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Oracle Database Testing

Apache JMeter
 About - Apache Jmeter
 Features
 Benefits
 Downloading Jmeter
 JMeter Components
 Preparing Test Plan
• Thread Group Control
• JDBC Connection Configuration control
• JDBC Request Control
• View Result Tree Control
 Parameterization
• User Parameter Control
• CSV Data Set Config
 Stored Procedure Execution
 Log File
 Measuring Response Time & Throughput
About Apache JMeter
 Apache JMeter is open source software, a 100% pure Java
desktop application designed to load test functional behavior and
measure performance. It was originally designed for testing Web
Applications but has since expanded to other test functions.

 Apache JMeter may be used to test performance both on static and

dynamic resources (files, Servlets, Perl scripts, Java Objects, Data
Bases and Queries, FTP Servers and more). It can be used to
simulate a heavy load on a server, network or object to test its
strength or to analyze overall performance under different load
types. You can use it to make a graphical analysis of performance
or to test your server/script/object behavior under heavy
concurrent load.
 Can load and performance test many different server types:
• Database via JDBC
• Mail - POP3(S) and IMAP(S)
 Complete portability and 100% Java purity.
 Full multithreading framework allows concurrent sampling by many threads and
simultaneous sampling of different functions by separate thread groups.
 Careful GUI design allows faster operation and more precise timings.
 Caching and offline analysis/replaying of test results.
 Highly Extensible:
• Pluggable Samplers allow unlimited testing capabilities.
• Several load statistics may be chosen with pluggable timers .
• Data analysis and visualization plugins allow great extendibility as well as
• Functions can be used to provide dynamic input to a test or provide data
• Scriptable Samplers (BeanShell is fully supported; and there is a sampler which
supports BSF-compatible languages)
 Allows to perform load testing of sql queries, stored procedure,
triggers and functions at different volume sizes.

 Helps in data validation of sql queries, stored procedures.

 Helps in graphical monitoring and analysis of response time &

throughput of the database objects under heavy concurrent load.

 Allows saving the results obtained in a file for analysis.

Download & Running JMeter
 Download the JMeter version 2.3.4 from the following url:
• http://jakarta.apache.org/site/downloads/downloads_jmeter.cgi
 Run the jmeter.bat file from the JMeter installation directory.
JMeter Components
Group Purpose
Samplers The requests to the servers are being sent by these elements for the request
types SOAP, JDBC, "Java", HTTP/HTTPS, FTP.

Listeners The results of the run can be saved by these elements in the single request,
tabular forms etc by saving the results in a named file.

Timers To make the test more realistic we use Timers element to insert delays
between the requests.

Logic Logic controllers are used if you have defined the request to be executed on
some logic like if-then-else and loop structures in Java etc.

Configuration Common information about the requests is added to work with samplers
Elements using this element.

Assertions This element is used to check whether you are getting the responses within
a given amount of time containing the expected data or not.
Preparing Test Plan
Thread Group Control
 Thread Group allows to run script with nth no. of users with defined
ramp-up period and also the scheduling of execution.
 Right click on the Test Plan and add the Thread Group control.

Thread Properties:
Allows to set the no. of
users, ramp-up time
and iterations
JDBC Connection Configuration control
 Used to configure the database i.e. Oracle, MS SQL Server etc.
 Add JDBC Connection Configuration control to the Test Plan.

 Database Connection Configuration

• Database URL: jdbc:oracle:thin:@localhost:IP:service (e.g. IP: 1521,

Service: oracle)
• JDBC Driver Class: oracle.jdbc.driver.OracleDriver
• Username: Username of the database (e.g. Username: scott)
• Password: Password of the user (e.g. Password: tiger)

• Add the following Jars in JMeter Installation directory (D:\jakarta-

 classes12.jar & ojdbc14.jar

• These files are available in Oracle installation directory

JDBC Request Control
 JDBC Request control allows to run a SQL query, procedure etc.
 Add the JDBC Request control below the Thread Group.

Query: type SQL Queries

and stored procedure
View Result Tree control
 View Result Tree control is used to view the result of the query
Sampler Result: shows
 Add View Result Tree control to the Test Plan. the load time, response
code etc..

Green: Request
Red: Request failed
View Result Tree control

shows the
View Result Tree control

data: shows the
User Parameters Control
 User Parameters control allows the script to be run with multiple
values like username, password, department no. etc. We can add
variables and also provide values of the variable to multiple users.

1. Add the User Parameters control to the Thread Group.

Name: variable
User_1: value of
User_2: value of
User Parameters Control
2. Pass the variable to the query or procedure.

${variable_name} (e.g. ${Dept_No})
$: used to fetch the variable
Sample Query:
update dept set loc=‘India' where deptno=${Dept_No}
CSV Data Set Config Control
 Allows parameterization using a file.
 Add the CSV Data Set Config control to the Thread Group.
Execution of Stored Procedure
 Add the JDBC Request control to the Thread Group.
• Procedure must exist in database.
 Type the following command in SQL Query text box of the JDBC Request

begin{…};end; block: PL/SQL

begin statement should be enclosed within
{call update_DEPT_PKG.update_DEPT(10)};
This example takes the
department no as input
and doesn’t return
• Stored Procedure must be written inside the begin…end block.
• Call keyword is used to call the stored procedure.
View Result Tree control

Response Message:
Ok – if request passed
else error message will
be returned
Viewing SProc returning value
 Choose Callable Statement from Query Type combo box.
 Type the following command in SQL Query parameter of the JDBC
Request control
declare: used to
declare variable(s)
This example takes the
department no as input and
deptname varchar2(20); return department name
which we store in deptname
begin variable
{call update_DEPT_PKG1.update_DEPT1(${Dept_No},?)};

 Write ${deptname} in Parameter values text field.

 Write OUT VARCHAR in Parameter types text field.

${Dept_No}: IN ?: store the OUT variable

variable – passing in variable $
department no. to the {deptname} to verify
SProc the output
Viewing SProc returning value

Callable Statement:
choose in case of PL/SQL
Viewing SProc returning value

output returned by
Log file
 Create a file_name.jtl file to save log and provide the .jtl file path in
File Name text box in any of the Listener (View Results Tree).
 Click on the configure button and choose the following checkbox:

• Save Response Data (XML)

 Returns the output data

• Save Sampler Data (XML)

 Returns the executed sql query

• Save Response message (XML)

 Returns the error message (if returned)
Measure Response Time & Throughput
Statistical Aggregate Report