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You are on page 1of 15

August 20,

2014

10:45 AM

What are Surds ?

Multiplication of Surds

Types of Surds

Like Surds & Unlike Surds

Addition of Surds

Subtraction of Surds

Applications

Contents

What are Surds ?

A surd is an irrational number. An irrational number cannot be written as

a simple fraction .And It is a non-recurring decimal and Surds are in

simplest form and surds should have a rational number as its Radicand

And a Surd cannot be evaluated without approximation.

Example: 2 (square root of 2) can't be

simplified further so it is a surd

Is Surd? Why/Why not.

No, because is not a rational number

2

Rational number

Radicand

Identify the following whether they surds or not

2 4

25

81 32

Yes Yes No No No

4 and 81 and 25 are not surds because they can be simplified

further

i.e. 4=2, 81=9, 25=5

What are Surds ?

Types of Surds

Surds

Pure Surds

Mixed Surds

A surd which has unity 1 as

its rational factor, the other

factor being irrational is

called a pure surd. For

example, 10, 7 are pure

surds.

A surd which has a rational

factor other than unity, the

other factor being

irrational, is called a mixed

surd. For example, 23 ,

53 are mixed surds.

Types of Surds

1 10

Rational factor

5 10

Rational factor

Wednesday, August 20,

2014

Identify the following whether they are Pure and mixed

Surds

4 3

Mixed Surd

3

Pure Surd

5 6

Mixed Surd

Like surds are Surds with same

Radicand and Same order

But It may Have different

rational factor

Examples for Like surds are

Unlike surds are Surds with

Different Radicand or Different

order or both

Examples for Like surds are

Like Surds Unlike Surds

7 5

2

4 5

2

Are Like Surds

7 5

4

4 5

3

Are Unlike Surds

Like and unlike surds

7 5

2

Order

Radicand

Wednesday, August 20,

2014

We can Add or Subtract if the given two term are

Like Terms

E.g.

7 7

2 7

3 7 +7 7

=(3+7) 7

=10 7

E.g.2.

E.g.

7 5 4 5

= (7-4) 5

= 3 5

Addition and Subtraction of Surds

Addition and Subtraction of Surds

4 3

2

+ 2 3

2

67 3

21

+ 43 3

21

= 67 3

21

+ 43 3

21

= (67+43) 3

21

=(110) 3

21

=110 3

21

=4 3

2

+ 2 3

2

=(4+2) 3

2

=(6) 3

2

=6 3

2

Simplify the following

We can multiply two unlike terms following general form of

multiplying surds

a b ab

E.g.1

Or

ab a b

5 3 15

9 4 36 E.g.2

7 3

= 21

E.g.3

Multiplication Surds

Simplify the Following

8 4

32

32

2

32

2

32

a a a ( )

a b ab

(

)

Multiplication Surds

20

Simplify the following

4 5

ab a b

Using Law

4 5

2 5

Mixed Surd

Multiplication Surds

18 2

Simplify

9 2 2

9 2 2

3 2 2

2 2

Multiplication Surds

Wednesday, August 20,

2014

Thank you

End of session

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