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Course 2

BSS Hardware
Introduction and Operation
• ZXC10-BSS Overview
• BSC Subsystem
• BTS Subsystem
• Antenna System

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ZXC10-BSS Overview

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CDMA2000 1X Network Structure
BSS
PSTN/
PLMN

Um(IS-95A)
HLR/AUC
Internet
2GBTS Abis

Um(IS-95A) A(IOS4.X)
2GBSC AAA Server

Router
Um(IS-2000)
2GBTS Abis
MSC/VLR
A(IOS4.X) IP
Cloud
HA
Abis
IP Cloud
3GBTS
BSC/PCF
Router
PDSN/FA

Um Interface A Interface
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ZXC10-BSS Overview
•• The
The ZXC10
ZXC10 CDMA
CDMA cellular
cellular mobile
mobile communication
communication system
system isis aa
new-generation
new-generation (3G)(3G) digital
digital cellular
cellular mobile
mobile communication
communication
system
system developed
developed by by ZTE
ZTE on on the
the basis
basis of
of IS-2000
IS-2000 standards
standards
with the purpose of catering to the above requirements.
with the purpose of catering to the above requirements.
•• The
The ZXC10-BSS
ZXC10-BSS isis the the core
core part
part of
of aa CDMA2000
CDMA2000 digitaldigital
cellular
cellular mobile communication system developed according to
mobile communication system developed according to
IS-2000
IS-2000. .
---The
---The interface
interfacebetween
between BSS
BSS and
and MS
MS (Mobile
(MobileStation)
Station)isisUm
Um
interface; and the interface between BSS
interface; and the interface between BSS and LE (Localand LE (Local
exchange)
exchange)isisA-interface.
A-interface.
---The
---The BSS
BSS mainly
mainly performs
performs thethe function
function ofof information
information
interaction
interaction in the air with MSs, and supports high-speedpacket
in the air with MSs, and supports high-speed packet
data services at a rate of up to 153.6kbps.
data services at a rate of up to 153.6kbps.

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ZXC10-BSS Network Mode

• Star Networking
• Chain Networking
• Star-Chain Combined Networking
  Star Networking   Chain Networking

B
TS0

B
TS1 BSC
BTS0 BTS1 BTS2

B
SC
B
TS2

B
TS3

Popular in urbon area Used in some rural area


Star and Chain combined
Networking

  BTS0 BTS1 BTS2

BSC BTS3

BTS4
B-HIRS&S-HIRS
BTS
Any equipment to
G
PS antenna
communicate with
RFS
Small HIRS other subsystems
TFS
BD
S
can execute
CD
SU

communications
CD
SU
and data exchange
BSC

O
MC
Big HIRS without system
Ethernet
BSM H
I RS
hardware structure
G
PS antenna Small HIRS
CPS

changes only if it is
PCFS

connected with a
TFS ASM SVBS

E1 E1 100M non-occupied port


Small HIRS
Ethernet

M
SC PSD
N of “big HIRS” and is
E1
allocated with
O
ther

BSC network address.

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SMALL HIRS - SVBS
R S_422 co
N IM S V IC M
d is

SV M SV M SV M

E1 H W
M SC

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SMALL HIRS - BDS
E 1 R S _422 co
B T S_C D SU C C M
d is

B SC _C D SU
C H M C H M R F IM

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System Working Principle ( 1 )

• One of the biggest characteristics of CDMA BSS system is that


service/signaling switching between subsystems or modules is not in
the traditional circuit switching mode but in the high-speed packet
data network switching mode.

---- Hence the system provides the functions of flexible structure and
convenient addition of functional modules. It can satisfy the switching
requirement of voice communications and adapt to high-speed
multimedia data services. Hence it realizes convenient transition to 3G
system.

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System Working Principle ( 2 )
• The network structure of CDMA BSS is of two levels:
---The first level is HIRS subsystem in BSC, which is
called “big HIRS”. It is the packet data switching center of the
system.
---The second level is the packet data switching network with relatively
low speed formed in SVBS or BDS subsystem, which is called “small
HIRS”. It mainly provides packet data switching services for modules
in SVBS or BDS subsystem

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System Logical Structure
  BSS

BTS BSC

RFS BDS PS TFS CDSU 子系


PS TFS CDSU HI RS SVBS PCFS CPS BSM
Sub-

system

模块/ 单

TCM
GPSTM

SVI CM
SVM
CDSU

PSMB

GPST
CDSU

NCM
TCM

NI M
ASM
FDM

PDM

PCF

CPM
PAM
Moudle/
RFI M

PPM

PCFI M
TRX

PSMD
PSMC
PSMB
CHM
CCM
SAM
BTM
RFE
HPA


Board

BSS comprises BSC and BTS. In logic, BSC and BTS are two
systems in cooperation to provide services for CDMA mobile
subscribers.
In hardware, these are two different physical entities in
different positions in the telecom network.
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ZXC10-BSS Features
• 1. Advanced ness: The system makes use of a lot of advanced technologies, for
example high-speed packet switching.
• 2. Forward compatibility: The system is designed by fully considering the
transition to the third-generation (3G) mobile communication system. High-speed
packet data services can evolve smoothly to 2M.
• 3. High integrity: ZXC10-BSS makes usage of a lot of advanced components to
improve system integrity and reduce board types and amount.
• 4. High reliability: The amount of boards in the system is reduced. Important
boards of the system adopt 1+1 or N+1 redundancy configuration and software
error tolerance design. System reliability is highly improved.
• 5. Configuration flexibility: In addition to supporting traditional networking
modes, ZXC10-BSS also realizes the daisy chain connection mode for up to 6
BTSs. According to the requirements, each BTS can be configured into 1TRX/1-
sector to 4TRX/3-sectors.
• 6. Supporting rich service types: ZXC10-BSS supports voice calls (8K, 13K, 8K
EVRC voice coding), test calls (Markov call, Loop back call, TDSO call), data
calls, circuit-type data services (asynchronous data and G3 fax), and
supplementary services.

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BSS System Technical
Performance ( 1 )
• 1. It adopts the packet switching network structure and provides 128 full-duplex
ports. The rate of each port is 8 Mbps;
• 2. It provides the radio resource management and BTS monitoring functions to
implement BSS operation and maintenance management and BTS tests;
• 3. It supports star, chain and ring networking of BTS and provides the daisy
chain connection function of BTS;
• 4. It supports 8KQCELP, 13KQCELP and EVRC algorithms and provides
strong background noise suppression ability;
• 5. It supports data calls originated by MS, LE or PDSN. It supports circuit-type
data services (asynchronous data and G3 fax) and high-speed packet data
services of up to 153.6kbps;
• 6. It can provide up to 240 E1s to be connected with LE;
• 7. It can support up to 7200 selectors/vocoders;
• 8. Its maximum traffic processing ability is up to 5040Erl;
• 9. It can be connected with up to 380 BTSs;

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BSS System Technical
Performance ( 2 )
• 10. The maximum amount of PPP connections supported by packet data
reaches 40,000;
• 11. The channel board supports the sharing of all sector channel units at
the same carrier frequency;
• 12. It supports forward/reverse power control;
• 13. It supports macro-cellular, micro-cellular and Pico cellular;
• 14. It supports a variety of soft handover modes: intra-BTS soft
handover, intra-BSC soft handover, and inter-BSC soft handover;
• 15. It supports the cell breathing function to ensure the service quality of
busy cells;
• 16. It supports cell shrinkage and expansion;
• 17. It supports the frequency configuration of Band Class 0 ( 800MHz
cellular frequency band )、 Band Class 1 ( 1900MHz PCS frequency
band )和 Band Class 5 ( 450M frequency band).

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The End!

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