat fruits
vegetables pastoral farming :cattle sheep goats - feed themselves - pay
taxes - annual flooding Nile - July to November - farming impossible
when waters receded left layer fertile silt - crops - thick grasses for
grazing animals.
Ancient Egypt

1. Main Profession
1.1. Agriculture
1.1.1. Prin. Crops : Wheat, Fruits, Veggies
1.1.2 Growing Season lasted One Month
1.2. Pastoral Farming
1.2.1. Cattle, Sheep, Goats
1.3. Helps to feed themselves & pay taxes

2. Major Problem
2.1. Annual Flooding of Nile
2.1.1. July through Nov.
2.1.2. Farming Impsbl.
3. Boon
3.1. When water receded
3.1.1. Left layer fertile silt
3.1.2. Crops & thick grasses for animals





Key to Abbreviations & Symbols
1. Prin. Principal
2. Veggies Vegetables
3. Nov. November
4. Impsbl. Impossible